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PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS OF 1851.

The papers on the various subjects were prepared by the undermentioned gentlemen :

English Scholarships.

Senior.

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR,

A. S. Harrison, Esq., B. A. HISTORY,

G. Lewis, Esq. GEOGRAPHY,

W. Brennand, Esq. MATHEMATICS,

V. L. Rees, Esq. TRANSLATION,

Babu Ramchunder Mitter.
LITERATURE,

Dr. F. J. Mouat.
Arabic Scholarships.

Senior and
CALCUTTA MUDRISSA,

Junior,
Senior and

Dr. A. Sprenger.
HooghLY MUDRISSA,

Junior,
Sanscrit Scholarships.

Senior and Junior: Major G. T. Marshall. The senior and junior scholarship answers were examined by the gentlemen who set the questions.

The Arabic and Sanscrit scholarship answers were examined by the Principal of the Calcutta Mudrissa and by Major G. T. Marshall.

1. The scholarship examinations of all the Colleges and Schools in Bengal were held upon the dates and at the hours specified below:DATES.

SUBJECTS. 1851.

Senior Scholarships. Junior Scholarships. Wednesday Sept. 17th,.. Literature Proper, Grammar. Thursday, 18th,

biental and Moral Philo-} History.

sophy, Friday, 19th,.. History,

Mathematics. Saturday, 20th,.. Pure Mathematics, Geography. Monday, 22nd,.. Mixed Mathematics, Translations. Tuesday, 23rd, .. Euglish Essay,..

Literature. Wednesday, 24th,.. Vern. or Latin Essay.

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The examinations were held daily from 10 A. M. to 1} P. M., and from 2 to 5, P. M. precisely, at which hours all answers to the morning and afternoon papers, respectively, were given in.

II. The following is the manner in which the examinations are conducted :

1. Sets of questions on the various branches of study in the senior and junior departments, are prepared by the examiners selected by the Council of Education.

2. In Calcutta one of the members of the Council of Education presides at the examination of each day, in the Mofussil a member of the Local Committee per. forms the same duty ; each is furnished with copies of the scholarship questions under a sealed cover, with a superscription specifying the subject of the contained paper, and the day on which it is to be opened in the presence of the scholarship candidates.

3. The students assemble in a room without books, papers, or references of any kind, are not allowed to communicate with each other during the examination, and on that account are placed at a proper distance from each other.

4. They are required to answer the questions, and to write the essays without any assistance whatever: to ensure this, one of the members of the Council remains in the room, and superintends the whole examination.

5. Any attempt at, or practice unfair means, subjects the offending party to a fine of 100 Rs in cases of senior, and 50 Rs. in cases of junior scholarships : non-payment of the fine within one month subjects the offender to exclusion from the Institution till payment, and no offender is capable of then, or again competing for any scholarship.

6. At the hour fixed for the close of each day's examination, every student delivers his answers, signed by himself, to the superintending member of the Council or Local Committee.

7. The examiners fix an uniform standard of value for each question according to its importance. A perfectly correct and complete answer obtains the full number of marks attached to the question; an imperfect answer obtains a part only of the full number, in proportion to its approximation to correctness and completeness.

8.' The award of scholarships is determined in accordance with the rules laid down in the late Hon'ble J. D. Bethune's Minute on the subject, published in the Annual General Report of the Council for 1849-50, p. 6.

9. No student, not being already a scholarshipholder, or a free-scholar, is allowed to compete for a scholarship whom the Principal of the College or the Head Master of the School to which he belongs, does not consider competent to attain the requisite standard.

FRED. J. MOUAT, M. D., October, 1851.

Secretary to the Council of Education.

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Bernardo. It was about to speak when the cock crew.
Horatio. And then it started like a guilty thing

Upon a fearful summons. I have heard
The cock, that is the trumpet to the morn,
Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat
Awake the god of day; and, at his warning,
Whether in sea or fire, in earth or air,
The extravagant and erring spirit hies
To his confine : and of the truth herein

This present object made probation.
Marcellus. It faded on the crowing of the cock.

Some

say, that ever 'gainst that season comes
Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,
The bird of dawning singeth all night long:
And then, they say, no spirit dares stir abroad;
The nights are wholesome; then no planets strike,
No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm,
So hallow'd and so gracious is the time.

B

Horatio.

upon my life,

1.

2.

So have I heard, and do in part believe it.
But, look, the morn, in russet mantle clad,
Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill:
Break we our watch up; and, by my advice,
Let us impart what we have seen to-night
Unto
young

Hamlet : for
This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him :
Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it,

As needful in our loves, fitting our duty ?"
“ For it is, as the air, invulnerable,

And our vain blows malicious mockery."

What is the meaning of the last line ?
“ The cock, that is the trumpet of the morn,

Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat
Awake the god of day."

[poets. Explain this. Illustrate the passage by quotations from other “ And at his warning,

Whether in sea or fire, in earth or air,
The extravagant and erring spirit hies
To his confine."
What popular belief is alluded to in the line
“ Whether in sea or fire, in earth or air”?
In what sense do you understand the words “extravagant

erring”? In what significations are they more fre-
quently used ?
“ And of the truth herein,

This present object made probation."
What is the meaning of “made probation”? Of what truth

did the object make "probation”?

3.

and "

4.

5.

“ Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes

Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,
The bird of dawning singeth all night long."
What is the name of that season, “wherein our Saviour's

birth is celebrated? What bird is it which is here called “the bird of dawning"? Explain the grammatical construction of the words “ 'gainst

that season comes."

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