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maintain a respectable literary ciaries will become members; that standing, during their collegiate they will there exert the same sal
Let such by no means at- utary influence, which they are tempt to do more than they are now exerting in our academies and able. They may take a year from colleges, and thus conduce to prethe midst of their literary course, pare their associates to communior after its close.
cate the most important instrucWith regard to the pecuniary tions in greater abundance, and in prospects of the beneficiary, his a manner more faithful and more ability to procure a library, &c., effectual.
A TEACHER. “the present system of appropriations” appears to be more eligible than one that might seem more lib
REMARKS UPON WORDSWORTH'S POeral. I take for granted (what I presume will be found almost universally true that before he settles It is conceded, I believe, by all as pastor, his debt will be paid or who have read the Poetry of Wordsremitted. In such a case, the hab- worth, that he has just conceptions it of economy, previously formed, of the use and dignity of Poetry. cannot fail to increase pecuniary A position which he strongly mainability. But even if a small debt tains is, that Poetry ought to enshould remain, there seems to be lighten and instruct. He contends no reason to fear that it will im- that it is altogether an unworthy pair his usefulness by depressing object for minds of true poetic comhis spirits. We may calculate with pass and depth to be employed in confidence, that it will soon be dis- furnishing amusement, or even in charged, and that in five years, his communicating indirect instruction. basket and his store will acknow. With him, a poet is a sound philosledge the superiority of the present opher. He has accurately studied system.
the laws of thought. His power You express an apprehension, does not consist simply in a reach that the employment of beneficia- of imagination, or in the felicitous ries in teaching may, at least for a selection or invention of imagery. time, prevent those efforts, that
He has ability to follow out a train would otherwise be made, to fur- of associations, and intellectually nish better qualified insiructors, discern what are conformable to who shall be entirely devoted to the the truth of nature. A book of work. I cannot but indulge a hope poetry should furnish substantial that even in this respect, the con- nourishment. It ought to enlightsequences will not prove injurious. en us in our duty, and stimulate us It appears highly probable, that in to walk firmly in the path of virtue. two ways the teaching beneficiary Harmonious versification and true may conduce to the improvement taste may please us, but permanent of other teachers. His pious ex- benefit is the legitimate aim of ample, his faithful instructions, his poetry. tender exhortations, his ardent pray- Such being the theory of Wordsers, can hardly fail to have a salu- worth, it is interesting to inquire tary influence upon some others, what he has accomplished. Do and induce them to do the same. his volumes give decided and clear And when Seminaries shall be testimony to the worth of his prinopened for the express purpose of ciples ? qualifying teachers, as will doubt- Without going into any thing like less very soon be the case, it is an analysis of his poetry, it is evihighly probable that some benefi- dent, that he has secured an im
portant advantage, by excluding theme does he pour forth more deevery thing wild and improbable. licious melodies. The thousand There is the charm of novelty forms of love and tenderness in thrown over his conceptions. - maternal assiduity, in delicate sisThere is the impress of original and terly affection, in the confidence of unfettered power. But it is not a smiling infancy, and all the blest charm gathered from the fields of scenes of family happiness seem infiction, or the regions of possibility. timately present to his mind. The It is not an originality breaking poet also feels in his heart what loose from the authoritative laws of flows from his pen. Some of his the human mind. From the real most touching descriptions have world, material and moral, he has manifestly their originals in his own gathered a vast number of facts and house. The sweet smiles of his illustrations, and submitted them to own daughter just waking up on the the processes of a powerful mind, shores of being, the mysterious and they have come out, clothed in lines on the countenance of her new and beautiful forms. He had who is the same to him in joy and thus no need to go back and re- grief, the crushing of hopes, the embody any of the marvellous do- wasting sickness of the heart, when ings of the middle ages; or to se- fatal disease has entered his winlect from the extravagant records dow, give to his poetry a reality of an Indian Mythology; or to paint better than the charm of versificasome mysterious being, half demon, tion, than the roving of the sweethalfman-employing his knowledge est fancy. This is another circumof human nature to wage a merci- stance, which stamps utility on his less warfare against its best affec- poetry. It is something more than tions, and his diabolical strength to amusement to see embodied in lantear down the mounds between guage, what one has felt, and will earth and the prison of despair. feel every day of his earthly exis
Scott, and Southey, and Byron, tence. Most minds, too little diswere able to invest their poems ciplined to catch their own evanwith an overwhelming interest. escent thoughts can thus leisurely For a time, edition after edition survey what is spread out before was almost literally devoured ! them as on bright canvass. MoreThey addressed the reader's most over, these feelings are the common awakened curiosity. They seized property of all who live and breathe. and occupied his whole being with in the joys of literary acquisition, the exclusiveness of a powerfully or scientific discovery, a vast majorwritten novel. But the interest is ity of mankind cannot at all partici. passed away. Their popularity is pate. But let a poet draw from altogether on the wane. Their po- the deep wells of human sympathy, ems were made to amuse, not to —and multitudes, the degraded and instruct. They did not appeal to the noble, the tottering with age the understanding. Wordsworth, and the glad youth, will come with on the contrary, wishes for no un. their urns and drink and be refreshnatural excitement. He addresses ed. The story of Poor Margaret the entire human soul, as made up in the first book of the “Excurof intellect and desire and moral sion,” might be selected as poetry, feeling. He throws around hiin no that speaks to the hearts of all. fictitious interest. He furnishes confined to no language. It can be bone and muscle as well as elegant appreciated in all varieties of conform, and ruddy cheeks, and auburn ditions. Its influence is permalocks.
nently beneficial, for it is the poetAgain, Wordsworth understands ry of truth and nature. well our social nature.
With equal pleasure, does Words
worth dwell upon the supreme God up from its guilt and danger, and as he has written his name and his admits Christ into its bosom the glory upon the works of his hands. hope of glory. God is present al. Every where does this Great Being most to its natural vision. Every reign for the happiness of his cre- earthly thing is pervaded by the ation. The path of life is covered great Spirit. Such would be the over with evidences of his paternal poet's experience, if he would adkindness. Even the seeming vis- mit the God of the Bible into his itations of his wrath in the devour- imaginations. ing tempest, in the blank desola- But where Wordsworth does emtion of winter, and the unpitying ploy the facts of revelation, he is ravage of death and the grave, are guilty of a species of unfairness. still the works of Him whose mer- The doctrines of salvation ought to су knows no limit. And here it is be viewed in all their bearings. It matter of regret, that this gifted is very easy indeed to separate poet, did not enter more fully, than what may be termed intellectual he has, into the ample fields of rev- from what is purely religious. To elation. If, in standing in these a person of vigorous imagination, outer courts, he looks with wonder the doctrine of the resurrection for at the majestic temple, which God instance lays open themes for wide has reared in his creation, and lis- and glorious thoughts. Illustratens with joy to the sweet music, tions and imagery can be gathered which now and then steals upon his up unspoiled by any heathen poet. ear, how must his heart have ex- But view the sublime doctrines of panded, if he had ventured into the the Bible in all their scriptural coninner sanctuary, and heard the full nexions and the poet shrinks away. chorus of happy voices. This pow. He cannot bear to illustrate the er to describe the facts of natural fact, that some shall rise to shame Theology is derived in a great de- and everlasting contempt. He cangree from the Christian Scriptures. not bear to stand on the heaving These exert a powerful indirect ef ground and behold millions rising fect upon those poets who are op- from the dust of death“ filthy still." posed to a careful and thorough He reads not on the doors of the perusal of them. It has long been new heavens—there shall enter in a maxim with very respectable nat- nothing that defileth. But what uralists and poets that the contem- right has a poet to take a partial plation of nature leads the mind in- view of this great subject? What tuitively to God. But why not re- right has Wordsworth to divest it of verse the process ? Why not let the its unwelcome features? In his full light from eternity first pour “Churchyard among the mounupon the mind-before it fastens tains," the grave is made a quiet upon the wonders of the material resting place for too many who decreation ? In this way the obscuri- scend into its bosom. Some mysties of nature would be explained, terious refining process is assigned the fact that God has one grand to the tomb, by which those shall system where ever he has displayed be made pure, who on earth are his energy or his grace would be “ remembered with deep awe." clearly illustrated. The poet's The immortality, which is brought views would enlarge themselves in- to light in his poetry is too often a to the illimitable tract of eternity. distinct thing from what Paul deA freshness and beauty would de- scribed the Christian's immortality scend on this earth's landscapes, to be. There are funeral associalike those with which the human tions embodied in delicious verses. soul is arrayed, when it first wakes But he has not engraved on them of this age.
the deep straight lines of truth. He seems to rise nearly to a level with has not come up to the breadth and angels who are eminently like God. spirituality of the themes.
“ How near he presses on the seraph's Nevertheless, his poetry will be wing! read. There is thought on every Which is the seraph? which the child of page. No where is there a string
day? of common-place fancies, or stale Nothing is more common than personifications. The purity and to hear persons, and those too of delicacy of all his associations are very good character, complain of worthy of the highest commenda- the state of the weather, and extion, and afford a delightful contrast press the wish that it might be othto several of the distinguished poets erwise than it is. At one time you
Were his views of will hear them say, “I wish we man's present duties and coming might have some rain, or snow ;' at destinies the same with those of another, ' I wish it might clear off,' Milton and Cowper, we should find &c. In short there is scarcely any no difficulty in assigning to his topic so frequently in the mouths works the same certain immortal- of men when they meet, as the state ity. A. S. E. of the weather; and
generally hear something from them
concerning it, which either expressFROM THE COMMON PLACE BOOK OF es their positive dissatisfaction with A DECEASED FRIEND
it, or manifests a deplorable insen“ We honor God most, when we are sibility to the goodness exhibited in most like him in the temper and dispo- those great arrangements of provisition of mind.”—Pythagoras.
dence, which are constantly sustainThis sentiment of the sage of ing us in being, and pouring around Samos, deserves to be recorded in us the blessings of life. All this I letters of gold. It proves that he consider as directly opposed to the was worthy of the title, the wise great duty of resignation. Every man, which he disclaimed for the wind that blows, every storm that more modest one, a lover of wisdom. rages, every cold that freezes, and He speaks like a Christian, who all every warmth that melts and ophis life time had visited the oracles presses, whether it be pleasant or of truth. Before as well as since unpleasant, is such as necessarily the time of Balak, the great inquiry results from the great arrangements among thinking, men has been, of Providence; and it is obviously wherewith shall I come before the our duty to be resigned to such disLord ? and there have been almost pensations as it is to be resigned, as many different answers as there to any thing whatever, which we have been questions. Yet this may consider as a calamity. The heathen gives an answer, which general laws which regulate the ought to shame many a one, who weather, are on the whole, wonderbears the name of Christian. To fully adapted to the wants of the anbe like God is to honour him. imate ereation ; and whatever unThere is an accuracy in the account pleasant irregularity there may be given. It is not required that we attending the operation of these should be like him, in what are call- laws, they ought all to be considered his natural attributes, but in his ed as necessarily attending it, and moral perfections. We can be like to be submitted to as an inevitable him in the temper and disposition result of a vast beneficent arrangeof our minds. We can love what ment for our good. Should it be he loves. How elevated is the replied, perhaps some other mode character of the good man. He of governing the world, would have
been preferable and more condu- exalt him in imagination above the cive to our good, I reply that this ordinary occurrences and the ten cannot be shown, but on the con- thousand little acts which fill up by trary there are many very import- far the greater part of every day's ant reasons for prefering the mode account. When engaged in things of administration by general laws, which seem to be rather trivial matsuch as the fact that without them, ters, we forget to ask ourselves, there would be no such thing as how would Jesus Christ act if he a connexion between cause and were now in our situation ? and pereffect, means and ends ; and were haps some would regard it as a prothis connexion to be suspended, the fanation of his sacred name, to sufbusiness of human life would in- fer such an inquiry to obtrude on stantly stop, and the whole race such occasions, upon our thoughts. become extinct. Besides it should But is it so? Is not his religion debe remembered that this world is a signed to spread itself over all our state of moral discipline, and it is conduct--to give colour to our mifit and important that we should nutest acts, and even to our ordinahave to contend with trouble and ry thoughts, feelings, and purposes; calamity. A person entirely re- and is not the example of Christ to signed to all the ordinances of be constantly contributing a powerheaven, however adverse in appear- ful share towards making up this ance, has I may venture to say, ad- great moral influence towards vanced far in the duty of self-com- transforming us anew, so that we mand, and the duty of noticing in bear the image—of whom? all the phenomena around us, the Christ himself. We are too prone hand of a great beneficent parent. to regard this part, and indeed ev
ery part of his religion as designed Many things are to be done and ab- to operate only while we are passtained from, solely for the sake of habit.” sing through the process of conver-Dr. Paley.
sion, and afterwards only on occaIf an act is in itself morally sions of importance. Instead of wrong, it ought to be abstained giving an even, beautiful color to the from of course, aside from the con
whole web of life, we surround it sideration, that should it become only with a gaudy fringe and pass habitual, it would contaminate very
here and there across it, some conmuch the purity of our character. spicuous streak. How different But an act ought to be abstained from this the character of our Sa. from, which has an unhappy ten
viour ! “His doctrines,” says Mrs. dency although it may not in itself More, “were so digested into his be sinful—that is, if it tends to pre- into his practice, that it rendered
life, his instructions were so melted pare the way for forming a bad habit-which leaves an unsalutary goodness visible as well as perfect.” moral impression or unhealthy tone —Yes, visible throughout-not a of feeling-which looks downwards speck left to obscure the pure and instead of upwards in the path of beautiful brilliancy of his character. virtue-which cherishes a propensi- His religion was the glow of life ty of itself sufficiently liable to gain and health which animates the strength and take deep root.
countenance and shows an all-pervading vivifying principle within.
There is no unequal action here. It has sometimes appeared to The fever does not rage in one part me, that one great reason why we of the system, while a chill, cold as are not influenced more by the ex- death is shivering another part. All ample of Christ is that we are apt to is one grand and perfect piece.