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me nine pounds Sterling for rent yearly. I alfo bequeath to the faid Anne, the fum of one hundred pounds Sterling, to be paid her by my executors in fix weeks after my deceafe, out of whatever money or bank-bills I may poffefs when I die; as alfo three gold rings, the remainder of the feven above mentioned, after Mrs Whiteway hath made her choice of four; and all my finall pieces of plate, not exceeding in weight one cunce and one third part of an ounce.


Item, I bequeath to my dearest friend Alexander Pope of Twittenham, Efq; my picture in miniature, drawn by Zinck, of Robert late Earl of Oxford.

Item, I leave to Edward, now Earl of Oxford, my feal of Julius Cæfar, as alfo another feal, fuppofed to be a young Hercules, both very choice antiques, and fet in gold; both which I chufe to beflow to the faid Earl, because they belonged to her late moft excellent Majefty Queen Anne, of ever glorious, immortal, and truly pious memory, the real nurting mother of all her king


Item, I leave to the Reverend Mr James Stopford, Vicar of Finglafs, my picture of King Charles I. drawn by Vandike, which was given to me by the faid James; as alfo my large picture of birds, which was given to me by Thomas Earl of Pembroke.

Itemy I bequeath to the Reverend Mr Robert Grattan, Prebendary of St Audeon's, my gold bottle ferew, which he gave me, and my ftrong box, on condition of his gi ving the fole ufe of the faid box to his brother Dr James Grattan, during the life of the fiid Doctor, who hath more occafion for it, and the fecond beft beaver hat I fhall die poffeffed of.

Item, I bequeath to Mr John Grattan, Prebendary of Cloumethan, my filver box, in which the freedom of the city of Cork was prefented to me; in which I defire the faid John to keep the tobacco he ufually cheweth, called pigtail.

Item, I bequeath all my horfes and mares to the Reverend Mr John Jackfon, Vicar of Santry, together with

* Mr Pope did not live to receive his legacy, having died May 30.


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all my horfe-furniture; lamenting that I had not credit enough with any chief governor (fince the change of times) to get fome additional church-preferment for so virtuous and worthy a gentleman. I alfo leave him my third beft beaver hat.

Item, I bequeath to the Reverend Dr Francis Wilfon, the works of Plato in three folio volumes, the Earl of Clarendon's history in three folio volumes, and my best Bible; together with thirteen finall Perfian pictures in the drawing room, and the small silver tankard given to me by the contribution of fome friends whofe names are engraved at the bottom of the faid tankard.

Item, I bequeath to the Earl of Orrery* the enamelled filver plates to diftinguifh bottles of wine by, given to me by his excellent Lady, and the half-length picture of the late Countefs of Orkney in the drawing


Item, I bequeath to Alexander M'Aulay, Efq; the gold box in which the freedom of the city of Dublin was prefented to me, as a teftimony of the esteem and love I have for him, on account of his great learning, fine natural parts, unaffected piety, and benevolence, and his truly honourable zeal in defence of the legal rights of the clergy, in oppofition to all their unprovoked oppreffors.

Item, I bequeath to Deane Swift, Efq; † my large filver ftandifh, confifting of a large filver-plate, an inkpot, a fand box, and a bell of the fame metal.

Item, I bequeath to Mrs Mary Barber, the medal of Queen Anne and Prince George, which fhe formerly gave me.

Item, I leave to the Reverend Mr John Worral‡ my best beaver hat.


Author of the Remarks on the life and writings of Dr Swift published in 1752.

Author of the Fay on the life, writings, and character of Dr Swift published in 1755.

Vicar to the Dean of Chrift-church, and master of both choirs. He was a foundling, for which reafon Swift ufed to call him Melchifedek. Though he was not a man of an improved understanding, nor a man of humour, yet he was a good walker, ever in the way, and




Item, I bequeath to the Reverend Dr Patrick Delany my medal of Queen Anne in filver, and on the reverse the bishops of England kneeling before her Moft Sacred Majesty.

Item, I bequeath to the Reverend Mr James King, Prebendary of Tipper, my large guilded medal of King Charles I. and on the reverfe a crown of martyrdom, with other devices. My will nevertheless is, that, if any of the above named legatees fhould die before me, that then, and in that cafe, the respective legacies to them bequeathed fhall revert to myfelf, and become again fubject to my disposal.

Item, Whereas I have the leafe of a field in truft for mne, commonly called the vineyard, let to the Reverend Dr Francis Corbet, and the truft declared by the faid Doctor ; the faid field, with fome land on this fide of the road, making in all about three acres, for which I pay yearly to the dean and chapter of St Patrick's ** Whereas I have built a ftrong wall round the faid piece of ground, eight or nine feet high, faced to the fouth afpect with brick, which cost me above fix hundred pounds Sterling; and likewife another piece of


always at the command of Dr Swift. His wife, a neat, cl an looking woman in her drefs, understood the bufinefs of marketing perfectly well; had ftudied what the Dean liked; and if the markets afforded any thing nice, when the Dean's ftomach, as years came on, began to be in fome meafure weak and capricious, the conftantly bought it for him, and fent it home to the deanery. From a principle of wif dem, taking the world as he found it, no man ever fludied more than Swift did, to reduce every man's talents to his own particular gratifi cation. He could fcaft upon the delicacies of wit and learning, when they happened to fall in his way; and at other times be content with plain common entertainment. He could laugh, and drink a bottle with Sheridan over night; and the next morning walk into the fields, and prattle to Worral. Perhaps there never was a man equally defirous with Dr Swift, to have a companion always at his beck, of fome fort or other; and, without difpute, throughout all Dublin he could not have fixed upon another fo exactly calculated to receive his commands, and especially to attend him in his morning exercife, as Mr Worral. He died fome time after the Dean, worth a good deal of money; 500 1. of which his executors appropriated to the Doctor's hofpital, and 50 1. each to two other hofpitals. Swift.

The fame to whom the Dean addreffes feveral copies of verfes, in vol. 6, and of whom he gives an excellent character in vol. 8 p.


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ground, as aforesaid, of half an acre, adjoining to the burial place, called the Cabbage garden, now tenanted by William White, gardener; my will is, that the ground inclosed by the great wall may be fold for the remainder of the leafe, at the highest price my executors can get for it, in belief and hopes, that the faid price will exceed three hundred pounds at the lowest value. For which my fucceffor in the deanery shall have the first refufal; and it is my earnest defire, that the fucceeding deans and chapters may preferve the faid vineyard, and piece of land adjoining, where the faid White now liveth, fo as to be always in the hands of the fucceeding deans, during their office, by each dean leffening one fourth of the purchafe money to each fucceeding dean, and for no more than the present rent.

And I appoint the Honourable Robert Lindfay, one of the judges of the court of common pleas; Henry Singleton, Efq; Prime Serjeant to his Majefty; the Reverend Dr Patrick Delary, Chancellor of St Patrick's ; the Reverend Dr Francis Wilson, Prebendary of Kilmacktolway; Eaton Stannard, Efq; Recorder of the city of Dublin; the Reverend Mr Robert Grattan, Prebendary of St Audeon's; the Reverend Mr John Grattan, Prebendary of Clonmethan; the Reverend Mr James Stopford, Vicar of Finglafs; the Reverend Mr James King, Prebendary of Tipper; and Alexander M'Aulay, Efq; my executors.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto fet my hand and feal, and published and declared this as my lait will and teftament, this third day of May, 1740.


Signed, Sealed, and published by the abovenamed Jonathan Swift, in the presence of us who have fubfcribed our names in his prefence,




* See a poem wrote by this gentleman, intitled, A dialogue between

a lawyer and Dr Swift, in vol. 7. p. 87.

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Two LETTERS to the Earl of ORRERY, defcribing the malancholy fituation of Dr SWIFT'S health and understanding.




Dublin, Nov. 22. 1742.

HE easy manner in which you reproach me for not acquainting you with the poor Dean's fitua tion, lays a fresh obligation upon me; yet mean as an excufe is for a fault, I fhall attempt one to your Lordfhip; and only for this reafon, that you may not think me capable of neglecting any thing you could command me. I told you in my last letter, the Dean's underftanding was quite gone, and I feared the farther particulars would only fhock the tendernefs of your nature, and the melancholy fcene make your heart ach, as it has often done mine. I was the laft perfon whom he knew; and when that part of his memory failed, he was fo outrageous at seeing any body, that I was forced to leave him, nor could he reft for a night or two after feeing any perfon; fo that all the attendance which I could pay him was, calling twice a week to inquire after his health, and to obferve that proper care was taken of him, and durft only look at him while his back was towards me, fearing to difcompofe him. He walked ten hours a-day, would not eat or drink if his fervant ftaid in the room. His meat was ferved up ready cut, and fometimes it would lie an hour on the table before he would touch it, and then eat it walking. About fix weeks ago, in one night's time, his left eye fwelled as large as an egg, and the lid Mr Nichols (his furgeon) thought would mortify, and many large boils appeared upon his arms and body. The torture he was in, is not to be defcribed. Five perfons could fcarce hold him for a week, from tearing out his own eyes; and,

The lady mentioned in feveral of Swift's letters, and in his will, in this volume.


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