Page images

the clause in the Creed, in a different sense. But leaving human authority, let us look at the divine..

1. The doctrine of parallelism would lead us to look for the same sense in the first, as in the second member of the verse. There is not much doubt respecting the second, “Neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. This should explain and give the sense of the former part.

2. The word Nephesh,* or soul, often means one's life, self, and even body, (Num. vi. 6: Lev. xxi. 11..) and, by no means invariably the immortal part.

3. The word Sheol in Hebrew, and Hell in English, like Hades in Greek, is used to denote the grave—the state of the dead-the unseen state, without reference to the happiness or misery of those who are therein: (e. g. Gen, xlii..38.) “He will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.” Heb. Sheol.

4. It would conflict with Christ's own words in Luke xxiii. 43.

5. In Acts ii. 27, what is affirmed of David is denied of Christ; this verse is true of the former, but not of the latter. David's soul was left in Sheol, Christ's was not. But David was a good man and is in heaven, and therefore this verse cannot mean the place of torment.

6. It was not necessary that the soul of the Saviour should go to hell, in order to the perfecting of that atonement which he declared to be “ finished” without it.

7. The scope of the context and text, is against such an application. The psalmist declares his hope in the resurrection,

My flesh shall rest in hope, for thou wilt not abandon me to the grave, nor suffer thy Holy One to see destruction," i. es I shall rise again.

8. The general consent of commentators favors this view.

9. The Hebrew will bear the translation - Thou wilt not give up my soul to Sheol, nor suffer, &c." So that even if Sheol meant the place of punishment, a literal version would not require us to believe that the Saviour entered therein, but almost affirms that it did not.

* See our volume for 1847, page 262.

Matthew xvi. 28. This verse must be viewed in connection with Luke ix. 27, « Till they see the kingdom of God;" and Mark ix. 1, “Till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power.” The phrase, “ kingdom of God,” uniformly denotes the dispensation of the gospel ; and when we are taught that it will come with power, we are to understand that shall be promulgated, set up, and prevail over opposition. In Matt. xvi. 28, this triumph is regarded as proving the presence of Christ : in His kingdom we see Him : in its establishment and extension we see His coming. He comes when His kingdom comes. In this sense many saw him come, not into, but in His kingdom; for the gospel prevailed to a wide extent, spread over the known world, and claimed converts of every description of rank, character, religion and circumstance, as appears from Scripture and other authorities. The verse cannot be true of His second coming without sin unto salvation. They were to see, and they saw Him, in His representative, the church; they saw Him come in the coming of His kingdom.

Luke xxi. 24. Passing over many explanations which have been proposed, the following seems to be most reasonable, and best supported by Scripture. Every work has its time; so every man and nation. The Jews had their time, the Gentiles have theirs. When the period has elapsed, during which they are to keep Jerusalem in subjection, they will lose their pre-eminence. We know not when this will be, nor what will become of the city afterwards : nor what position these nations shall occupy. When the time, uncertain with us, but definite with God, is past, the punishment of Jerusalem shall cease, i. e. until God's purpose is accomplished, she shall be chastised, the Gentiles being merely the ministers of justice. The rebel city shall have as much humiliation as God designs, but not more.-Comp. Dan. xii. 7: Rom. xi. 25: Rev. xi. 2.

I remain, Sir,

Very truly yours, Mortan in Marsh.

B. H. C.



(May 1st, 1851.)
The land yet showed the wave-worn marks

Wherewith the Flood had graved it,
When earth's one nation was convened,

To mock the God that saved it!
They met, to raise a lofty tower

Whose proud front dared aspire
Tow'rds that pure sphere whose awful cope

Still kept serenely higher, *
When God, their one presumptuous speech

To many separated;
And to each thought, the mind confused

A different sound dictated.
Around them rolled th' appalling curse

Of sense and language shattered,
And, as the whirlwind strews the sand,

Their purposes were scattered.
They were one race!—from kindred eyes

Were all those farewells spoken,
When of all language, theirs was left

The sole on earth unbroken!
Like-moulded cheeks and brows grew pale,

And close-linked spirits fluttered,
As from the answering lineaments

The jarring speech was uttered;
And angels, pausing in their songs,

Sweeter by contrast blending,
Heard in mute wouderment, strange sounds

From earth's one race ascending!

Genesis xi. 4. The old-fashioned notion respecting the Tower of Babel, that it was intended literally to reach to heaven, is amply 'refuted by the fact of its having been situate in a low, level plain. Had surpassing height been the builders' object, higher ground would have been chosen. That the expression is figurative appears evident also from Deut. i. 28.

The streams that from one fountain came

Were severed, thence emerging, And from each other turned aside,

Went on through earth diverging; The blood which might not mix again,

Flowed down through parted races, Inscribing varied characters

Upon the alien faces. 'Twas only where the trump was blown,

And war's red beacon lighted,
That, flowing o'er the same dark sod

It might be re-united.
So never met the nations more,

To look with kindred glances,
Nor let their hands approach within

The measure of their lances !
Till-suddenly was England's voice

O’er all the wide earth straying,
And swiftly round her sovereign's throne

The nations met-for praying !t
They met beneath a crystal roof,

Which let the noontide splendour
Flow brightly down, to bring from heaven

Its smile of welcome tender ;
They met, unlike in face and mien,

The nations Babel parted,
Remembering but how God at first,

Had fashioned them like-liearted!I

And with a breathless awe and joy,

The world's great spirit fluttered, As from the varying lineaments

The single voice was uttered!
Again paused angels in their songs,

To hear what earth was saying,
So strangely rose the blended, sound.

Of many nations praying!

Psalm xxxiii. 15.

† See our June number, page 249.

Oh Sovereign! when a heavenly crown

To that of earth succeeding
Shall grace thy brow; and for thy loss

The Nation's heart is bleeding;
When thy dear name has died away,

Each solemn church-roof under,
Leaving the listening nave and aisles

At that sad blank to wonder,
When thou shalt hear from angel-lips,

Sublimed, the joyous story
Which ever through this world will be

Thy bright reign's crowning glory,
The sweetest eulogy that we

Shall o'er thee then be saying
Will be, “ 'Twas first around thy throne

The nations met for praying!"



Drops of crystal water,
Oh! the summer showers,
Gemming with a thousand pearls,
Blossoms in the bowers';
While the Sun is resting
On a couch of clouds,
Drops of crystal water
Trickle down in crowds.
CHORUS: Wine's a friend of sorrow,

Water's friend is glee;
Drops of crystal water then,

Are wine enough for me.
From the waving king-cup
Bees are drinking dew,
Butterflies are waiting
To taste a little too;

* We copy this spirited and pleasing song, from "The Band of Hope Review'a chcap serial, that boasts the reccommendation of Lord Ashley and other leading


« PreviousContinue »