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made for depending puppies. I forgot one principal thing, to take care of going regularly through all the forms of oaths and inductions; for the leaft wrong ftep will put you to the trouble of repaffing your patent, or voiding your living.


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Quilca, June 29. 1725. Writ to you yesterday, and faid as many things as I could then think on, and gave it to a boy of Kells, who brought me yours. It is ftrange, that I, and Stella, and Mrs Mackfadin, fhould light on the fame thought, to advise you to make a great appearance of temperance while you are abroad. But Mrs Johnfon and I go further, and fay, you must needs obferve all grave forms, for the want of which both you and I have fuffered. On fuppofal that you are under the Bishop of Cork, I fend you a letter inclofed to him, which I defire you will feal. Mrs Johnfon put me in mind to caution you not to drink or pledge any health in his company; for you know his weak fide in that matter *. I hope Mr Tickell has not complimented you with what fees are due to him for your patent. I wish you would fay to him, (if he refufes them), that I told you, it was Mr Addifon's maxim to excufe no body; for here, fays he, I may have forty friends, whofe fees may be two guineas a piece; then I lofe eighty guineas, and my friends fave but two a-piece.

I must tell you, Dan Jackfon ruined his living, by huddling over the first year, and then hoping to mend it the next. Therefore pray take all the care you can, to inquire into the value, and fet it at the best rate to fubftantial people.

I know not whether you are under the Bishop of Cork or no; if not, you may burn the letter.

I must defire, that you will not think of enlarging your


He wrote a pamphlet against drinking to the memory of the




expences, no not for fome years to come, much less at prefent, but rather retrench them. You might have lain deftitute till Antichrift came, for any thing you could have got from those you ufed to treat. Neither let me hear of one rag of better cloaths for your wife or brats, but rather plainer than ever. This is pofitively Stella's advice as well as mine. She fays, now you need not be ashamed to be thought poor.

We compute, you cannot be less than thirty days abfent; and pray do not employ your time in lolling abed till noon to read Homer, but mind your bufinefs effectually. And we think you ought to have no breaking up this Auguft; but affect to adhere to your school clofer than ever; because you will find, that your illwithers will give out, you are now going to quit your fchool, fince you have got preferment, &c.

Pray fend me a large bundle of exercises, good as well as bad; for I want fomething to read.

I would have you carry down three or four fermons, and preach every Sunday at your own church, and be very devout.

I fent you in my laft a bill of twenty pound on Mr Worral; I hope you have received it.

Pray remember to leave the pamphlet with Worral, and give him directions, unless you have settled it already fome other way. You know, it must come out just when the parliament meets.

Keep thofe letters, where I advife you about your living, till you have taken advice.

Keep very regular hours for the fake of your health and credit; and where ever you lie a night within twenty miles of your livings, be fure call the family that evening to prayers.

I defire you will wet no commiffion with your old crew, nor with any but those who befriend you, as Mr Tickell, &c.

The Rev. Mr John Worral, Vicar to the Bishop of Kildare, as Dean of Chrift-church; as alfo to the Dean of St Patrick's. D. eait.






July 3. 1725. AM obliged to return your Excellency my moft humble thanks for your favour to Mr Sheridan, because when I recommended him to you, I received a very gracious anfwer; and yet I am fenfible, that your chief motive to make fome provifion for him was, what be. came a great and good perfon, your diftinguishing him as a man of learning, and one who deferved encourage. ment, on account of his great diligence and fuccefs in a moft laborious and difficult employment *.

Since your Excellency hath had an opportunity, fo early in your government, of gratifying your English dependents by a bishoprick, and the belt deanery in the kingdom; I cannot but hope, that the clergy of Ireland will have their fhare in your patronage. There is hardly a gentleman in the nation, who hath not a near alliance with fome of that body; and most of them who have fons, ufually breed one of them to the church; although they have been of late years much difcouraged, and difcontented, by feeing ftrangers to the country al moft perpetually taken into the greateft ecclefiaftical preferments, and too often under governors very different from your Excellency; the choice of perfons was not to be accounted for either to prudence or justice.

The misfortune of having bifhops perpetually from England, as it must needs quench the fpirit of emulation among us, to excel in learning and the ftudy of divinity, fo it produceth another great difcouragement, that thofe prelates ufually draw after them colonies of fons, nephews, coufins, or old college-companions, to whom they beftow the beft preferments in their gift; and thus the young men fent into the church from the university here, have no better profpect, than to be curates, or finall country-vicars, for life.

A fchoolmaster.

† Downe.

It will become fo excellent a governor as you, a little to moderate this great partiality; wherein, as you will act with justice and reafon, fo you will gain the thanks and prayers of the whole nation, and take away one great caufe of univerfal discontent. For I believe your Excellency will agree, that there is not another kingdom in Europe, where the natives (even thofe defcended from the conquerors) have been treated, as if they were almost unqualified for any employment, either in church or state.

Your Excellency, when I had the honour to attend you, was pleafed to let me name fome clergymen, who are generally understood by their brethren to be the moft diftinguifhed for their learning and piety. I remem. ber the perfons were, Dr Delany, Dr Ward of the North, Mr Ecklin, Mr Synge of Dublin, and Mr Corbet. They were named by me without any regard to friendship, having little commerce with most of them, but only to the univerfal character they bear. This was the me thod I always took with my Lord Oxford, at his own command; who was pleafed to believe I would not be fwayed by any private affections, and confeffed I never deceived him; for I always dealt openly, when I offered any thing in behalf of a friend, which was but seldom : because, in that cafe, I generally made ufe of the com mon method at court, to folicit by another.

I fhall fay nothing of the young men among the clergy; of whom the three hopefulleft are faid to be, Mr Stopford, Mr King, and Mr Dobbs, all fellows of the college; of whom I am only acquainted with the firft. But these are not likely to be great expectors under your Excellency's adminiftration, according to the ufual period of governors here.

If I have dealt honeftly, in reprefenting fuch perfons among the clergy as are generally allowed to have the most merit, I think I have done you a fervice, and I am fure I have made you a great compliment, by diftinguishing you from moft great men I have known these thirty years paft; whom I have always obferved to act, as if they never received a true character, nor had any value

The univerfity of Dublin.


for the best, and confequently difpenfed their favours without the least regard to abilities or virtue. And this defect I have often found among thofe from whom I least expected it.

That your Excellency may long live a bleffing and ornament to your country, by pursuing, as you have hitherto done, the steps of honour and virtue, is the moit earnest wish and prayer of,


Your Excellency's most obedient,
and most humble fervant,





Quilca, Sept. 11. 1725.

F you are indeed a difcarded courtier, you have rea


are too young for many experiences to fall in your way, yet you have read enough to make you know the nature of man. It is fafer for a man's intereft to blafpheme God, than to be of a party out of power, or even to be thought fo. And fince the laft was the cafe, how could you imagine, that all mouths would not be open when you were received, and in fome manner preferred by the government, though in a poor way? I tell you, there' hardly a Whig in Ireland, who would allow a potato and butter-milk to a reputed Tory. Neither is there any thing in your countrymen upon this article, more than what is common in all other nations, only quoad magis et minus. Too much advertency is not your talent, or elfe you had fled from that text, as from a rock *. For, as Don Quixote faid to Sancho, what business had

Sufficient to the day is the evil thereof; on which Dr Sheridan preached at his parish church on the 1ft of Auguft. See a vindication of his Excellency John Lord Carteret, vol. 3. p. 182. Hawke

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