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advance adventure American American continent Asia Atlantic British brought California Captain century Cities civilization Columbia Columbus coming continent Cortes desire direct discovered discovery eastern energy England English entered Europe European expedition exploration extended fact follow French future geographical GEORGE H give Gray greatest hand hope Hudson's Bay Company hundred idea Indians interests islands Lake land later leading Majesty McLoughlin ment Mexico MICHIGAN miles mind mountains move movement natural navigators North America North Pacific Northwest opening Oregon country organization Pacific coast passage period pioneers political possession present progress race reached region representative river route says sent ships shores South Spain Spanish spirit strait tion took trade turned United UNIVERSITY Vancouver voyage western westward Willamette valley young
Page 21 - Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. And to study this advance, the men who grew up under these conditions, and the political, economic, and social results of it, is to study the really American part of our history.
Page 16 - The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri river, and such principal streams of it, as, by its course and communication with the waters of the Pacific Ocean, whether the Columbia, Oregon, Colorado, or any other river, may offer the most direct and practicable water communication across the continent, for the purposes of commerce.
Page 13 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been deemed proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power.
Page 5 - July, in this year, 1524, on a voyage down the coast in quest of the same strait ; since if it exists, it must be discovered by those on the South Sea, as well as the others on the North Sea, for the former will run along the coast until they either find the strait, or reach the land discovered by Magallanes ; and the latter will proceed to the north, as I have stated, until they arrive at the Bacallaos.
Page 10 - Florida, and the cruelties of Alva were fast goading the Netherlands into rebellion. Next year, 1570, on a fresh May morning, the papal bull " declaring Elizabeth deposed and her subjects absolved from their allegiance was found nailed against the Bishop of London's door...
Page 5 - Majesty, to send these ships in that direction ; but being well aware of the great desire of your Majesty to know the secret of this strait, and of the great advantage the crown would derive from its discovery, I postpone all other schemes and interests, some of them of the highest moment, in order to pursue this object alone.
Page 5 - ... for the accomplishment of which I offer my services to your Highness, should you be pleased to command them ; so that without the strait I shall cause your Majesty's affairs to be greatly advanced, and at a diminished expense. But may it please our Lord to crown this enterprise with success by the discovery of the strait ! A consummation the most desirable, and in which I have the greatest confidence, since nothing can be denied to the good fortune of your Majesty, and on my part no efforts,...
Page 4 - I have sent people, both by land and sea, by whom under the guidance of our Lord your Majesty has been well served; and I am continually on the watch and occupying myself with the thought, how I can best carry into execution and accomplish the desire I have to promote the service of your Majesty. Nothing seems to remain but to explore the coast lying between the river Panuco and Florida, the latter being the country discovered by the Adelantado Juan Ponce de Leon; and then the northern coast of Florida...
Page 5 - ... interests of your Majesty, and greatly enlarging the number of realms and seignories already subject to your royal crown. It will also be useful to know that such a strait does not exist, so that attention may be paid to devising means for securing the greatest possible benefit from the spicecountries, and others in their neighborhood ; an object for the accomplishment of which I offer my services to your Highness, should you be pleased to command them ; so that without the strait I shall cause...