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gence and energy. There was not the pagan look and stamp upon any one I saw. Then I marvelled again. Here were two classes of Indians, each apparently content, one pagan, one Christian. The latter by all means the most prosperous and enlightened. “Which is happier," I asked myself. Slowly I rode home from the church, and when I reached the mission again, I saw the preacher's wife talking to my host of but a few hours before. I paused in the hall and listened. The preacher silently entered. Hasanowaneh greeted him and received a hearty welcome. “More arguments?” asked the preacher. "No," replied the Indian. “I can't argue, I have come to tell you something. You have been very kind to us at Newtown, and you have respected our belief. My heart gets lonesome, sometimes, when I think of life and destiny. I am lonesome for something that will set my heart at rest. Often I pray to Haweniu, the Great Spirit-He is your God and mine-I burn the sacred incense, the oyankwa, and have been ever faithful. I said I was contented, but in

my heart I called myself a liar. Then I hated my weakness and said again, 'I am content,' but I was not. Jake—he is my boy-has been telling me much of what he saw and heard at Carlisle, and I realize now that there is something that I lack. And I feel it so strongly sometimes, Black-coat, that my heart aches and no dance or incense can cure it. When little Newa died, I felt that loneliness and unrest; when Jake first got drunk, I felt it. Now Mary is sick, our new baby is dead, and I feel it. Mary has sent me down to ask if you will not come up again and pray with


When Hasanowaneh entered the hall on his way out, I grasped his hand and said, “Chief, I thought what you told me yesterday was to be all buckskin and smoke tanned.”

“It was smoke tanned,” he replied, “but not buckskin. We haven't had buckskin for fifty years, because the deer have gone and there is none. We have been wearing linen and trying to smoke tan it. It don't work. I'm going home and put on a new white shirt."

“Best Books” on the American Indian

‘ T

and works of history, art, ethnological research, governmental and missionary work are included, the aim being to name in a dozen publications or more the best sources of information and of literary interest on the general subject of the Indians of our own country.

List I.

HE general reader, desiring to secure a

comprehensive knowledge of the In

dians of the United States, from a few of the many volumes on the library shelves on this subject, will be helped by a critical judgment of the sel ted books most worth reading. The accompanying lists are interesting as representing the suggestions of those who view the subject from individual angles. The first is furnished by a member of the staff of the Office of Indian Affairs, who has a wide acquaintance and long experience in governmental Indian work.

The suggestion of an officer of the Indian Rights Association follows. The third is the list of a writer on Indian subjects—a literary woman of Washington. The fourth contains the selections of a librarian in New York City, who has most extensive acquaintance with Indian publications. The Department of Indian Missions of the Board, has gleaned from these lists the last suggestion which is submitted. No restriction has been made in limiting the subject;

The Indians of Today. George Bird Grinnell.

Handbook of American Indians. Bureau American Ethnology.

North American Indians. (Starr) Chicago University.

Indians Taxed and Not Taxed. Census of 1890.

The Indian and His Problem. (Leupp.)
My Friend the Indian. (McLaughlin.)
The Ojibway. (Gilfillan.)
Childhood of Jishib the Ojibway. (Jenks.)
An Indian Boyhood. Chas. Eastman.

The Omaha (Fletcher' and La Flesche, Bureau American Ethnology).

The Zuni (Stephenson).
The Middle Five. (La Flesche.)
Mary and I. (Riggs.)
Life and Labors of Bishop Hare. (Howe.)
Indian Story and Song. (Fletcher.)
Ramona. (Jackson.)
Letters of an Americanist. (Brinton.)
Bandelier on the Southwestern Indians.

List II.

"Indian Nations," by Heckwelder; “Life and Times of David Zeisberger," "Massacres of the Mountains," by J. B. Dunn; "The Life and Labors of Bishop Hare,” by M. A. DeWolfe Howe; “The Indian Dispossessed," by S. K. Humphrey; "Ramona," or "A Century of Dishonor," by H. H. Jackson; “The Red Man and the White," by George E. Ellis; “Our Indian Wards,” by Mannypenny; "The Indian of Today,” by George Bird Grinnell; “The Indian's Side of the Indian Question, by S. J. Barrows; "The Ojibways,” by Rev. J. A. Gilfillan; "The Handbook of American Indians,” by F. W. Hodge; “Indian Boyhood," by Dr. Charles Eastman; “What the White Race May Learn from the Indian,” by G. W. James; "The Indian in Relation to the White Population of the U. S.," by F. A. McKenzie.

List IV. "Struggle for a Continent,” by Parkman, “Lewis and Clark Expedition," by Lewis; "Red Men and White in North America,” by Ellis; "Indian Dispossessed," by Humphrey; "Deerslayer," by Cooper; "Aboriginal Races of North America," by Drake; "Indian History for Young Folks,” by Drake; "Story of the Indian," by Grinnell; "Northwestern Fights and Fighters,” by Brady; "Indians of Today," by Grinnell; "Indian Boyhood," by Eastman; "North American Indian Fairy Tales, Folk Lore and Legends”; “Ramona," by H. H. Jackson; "American Antiquities,” by Bradford; "Lights and Shadows of a Long Episcopate," by Bishop Whipple ; "Border Wars of the West,” by Frost; "Pioneers of America," by Parkman; “American Primitive Music," by Burton ; "Native Races of the Pacific States," by Bancroft; "North American Indians," by Catlin.

Supplemental,-List V. As supplemental for reading along special lines, or as representing phases of the Indian subject not covered in the preceding lists, the following publications are suggested:

“The Basis of American History,” by Farrand; "Personal Memories, and Thirty Years Among the Indians," Schoolcraft; “Navajo Legends," by William Matthews; "Memoirs of David Brainerd,” by Sherwood; “Hiawatha," by Longfellow; "My Life and Experience Among our Hostile Indians,” Gen. O. O. Howard; “Our Indian and Spanish Neighbors," Julia H. Johnston; "The Redemption of the Red Man," Belle M. Brain; "Geronimo, the Story of My Life," Barrett; "Marcus Whitman," by Mowry; "The Nez Perces Since Lewis and Clark," by Miss Kate C. McBeth ; "Chunda, a Story of the Navajos," Ladd; “Personal Recollections of Indian Campaigns," Gen. Nelson A. Miles; "Story of the American Indian,” E. S. Brooks; "The North American Indian” (illustrated), by E. S. Curtis.

List III.

The Handbook of American Indians, edited by F. W. Hodge; The Annual Reports of the Bureau of Ethnology—“The Cherokee,” by James Mooney, Vol. 19, Part I, “The Ghost Dance," Vol. 14, Part II; “The Hako Ceremony," Vol. 22, Part II ; "The Omaha Tribe," Vol. 27; “The Indian's Book," by Miss Natalie Curtis; "American Primitive Music," by Frederick R. Benton; “Zuni Folk Tales,” by Frank Hamilton Cushing; “Lewis and Clark's Travels,” edited by Elliott Cous; "Indian Trade and Traders,” by Crittenden.

"If the land of the deceased Indians, which are from time to time offered for sale, were not only bought by white people, but were also occupied and cultivated in a profitable manner, the Indians would soon begin to take pride in doing the same, thus becoming selfsupporting, independent citizens."

A casual observer would not believe or see how much improved are the Indians in many ways. So many people, even intelligent and Christian people, are loath to see advancement or any good in the Indians. I could tell many things that would indicate the awakening for better things.

(Miss) Anna F. SKEA,

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Of the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A., December, 1911.

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District I
California.. Hoopa, Klamath Riv. 1

18 20


1 501 56 Mono (Digger).

1 1


100 75 1 2 12 Pitt River. 1


16 1 1 16 Me-Choop-da (Chico)

1 1 15 15 50 1 40
1 3


165 2 48 Oregon.... Tutuilla: (Cayuse, Umatilla, Walla Walla) 1 2 1 1 1 1 80

300 2 120 Washington. Puyallup...



260 1| 220 Nesqually, Chehalis.. 1



11 101

165 2 150


144 1 108 Quinaielt..



43 1 38 Idaho.. Nez Perce.

529 1100 6 404

3 Bannock, Shoshone.. 1 1


150 1 25 Western Shoshone.


12 Utah. Shivwits ....



1 District II. So. Dakota Sioux: (Yankton,.. 19 1 1 14

1197 2346 9 259| 2011 6 80 Minnesota Wahpeton, Sisseton). N. Dakota Sioux, (Ogalalla).. 7 8 1 1

9 373 6 1060 101 155 6 Montana.... Sioux: (Assiniboine, Yankton)

6 2 1 3 31 1971 27 730 61 194 69 1 4 40 Wisconsin... Stockbridge, Menominee

2810 195 2 45 Michigan.... Chippewa, Ottawa... 1 3 2

25/ 12 150 1 15 27 Nebraska. Omaha..

54 4 150 1 80 201 District III. Kansas... Iowa, Fox..

1 1


100 1 75


75 1 50 Oklahoma. Cherokee.

3 1

1 1 44 62 340 4 79 160 2 13 130 Choctaw, Chickasaw 25 4 1 13 6 544 1500 15| 330 Seminole, Creek... 5 2 1 4

11 113

1881 Kiowa, Caddo..


11 19 110 District IV. Colorado.... Southern Ute....

1 1 1

21 43 127 1 8 25 New Mexico Laguna..

1 5 1

116 4 150 1 30 5

50 1 27 1 1 9 Navajo..



250 21 236 1 4 36 Arizona. Pima...

5 4

7(1494 2250 6|1105 11 13 150 Maricopa.


3 151

215 2 150 Papago..

1 2 2

2 134

270 2 143

7 3
4 54
142 31 172

2 20 Mohave.

3 1
1 1 55

310 2 95
Apache (Mohave, Ton-
to, Yavapai)

1 2 17

115 1 24
District V.
New York... Iroquois, (Seneca, Tusca.
rora, Caygua, Oneida) 7

3 551

743 4 135 Seneca: (Cattaraugus)

2 1 1


400 1 50


9 30 150 1 Penna., etc.. Unclassified ..

2014 3



4| 525 $Total 19States|57 Tribal Divisions. | 1061 101| 43| 42| 19| 49|6627\252| 15695|102|5380|388|11| 48 496

*Stations are places where services are held or missions established, but no churches organized. tHelpers are all unordained mission employees except those reported under heading of Schools. IFor Alaskan Indian Missions, add Organized Churches 12, Ministers 9, Communicants 925, Sunday-School Enrollment 550.

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Notes from the Young People's Department


years, but


What is America's part in proclaiming ite Home Missionary.” A printed service to "Peace" among the nations? What is the train- suit the many preferences for this possessive ing in your Sunday-school toward instilling a topic would be most difficult, but we shall have spirit of loyalty, of Christian patriotism, and some helps from the leaders. There will be of the personal responsibility for telling or three four special programs for the going twith

C. E. societies the Gospel

during the message to

year. The "all peoples"?

mailing list of This is the

those who final appeal


asked for

for regular HOME MIS

samples of SION DAY

these proin the Sun

grams has day - schools,

not been reand as this is

vi sed for the one patri

a bout two otic service on our Sun

had accumuday - school

lated to about calendar, ev

one thousand ery Presby

Some terian school

enlightshould use

ening inforthe program.

mation has Announce

reached us ments have

since the Debeen sent to

cember proall ministers

gram was sent in active pas

out with torates, sam

slip, asking if ples to the

the recipient chairmen of

wished a conmissionary

tinuance aommittees

the favor. The (so far as we

suggeshave the list)

tion was made and other

that the postsamples

The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A.
136 Fifth Avenue,

age might be where

paid by the quested.

society inUnless previous arrangements have been stead of by the Board. Several hundred anmade with the secretary of this department, swers have been received, and one-third report the offerings will be applied to the general disbanded societies; one-third inform us they work of home missions, and should be sent at no longer members of the missionary once to the treasurer, Mr. H. C. Olin, 156 Fifth committee; the other one-third wish the work Avenue, New York City. Orders for the pro- continued for them. grams, and other home mission supplies will be cared for by the secretary, Miss M. J.

Where are those young people of the disPetrie, at same address.

banded societies? What is their present share

in the church activities? How are we to guess CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR PROGRAMS, 1912. who are now chairmen of missionary commitThe first topic is for February, “My Favor


M. J. P.



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