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The history of an expedition against Fort Du Quesne, in 1755 ...

Robert Orme, Historical Society of Pennsylvania

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BRADDOCK'S DEFEAT. Monday, the 9th instant, completed the 100th year since the defeat of General Braddock, by the French and Indians, on the Monongahela river. The defeat was total; sixty-four officers out of eighty-five, and about six hundred privates were killed. A hasty retreat ensued. The army made no halt until it met the division under Dunbar, forty miles in the rear. There Braddock died from his wounds. The whole army continued to retreat until it reached Cumberland, Md., then called Fort Cumberland, one hundred and twenty miles from the scene of the catastrophe. (Cumberland Telegraph.

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Publication Fund of the Historiral zociety of Pennsylvania

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The History of an Expedition against Fort Du Quesne, in 1755; under

Major General Edward Braddock, Generalissimo of H. B. M. Forces in America. Edited from the Original Mss. By Winthrop SARGENT, M. A., Member of the Hist. Soc. of Pennsylvania. 8vo. Phil. adelphia : 1855. pp. 423.

There never need be a handsomer book come from any press than this, about which we have undertaken to say a few words ;-more to bring it to the notice of the readers of the Register than to offer any elaborate remarks upon it. The name of “General Braddock” is perhaps quite as familiarly known as any other name in American History, but until the issue of the present volume there has not been published a complete account of his memorable Expedition, and his disastrous defeat on the banks of the Monongahela.

“ Braddock's Expedition,” as now published, appears under the auspices of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania; a Society second to none in the country, for its appreciation of what the objects of a Historical Society should be. The following brief extract from the Editor's Preface will express what is necessary to be known relative to the contents of the volume :-" During the term of Mr. J. R. Ingersoll's official residence at London, he procured for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, copies of the three journals which constitute the basis of this volume. A few months since, these were committed by the Society to the hands of the Editor, with a request to prepare therefrom such a work as he has now the honor to lay before it and the public.”

From a very cursory survey of this work we have formed a very favorable opinion of the manner in which Mr. Sargent has executed ais labors. His introduction comprises something more than half the volume, and is drawn up with care and judg. ment; though he has failed to speak with proper caution upon some points. We will mention one, which is rather important. On page 115 he says, “When or where Edward Braddock was born, there is no means of ascertaining," and intimates that he was an Irishman. Now the name is purely English, and probably originated at "Brodoak," (broad oak) in Cornwall, and we are told by Masters in his Hist. of Corp. Christ. Col. 427, published two years before the General met his fate in America, that he was a son of Edward Braddock, a Major General in the reign of Queen Anne, and was born in Westminster; that he was admitted a Fellow of Corpus Christi, 20 June, 1710, but took no degree there, “choosing rather a military life, in which he hath raised himself to the rank of Major General; and such an opinion have the Administra vn of his courage and abilities, that they have entrusted him with the command in chief of the forces lately sent to the West Indies, 10 curb the insolence and treachery of the French.”

The work before us is beautifully illustrated with views, plans and maps. A few such volumes 'will well compensate the subscribers 10 the Society's fund the subscription being but twenty dollars, and ensures l' . a copy of all its poti ing life.

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