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ed by the excitemont of ardent spir- They who are unwilling to do any its, is only borrowing strength, which thing, will tell him (the friend of remust be repaid with interest. It is form) that nothing can be done. Taey a great waste of the bodily energies.
who fold up their arms in contenied To use a common phraso, “ It is liv.
apathy, because the viper has not
crani led into their bowers, will assure ing loo fast”
him that nothing need be done. They A multitude of unexceptionable who deem that the sum of human duty experiments prove, that ardent spir. is merely to provide for one's own its, as an auxiliary to labor, are household, and respect the laws of the worse than useless. Our forefa. land, will try to convince him that thers, who subdued the wilderness nothing oughi to be done. But let not and prepared for us these pleasant from his porpose—there is much that
all this shake the lover of temperance seats, were a bardy race of men, should be done, and if he will persewho endured labor and fatigue, from
vere, at length much may be done.which the present generation of Sprague, p. 28. their descendants would shrink. But they were not aided by the But it will be said, -what can be stimulus of ardent spirits. In our
done?--and ten thousand voices will own time there are manufacturing reply, -, nothing -Oh nothing -men establishments, and extensive ayri- always will
: there is so much capital
always have drunk to excess, and they cultural operations, and naval ope- embarked in the business of importarations, carried on with better ef
tion and distillation-and so much supfect and more ease and quietness, posed gain in vending ardent spiritswithout ardent spirits, than others and such an insatiable demand for are with them. There are individ. them-aud such ability to pay for them uals among us, who endure much by highminded, wilful, independent labor and hardship without this for freemen--that nothing can be done.' eign aid, and are marked for their
Then farewell ! a long farewell to all health and vigor.
our greatness! The present abuse of
ardent spirits, has grown out of what In the face of such evidence it
was the prudent use of it, less than is vain to pretend that spirits are one hundred years ago; then there necessary or useful to the laborer. was very little intemperance in the The means of conviction are at land--most men who drank at all, hand, and let them be faithfully ern.
drank temperately. But if the pruployed, without the fear of incur. dent use of ardent spirits one hundred ring the charge of parsimony or
years ago, has produced such results cruelty.
as now exist, what will the present When all these various influen- tury to come? Let no man turn off
intemperate vise accomplish in a cences, which we have mentioned, shall his eye from this subject, or refuse to have been faithfully exerted, the reason, and infer—there is a moral way will be prepared for the aid of certainty of a wide extended ruin, legislation. The law cannot be without reformation. The seasons are powerl 'ss, that is called into being not more sure to roll, the sun to shine,
or the rivers to flow-than the present by “ an efficient public sentiment.” But there will be a large class of its is sure to produce the most deadly
enormous consumption of ardent spirpersons who will stand aloof, and consequences to the nation. They make objections From interest, or will be consumed in a compound ratio incredulity. or apathy, they will as- -and there is a physical certainty of sure themselves and others that the dreadful consequences. Have you nothing can be effected, and that taken the dimensions of the evil, its reform is hopeless. For these we
manifold and magnifying miseries, its have an answer in the words of our shall it come unresisted by prayer, and
sure-paced and tremendous ruin? And authors.
witho'it a finger lifted to stay the desolation ?--Beecher, pp. 83, 84.
Nothing can be done! Why can entitled “The Lord's Supper at nothing be done? Because the in. Death,” and relates to a practice temperate will not stop drinking, shall which is common in England, and the temperate keep on and become
not uncommon in our country, drunkards ? Because the intemperate cannot be reasoned with, shall the
Some years ago
I was requested to temperate become madmen? And because force will not avail with men of visit a man, who was supposed to be independence and property, does it fol- dying: The person who called on me low that reason, and conscience, and said, that his friends wished the sacrathe fear of the Lord will have no influ
ment to be administered to him, and, ence ?
as the minister of the parish was unAnd because the public mind is now
well, they hoped I would do it. I staunenlightened, and unawakened, and ted, in general terms, that I never unconcentrated, does it follow that it administered the sacrament in such cannot be enlightened, and aroused, circumstances, but that I should wiland concentrated in one simultaneouslingly call upon the sick person, and and successful effort ? Reformations
converse with him on religious subas much resisted by popular feeling,
jects. and impeded by ignorance, interest,
I speedily fulfilled my promise, and, and depraved obstinacy have been ac
on entering the room where the sick complished, through the medium of a
man was confined, I found him under rectified public opinion,--and no na
very severe suffering. I instantly retion ever possessed the opportunities
cognized him as an individual who and the means that we possess, of cor
had once or twice attended my preachrectly forming the public opinion—nor of the town in which I labour. In
ing, in a school-room in the outskirts was a nation ever called upon to attempt it by motives of such imperious that room I had been accustomed to necessity. Our all is at stake--we preach for some time, and on those shall perish if we do not effect it.
occasions several persons attended, who There is nothing that ought to be
had not for many years been in any done, which a free people cannot do.- place of worship.' This individual had Ib. p. 85.
not heard a sermon for twenty years, till he heard me in the school-room,
though he was not many yards distant The Pastor's Sketch Book ; or, Au
from the parish church. I learnt, af
ter one of the services, something of thentic Narratides of Real Char- his previous history; and it presented acters. Edited by GEORGE RED- an awful instance of the progress and FORD, A. M. New York: Jolin the reward of vice. He had been once P. Haven. pp. 219, 18mo. in respectable circumstances, had re
ceived a good education, and was conWe are glad that this small vol- considered by his neighbours a supeume, which has been favorably re
it appeared however, that ceived in England, is republished he had prostituted his talents, by cavin this country. It consists of brief iling against religion, and trying to sketches communicated by clergy- around him. He became the leader of
undermine the good principles of those men, of characters and circumstan
a village club, where intemperance ces which have fallen under their formed a principal feature in their notice in the course of their minis- nightly proceedings. He soon betry. The character of the volume came a drunkard and a profligate. At may be understood by a few of the last he forsook his wife and children, subjects of its narratives,—which abandoned the sober and quiet enjoyare such as these; The Rescued
ments of home, and lived with another Suicide; The Missionary Printer; ful state for many years, his wretched
woman. After continuing in this dreadLast Scenes of the Life of a Fash- associate in sin died, and he was left ionable Female, &c. One of the alone, a forsaken, guilty, and unhappy narratives, which is short, we will creature. To add to his misery, and give in an abridged form. It is remind him of the wages of sin, he was
seized with palsy, which totally unfit- effort to speak; I therefore desisted ted him for labour, and considerably for a short time from asking him quesaffected his power of speech.
tions. In this deplorable situation, without As he appeared quite sensible, I a friend to comfort him, or an instruct read to him some of the descriptions or to admonish him, he lived in the given of sin in the sacred volume. and house of a stranger, in an apartment explained, as well as I could, its naany thing but comfortable. His rela- ture and awful consequences. I then tions offered their personal assistance, proceeded to read some passages but he refused it; yet he was con- 'which speak of the love of God to a strained to accept for his support what guilty world. I told him of the effithe kindness of those offered whom he cacy of the atoning sacrifice of Christ, had most injured; for it was by a small and of his willingness to receive all weekly allowance from his wife and who came to him, seeking salvation; sons that he was now kept from the and that, though he had been a great extremes of want and wretchedness. sinner, he was not excluded from the He was seized a second time with pal- hope of the Gospel, if he did not exsy, and was now considered in extreme clude himself. The blood of Christ danger. His wife and sons were sent could cleanse his guilt away. What for. They instantly came to attend God required was faith in his Son, and him; and it was at their earnest and penitence on account of his many affectionate desire that I had been sent transgressions. I found it necessary for. When I looked upon the pallid to desist from speaking, as his attenand partially distorted countenance of tion could not be kept up for more the old man, and remembered his bis. than a few minutes at a time. One tory, I hardly knew how to act. I effect of his disorder was stupor. His was afraid to address him in words of wife and two sons being present, I harshness, which his long continuance entered into conversation with the in vice seemed to demand, and at the elder of the two sons, who was an same time I dreaded to speak comfort- intelligent looking man. He stated ably, unless I should see some signs of his desire that his father should repenitence. I had visited so many who ceive the sacrament. I endeavoured deceived themselves with the idea that to ascertain his reason for this desire: there was some kind of efficacy or ma- the only reason that he assigned was, gical charm in the prayers of a minis- that it was customary. His father ter, and therefore wished a parson to had not even desired it ; but it was pray with them before they died, that I his wish, and that of his mother, that was generally uneasy when called upon this ceremony should be gone through. to visit individuals in such circumstan- I asked him if he thought the happi
ness of his father could be endangered The solemn responsibility connected by his of pariaking of the sacrament with such visits, made me feel most before his death. He said he could sensibly the need of divine help. In not tell, but he thought his mind would the case before me there was but one be more easy, if his father received it. path open ; and, with prayer to God I then inquired if he was aware of the that I might be enabled to speak to nature of the ordinance, and the dethe sick man words of profit, I tried to sign of its institution. He was unable engage him in conversation. I en
to tell me. He confessed that he had deavoured to ascertain his views re- never thought on the subject, but he specting himself. He acknowledged was willing to hear my sentiments. that he was a sinner. I wished, how. Finding him so unacquainted with the ever, to bring the subject nearer home, design of the Lord's Supper, and, at and to see if he knew what it was to the same time, so willing to listen to feel himself a sinner against God, and me, I considered it my duty to explain if he was conscious of his individual the subject as simply and briefly as I guilt, as a flagrant violator of the di- could, and state my reasons for refuvine law. His articulation was, how. sing to administer this ordinance to ever, so very indistinct, that I could his father. As nearly as I can recolget but few answers from him. I saw lect, the following is the substance of it fatigued and pained him to make an what I then advanced :-
I stated, that the Lord's Supper was individuals near death, or, indeed, in instituted by Jesus Christ, in order to any way but to the church assembled. give his disciples, in all ages, an op
We do not find that Paul, on any portunity of commemorating his love journey, or even in his tedious voyage in dying for them; that his apostles to Rome, when he had brethren with and their converts attended to his dy- him, partook of the Lord's Supper; it ing command, and when they met was only when those who were united together for the worship of God, they together in church-fellowship “came broke bread, or, as he understood it, together," that the ordinance was adtook the Sacrament. I mentioned that ministered. it was one way in which the disciples Taking such a view of the subject, of Christ were to be known from the I could not, with a clear conscience, unbelieving world, and that only those administer the ordinance to any perwho were believers in Christ could son privately :—because there was not properly attend to this ordinance. They only no coinmand in the word of God alone could do so in remembrance of for doing so, but the contrary might bim--could do it in faith, without be inferred, from the precepts and exwhich it was impossible that the ser- ample of the apostles of Christ. Be. vice could either be acceptable lo sides, I told him that, if his father was God, or profitable to their own not a Christian, the giving him the souls. Christ could not wis
Sacrament could not save him, and if he remembered by his enemies, but by was a Christian, he neglected no duty his friends.
in abstaining from it, when unable to I thought it also proper to describe go to a place of worship, because God the character of disciples of Christ, and had not commanded him to attend to endeavoured to bring before him some it at hoine. If, however, his health of the most important truths of the was restored, and he was able to go Gospel. Having thus stated my views to the house of God, it would be his on the subject generally, I came to a duty to attend to this ordinance with & inore particular application of it, to the church of Christ; and, in doing so, he case of his father.
might expect the divine blessing. In I told him that even if I had seen the present instance, that could not reason to believe his father a pious be expected, for it was doing what man, yet I could not conscientiously God had not required. I alluded to give him the Sacrament privately. Í the reason which he had assigned for was willing to give my reasons. I wishing his father to enjoy this Christmentioned that it was contrary to my ian privilege, and reminded him of the general principles, as a Dissenter, and danger of acting according to the cusmore especially to the views I had ta- toms of men in religious matters, withken of the ordinance from the word of out warrant from the word of God; God. It appeared to me, from the that these things impaired and deHoly Scriptures, that the Lord's Sup- faced the plain institutions of God, and per was never eaten, except by the a blind attachment to them, in too members of the church assembled, in many instances, ruined the souls of the usual place of meeting; that no in
I told him that multitudes dividual member or members, as such, thought it quite enough, if this form in any instance partook of the Lord's
was gone through before they died, Supper at home; that the cammand of though during life they had neglected Christ, when he instituted the ordin- and despised it. I warned him to beance, was addressed to the company ware of taking his religion from othof his disciples then assembled, and ers: it was a matter of such moment, the apostle Paul, when he wrote to that it demanded and deserved his the Corinthians, enforcing a proper most serious consideration. The young attention to this duty, addressed them man listened with attention. as a church of Christ. In the Acts of His father had by this time awoke the Apostles we are told, that when- from his dosing, and seemed desirous ever the disciples came together for again to converse with me. I had a the word, and for prayer, " the break- little conversation with him. Some ing of brend" formed a part of the ser- of his answers led me to hope that he vice. We find no instance of the apos- was not wholly ignorant of the way of tles taking or giving the Sacrament to a sinner's acceptance with God. He Vol. 1,-- No. XII.
acknowledged that there was no salva- winning example and her blest retion but in Christ. I found it, how. wards, and vice unfolds her dreadever, in vain to continue speaking, as ful lesson of ruin and remorse. very soon the stupor again came upon
There is another class of facts, him. After commending him to the teaching and mercy of God, I departed; fall peculiarly under the notice of
besides personal narratives, which many hours after my visit. I could clergymen, and which they might learn nothing satisfactory respecting profitably communicate to the pubhis last moments; and I was constrain- lic through our religious magazines. ed to leave the mournful event in that We allude to the history of churchobscurity and uncertainty in which es and congregations—not to rethe hand of God seemed to have veil-cords and names and mere matters ed it. pp. 155—162.
of chronology—but to such circumThe narrator goes on to speak stances in their history, as might be of the effect of his visit on the fam- profitable to their sister churches as ily. The younger of the two sons, lessons of experience. For exama youth of eighteen or twenty, had ple, the reader may have seen a been a silent listener while he talk- church gradually declining almost ed with the elder, and the conver- to extinction, through neglect of sation had made a deep impression discipline,--pursuing a tame, and on his mind. Sometime after he worldly policy perhaps, in respect came to the minister, for further in- to some influential member whose struction; their interviews became delinquencies they forbore to refrequent, and the result was, his prove, on account of apprehended hopeful conversion. “He is now," consequences from his displeasure, continues the narrator,
one of our or that of his family, to the society; most active Sunday-school teach- and he may have seen that church ers, and by his amiable and con- at length awaking to its duty, and sistent deportment adorns the gos- conscientiously executing the laws pel of Christ. By his persuasion,
of Christ's house, and from that his mother and brother have been time returning to more than its brought under the preaching of the former prosperity. He may have gospel, which they had neglected known a people neglect to supply before. I have had no reason to the place of their deceased minisregret the discharge of a duty, ter with another, and seen all sense though painful at the time, and I of religion fade away from the minds hope it has taught me a lesson of that people, till, in the course of which I was sometimes too slow to one or two generations, Sabbathlearn, that the best way to promote breaking and profaneness have beour own comfort and usefulness is, come general, gambling and intemto go forward in discharging all our perance a common thing, and suiduties with firmness and affection, cide not unfrequent. Such an inleaving all consequences with God.” stance we could tell of; and it is a
A part of these sketches were solemn warning to all feeble churchoriginally furnished for the Congre- es not to wait till they shall become gational Magazine. We have wish- stronger,or shall'receive foreign aid, ed that our clerical readers would before they set about doing all they oftener furnish similar sketches for can do for the continuance of the Christian Spectator. The mor- a preached gospel among them. al history of individuals, both of the There are facts connected with repious and the profligate, are always vivals,-relating to their origin and interesting and instructive. They the causes of their sudden decline, are so especially to the young. In the kind of preaching practised in such histories virtue holds out her them, and the subsequent character