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David. Ver. 4. Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people, &c.
Here (after setting down the precious ransom of our redemption by the sufferings of Christ, and the rich blessings purchased to us thereby, in the two former chapters) the Lord, in this chapter,
1. Maketh open offer of Christ and his grace, by proclamation of a free and gracious market of righteousness and salvation, to be had through Christ to every soul, without exception, that truly desires to be saved from sin and wrath : “ Ho, every one that thirsteth,” saith he.
2. He inviteth all sinners, that for any reason stand at a distance with God, to come and take from him riches of í grace, running in Christ as a river, to wash away sin, and to slocken wrath : " Come ye to the waters,” saith he.
3. Lest any should stand aback, in the sense of his own sinfulness or unworthiness, and inability to do any good, the Lord calleth upon such persons in special, saying, “ He
that hath no money, come.”
4. He craveth no more of his merchant, but that he be pleased with the wares offered, which are grace, and more 1
grace; and that he heartily consent unto, and embrace this offer of grace, that so he may close a bargain, and a formal covenant with God; “ Come, buy without money, (saith he,)
come, eat:" that is, consent to have, and take unto you all saving graces ; make the wares your own, possess them, and make use of all blessings in Christ; whatsoever maketh for your spiritual life and comfort, use and enjoy it freely, without paying any thing for it: “ Come, buy wine and milk “ without money, and without price,” saith he.
5. Because the Lord knoweth how much we are inclined to seek righteousness and life by our own performances and satisfaction, to have righteousness and lite as it were by the way of works, and how loth we are to embrace Christ Je. sus, and to take life by way of free grace through Jesus Christ, upon the terms whereupon it is offered to us ; therefore the Lord lovingly calls us off this our crooked and unhappy way with a gentle and timeous admonition, giving us to understand, that we shall but lost our labour in this our way::“ Wherefore do ye sp«nd your money (saith he) for " that which is not bread ? and your labour for that which * satisfieth not?”
6. The Lord promiseth to us solid satisfaction in the way of betaking ourselves unto the grace of Christ, even true contentment, and fulness of spiritual pleasure, saying, “ feark, " en diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and " let your soul delight itself in fatness.”
7. Because faith cometh by hearing, he calleth for audis ence unto the explication of the offer, and calleth for believing of, and listening unto the truth, which is able to beget the applicatioa of saving faith, and to draw the soul to trust in God: “ Incline your ear, and come unto me,” saith he. To which end, the Lord promises, that this offer, being received, shall quicken the dead sinner; and that, upon the welcoming of this offer, he will close the covenant of grace with the man that shall consent unto it, even an indissolvable covenant of perpetual reconciliation and peace : “ Hearken, and your soul shall live : and I will make an “ everlasting covenant with you.” Which covenant, he declareth, shall be in substance the assignation, and the making over, of all the saving graces which David (who is Jesus Christ, Acts xiii. 34.) hath bought for us in the covenant of redemption : “ I will make a covenant with you, (saith he,) “ even the sure mercies of David.” By sure mercies, he means saving graces, such as are righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, adoption, sanctification, and glorification, and whatsoever belongs to godliness and life eternal.
8. To confirm and assure us of the real grant of these sav. ing mercies, and to persuade us of the reality of the covenant betwixt God and the believer of this word, the Father hath made a fourfold gift of his eternal and only begotten Son:
First, To be incarnate and born for our sake, of the seed of David his cype; for which cause he is called here, and Acts xiii. 34. David, the true and everlasting King of Israel. This is the great gift of God to man, John iv. 10. And here, I have given him to be David, or born of David, to the people.
Secondly, He hath made a gift of Christ to be a witness to the people, buth of the sure and saving mercies grante: to the redeemed in the covenant of redemption ; and also of the Father's willingness and purpose to apply them, and to make them fast in the covenant of reconciliation made with such as 'embrace the offer : “ I have given him (saith the * Lord here) to be a witness to the people.” And truly he
e is a sufficient witness in this matter in many respects : 1st, * Because he is one of the blessed Trinity, and party-contractor * for us, in the covenant of redemption, before the world was.
2dly, fle is by office, as Mediator, the Messenger of the covenant, and hath gotten commission to reveal it. 3dly, He
began actually to reveal it in paradise, where he promised, 11
that the seed of the woman should bruist the head of the serpent. 4thly, He set forth his own death and sufferings, and the great benefits that should come thereby to us, in the types and figures of sacrifices and ceremonies before his coming. 5thly, He
gave more and more light about this cove. nant, speaking by his Spirit, from age to age, in the holy
prophets. 6thly, He came himself, in the fulness of time, 1 and did bear witness of all things belonging to this covenant, en on and of God's willing mind to take believers into it ; 'partly,
by uniting our nature in one person with the divine nature ;
partly, by preaching the good tidings of the covenant with of his own mouth ; partly, by paying the price of redemption si
on the cross; and partly, by dealing still with the people, on from the beginning to this day, to draw in, and to hold in: al the redeemed in this covenant.
Thirdly, God hath made a gift of Christ, as a leader to the people, to bring us through all difficulties, all afflictions Sign and temptations, unto life, by this covenant; and he it is,
and no other, who doth indeed lead his own unto the covenant; and, in the covenant, all the way on unto salvation :
1. By the direction of his word and Spirit. 2. By the exth ample of his own life, in faith and obedience, even to the Bit death of the cross. 3. By his powerful working, bearing his
redeemed ones in his arms, and causing them to lean on I him, while they go up through the wilderness.
Fourthly, God hath made a gift of Christ unto his people, as a commander: which office he faithfully exerciseth, by is giving to his kirk and people laws and ordinances, pastors
anu governors, and all necessary officers; by keeping courts
and assemblies among them, to see that his laws be obeyed; el subduing, by his word, Spirit, and discipline, his people's bos corruptions; and, by his wisdom and power, guarding them # against all their enemies whatsoever.
Hence he who hath closed bargain with God may strengthen his faith, by reasoning after this manner :
" Whosoever doth heartily receive the offer of free grace,
“ made here to sinners, thirsting for righteousness and sal. “ vation ; unto him, by an everlasting covenant, belongech “ Christ, the true David, with all his sure and saving mer
“ But I (may the weak believer say) do heartily receive “the offer of free grace made here to sinners, thirsting for “ righteousness and salvation :
“ Therefore unto me, by an everlasting covenant, belong " eth Christ Jesus, with all his sure and saving mercies." The second Warrant and special Motive to embrace Christ,
and believe in him, is the earnest request that God maketh to us to be reconciled to him in Christ'; holden forth, 2 Cor. v. 19, 20, 21.
God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. Ver. 20. Now then we are umbassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us : we pray you, in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. Ver. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; thut we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Wherein the apostle teacheth us these nine doctrines :
1. That the elect world, or world of redeeined souls, are by nature in the estate of enmity against God: this is presupposed in the word reconciliation ; for reconciliation, or renewing of friendship, cannot be, except betwixt those that have been at enmity.
2. That in all the time bypast, since the fall of Adam, Christ Jesus, the eternal Son of God, as Mediator, and the Father in him, hath been about the making friendship (by his word and Spirit) betwixt himself and the elect.world: * God (saith he) was in Christ reconciling the world to u himself.” 3. That the way of reconciliation was in all
ages one and the same in substance, viz. by forgiving the sins of them who do acknowledge their sins and their enmity against God, and do seek reconciliation and remission of sins in Christ : " For God (saith he) was in Christ reconciling the world * unto himself," by way of “not imputing their trespasses " unto them.”
4. That the end aod scope of the gospel, and whole word
# of God, is threefold: (1.) It serveth to make people sensible
of their sins, and of their enmity against God, and of their im danger, if they should stand out, and not fear God's displea
sure. (2.) The word of God serveth to make men acquainted an with the course which God hath prepared for making friendis ship with them through Christ, viz. That if men shall ac
knowledge the enmity, and shall be content to enter into a Bany covenant of friendship with God through Christ, then God
will be content to be réconciled with them freely. (3.) The word of God servech to teach men how to carry themselves towards God, as friends, after they are reconciled to him,
viz. to be loth to sin against him, and to strive heartily to halda
obey his commandments : and therefore the word of God
here is called the word of reconciliation, because it teacheth a kise us what need we have of reconciliation, and how to make it, me and how to keep the reconciliation of friendship, being made it with God through Christ.
5. That albeit the hearing, believing, and obeying of this ante word, doth belong to all those to whom this gospel doth We come; yet the office of preaching of it with authority be
longeth to done, but to such only as God doth call to his
ministry, and sendeth out with commission for this work. CHE This the apostle holdeth forth, Ver. 19. in these words, “ He hath committed to us the word of reconciliation.".
6. That the ministeis of the gospel should behave themselves as Christ's messengers, and should closely follow their commission set down in the word, Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. ; and when they do so, they should be received by the people as ambassadors from God; for here the apostle, in all their names, saith, “ We are ambassadors for Christ, as though “ God did beseech you by us."
7. That ministers, in all earnestness of affections, should deal with people to acknowledge their sins, and their natural enmity against God, more and more seriously; and to consent to the covenant of grace and embassage of Christ more and more heartily; and to evidence more and more clearly their reconciliation, by a holy carriage before God. This he holdeth forth, when he sayeth,“ We pray you, be “ ye reconciled to God.”
8. That in the minister's affectionate dealing with the people, the people should consider that they have to do with God and Christ, requesting them, by the ministers, to be