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А

NEW SYSTEM;

OR, AN

ANALYSIS

OF

ANTIENT MYTHOLOGY.

OF THE

PROGRESS OF THE IONIC WORSHIP;

AND OF THE

IONAH-HELLENIC COLONIES.

and

I HAVE repeatedly taken notice, that the worship of the Dove, and the circumstances of the Deluge, were very early interwoven among the various rites,

Ceremonies of the eastern world. This worship, and all other memorials of that great event, were represented in hieroglyphical characters in Babylonia : and from these symbolical marks, ill under

was that mythology framed, which through

stood,

VOL. V.

B

the Greeks has been derived to us.

The people, by whom these rites were kept up, were styled Seinarim, lönim, and Dercetidæ ; according to the particular symbol, which they venerated : and some allusions to these names will continually occur in their history, wheresoever they may have settled.

The Capthorim brought these rites with them into Palestine ; where they were kept up in Gaza, Ascalon, and Azotus. They worshipped Dagon; and held the Dove in high veneration. Hence it was thought, that Semiramis was born in these parts, and nourished by pigeons. Their coast seems to have been called the coast of the lönim : for the sea, with which it was bounded, was named the Ionian sea quite to the Nile. Λεγεσι δε τινες και το

Γαζης μεχρις Αιγυπτε σελαγος ΙΟΝΙΟΝ λεγεσθαι. . Indeed Gaza was itself styled lönah : Ιωνη

ท Γαζα εκαλειτο: which maine Stephanus supposes it to have received from the flight of lö. Tazaεκληθη δε και IΩNH εκ της Ιες προσπλευσασης, και μείνασης αυτης εκει, Εκληθη δε και Μινωα. Eustathius takes notice of the same circumstance: 4 TO ano Tans μεχρις Αιγυπτα σελαγος Ιονιον λεγεσθαι-απο της Ιες

1

απο

2

уар

* Steph. Byzant. Iorov.

z Ibid.

3 Ibid. Taba. Menoss oppidum juxta Gazam. Hieron. in locis Hebräis.

4 Scholia in Dionys. Perieg. 4. 94.

ήτοι της Σεληνης Ιω

you

η Σεληνη κατα την των Αργείων diamextov. If the title of Ionian came from lö, that: name must have been originally Iön or lönah : and so it will bereafter appear. What one writer terms Minoa, the other renders Eennun; which is a true interpretation of 5 Mny, the Moon, the name of the deified person, Meen-Noah. I have mentioned, that the like terms, and worship, and allusions to the same history, prevailed at Sidon, and in Syria. The city Antioch upon the Orontes was called lönah. 6 Ιωνη" έτως εκαλείτο η Αντιόχεια, η επι Δαφνη, ην ωκισαν Agyklou. Who these Argeans were, that founded this city lönah, needs not, I believe, any explanation.

It was mentioned above, that lö, among her various peregrinations, arrived at last at Gaza iny Palestine, which from her was called lönah. Under the notion of the flight of lö, as well as of Osiris, Damater, Astarte, Rhea, Isis, Dionusus, the poets alluded to the journeying of mankind from Mount Ararat; but more particularly the retreat of the lönim, upon their dispersion from the

s Hence lö, or Tönab, by being the representative of Meen, came to be esteemed the Moon. Ιω γαρ η Σεληνη κατα την των Αρgetwr diaMextov. Scholia in Dionys. Perieg. v. 94. O. Agyesor uusiκως το ονομα της Σεληνης το αποκρυφον Ιω λεγεσιν, έως αρτι. Joan. Antiochenus. p. 31. See Chron. Pasch. p. 41,

6 Steph. Byzant. Lum. 7 Ibid. raça.

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