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together as they returned from the king, and would not suf. fer any body, either man servant or maid-servant, to be there ; while one of the free women discovered the matter.
3. Upon this Herod tortured the maid-servants every one by themselves separately, who all unanimoufly agreed in the foregoing discoveries, and that accordingly by agreement they went away, Antipater to Rome, and Pheroras to Perea ; for that they oftentimes talked to one another thus, “ That af. ter Herod had Nain Alexander and Ariftobulus, he would fall upon them, and upon their wives, because, after he had not fpared Mariamne and her children, he would not ipare nobo. dy; and that for this reason it was best to get as far off the wild beast as they were able.” And that Antipater oftentimes lamented his own case before his mother, and said to her, That" he had already grey hairs upon his head, and that his father grew younger again every day, and that perbaps death would overtake him before he should begin to be a king in earneft ; and that in case Herod should die, which yet nobody knew when it would be, the enjoyment of the succession could certainly be but for a little time ; for that these heads of Hydra, the sons of Alexander and Ariftobulus, were growing up : That he was deprived by his father of the hopes of being lucceeded by his children, for that his successor after his death was not to be any one of his own sons, but Herod the son of Mariamne : That in this point Herod was plainly, dis. tracted, to think that his testament should therein take place ; for he would take care that not one of his posterity should remain, because he was of all fathers the greatest hater of his ebildren. Yet does he hate his brother still worse, whence it was that he awhile ago gave himlelt an hundred talents, that he should not have any intercourse with Pheroras. And when Pheroras said, Wherein have we done him any harm ? Anti. pater replied, I wish he would but deprive us of all we have, and leave us naked and alive only ; but it is indeed imposible to escape this wild beast, who is thus given to murder, who will not permit us to love any person openly, although we be together privately ; yet may we be so openly too, if we have but the courage and the hands of men."
4. These things were said by the women upon the torture ;. as also that Pheroras resolved to fly with them to Perea. Now Herod gave credit to all they said on account of the affair of the hundred talents ; for he had had no discourse with any body about them, but only with Antipater. So he vented his anger first of all against Antipater's mother, and took away from her all the ornaments which he had given her, which coft a great many talents, and cast her out of the palace a le. cond time. He also took care of Pheroras's women after their tortures, as being now reconciled to them ; but he was in great confternation himself, and inflamed upon every suf picion, and had many innocent perfons led to the tortur Vol. NI.
out of his įfear, left he should leave any guilty person una tortured."
5. And now it was that he betook himself to examine Antipater of Samaria, who was the fteward of [his son] Antipater; and upon torturing him he learned, that Antipater had fent for a potion of deadly poison for him out of Egypt, by Antiphilus, a companion of his ; that Theudio, the uncle of Antipater, had it from him, and delivered it to Pheroras ; for that Antipater had charged him to take his father off while he was at Rome, and fo free from the lufpicion of doing it him. self: That Pheroras also committed this potion to his wife. Then did the king send for her, and bid her bring to him what she had received immediately. So Nie came out of her house as if she would bring it with her, but threw herself down from the top of the house, in order to prevent any examination and torture from the king. However, it came to pass, as it seems by the providence of God, when he intended to bring Antipater to punishment, that she fell not upon her head, but upon other parts of her body, and escaped. The king, when she was brought to him, took care of her, (for the was at first quite senselets upon her fall), and asked her why fhe had thrown herself down ?' And gave her his oath, that if The would speak the real truth, he would excuse her from punishment; but that if she concealed any thing, he would have her body torn to pieces by torments, and leave no part of it to be buried.
6. Upon this the woman paused a little and then said, * Why do I spare to speak of these grand secrets, now Pheroras is dead, that would only tend to save Antipater who is all our destruction. Hear then, O king, and be thou, and God himself, who cannot be deceived, witnesses to the truth of what I am going to say. When thou didit Gt weeping by Pheroras as he was dying, then it was that he called me to him, and said, My dear wile, F have been greatly mistaken as to the disposition of my brother towards me, and have hated him that is so affectionate to me, and have contrived to kill him who is in such disorder for me before I am dead. As for myself, I receive the recompence of my impiety; but do thou bring what poison was left with us by Antipater, and which thou keepest in order to destroy him, and consume it immediately in the fire in my right, that I may not be liable to the avenger in the invisible world. This I- bronight as he bid me, and emptied the greateft part of it into the fire, but reserved a Fitile of it for my own use against uncertain futuriig, and out of my fear of thee."
2. When she had said this, Nee brought the box, which had a Imall quantity of this potion in it : But the king let her alone, and transferred the tortures to Antiphilus's mother and broth er : who both contefled that Antiphilas brought the box out of Egypt, and that they had received the potion from a brother of his, who was a physician at Alexandria. Then did the ghosts of Alexander and Ariftobulus go round all the palace, and became the inquisitors and dilcoverers of what could not otherwile have been found out and brought such as were the freeft from suspicion to be examined; whereby it was discove ered, that Mariamne the high-priest's daughter was conscious of this plot, and her very brothers, when they were tortured declared it lo to be. Whereupon the king avenged this in. Solent attempt of the mother upon her son and blotted Herod, whom he had by her, out of his teftament, who had been be. tore named therein as luccessor to Antipater.
CHA P. XXXI.
Antipater is Convicted by Bathyllus : But he still returns from
Rome without knowing it. Herod brings him to his Trial.
81. AFTER these things were over, Bathy llus came'un
11 der examination, in order to convi&t Antipater, who proved the concluding atteftation to Antipater's deligns ; for indeed he was no other than his treed man. This man carne and brought another deadly potion, the poison of asps, and the juices of other ferpents, that if the first potion did not do the business, Pheroras and his wife might be armed with this allo to destroy the king. He brought also an addition to Antipater's insolent attempt against his father, which was the letters which he wrote against his brethren. Archelaus and Philip which were the king's sons, and educated at Rome, being yet youths, but of generous dispositions, Antipater let himself to get rid of these as soon as he could, that they might not be prejudicial to his hopes, and to that end he forged letters against them in the name of his friends at Rome. Some of these he corrupted by bribes to write how they grossly reproached their father, and did openly bewail Alexander and Ariftobulus, and were uneasy at their being recalled; for their father had already sent for them, which was the very thing that troubled Antipater,
2. Nay indeed, while Antipater was in Judea, and before he was upon his journey to Rome, he gave money to have the like letters against them sent from Rome, and then came to his father, who as yet had no suspicion of him, and apologiz. ed for his brethren and alledged on their behalt, that some of the things contained in those letters were false, and others of them were only youthful errors. Yet at the same time that he expended a great deal of his money, by making presents to such as wrote against his brethren, did he aim to bring his accounts into contufion, by buying costly garments, and carpets of various contextures, with silver and gold cups, and a great many more curious things, that so, among the very great expences laid out upon such furniture, he might conceal the money he had used in hiring men to write the letters] ; for he brought in an account of his expences, amounting to two hundred talents, his main pretence for which was the law-suit he had been in with Sylleus. So while all his rogueries, even those of a lesser sort also, were covered by his greater villany, while all the examinations by torture proclaimed his attempt to murder his father, and the letters proclaimed his second ata tempt to murder his brethren; yet did no one of thole that came to Rome intorm him of his misfortunes in Judea, al, though seven months had intervened between his convi&tion and his return, fo great was the hatred which they all bore to him. And perhaps they were the ghosts of those hrethren of his that had been murdered, that stopped the mouths of those that intended to have told him. He then wrote trom Rome, and informed his friends) that he would loon come to them, · and how he was dismiffed with honour by Cæfar.
3. Now the king being desirous to get this plotter against him into his hands, and being also afraid left he should some way come to the knowledge how his affairs itood, and be upon his guard, he dissembled bis anger in his epistle to him, as in other points, he wrote kindly to him, and desired him to make halte, because, it he came quickly, he would then lay aside the complaints he had against his mother; for Antipater was not ignorant that his mother had been expelled out of the palace. However, he had before received a letter, which con. tained an account of the death of Pheroras, at * Tarentum, and made great lamentations at it, for which some commended him, as being for his own uncle; though probably this contusion arose on account of his having thereby failed in his plot [on his father's lite), and his tears were more for the loss of him that was to have been fablervient therein, than for an uncle] Pheroras : Moreover, a sort of fear came upon him as. to his designs, left the poilon should have been discovered. However, when he was in Cilicia, he received the foremen, tioned epistle from his father, and madegreat halte accordingly. But when he had failed to Celenderis, à suspicion came into his mind relating to his mother's mistortunes; as if his soul foreboded some mischiet to itself. Those therefore of his friends which were the moft conGderate, advised him not rallıJy to go to his father, till he had learned what were the occa. lions why his mother had been ejected, because they were afraid that he might be involved in the calumnies that had been caft upon his mother: But those that were less confiderate, and had more regard to their own desires of seeing their native country, than to Antipater's safety, persuaded him to make hafte home, and not, by delaying his journey, afford his father ground for an ill suspicion, and gave an handle to those that
• This Tarentum has coins Gill extant, as Reland informs us here in his nais
raised stories against him; for that in case any thing had been moved to his diladvantage, it was owing to his absence which durft not have been done had he been present. And they said, it was absurd to deprive himself of certain happiness, for the fake of an uncertain suspicion, and not rather to return to his father, and take the royal authority upon him, which was in a state of fluctuation on his account only. Antipater complied with this lalt advice, for Providence hurried him on to his de. structions, So he pafled over the sea, and landed at Sebastus, the haven od Cesarea, • 4. And here he found a perfect and unexpected lolitude, while every body avoided him, and no body durft come at him ; for he was equally hated by all men; and now that hat. red had liberty to lhew itself, and the dread men were in at the king's anger made men keep from him ; for the whole city [of Jerusalem] was filled with the rumours about Antipater, and Antipater himself was the only person who was ignorant of them ; for as no man was dismissed more magnificently when he began his voyage to Rome, so was no man now re. ceived back with greater ignominy. And indeed he began ala ready to suspect what mistortunes there were in Herod's tamily ; yet did he cunningly conceal his suspicion ; and while he was inwardly ready to die for fear, he put on a forced bold. ness of countenance.' Nor could he now fly any whither, nor had he any way of emerging out of the difficulties which en. compassed him; nor indeed had he even there any certain intelligence of the affairs of the royal !amily, by reason of the threats the king had given out : Yet had he fome small hopes ot better vidings ; for perhaps nothing had been discovered ; or, if any discovery had been made, perhaps he should be a. ble to clear himself by impudence, and arttul tricks, which were the only things he relied upon for his deliverance.
5. And with these hopes did he skreen himself, till he came to the palace, without any friends with him ; for these were affronted, and lhut out at the first gate. Now Varus, the pre. sident of Syria, happened to be in the palace (at this juncture: So Antipater went in to his father, and, putting on a bold face, he came near to salute him ; but Herod stretched out his hands, and turned his head away from him, and cried out, “ Even this is an indication of a parricide, to be deGrous to get me into his arms, when he is under such heinous crimes. God confound thee, thou vile wretch, do not thou touch me, till thou hast cleared thy selt of these crimes that are charged upon thee. I appoint thee a court where thou art to be judg, ed, and this Varus, who is very seasonably here, to be thy judge ; and get thou thy detence ready against to-morrow; for I give thee so much time to prepare suitable excuses for thy self." And as Antipater was fo confounded that he was a. ble to make no answer to this charge, he went away ; but his mother and wife came to him ,and told him of all the evidence