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begins his decrees with I, the King, immortal,' &c. Their belief is, that the soul must pass through a long purification, in a place very like the purgatory of the Catholics, or, which is nearly the same thing, the Tartarus of the Romans.
exercentur pænis, veterumque malorum
Æthereum sensum, atque aurai simplicis ignem. A French lady, resident at Rangoon, introduced Mrs. Judson to the wife of the Viceroy, who received her with great kindness, told her how pleased she was to see her, and desired her to repeat her visit every day. This excellent pagan seems to have had all that kind feeling for the unfortunate which is the distinguishing character of the sex in every part of the world, and she had soon an opportunity of proviog that her attention was not the mere effect of idle curiosity. The solitary pair were bereaved of their first and only child; it may well be conceived to how forlorn and pitiable a state such a visitation under such circumstances would reduce them. This good woman did not then forsake the mourners.
• A few days after the death of our little boy, her bighness, the viceroy's wife, visited us, with a numerous retinue. She really appeared to sympathize with us in our affliction, and requested Mr. Judson not to let it too much affect his health, which was already very feeble. Some time after her visit, she invited us to go out into the country with ber, for the benefit of our health, and that our minds, as she expressed it, might become cool. We consented; and she sent us an elephant, with a howdah upon it, for our conveyance. We went three or four miles through the woods. Sometimes the small trees were so near together, that our way was impassable, but by the elephant's breaking them down, which he did with the greatest ease, at the word of the driver. The scene was truly interesting. Picture to yourselves, my dear parents, thirty men with spears and guns, and red caps on their heads, wbich partly covered their shoulders, then a huge elephant caparisoned with a gilt howdah, which contained a tall, genteel female, richly dressed in red and white silk. We had the honour of riding next to her ladyship; after us, three or four elephants, with her son and some of the members of government. Two or three hundred followers, male and female, concluded the procession. Our ride terminated in the centre of a beautiful garden of the viceroy's. I say beautiful, because it was entirely the work of nature—art had no hand in it. It was full of a variety of fruit trees, growing wild and luxuriant. The noble banyan formed a delightful shade, under wbich our mats were spread, and we seated ourselves to enjoy the scenery around us. Nothing could exceed the endeavours of the vicereine to make our excursion agreeable. She gathered fruit, and pared it ; culled flowers, and knotted them, and presented them with her own bands; which was a mark of ber condescension. At dinner she had her cloth spread by ours, nor did she refuse to partake of whatever we presented her. We returned in the evening, fatigued with riding on the elephant, delighted with the country and the hospitality of the Burmans, and dejected and depressed with their superstition and idolatry —their darkness, and ignorance of the true God.'— pp. 63–65,
shade, board, vicinity, them,
The death of this child was a dreadful blow to the solitary couple. Deprived as we were,' says Mrs. Judson, of every source of enjoyment of a temporal nature, our every affection was entangled by this darling object. When our heavenly father saw we had converted the precious gift into an idol, he removed it from us, and thereby taught us the necessity of placing our supreme affections on Him.' The poor, disconsolate mother thus writes to her friends :
* Since worship, I have stolen away to a much-loved spot, where I love to sit and pay the tribute of affection to my lost, darling child. It is a little inclosure of mango trees, in the centre of which is erected a small bamboo house, on a rising spot of ground, which looks down on the new made grave of our infant boy. Here I now sit; and, though all nature around wears a most romantic, delightful appearance, yet my heart is sad, and my tears frequently stop my pen. You, my dear Mrs. L., who are a mother, may imagine my sensations; but, if you have never lost a first-born, an only son, you cannot know my pain. Had you even buried your little boy, you are in a Christian country, surrounded by friends and relatives, who could sooth your anguish, and direct your attention to other objects. But, behold us, solitary and alone, with this one source of recreation! Yet this is denied us—this must be removed, to sbow us that we need no other source of enjoyment but God himself. Do not think, though I write thus, that I repine at the dealings of Providence, or would wish them to be otherwise than they are. No: “though be slay me, I will trust in him," is the language I would adopt. Though I say with the prophet, “ Bebold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow," yet I would also say with him, “ It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not." God is the same when he afflicts, as when he is merciful : just as worthy of our entire trust and confidence now, as when he entrusted us with the precious little gift. There is a bright side, even in this heavy affliction.'
- pp. 58, 59.
We give these extracts, less with for the sake of their intrinsic value, than to show how superior in style and sentiment are these Baptist missionaries to those fanatics who but too frequently, imagining themselves inspired, jump from the stall or the shopD2
board, to instruct others in matters of awful importance, of which they are themselves utterly ignorant.
The loss of his child, and the intense study of a most difficult language, had at length so much injured the head and nerves of Mr. Judson, his eyes had become so bad, and his digestive powers so weak, as to oblige him to give up all study; and they were seriously contemplating a voyage to Bengal, in the hope that sea air and medical assistance might prove of benefit to him. But even this did not shake their constancy. Mrs. Judson thus writes to her parents :
We had fondly hoped that, by the time the language was acquired, a wide and effectual door would be opened for the preaching of the gospel. But our hopes are blasted, and our brightest prospects darkened. And now, my dear parents, I think I hear you say, “ Are you not discouraged yet? Is it not best entirely to abandon your object, and come home to America, and settle down in peace and quiet!" No! by no means. We will still intercede with our heavenly Father, not only to return us to this mission, but to make this affliction tend greatly to its advancement. Or, if we may not be permitted to return, we will beg and plead with others to come, and go on with the mission. We will tell them that it is possible for missionary families to live in Burmah without molestation. * We will tell them what our eyes have seen, and what our ears have heard, of the dreadful delusions of this people, and how much they need the commiseration of the Christian world. We will do more. We will return to Burmah with them, and spend the remainder of our days, though deprived of health and strength, in assisting them to acquire the language, and encouraging them in their arduous work. No, my dear parents, our hearts are fixed on this mission; and, with grace assisting us, we shall relinquish it only with our lives.'—pp. 62, 63.
Mr. Judson however recovered his health, and resumed his studies, in which he was so successful that, on the arrival of Mr. Hough with a printing press, he says, the first tract ever written in Burman, relative to the true God, was ready for printing.' Mrs. Judson also was able to employ the greater portion of her time in the school, which she had opened for instructing female children, of whom from thirty to forty attended with tolerable regularity. They complain, however, that, with all their exertions and after a course of four years, no Burman has renounced idolatry and embraced the religion of Christ.' The Burmans, Mrs. Judson says, ' are mad on their idols, and their whole souls seem engaged in idolatry. In two years more however they had the joyful intelligence to communicate, that one Burman has embraced the Christian religion, and given good evidence of being a true disciple of the dear Redeeiner. He was baptized. “We proceeded, they say, 'to a large pond in the vicinity, the bank of which is graced with an enormous image of Gaudama, and there administered baptism to the first Burman convert.' This man, of the humblest class, shortly afterwards brought another, a poor fisherman, who, with a third, became, in the course of a year, a candidate for baptism. But, urged by fear of the ruling powers, they requested that the ceremony might take place in private and in the evening; as it appeared that some intimation had been given to the government of the first performance of this rite, and in consequence of it an order been issued for inquiring further into the case. To this request the missionary saw no objection, as, on searching the scriptures, it did not appear that John administered baptism at any particular time, or day, or hour. But the fear of the government, and the desertion of those crowds which had hitherto occasionally attended the preaching in the Zayat (chapel), appear to have cast a gloom over the ceremony.
• We proceeded to the spot, where Moung Nau was formerly baptized. The sun was not allowed to look upon the bumble, timid profession. No wondering crowd crowned the overshadowing hill. No hymn of praise expressed the exultant feelings of joyous hearts. Stillness and solemnity pervaded the scene. We felt, on the banks of the water, as a little, feeble, solitary band. But perhaps some hovering angels took note of the event, with more interest than they witnessed the late coronation; perhaps Jesus looked down on us, pitied and forgave our weaknesses, and marked us for his own; perhaps, if we deny him not, he will acknowledge us another day, more publicly than we venture at present to acknowledge him.'--p. 204.
These three were all their conversions in seven or eight years; and yet it seems that conversion or regeneration is sometimes the work of a very few days: for, in speaking of a fourth and the last convert whom they baptized in the course of ten years, they say, chis is the man, who, from not knowing that there was such a being in the universe as a God, became a speculative believer, a penitent, a hopeful recipient of grace, and a candidate for baptism, all in the space of three days.'
It was now but too evident that a persecuting spirit, instigated by the Rahaans or priests of Boudh, was beginning to exert itself against the missionaries; they had lost the viceroy and his lady, whom they considered as their protectors, the former having been appointed to a situation at the seat of government; and'his successor had been prevailed on to issue an order,' that no person wearing a hat, shoes, or umbrella, or mounted on a horse, should approach within the sacred ground belonging to the great pagoda.' Now as this ground enibraced every road leading to iheir little establishment, the order was evidently directed against DS
them, and the immediate effect was, that none of the natives came near them. In this state of their affairs, a longer stay at Rangoon was evidently useless; it was therefore decided that Mr. Judson and brother Colman (who had joined the mission) should proceed to Ava without delay, and lay their business before the Emperor. The viceroy made no difficulty in granting them a pass to go up to the golden feet, and lift up their eyes to the golden
face. Golden, it seems, is the universal epithet of the Burman Emperor; and with some reason, as he and the pagodas exclusively engross this precious metal; the use of it is prohibited to his subjects, who are to be satisfied with silver and lead; these latter metals are used in bulk as the medium of exchange. The Emperor of the Burmans, like him of China, bas been taught to consider himself the greatest potentate on earth. He told Captain Canning, who was sent as envoy to Ava in 1810, with great gravity, that if the King of Great Britain had only sent to ask his assistance in the revolutionary war, he would very soon have placed all France at his disposal.
As soon as our missionaries had completed their preparations, they took places in a passage-boat of six feet in width and forty in length, with a temporary deck thatched over with mats, and divided into two low rooms, in which they could just sit and lie down. It had ten rowers, and the passengers amounted to twenty-four. There was some difficulty in determining what kind of present they should carry to the Emperor-for the Golden Face, like all his brother monarchs of the East, is quite unapproachable without a present. After some time, however, they agreed that it ought to be something congruous with their character,' and they therefore fixed upon the very thing that was wholly incongruous with the character of the intended receiver-a Bible!- the Bible in six volumes, covered with gold leaf, in Burman style, and each volume inclosed in a rich wrapper.'
Thus furnished, our missionaries pushed off from the shores of Rangoon : on the twelfth day they reached Pyee (vulgarly called Prome) one hundred and twenty miles from Rangoon, the seat of an ancient dynasty of kings—but now in a state of complete dilapidation: in fifteen days more they came to Pahgan, a place celebrated in Burman bistory, about two hundred and sixty miles from Rangoon. Its present state is thus described:
Took a survey of the splendid pagodas, and extensive ruins, in the environs of this once famous city. Ascended, as far as possible, some of the highest edifices, and, at the height of one hundred feet perhaps, beheld all the country round, covered with temples and monuments of every sort and size--some in utter ruin-some fast decaying—and some exhibiting marks of recent attention and repair. The reniains of the