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time that he is said to have commenced his celebrated poem. His patron's house afforded him a gallery of living portraits, and he was fortunately permitted to see Puritanism in one of its strong holds. The keenness of his observation secured the fidelity of his descriptions, and enabled him to fill up his outline with those rich and forcible details, which a familiar acquaintance with the originals afforded.

At the restoration of the exiled monarch, when loyalty expected the reward of its fidelity and the recompense of its losses, Butler appears to have suffered the same disappointment that met other claimants; and silently and unobtrusively retreating from the conflict of avarice and importunity, he accepted the Secretaryship to Richard,

Penelis Curicities

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د وري د . ری را در سرد با مردم سے لی مه را زیر دوم رزم 07' 7 جون 378 م


he had a

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6 It is supposed that Sir Samuel Luke is ridiculed under the character of Hudibras : the reason of the conjecture is founded on Hudib. P. i.c. 1. ver. 904:

'Tis sung, there is a valiant Mamaluke,

In foreign land yclep'd ~; and the ballad entitled “ A Tale of the Cobbler and Vicar of Bray,” in the posthumous works, p. 285, but this ballad is not proved to be genuine. Nash says, “ he was informed by a bencher of Gray's Inn, who had it from an acquaintance of Butler's, that the person intended was Sir Henry Rosewell, of Torr Abbey, in Devonshire,” but adds,“ these would be probable reasons to deprive Bedfordshire of the Hero, did not Butler, in his Memoirs of 1649, give the same description of Sir Samuel Luke, and in his Dunstable Downs, ex. pressly style Sir Samuel Luke, Sir Hudibras ;” the name was borrowed from Spenser, F. Q. 11. i. 17.

He that made love unto the eldest dame

Was hight Sir Hudibras, an hardy man. It is supposed that Lilly the astrologer was represented under the person of Sidrophel; though Sir Paul Neal, who denied Butler to be the author of Hudibras, has been mentioned as the person intended. Vide Grey's Hudibras, ii.

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کنه . اس مد میر کیے اور

اگر رها اعمال سے بنے

fence it is hirt

Earl of Carbury, Lord President of the Principality of Wales, who made him Steward of Ludlow Castle, where the court of the marches was removed. About this time, he married Mrs. Herbert,7 a gentlewoman of good family, but who had lost most of her fortune, by placing it on bad securities, in those very dangerous and uncertain times. A. Wood says, that he was Secretary to George, Duke of Buckingham, when he was Chancellor of Cambridge, that the Duke treated him with kindness and generosity; and that in common with almost all men of wit and learning, he enjoyed the friendship of the celebrated Earl of Dorset. The author of his Life, prefixed to his Poems, says, that the integrity of his life, the acuteness of his wit, and the easiness of his conversation, rendered him acceptable to all; but that he avoided a multiplicity of acquaintance. The accounts both of the patronage of the Duke of Buckingham and the Secretaryship are disbelieved by Dr. Johnson, on the following grounds: —“Mr. Wycherley," says Major Packe, "had always laid hold of an opportunity which offered of representing to the Duke of Buckingham how well Mr. Butler had deserved of the royal family, by writing his inimitable Hudibras, and that it was a reproach to the Court that a person of his

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388. 105. 1st edit.; and Nash's Hudibras, vol. ii. p. 308. that Whachum was meant for Sir George Wharton, does not appear to rest on any proof; v. Biographia, Art. Sherborne, note (B).

7 A. Wood says, that she was a widow, and that Butler supported himself by her jointure, deriving nothing from the practice of the law.

· loyalty and wit, should suffer in obscurity, and under the wants he did. The duke always seemed to hearken to him with attention enough, and after some time undertook to recommend his pretensions to his Majesty. Mr. Wycherley, in hopes to keep him steady to his word, obtained of his Grace to name a day, when he might introduce that modest and unfortunate poet to his new patron. At last an appointment was made, and the place of meeting was agreed to be the Roebuck. Mr. Butler and his friend attended accordingly; the duke joined them, but as the devil would have it, the door of the room where they sat was open, and his Grace, who had seated himself near it, observing a pimp of his acquaintance (the creature too was a knight) trip by with a brace of ladies, immediately quitted his engagement to follow another kind of business, at which he was more ready than to do good offices to those of desert, though no one was better qualified than he, both in regard to his fortune and understanding, to protect them; and from that time to the day of his death, poor Butler never found the least effect of his promise."

This story may be believed or not; to me, I confess, it appears more like a well-dressed fiction of Wycherley's than the truth; why the accidental interruption of the interview should never after have been repaired, does not appear; but there is a better testimony in some verses of Butler, which were published by Mr. Thyer: "which are written (says Johnson) with a degree of acrimony, such as neglect and disappointment might natu rally excite, and such as it would be hard to ima



Butler was allowed a yearly pension of a hundred
pounds; but this, as Johnson says, is contradicted
by all tradition, by the complaints of Oldham,' and
the reproaches of Dryden. About sixty years
after, Mr. Barber, whose name is familiar to
all persons conversant with the literature of that
time, who was printer and mayor of London,
erected a monument in Westminster Abbey to
the poet's memory; the inscription will prove how
warmly he approved his principles.

M. S.

Qui Strenshamiæ in agro Vigorn. nat. 1612,

obiit Lond. 1680.
Vir doctus imprimis, acer, integer;
Operibus ingenii, non item præmiis fælix :
Satyrici apud nos carminis artifex egregius ;

Quo simulatæ religionis larvam detraxit,
Et perduellium scelera liberrime exagitavit;
Scriptorum in suo genere, primus et postremus.

Ne, cui vivo deerant ferè omnia,

Deessit etiam mortuo tumulus,
Hoc tandem posito marmore, curavit
Johannes Barber, civis Londinensis, 1721.

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After his death, three small volumes were published bearing the title of his posthumous pieces in

3 See Oldham's Satire against Poetry,' and Dryden's • Hind and Panther,' and Otway's . Prologue to the Tragedy of Constantine the Great.' Butler twice transcribed the

following distich in his Common-place Book : week Hait to think how Spenser died, how Cowley mourn

How Butler's faith and service were return'd.
* In the additions to Pope's works, published by George
Steevens, i. p. 13, are some lines said to be written by
Pope on this monument erected by Barber.

Respect to Dryden Sheffield justly paid,

And noble Villars honour'd Cowley's shade.

eys Shadeansatte, Heizeleratii in

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66 As

verse and prose ;5 they are, however, all spurious,
except the ode on Duval and two of the prose
tracts : but the volumes subsequently given to the
world by Mr. Thyer, keeper of the public library
at Manchester, are genuine 6 and valuable.
to these remains of Butler,” says Warburton
in his Letters (cxxxi), “ they are certainly his ;
but they would not strike the public, if that public
was honest; but the public is a malicious monster,
which cares not what it affords to dead merit, so

But whence this Barber? that a name so mean
Should, join'd with Butler's, on a tomb be seen;
The pyramid would better far proclaim
To future ages humbler Settle's name;
Poet and patron then had been well pair'd,

The city printer and the city bard.
The lines also by Samuel Wesley are well known (vide
Poems, 4to. 1736, p. 62.) Haterskinele au clientes

While Butler, needy wretch, was yet alive, there we's
No generous patron would a dinner give;

See him, when starved to death and turn’d to dust, net
Presented with a monumental bust.
The poet's fate is here in emblem shown,

He ask'd for bread, and he received a stone.
5 See Delineation of Butler's Monument in Dart's West-
minster Abbey, pl. 3, tom. 1, pp. 78, 79. With regard to
the monument erected in 1786, when the church was re-
paired, at the expense of some of the parishioners, on the
south side of the church (inside) with the inscription, see
Nash's Life of Butler, xiii. See engraving of it in Nash's
Life of Butler, p. xxxix. An engraving of the monument
in Westminster Abbey is in the same work, p. 678.

6 What genuine remains of Butler Thyer did not publish, were all in the hands either of Dr. R. Farmer or Dr. Nash, and had been seen by Atterbury. See Life by Nash, xvi. James Massey, Esq. of Rosthern, Cheshire, had Butler's Common Place Book. Some law cases from Coke upon Littleton, drawn up in Norman-French by Butler, were bought by Dr. Nash of Butler's relation in Buckinghamshire. He had also a French dictionary compiled by him,

and part of a tragedy of Nero. 120 Aurich pinie? 4*

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