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THE

WORKS

OF

FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS,

TO WHICH ARE ADDED

THREE DISSERTATIONS,

CONCERNING

JESUS CHRIST, JOHN THE BAPTIST, JAMES THE JUST, GOD'S

COMMAND TO ABRAHAM, ETC.

WITE

AN INDEX TO THE WHOLE.

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THE LEARNED AND AUTHENTIC JEWISH HISTORIAN, AND CELEBRATED WARRIOK,

CONTAINING

TWENTY BOOKS OF THE JEWISH ANTIQUITIES,

SEVEN BOOKS OF THE JEWISH WAR,

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TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL GREEK, ACCORDING TO HAVERCAMP'S

ACCURATE EDITION.

TOGETHER WITH

EXPLANATORY NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS.

EMBELLISHED WITH ELEGANT ENGRAVINGS.

BY THE LATE
WILLIAM WHISTON, A.M.

PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

Family Edition.

COMPLETE TWO VOLUMES IN ONE.

VOL. II.

PHILADELPIIIA:
J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO.

1856.

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ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS.

BOOK XVII.

CONTAINING THE INTERVAL OF FOURTEEN YEARS.

FROM THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER AND ARISTOBULUS TO THE

BANIS HMENT OF ARCHELAUS.

CHAP. I.

How Antipater was hated by all the Nation [of the Jews) for the Slaughter of his Brethren; and how, for that Reason, he got into peculiar Favour with his Friends at Rome, by giving them many Presents; as he did also with Saturninus, the President of Syria, and the Governors who were

under him. and concerning Herod's Wives and Children. $ 1. HEN Antipater had thus taken off his brothren, and had brought his father into the highest degree of impiety, till he was haunted with furies for what he had done, his hopes did not succeed to his mind, as to the rest of his life ; for although he was delivered from the fear of his brethren being his rivals as to the government, yet did he find it a very hard thing, and almost impracticable, to come at the kingdom, because the hatred of the nation against him on that ac. count was become very great: and, besides this very disagreeable circumstance, the affair of the soldiery grieved him still more, who were alienated from hini, from which yet these kings derived all the safety which they had, whenever they found the nation desirous of innovation : and all this danger was drawn upon him by his destruction of his brethren. However, he governed the nation jointly with his father, being indeed no other than a king already : and he was for that very reason trusted, and the more firmly depended on, for the which he ought himself to have been put to death, as appearing to have betrayed his brethren out of his concern for the preservation of Herod, and not rather out of his ill will to them, and, before them, to his father himself; and this was the accursed state he was in. Now, all Antipater's contrivances tended to make his way to take off Herod, that he might have nobody to accuse him in the vile practices he was devising; and that Herod might have no refuge, nor any to afford him their assistance, since they must thereby have Antipater for their open enemy: insomuch that the very plots he had laid against his brethren were occasioned by the hatred he bore bis father. But at this time he was more than ever set upon the execution of his at. tempts against Herod, because if he were once dead, the government would now be firmly secured to him; but if he were suffered to live any longer, he should be in danger upon a discovery of that wickedness of which he had been the con. triver, and his father would of necessity then become his enemy. And on this account it was that he became very bountiful to his father's friends, and bestowed great sums on several of them, in order to surprise men with his good deeds, and lake off their hatred against him. And he sent great presents to his friends at Rome particularly to gain their good will; and above all the rest to Saturninus, the president of Syria. He also hoped to gain the favour of Saturninus s brother

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