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THE EXTERNAL PART OF WORSHIP
sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel CHAP. XXVI.
to sin.—2 Kings x. 15, 16. 31. OF HYPOCRITES AND HYPOCRISY : THE
Amaziah, &c. did that which was SPIRIT AND PRACTICES OF SUCH who right in the sight of the Lord, but ARE VERY FORMAL AND EARNEST IN not with a perfect heart.-2 Chron.
xxv. I, 2.
What is the hope of the hypocrite ? AND PROFESSION, AND IN SHEW FOR GOD; YET HIGH IN THEIR OPPOSI
&c. will he delight himself in the TION TO CHRIST, THE TRUTH OF THE Almighty? will he always call upon GOSPEL, AND POWER OF GODLINESS
God Job xxvii. 8. 10.
The hypocrites in heart heap up Except your righteousness shall ex- them.-Job xxxvi. 13.
wrath ; they cry not when he bindeth ceed the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no wise his neighbour: with flattering lips,
They speak vanity every one with enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. and with a double heart do they speak. -Matt. y. 20. xxi. 31, 32.
-Ps. xii. 2. lxii. 4. Prov. xxiii. 7. The hour cometh, and now is, when They speak peace to their neighthe true worshippers shall worship bours, but mischief is in their hearts. the Father in spirit and in truth : for –Ps. xxviii. 3. lv. 21. the Father seeketh such to worship When he slew them, then they him. God is a spirit, and they that sought him : and they returned and worship him must worship him in inquired early after God; and they spirit and in truth.-- John iv. 23, 24. remembered that God was their rock,
They are not all Israel which are and the high God their redeemer ; of Israel ; neither because they are nevertheless they did flatter him with the seed of Abraham, are they all their mouth, and they lied unto him children, &c.-Rom. ix. 6, 7. with their tongue : for their heart
Abel offered unto God a more ac was not right with him, neither were ceptable sacrifice than Cain : Cain they stedfast in his covenant.-Ps. was therefore angry, and slew his lxxviii. 34–37. Isa. xxvi. 16. Hos. brother.-Gen. iv. 3—8. Heb. xi. 4. xi. 12. Absalom pretended to justice, and The
way of a fool is right in his to pay a vow which he had vowed to own eyes.--Prov. xii. 15. the Lord in Hebron : but he pur There is a generation that are pure posed to steal away the hearts of the in their own eyes, and yet is not people, and to rebel against the king, washed from their filthiness.-Prov. and advance himself into the throne. Xxx. 12. -2 Sam. xv. 1-11.
This people draw near me with Ahaziah the king, when rebuked their mouth, and with their lips they by Elijah for departing from God, and honour me, but have removed their sending to an idol, gives order to his heart far from me: and their fear tosoldiers to fetch Elijah ; and though ward me is taught by the precept of one company, and another, werecon- men.- Isa. xxix. 13. xlviii. 1, 2. sumed with fire, yet he sent again. Shew my people their transgres. 2 Kings i. 3, 4.8–13.
sion, and the house of Jacob their Jehu met Jehonadab, and said unto sins; yet they seek me daily, and dehim, Is thine heart right as my heart? light to know my ways ; as a nation &c. and he said, Come with me, and that did righteousness, and forsook see my zeal for the Lord, &c. But not the ordinance of their God; they Jehu took no heed to walk in the law ask of me the ordinances of justice; of the Lord God of Israel with all his they take delight in approaching to heart : for he departed not from the God : Wherefore have we fasted, say
they, and thou seest it not ? have we them as a very lovely song, &c. for aliicted our soul, and thou takest no they hear thy words, but they do knowledge ? Behold, in the day of them not.—Ezek. xxxiii. 31, 32. your fast you find pleasure, and exact Luke xii. 1, 2. all your labours; behold, ye fast for O Ephraim, what shall I do unto strife, &c.--Isa. lviii. 1, &c.
thee ? 0 Judah, what shall I də unto I have spread out my hands all the thee? for your goodness is as a mornday unto a rebellious people, &c. that ing cloud, and as the early dew it provoketh me to anger continually to goeth away.—Hosea vi. 4. my face, &c. which say, Stand by thy They have not cried to me with self, come not near to me, for I am their hearts, &c. they return, but not holier than thou : these are a smoke to the Most High, &c.—Hosea vii. in my nose.—Isa. lxv. 2–5.
14. 16. Judah hath not turned unto me with The heads thereof judge for reher whole heart, but feignedly.-
Jer. ward, and the priests thereof teach for iii. 10.
hire; yet will they lean upon the Thus saith the Lord of hosts, &c. Lord, and say, Is not the Lord among Amend your ways, &c. trust ye not us ? &c.-Micah iii. 11. in lying words, saying, The temple When ye fasted, did ye at all fast of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, unto me, even to me? &c. Did not &c. Behold, ye trust in lying words ye eat ? &c.—Zech. vii. 5, 6. that cannot profit : will ye steal, mur Herod sent to seek Christ under der, &c. and come and stand before pretence of worshipping him: but he me in this house, which is called by designed to kill him.-Matt. ii. 3. 5. my
name ? &c.—Jer. vii. 3, 4. 8–10. 8. 16. Ezek. xxiii. 38, 39. Matt. iii. 8—10. When thou doest thine alms, do not
Egypt, &c. are uncircumcised, and sound a trumpet before thee, as the all the house of Israel uncircumcised hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in heart.-Jer. ix. 26.
in the streets, that they may have Thou art near in their mouth, and glory of men, &c. And when thou far from their reins.-Jer. xii. 2.
prayest, thou shalt not be as the hyJudah said, Pray for us to the pocrites are : for they love to pray Lord thy God, &c. that the Lord thy standing in the synagogues, and in God may shew us the way wherein the corners of the streets, that they we may walk, and the thing that we may be seen of men, &c. Moreover, may do, &c. We will obey the voice when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of the Lord, &c. But Jeremiah after- of a sad countenance: for they disward said, O ye remnant of Judah, figure their faces, that they may ap&c. Ye dissembled in your hearts pear unto men to fast.—Matt. vi. 2. (or have used deceit against your 5. 16. souls) when ye sent me unto the Lord Why beholdest thou the mote that your God, saying, Pray for us, &c. is in thy brother's eye, but considerest We will do it, &c. but ye have not not the beam that is in thine own eye? obeyed the voice of God, nor any or, how wilt thou say to thy brother, thing for which he hath sent me unto Let me pull out the mote out of thine you.—Jer. xlii. 146. 19-21. eye, and behold, a beam is in thine
And they come unto thee as thy own eye? thou hypocrite, first cast people cometh, and they sit before out the beam out of thine own eye, thee as my people: and they hear thy &c. Not every one that saith unto me, words, but they will not do them: for Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingwith their mouth they shew much dom of heaven, &c. Many will say love, but their heart goeth after their to me in that day, Lord, Lord, hare covetousness. And lò, thou art unto we not prophesied in thy name? &c.
then will I profess unto them, I never unto me with their mouth, &c. but knew you.--Matt. vii. 3–5, 21–23. their heart is far from me.—Matt. xv. Luke xiii. 26, 27.
1—9. Mark vii. ], &c. Luke xi. John came neither eating nor drink- 42—44. ing, and they say, He hath a devil ; The young rich man had observed the Son of man came eating and drink- much of the law; yet when Christ ing, and they say, Behold a man had said unto him, If thou wilt be gluttonous, and a wine-bibber, a perfect, go and sell that thou hast, friend of publicans and sinners. and give to the poor ; he went away Matt. xi. 18, 19.
sorrowful, for he had great possesWhen the Pharisees saw the dis- sions, &c. Many that are first shall ciples plucking corn on the sabbath be last, and the last shall be first.day, they said, Behold thy disciples Matt. xix. 16–22. 30. do that which is not lawful to do upon Those who agree for wages, murthe sabbath day. Jesus said, Hare mur because those who did not agree, ye not read, &c. how that on the sab- nor do .so inuch work as they, had bath days, the priests in the temple alike wages freely given them.—Matt. profane the sabbath, and are blame- xx. 1-15. less ? &c. They asked him, saying, When the chief priests and scribes Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath saw the wonderful things that he did, day? that they might accuse him, &c. and the children crying in the temple, then he cured the man, &c. Then the and saying, Hosanna to the Son of Pharisees went out and held a coun David; they were sore displeased, sel against him, how they might de- &c. And when he was come into the stroy him, &c. They said, This fel- temple, the chief priests and the elders low doth not cast out devils but by of the people came unto him as he Beelzebub the prince of the devils.- was teaching, and said, By what auMatt. xii. 145. 10–14. 24. John thority doest thou these things ? and v. 16. Luke xiii. 14–16.
who gave thee this authority? When The stony ground, &c. is one who Christ had put forth the parable of hath not root in himself, but dureth the vineyard, and the chief priests for awhile ; for when tribulation and heard his parables, they perceived persecution ariseth, because of the that he spake of them : but when they word, by.and by he is offended, &c. sought to lay hands on him, they They said of Christ, Is not this the feared, &c.-Matt. xxi. 15. 23. 33carpenter's son ? &c. whence then hath 37. 45, 46. this man all these things ? and they Then went the Pharisees and took were offended in him.-Matt. xiii. counsel how they might entangle him 20, 21. 55–57.
in his talk, &c. asking him, Is it lawThen came to Jesus the scribes ful to give tribute to Cæsar, or not? and Pharisees, &c. saying, Why do Jesus said, Why tempt ye me, ye thy disciples transgress the tradition hypocrites ? &c.-Matt. xxii. 15—18. of the elders, for they wash not their John viii. 3, &c. Luke vi. 7. xi. hands when they eat bread? But he 53, 54.
XX. 20—22. answered, and said unto them, Why The scribes and Pharisees, &c. do ye also transgress the command- they say, and do not; for they bind ment of God by your tradition? for heavy burdens, and grievous to be God commanded, saying, Honour thy borne, and lay them on mens shoulders, father, &c. but ye say, &c. thus have but they themselves will not move ye made the commandment of God of them with one of their fingers ; but none effect by your tradition: ye hy- all their works they do for to be seen pocrites, well did Isaias prophesy of of men : they make broad their phiyou, saying, This people draw nigh lacteries, and enlarge the borders of
their garments, and love the opper- blood be on us, and on our children, most rooms at feasts, and the chief &c. They, mocking him, said, He seats in the synagogues, and greet- trusted in God, let him deliver him ings in the markets,
and to be called now if he will have him, &c. and notof men, Rabbi, Rabbi, &c. But woe withstanding all the wonders at his unto you, scribes and Pharisees, death, which made the Centurion say, hypocrites! for ye shut up the king- Truly this was the Son of God : yet dom of heaven against men : for ye the chief priests and Pharisees came neither go in yourselves, neither suf- to Pilate, and said, &c. That deceiver
ye them that are entering, to go said, &c. desired and set a watch upon in, &c. Ye devour widows' houses, the sepulchre.—Matt. xxvii. 3, 4. 17and for a pretence make long prayers, 20. 24, 25. 41-43. 53, 54.62–64. &c. Ye compass sea and land to 66. Mark xv. 10, 11. 14. 29. 31, 32. make one proselyte, and when he is When they were convinced that inade, ye make him twofold more the Christ was risen, they gave large mochild of hell than yourselves. Woe ney to the soldiers to hide it with a unto you, blind guides ! which say, lie, and promised the soldiers to seWhosoever shall swear by the temple, cure them.—Matt. xxviii. 11–15. it is nothing ; but whosoever shall Herod heard John gladly, and did swear by the gold of the temple, he many things.-Mark vi. 20. is a debtor, &c. Ye pay tithe of mint, But the Pharisees and lawyers and anise, and cummin, and have rejected the counsel of God against omitted the weightier matters of the (or within) themselves, being not baplaw, judgment, mercy, and faith, &c. tised of him.—Luke vii. 30. Ye blind guides! which strain at a Then shall ye begin to say, We gnat, and swallow a camel, &c. Ye have eaten and drank in thy presence, may clean the outside of the cup, &c. and thou hast taught in our streets: but within they are full of extortion but he shall say, &c. Depart from me, and excess : ye outwardly appear all ye workers of iniquity.-Luke xiii. righteous unto men, but within ye 26, 27. xv. 7. are full of hypocrisy.—Matt. xxiii. Ye are they which justify yourselves 2–7. 13-17. 23–31.
before men, but God knoweth your The foolish virgins took their hearts; for that which is highly eslamps, and took no oil with them; teemed, &c.--Luke xvi. 15. but the wise took oil in their vessels And he spake this parable unto with their lamps.—Matt. xxv. 3, 4. certain which trusted in themselves,
The chief priests and the scribes, that they were (or as being) righte&c. consulted that they might take ous, and despised others. Two men Jesus by subtilty, and kill him, &c. went up into the temple to pray, the Judas betrayed Christ with a kiss, &c. one a Pharisee, and the other a PubThe chief priests and elders, and all lican: the Pharisee stood and prayed the council, sought false witness thus with himself; God, I thank thee, against Jesus, to put him to death. that I am not as other men are, exMatt. xxvi. 3, 4. 49. 59. Luke iv. tortioners, &c. I fast twice in the 28, 29,
week; I give tithes of all that I pos. Judas said to the chief priests, &c. sess.-Luke xviii. 9–12. I have sinned, in that I have betrayed When Jesus went unto Zaccheus's innocent blood: and they said, What house, the Jews murmured, saying, is that to us? see thou to that, &e. That he was gone to be guest with a They persuaded the multitude that man that is a sinner: his citizens they should ask Barabbas, and des- hated him, and said, They would not troy Jesus (when the governor would have this man reign over them—Luke have released Jesus): they said, His xix. 6, 7. 14.
The chief priests and scribes would thou art a Samaritan, and hast a kill Jesus, &c. Judas offered to be- devil:-John yiii. 3-6.33,34.40,41.48. tray him; and they were glad, and The Pharisees said, This man is covenanted to give him money. not of God, because he keepeth not Luke xxii. 2. 4, 5.
the sabbath day, &c. The Jews had They accuse Christ before Pilate, agreed already, that if any man did saying, We have found this fellow confess that he was Christ, he should perverting the nation, and forbidding be put out of the synagogue, &c. to give tribute to Cæsar, saying, That They say of Christ, He is a sinner; he himself is Christ, a king.-Luke we are Moses' disciples: as for this xxiii. 1, 2.
fellow, we know not from whence he How can ye believe, which receive is, &c. When they were convinced honour one of another, and seek not by the man who had been blind, that the honour that cometh from God Christ must be of God; they said to only?-_John v. 43, 44.
him, Thou wast altogether born in Ye seek me, not because ye saw sins, and dost thou teach ns? and the miracles, but because ye did eat they cast him out. Christ said to of the loaves and were filled, &c. the Pharisees, Ye say,
We see, &c. Jesus said, &c. No man can come John ix. 16. 22–24. 28–34. 40,41. unto me, except it were given unto Some said of Christ, He hath a him of my Father. From that time devil, and is mad, why hear ye
him? many of his disciples went back, and &c. for good works we stone thee not, walked no more with him. - John vi. but for blasphemy, &c.—John X. 20. 26. 65, 66.
32, 33. Some said of Christ, He deceived When Lazarus was raised from the the people: howbeit, no man spake dead, the chief priests and the Phaopenly of him for fear of the Jews, risees gathered a council, and said, &c. The chief priests and Pharisees What do we, for this man doeth many said unto the officers, Why have ye miracles? If we let him thus alone, not brought him? The officers an- all men will believe on him, and the swered, Never man spake like this Romans shall come and take away
Then answered them the Pha- both our place and nation, &c. from risees, Are ye also deceived? have that day forth they took counsel toany of the rulers, or of the Pharisees gether for to put him to death. believed on him? but this people, John xi. 44. 46–48.53. 57. who knoweth not the law, are cursed. Judas said, Why was not this ointNicodemus saith, &c. Doth our law ment sold for three hundred pence, judge any man before it hear him, and and given to the poor? This he know what he doeth ? And they said said, not that he cared for the poor, unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? but, because he was a thief, and had -John vii. 12, 13. 45–48. 50–52. the bag, &c. The chief priests con
This woman was taken in adultery, sulted that they might put Lazarus &c. What sayest thou? This they also to death, because that by reason said tempting him, that they might of him many of the Jews went away, have to accuse him, &c. We be Abra- and believed on Jesus, &c. The Phaham's seed, and were never in bondage risees therefore said among themto any man, &c. Jesus said, &c. Who- selves, Perceive ye how ye prevail soevercommitteth sin, is the servant of nothing? Behold, the world is gone sin, &c. Ye seek to kill me, a man that after him, &c. Among the chief rulers hath told
you the truth, which I have also, many believed on him; but beheard of God: this did not Abraham. cause of the Pharisees they did not Ye do the deeds of your Father, &c. confess him, lest they should be put The Jews said, Say we not well that out of the synagogue; for they loved