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faith), lest, being lifted up with pride, had appointed thee. If any be blamehe fall into the condemnation of the less, &c. not accused of riot, or undevil. Likewise must the deacons be ruly: for a bishop must be blameless, grave, not double-tongued, not given as the steward of God: not selfto much wine, not greedy of filthy willed, not soon angry, not given to lucre, holding the mystery of the wine ; no striker, not given to filthy faith in a pure conscience : and let lucre, but a lover of hospitality, a these also first be proved, then let lover of good men, sober, just, holy, them use the office, &c. let the dea- temperate ; holding fast the faithful cons be the husbands of one wife, word, as he hath been taught : that ruling their children and their own he may be able by sound doctrine houses well.-1 Tim. iii. 1-13. both to exhort, and to convince the
If thou put the brethren in remem- gainsayers.-Titus i. 5—9. brance of these things, thou shalt be Shewing thyself a pattern of good a good minister, &c. but refuse pro- works ; in doctrine, uncorruptness, fane and old wives' fables, &c. Be gravity, sincerity, sound speech that thou an example of the believers in cannot be condemned, &c. these word, in conversation, in charity, &c. things speak and exhort, and rebuke give attendance to reading, to exhor- with all authority.-Titus ii. 7, 8.15. tation, to doctrine, &c. meditate upon Them that have the rule, &c. watch these things : give thyself wholly for your souls, as they that must give unto them, &c. take heed unto thy- account.-Heb. xiii. 17. self and thy doctrine.-1 Tim. iv. 6, Is any sick among you ? let him 7. 11–13. 15, 16.
call for the elders of the church, Rebuke not an elder, but intreat and let them pray over him, &c. him as a father, and the younger men James v. 14. as brethren : the elder women, &c.
The elders which are among you, Let the elders that rule well, be I exhort, &c. feed the flock of God, counted worthy of double honour; which is among you (or as much as especially they that labour in the in you is); taking the oversight word and doctrine.-1 Tim. v. 1. 17. thereof, not by constraint, but wil
0 Timothy, keep that which is lingly: not for filthy lucre, but of a committed to thy trust : avoiding ready mind ; neither as being lords profane and vain babblings.--1 Tim. (or over-ruling) over God's heritage, vi. 20.
but being examples of the flock. I put thee in remembrance, that 1 Pet. v. 1-4. thou stir up the gift of God which is Diotrephes, who loveth to have in thee, &c.—2 Tim. i. 6, 7.
the preeminence, receiveth us not.The things that thou hast heard of 3 John 9, 10. me, among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who Sect. 11. Complaints of, and Threatshall be able to teach others also, &c.
ening's against, evil Officers, or a workman that needeth not to be
Ministers of the Church. ashamed, rightly dividing the word of His watchmen are blind, they are all truth ; but shun profane and vain ignorant, they are all dumb dogs : babbling, &c. The servant of the they cannot bark, sleeping, lying Lord must not strive, but be gentle down, loving to slumber : yea, they unto all men: apt to teach, patient are greedy dogs, which can never (or forbearing), in meekness, instruct- have enough; and they are shepherds ing those that oppose themselves, if that cannot understand : they all look God peradventure, &c.—2 Tim. ïi. 2. to their own way, every one for his 15, 16. 23–25.
own gain from his quarter : come ye, Ordain elders in every city, as I say they, I will fetch wine, and we
will fill ourselves with strong drink, the shepherds feed the flocks? ye eat and to morrow shall be as this day.— the fat, and
clothe you with the Isa. lvi. 10-12.
wool, &c. but ye feed not the fock: The priests said not, Where is the the diseased have ye not strengthLord ? and they that handled the ened, neither have ye healed that law, knew me not; the pastors also which was sick, &c. but with force transgressed against me, &c. Where- and with cruelty have ye ruled them. fore I will yet plead with you, &c. -Ezek. xxxiv. 2—4. 8. 10. Jer. ii. 8, 9.
The priests thereof teach for hire, The prophets prophesy falsely, and and the prophets thereof divine for the priests bear rule by their means; money; yet will they lean upon the and my people love to have it so: Lord, &c. therefore shall Zion for your and what will ye do in the end sake be plowed, &c.-Micah iii. 11, 12. thereof ?-Jer. v. 30, 31.
Her priests polluted the sanctuary, From the prophet unto the priest, and have done violence to the law.every one dealeth falsely: thus they Zeph. iii. 4. have healed also the hurt of the Woe to the idol shepherd, that daughter of my people slightly, say- leaveth the flock! the sword shall be ing, Peace, &c. when, &c.—Jer. vi. upon his arm, &c.—Zech. xi. 17. 13, 14. viii. 10, 11.
O priests, that despise my name, The pastors are become brutish, &c. ye offer polluted bread upon mine and have not sought the Lord : there- altar, &c. If ye offer the blind, and fore they shall not prosper, and all the lame, is it not evil ? &c. — Mal. their flocks shall be scattered. -Jer. i. 6-8.
The priests' lips should keep knowMany pastors have destroyed my ledge, &c. but ye are departed out of vineyard, they have trodden my por- the way; ye have caused many to tion under foot, &c.-Jer. xii. 10, 11. stumble at the law; ye have corrupt
Woe be unto the pastors that de- ed the covenant of Levi, &c. therestroy, and scatter the sheep of my fore have I also made you contemptipasture, saith the Lord: therefore ble and base before the people.thus saith the Lord God of Israel Mal. ii. 7–9. against the pastors that feed my He that is an hireling, &c. seeth people, Ye have scattered my flock, the wolf coming, and leaveth the and driven them away, and have not sheep, and fleeth; and the wolf catchvisited them: behold, I will visit upon eth them, and scattereth the sheep. you the evil of your doings, &c. The —John x. 12, 13. prophets, &c. They strengthen the hands of evildoers, so that none doth Sect. III. The Churches Duty toreturn from his wickedness. - Jer. ward their Officers, and such others xxiii. 1, 2. 14.
who labour among them. The priests and the prophets ad- Provide neither gold nor silver, &c. vise to'put Jeremiah to death, because for the workman is worthy of his he told them what God spake.- Jer. meat.—Matt. x. 9, 10. xxvi. 10, 11. 16.
They all wept sore, &c. sorrowing Her priests have violated my law, most of all for the words which he and have profaned mine holy things: spake, that they should see his face they have put no difference between no more.-Acts xx. 37, 38. the holy and profane, neither have If the Gentiles have been partakers they shewed difference between the of their spiritual things, their duty unclean and the clean.-Ezek. xxii. 26. is also to ininister unto them in carnal
Woe to the shepherds of Israel, things.-Rom. xv. 27. that do feed themselves: should not Have we not power to eat and to
drink? &c. or to forbear working? ceptable, well pleasing to God.Who goeth a warfare at any time at Philip. iv. 16–19. his own charges ? &c. Say I these We beseech you brethren, to know things as a man? or saith not the law them which labour among you, and the same also ? Thou shalt not muz are over you in the Lord, and admozle the mouth of the ox that treadeth nish you: and to esteein them very out the corn. Doth God take care highly in love for their work sake. for oxen? or saith he it not altoge- 1 Thess. v. 12, 13. ther for our sakes? For our sakes, Let the elders that rule well be no doubt, &c. If we have sown unto counted worthy of double honour ; e8you spiritual things, is it a great pecially they who labour in the word thing if we shall reap your carnal and doctrine. For the scripture saith, things? &c. Nevertheless, we have Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that not used this power, but suffer all treadeth out the corn, and the labourthings,
lest we should hinder the gos- er is worthy of his hire. Against an pel of Christ. Do ye not know, that elder receive not an accusation but they which minister about holy things, before two or three witnesses.live (or feed) of the things of the 1 Tim. v. 17–19. temple? &c. Even so hath the Lord Remember them which have the ordained, that they which preach the rule over you; who have spoken unto gospel should live of the gospel.-- you the word of God: whose faith 1 Cor. ix. 4–15.
follow, &c. Obey them that have the Know the house of Stephanus, &c. rule over you (or guide you), and subthat you submit yourselves unto such, mit yourselves: for they watch for and to every one that helpeth with your souls, &c. Pray for such, &c. us, and laboureth. 1 Cor. xvi. Salute all them that have the rule 15, 16.
over you.—Heb. xiii. 7.17, 18. 24. Ye received me as an angel of God, Is any sick among you? let him &c. Am I therefore become your call for the elders of the church, and enemy, because I told you the truth ? let them pray over him.-- James v. 14. -Gal. iv. 14–16.
Likewise, ye younger, submit yourLet him that is taught in the word, selves unto the elder.—1 Pet. v.5. 'communicate unto him that teacheth, in all good things.-Gal. vi. 6.
IV. Of the Appointment and OrdiPraying always, &c. and for me,
nation of Officers in Churches. that utterance may be given unto me, And the Lord spake unto Moses, &c.-Ephes. vi. 18, 19. 1 Thess. saying, Take Aaron and his sons with v. 25. 2 Thess. iii. 1, 2.
him, &c. and gather thou all the conI supposed it necessary to send to gregation together, &c. And Moses you Epaphroditus, my brother, and did as the Lord commanded him, &c. companion in labour, &c. but your and said unto the congregation, This messenger, &c. Receive him there- is the thing which the Lord commandfore in the Lord, with all gladness ; ed to be done. And Moses brought and hold such in reputation (or ho- Aaron and his sons, and washed them nour such), because for the work of with water.-Levit. viii. 1, &c. Christ he was nigh unto death, &c. Thou shalt bring the Levites before Phil. ii. 25. 29, 30.
the tabernacle of the congregation, Ye sent once and again unto mine and thou shalt gather the whole assemnecessity; not because I desired a bly of the children of Israel together: gift, but I desire fruit that may abound and thou shalt bring the Levites beto your account,&c. having received the fore the Lord, and the children of things which were sent from you, an Israel shall put their hands upon the odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice ac- Levites.-Numb. viii. 9. 11.
by Christ to be the word preached - unto him Jesus; he believed, &c.-Mark iv. 14, &c. Luke viii. 11. Acts viii. 27–38.
Whosoever shall not receive you, We are here all present before God nor hear you, when ye depart thence, to hear all things that are commanded shake off the dust under your feet for thee of God: while Peter was preacha testimony against them.—Mark vi. ing Christ, the Holy Ghost fell on all 11. Luke x. 16. Matt. x. 11–13. them which heard. -Acts x. 33, 34.
Jesus, as his custom was, went ii. 37, &c. into the synagogue on the sabbath Call for Simon, &c. who shall tell day, and stood up for to read ; and thee words, whereby thou and all thy there was delivered unto him the house shall be saved.--Acts xi. 13, 14. book of the prophet Isaias; and when When Paul and his company came he had opened the book, he found to Antioch, he went into the synathe place where it is written, The gogue, &c. and after the reading of Spirit of the Lord is upon me, &c. the law and the prophets, the rulers and he closed the book, and gave it of the synagogue sent unto them, again to the minister, and sat down, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye &c. And he began to say unto them, have any word of exhortation for the This day is this scripture fulfilled in people, say on: then Paul stood up, your ears, &c. and all bare him wit- and preached, &c.-Acts xiii. 13, &c. ness, and wondered at the gracious Then spake the Lord to Paul, &c. words which proceeded out of his Speak, and hold not thy peace; for I mouth.-Luke iv. 16-22.
have much people in this city: and Jesus went throughout every city he continued there a year and six and village, preaching and shewing months, teaching the word of God the glad tidings, &c.- Luke viii. 1. among them.-Acts xviii. 9-11.
Jesus said, &c. Ought not Christ Paul went into the synagogue, and to have suffered ? &c. And beginning spake boldly for the space of three at Moses and all the prophets, he ex- months, disputing and persuading the pounded unto them in all the scrip- things concerning the kingdom of God; tures, the things concerning himself, but when divers were hardened, and &c. then opened he their understand- believed not, &c. he separated the disings, that they might understand the ciples, disputing daily in the school scriptures.—Luke xxiv. 26, 27. 45. of one Tyrannus; and this continued I pray,
&c. for them also which by the space of two years: so that shall believe on me through their all they which dwelt in Asia heard word.—John xvii. 20.
the word of the Lord Jesus. - Acts When the apostles were command- xix. 8—10. 20. ed not to preach Christ, they said, Now, brethren, I commend you to Whether it be right in the sight of God, and to the word of his grace, God to hearken unto you more than which is able to build you up.-Acts unto God, judge ye.-Acts iv. 18, 19. xx. 32.
I have appeared unto thee for this Go, stand and speak in the temple purpose, to make thee a minister, &c. to the people all the words of this delivering thee from the Gentiles, to life: and when, &c. And daily in the whom I now send thee, to open their temple, and in every house, they eyes, and to turn them from darkness ceased not to teach and preach Jesus to light, and from the power of Satan Christ.-Acts v. 20. 42.
unto God.--Acts xxvi. 16-18. The Eunuch reading the prophet And Paul dwelt two whole years Isaias, Philip ran thither to him, &c. in his own hired house, and received and opened his mouth, and began at all that came in unto him: preaching the same scripture, and preached the kingdom of God, and teaching
those things which concern the Lord you, in Christ's stead, be ye reconJesus Christ. Acts xxviii. 23. 30, ciled unto God.-2 Cor. v. 18—20. 31. ix. 22. xviii. 23. xi. 20, 21. And he gave some apostles, &c. for
I am ready to preach the gospel the perfecting of the saints, for the to you that are at Rome also: for I work of the ministry, for the edifyam not ashamed of the gospel of ing of the body of Christ, until; &c. Christ; for it is the power of God - Eph. iv. 11-14. unto salvation, &c. Rom. i. 15, 16. The apostle rejoiced that Christ 2 Thess. ii. 14.
was preached, although some did it How then shall they call on him in not uprightly.-Phil. i. 15, 16. 18. whom they have not believed ? and When this epistle is read amongst how shall they believe in him of you, cause that it be read also in the whom they have not heard? and how church of the Laodiceans.-Col.iv. 16. shall they bear without a preacher ? Ye received the word of God which and how shall they preach except ye heard of us ; ye received it not as they be sent ? &c. So then faith the word of men, but (as it is in cometh by hearing, and hearing by truth) the word of God, &c.—1 Thess. the word of God.-Rom. x. 14, 15. 17. ii. 13. 16. Eph. i. 13. Col. i. 6. Titus i. 3.
Despise not prophesyings.Christ sent me not to baptize, but i Thess. v. 20. to preach the gospel, &c. for the Give attendance to reading, to expreaching of the cross is to them that hortation, to doctrine.-1 Tim. iv. 13. perish, foolishness: but unto us which I charge thee,&c. preach the word: are saved, it is the power of God, &c. be instant in season, and out of seaIt pleased God by the foolishness of son: reprove, &c.—2 Tim. iv. 1-3. preaching, to save them that believe, If the word spoken by angels was &c. 1 Cor. i. 17, 18. 21. 23, 24. stedfast, &c. how shall we escape if xv. 1-4.
we neglect so great salvation, which My preaching was not with entic- at the first began to be spoken by ing words of man's wisdom, &c. but the Lord, and was confirmed unto us that which the Holy Ghost teacheth. by them that heard him ?-Heb. ii. -1 Cor. ii. 4, 5. 13.
2, 3. In Christ Jesus I have begotten For unto us was the gospel preached, you, through the gospel.-1 Cor. as well as unto them: but the word iv. 15.
preached did not profit them, not Every man, praying or prophesy- being mixed with faith in them that ing, having his head covered, dis- heard (or because they were not honoureth his head.—1 Cor. xi. 4. united by faith to) it.-Heb. iv. 2.
He that prophesieth, speaketh unto I beseech you, brethren, suffer the men to edification, and exhortation, word of exhortation : for I have and comfort, &c. he edifieth the written, &c.—Heb. xiii. 22. church, &c.—1 Cor. xiv. 3, 4.
Of his own will begat he us with Who hath made us able ministers the word of truth, &c. wherefore, my of the New Testament, &c. if the beloved brethren, let every man be ministration of death, written and swift to hear, &c. receive with meekengraven in stones, was glorious, so, uess the ingrafted word, which is &c. how shall not the ministration of able to save your souls : but be ye the Spirit be rather glorious ?-2 Cor. doers of the word, and not hearers üi. 6—10.
only, deceiving your ownselves.The ministry of reconciliation : to James i. 18, 19. 21-23. wit, that God was in Christ, &c. we Being born again, not of corruptiare ambassadors for Christ, as though ble seed, but of incorruptible, by the God did beseech you by us: we pray word of God, &c. and this is the word