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those kings that had reigned at Tyre, he came to Hirom, and says thus : “Upon the death of Abibalus, his son Hirom took the kingdom ; he lived fifty-three years, and reigned thirtyfour. He raised a bank on that called the Broad Place, and dedicated that golden pillar which is in Jupiter's temple : He also went and cut down timber from the mountain called Li. banus, and got timber of cedar for the roofs of the temples. He also pulled down the old temples, and built new ones : Besides this, he consecrated the temples of Hercules, and of Astarte. He first built Hercules's temple, in the month Peritus, and that ot Astarte, when he made his expedition against the Tytians, who would not pay him their tribute ; and, when he had subdued them to himself, he returned home. Under this king there was a younger son of Abdernon, who maftered the problems which Solomon king of Jerusalem had recommended to be solved.” Now the time from this king to the building of Carthage is thus calculated : “Upon the death of Hirom, Beleazarus his son took the kingdom; he lived forty. three years, and reigned leven years : After him succeeded his son Abdastartus ; he lived twenty-nine years, and reigned nine years. Now four fons of his nurse plotted against him, and New him, the eldest of which reigned twelve years : Alter them came Aftartus, the lon ot Delealtartus; he lived fifty. four years, and reigned twelve years : Alter him came bis brother Alery mus; he lived fifty-four years, and reigned nine years : He was lain by his brother Pheles, who took the kingdom, and reigned but eight months, though he lived fifty years ; he was slain by Ithobalus, the priest of Alarte, who reigned thirty-two years, and lived fixty-eight years : He was succeeded by his son Badezorus, who lived forty-five years, and reigned fix years: He was succeeded by Magenus his son ; he lived thirty-two years, and reigned nine years: Pyg. malion succeeded him ; he lived filty-six years, and reigned forty-seven years. Now in the seventh year of his reign, his fifter fled away from him, and built the city Carthage in Libya." So the whole time from the reign ot Hiram, till the building of Carthage, amounts to the sum of one hundred fifty-five years and eight months. Since then the temple was built at Jerusalem in the twelfth year of the reign of Hiram, there were from the building of the temple, until the building of Carthage, one hundred forty-three years and eight months, Wherefore, what occafion is there for alleging any more tefti. monies out of the Phenician histories, (on the behalf of our nation), lince what I have said is so thoroughly confirmed al. ready ? And to be sure our anceitors came into this country long before the building of the temple; for it was not sill we had gotten possession of the whole land by war, that we built our temple. And this is the point that I have clearly proved . out of our sacred writings in iny Antiquities.

19. I will now relate what hath been written concerning us in the Chaldean histories, which records have a great agree.

ment with our books in other things also. Berosus shall be witness to what I fay; he was by birth a Chaldean, well known by the learned, on account of his publication of the Chaldean books ot philosophy and astronomy among the Greeks. This Berolus, therefore, following the most ancient records of that nation, gives us an history of the deluge of waters that then happened, and of the destruction of mankind thereby, and a. grees with Moles's narration thereof. He also gives us an account of that ark wherein Noah, the origin of our race, was prelerved when it was brought to the highest part of the Armen. ian mountains : After which he gives us a catalogue of the pol. terity of Noah, and adds the years of their chronology, and at length comes down to Nabolassar who was king of Babylon, and of the Chaldeans. And when he was relating the acts of this king, he delcribes to us, “How he sent his son Nabuchodonofor against Egypt, and against our land, with a great army, upon his being informed that they had revolted from him; and how, by that means, he subdued them all, and set our temple that was at Jerusalem on fire ; nay, and removed our people en. tirely out of their own country, and transferred them to Ba. bylon ; when it so happened that our city was desolate, du. ring the interval of seventy years, until the days of Cyrus king of Persia." He then says, That "this Babylonian king conquered Egypt, and Syria, and Phenicia, and Arabia, and exceeded in his exploits all that had reigned before him in Babylon and Chaldea." A little after which Berosus subjoins what follows in his history of ancient times : I will let down Berosus's own accounts, which are these : “When Na. buchodonosor, father of Nabolassar, heard that the governor whom he had set over Egypt and over the parts of Celelyria and Phenicia, had revolted from him, he was not able to bear it any longer, but committing certain parts of his army to his son Nabuchodonofor, who was then but young, he sent him against the rehel: Nabuchodonosor joined battle with him, and conquered him, and reduced the country under his dominion again. Now it so fell out, that his father Nabolalfar fell into a diftemper at this time, and died in the city of Babylon, after he had reigned twenty-nine years. But as he understood, in a lille time, that his father Nabuchodonofor was dead, he let the affairs of Egypt, and the other countries in order, and committed the captives he had taken from the Jews, and Phenicians, and Syrians, and of the nations belong. ing to Egypt, to some of his friends, that they might conduct that part of the forces that had on heavy armour, with the rest of his baggage, to Babylonia; while he went in haste, having but a few with wim, over the desert to Babylon; whither, when he was come, he found the public affairs had been ma. naged by the Chaldeans, and that the principal person among them had preserved the kingdom for him. Accordingly he now entirely obtained all his father's dominions. He iben

came, and ordered the captives to be placed as colonies in the molt proper places of Babylonia : But for himself, he adorned the temple of Belus, and the other temples, after an elegant Inanner, out of the spoils he had taken in this war. He allo rebuilt the old city, and added another to it on the outside, and so far restored Babylon, that none who should besiege it afterwards tnight have it in their power to divert the river, fo as to facilitate an entrance into it; and this he did by building three walls about the inner city, and three about the outer. Some of chese walls hebuilt of burnt brickand bitumen, and some of brick only. So when he had thus fortified the city with walls, after an excellent manner, and had adorned the gates magnificently, he added a new palace to that which his father had dwelt in, and this close by it also, and that more eminent in its height, and in its great fplendor; it would perhaps require too long a narration, if any one were to describe it: However, as prodigious large, and as magnificent as it was, it was finished in fifteen days. Now in this palace he erected very high walks, sup. ported by stone pillars, and by planting what was called a penfile paradise, and replenishing it with all sorts of trees, he reodered the prospect of an exact refemblance of a mountainous country. This he did to please his queen, becaufe she had been brought up in Media, and was fond of a mountainous fituation *."

20. This is what Berosus relates concerning the foremen. tioned king, as he related many other things about him also in the third book of his Chaldean hiftory; wherein he com. *plains of the Grecian writers for fupposing, without any foundation, that Babylon was built by Semiramis * queen of Affyria, and for her false pretence to thole wonderful edifices thercto relating, as if they were her own workmanship; as in. deed in these affairs the Chaldean hiftory cannot but be the most credible. Moreover, we meet with a confirmation of what Berosus says in the archives of the Phenicians, concern. ing this king Nabuchodonosor, that he conquered all Syria and Phenicia ; in which case Philostratus agrees with the oth. ers in that history which he composed, where he mentions the fiege of Tyre ; as does Megafthenes also, in the fourth book ot his Indian history, wherein he pretends to prove ihat the forementioned king of the Babylonians was fuperior to Hercules in ftrength, and the greatness of his exploits; for he

fays ihat hie conquered a great part of Libya, and conquered · Iberia also. Now as to what I have said before about the temple at Jerusalem, that it was fought against by the Babylonians, and burnt by them, but was opened again when Cyrus had taken the kingdom of Asia, shall be now demonstrated

* The great improvements that Nebuchadnezzar tnade in the buildings at Babylon, do no way contradict those ancient and authentic teftimonies which ascribe its fitt building to Nimrod, and its first rebuilding 1o Semiramis, ás Berosus foems here to suppose.

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ment with our books in other things also. Berosus shall be wit. ness to what I say ; he was by birth a Chaldean, well known by the learned on account of his publication of the Chaldean books of philosophy and astronomy among the Greeks. This Berofus, therefore, following the most ancient records of that nation, gives us an history of the deluge of waters that then happened, and of the destruction of mankind thereby, and a. grees with Moles's narration thereof. He also gives us an ac. count of that ark wherein Noah, the origin of our race, was preserved when it was brough, to the highest part of the Armenian mountains : After which he gives us a catalogue of the pol. terity of Noah, and adds the years of their chronology, and at length comes down to Nabolassar who was king of Babylon, and of the Chaldeans. And when he was relating the acts of this king, he delcribes to us, “ How he sent his son Nabuchodonosor against Egypt, and against our land, with a great army, upon his being informed that they had revolted from him; and how, by that means, he fubdued them all, and set our temple that was at Jerusalem on fire ; nay, and removed our people en. tirely out of their own country, and transferred them to Ba. bylon ; when it so happened that our city was desolate, du. ring the interval of seventy years, until the days of Cyrus king of Perga." He then says, That “this Babylonian king conquered Egypt, and Syria, and Phenicia, and Arabia, and exceeded in his exploits all that had reigned before him in Babylon and Chaldea." A little after which Berosus subjoins what follows in his history of ancient times: I will fet down Berosus's own accounts, which are these : " When Na. buchodonofor, father of Nabolassar, heard that the governor whom he had set over Egypt and over the parts of Celelyria and Phenicia, had revolted from him, he was not able to bear it any longer, but committing certain parts of his army to his lon Nabuchodonofor, who was then but young, he sent him against the rebel : Nabuchodonosor joined battle with him, and conquered him, and reduced the country under his dominion again. Now it so fell out, that his father Nabolalsar fell into a diftemper at this time, and died in the city of Babylon, after he had reigned twenty-nine years. But as he understood, in a little time, that his father Nabuchodonosor was dead, he let the affairs of Egypt, and the other countries in order, and committed the caprives he had taken from the Jews, and Phenicians, and Syrians, and of the nations belong. ing to Egypt, to lome of his friends, that they might conduci that part of the forces that had on heavy armour, with the rest of his baggage, to Babylonia ; while he went in hafte, having but a few with wim, over the desert to Babylon; whither, when he was come, he found the public affairs had been ma. naged by the Chaldeans, and that the principal perfon among them had preserved the kingdom for him. Accordingly be now entirely obtained all his father's dominions. He iben came, and ordered the captives to be placed as colonies in the most proper places of Babylonia : But for himself, he adorned the temple of Belus, and the other temples, after an elegant Inanner, out of the spoils he had taken in this war. He also rebuilt the old city, and added another to it on the outside, and fo lar restored Babylon, that none who should besiege it afterwards tnight have it in their power to divert the river, so as to facilitate an entrance into it; and this he did by building three walls about the inner city, and three about the outer. Some of These walls he built ot burnt brick and bitumen, and some of brick only. So when he had thus fortified the city with walls, after an excellent manner, and had adorned the gates magnificently, he added a new palace to that which his father had dwelt in, and this close hy it also, and that more eminent in its height, and in its great fplendor; it would perhaps require too long a narration, if any one were to describe it: However, as prodigious large, and as magnificent as it was, it was finished in fifteen days. Now in this palace he erected very high walks, sup. ported by stone pillars, and by planting what was called a pentfile paradise, and replenishing it with all sorts of trees, he rendered the proipect of an exact resemblance of a mountainous country. This he did to please his queen, becaufe she had been brought up in Media, and was fond of a mountainous fituation *".

20. This is what Berosus relates concerning the forementioned king, as he related many other things about him also in the third book of his Chaldean hiftory ; wherein he come plains of the Grecian writers for fupposing, without any foundation, that Babylon was built by Semiramis * queen of Aflyria, and for her false pretence to thole wonderful edifices thereto relating, as if they were her own workmanship; as in. deed in these affairs the Chaldean history cannot but be the most credible.. Moreover, we meet with a confirmation of what Berosus says in the archives of the Phenicians, concerning this king Nabuchodonosor, that he conquered all Syria and Phenicia ; in which case Philostratus agrees with the others in that hiftory which he composed, where he mentions the

fiege of Tyre ;" as does Megafthenes also, in the fourth book of his Indian history, wherein he pretends to prove ihat the forementioned king of the Babylonians was fuperior to Hercules in ftrength, and the greatness of his exploits; for he says ihat hre conquered a great part of Libya, and conquered Iberia also. Now as to what I have said before about the temple at Jerusalem, that it was fought against by the Babylonians, and burnt by them, but was opened again when Cyrus had taken the kingdom of Asia, shall be now demonstrated

* The great improvements that Nebuchadnezzar tnade in the buildings at Babylon, do no way contradid those ancient and authentic teftimonies which alcribe its fint building to Nimrod, and its first rebuilding to Sensiramis, as Berosus seems here to suppose.

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