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Lelament with truth, and acted valiantly for the Jews, and had shew. ed that their settlement was nobler than can be described by words. Now since he made their intereit give place to truth, for he would not support the opinion of impious men, I think it necessary to let down his words. What then does he say?" Now there was, about that tiine, JeSus, a wise nian, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure, He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles : He was the Christ. And when Pilate at the suggestion of the principal men ainong us, had condemned him to the cross. those that loved him at first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them the third day alive again, as the divine prophets had said these. and a vast number of other wonderful things concerning him : And the tribes of Christians, so named froin him, are not extinét at this day." Now I cannot but wonder greatly at this man's love of truth in many refpects, but chiefy where he says, “ Jesus was a teacher of men, which received the truth with pleasure."
About A D 440 Sozomen. Hir. Ecclef. lib. i. cap. 1.-Now Josephus, the son of Mattathias. a priest, a man of very great note both ainong the Jews and the Romans, may well be a witness of credit as to the truth of Christ's history ; for he scruples to call hin a man, as being a doer of wonderful works, and a teacher of the words of truth : He names him Christ openly ; and is not ignorant that he was condemned to the cross ; and appeared on the third day alive, and that ten thousand oth. er wonderful ihings were foretold of him by the divine prophets. He testifies also, that those whom he drew over to him, being many of the Gentiles, as well as of the Jews, continued to love him; and that the tribe named from hin was not then extinct. Now he seems to me by this his relation, almost to proclain that Christ is God. However, he appears to have been fi, affected with the strangeness of the thing, as to run, as it were, in a sort of a middle way, so as not to put any indignity upon believers in him, but rather to afford his suffrage to them.
About A.D. 510. Caffiodorus Hift. Tripartit. e Sozomeno-Now Jofephus, the son of Mattathias, and a priest, a man of great nobility among the Jews, and of great dignity among the Romans, thall be a truth of Christ's history : for he dares not call him a man, as a doer of fa. mous works, and a teacher of true doctrines; he names hin Chrift openly; and is not ignorant that he was condemned to the cross, and appeared on the third day alive, and that an infinite number of other wonderful things were foretold of himn by the holy prophets. More.. over he testifies also, that there were then alive many whom he had chosen, both Greeks and Jews, and that they continued to love hiin; and that the feet which was named from him was by no ineans extinct at This time.
About A. D. 640. Cbron. Alex. 640. p.514.-Now Josephus also relates in the eighteenth book of antiquities, how John the Baprift, that holy man, was beheaded, on account of Herodias, the wife of Philip, the brother of Herod himself: For Herod had divorced his former wife, who was still alivě, and had been his lawful wife ; she was the daughter of Aretas, King of the Petreans. When therefore Herod had taken Herodias away from her husband, while he was yet alive (on whore account he flew John also), Aretas made war against Herod, because his daughter had been dishonourably treateil: In which war he says, that all Herod's army was destroyed, and that he suffered that calamity, because of the wickedness he had been guilty of against John. 'I he same Josephus relates that Herod lost his kingdom on account of Herodias, and that with her he was banithed to Lyons, &c.
P. 526, 527.) Now that our Saviour taught his preaching three years, is demonstrated both by other necessary reasonings ; as also out
of the holy gospels, and out of Josephus's writings, who was a wife man among the Hebrews, &c.
P. 584, 586.] Josephus relates in the fifth book of the Jewish ] war. that Jerusalem was taken in the third [second] year of Vespasian, as about forty years since they had dared to put Jelus to death: In which time he says, that James, the brother of our Lord, and bishop of Jerusalem, was thrown down (from the temple) and sain of thein, by · ftoning.
About A. D. 740. Anaftafius Abbas contr. Jud.-Now Josephus, an author and writer of your own, says of Christ, that he was a just and good man, shewed and declared fo to be by divine grace, who gave aid to many by figns and miracles.
About A. D. 797. Georgius Syncellus Chron. p. 339.–These miseries befel the Jews by way of revenge for James the Just, who was the brother of Jesus that was called Christ, on the account that they had Nain hiin who was a most righteous person. “ Now as Ananus, à perfon of that character, thought he had a proper opportunity, because Feltus was dead, and Albinus was but upon the road, so he assembles the Sanhedrim of judges, and brings before them James, the brother of Jefus, who was called Christ, and some of his companions; and when he had formed an accusation against them, as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned; but as for those that seemed the noft equitable of the citizens, and those that were the most uneasy at the breach of the laws, they dilliked what was done. They also sent to the king [Agrippa) defiring him to send to Ananus that he should act so no niore, for what he had done already could not be justified," &c .
About A, D 850. Johan. Malela Chron. lib. x.-From that time be. gan the destruction of the Jews, as Jofephus, the philofopher of the Hebrews, hath written; who also said this, that from the time the Jews crucified Christ, who was a good and a righteous man, (that is, if it be fit to call such an one a man, and not a God) the land of Judea was: never free from trouble. These things the same Josephus the Jew has related in his writings.
About A. D. 860. Phorius Cod. lib. xlviii.--I have read the treatise of Josephus about the universe, whose title I have elsewhere read to be, of the substance of the universe. It is contained in two very finall treatiles. He treats of the origin of the world, in a brief manner. However, he speaks of the divinity of Christ, who is our true God, in 2 way very like to what we use; declaring that the same name of Chrift belongs to him; and writes of his ineffable generation of the Father after such a manner, as cannot be blamed : Which thing may perhaps raise a doubt in some, whether Jofephus were the author of the work, though the phraleology does not at all differ from this man's other works However, I have found in some papers, that this discourle was not.written by Josephus, but by one Caius a prefbyter.
Coil. ccxxxvii.) Herod the Tetrarch of Galilee and of Perea, the fon of Herod the Great, fell in love, as Josephus says, with the wife of his brother Herod, whose name was Herodias, who was the granddaughter of Herod the Great, by his son Ariftobulus, whom he had tlain. Agrippa was also her brother. Now Herod took her away from her huíband, and married her. This is he that llew John the Baptift, that great man, the forerunner (of Christ) being afraid (as Jolephus say's) left he should raise a ledition among his people; for they all followed the directions of John, on account of the excellency of his virtue. In huis time was the pallion of our Saviour..
Cod. xxxii.] I have read the Chronicle of Justus of Tiberias. He omits the greatest part of what was most necellary to be related; but, as infected with Jewish prejudices, being also himself a Jew by birth, he makes no mention at all of the advent, or of the acts done, or of the mniracles wrought by Chril.
The rime uncertain, Macarius in A&tis Sanctorum, iom. v. p. 149. ap. Fabric. Jofeph. p. 61.-Josephus, a priest of Jerusalem, and one that wrote with truth the history of the Jewish affairs, bears witness, that Chrift, the true God, was incarnate, and crucified, and the third day rose again; whole writings are reposited in the public library. This he fays: "Now there was about this time Jefus, a wile man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleafure ; he drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles also : This was the Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men among us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. And Itill the tribe of Chriftians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day." Since therefore the writer of the Hebrews has engraven this teftimony concerning our Lord and Saviour in his own books, what defence can there remain for the unbelievers ?
About A. D. 980. Suidas in voce Jefus. We have found Josephus, who hath written about the taking of Jerusalem (of whom Eufebius Pamphili makes frequent mention in his ecclefiaftical history) saying openly in his Memoirs of the captivity, that Jesus officiated in the temple win the priests. Thus we have found Jofephus saying, a man of ancient times, and not very long after the apostles, &c.'
About A. D. 1060. Cedrenus Compend. Hiftor. p. 196.-Josephus does indeed write concerning John the Baptist as follows: * Some of the · Jews thought that the destruction of Herod's army came from God,
and that he was punished very justly for what punishment he inflicteá on John, that was called the Baptist, for Herod flew him, who was a good man, and commanded the Jews to exercile virtue, both by righteouinels towards one another, and piety towards God, and so to come to baptism” But as concerning Christ, the fame Jofephus says, that * about that time there was Jefus, a wise man, if it be law ful to call hinz a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, and a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure, for that Christ drew over niany, even from the Gentiles : Whom when Pilate had crucified, hole who at first had loved him did not leave off to preach concerning him, for he appeared to them the third day alive again, as the divine prophets had testitied, and spoken these and other wonderful things concerning him
About d. 0.1080. Theophylact. in Jan. lib. xiji.-The city of the Jews was taken, and the wrath of God was kindled against them; as alto Josephus witnesses, that this came upon them on account of the death of Jesus.
About A. D. U 20. Zonarus Annal. tom. i. p. 267.-Josephus in the sighteenth book of Antiquities, writes thus concerning our Lord and God, Jesus Chrift: "Now there was about this time Jelus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure He drew over to himn many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles : He was the Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men among us, had condemned him to the crois, those that had loved him at init did not forsake hin, for he appeared to them the third dat alive again, as the divine prophets had said these and ten thousand otiier wonderful things concerning him : And the tribe of Christians, fo named from him, are not extinct at this day.”
About A. Di 1120. Glycas Annal. p. 234--Then did Philo, that will man, and Jofephus flourish. This last was styled, The lover of truth, because he commended John, who baptized our Lord ; and because he bore witness that Christ, in like manner, wis a wife mar, and the doer of great miracles; and that when he was crucified, he appeared the third day
About A. D. 1240. Godfridus Viterbienfis Chron p. 366. e Verl. Rufini.
Josephus relates, that a very great war arose between Aretas, king of the Arabians, and Herod, on account of the sin which Herod had committed against John. Moreover, the same Josephus writes thus concerning Christ: “There was at this time Jefus, a wise man, if at leaft it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as willingly hear truth. He also drew over to him many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles: He was Chrift. And when Pilate at the accusation of the principal men of our nation, had decreed that he should be crucified, those that had loved him from the beginning, did not forsake him, for he appeared to them the third day alive again according to what the divinely inspired prophets had foretold, that these and innumerable other miracles should come to pals about himn Moreover, both the name and fect of Christians, who were named from him, continue in being unto this day..
About A. D. 1360. Nicepborus Callistus Hift. Ecclef. lib. i. f. 90, 91.Now this Econcerning Herod the tetrarch] is attefted to, not only by the book of the holy gospels, but by Joiephus, that lover of truth ; who also makes mention of Herodias his brother's wife, whom Herod had taken away from him, while he was alive, and married her, haying divorced his former lawful wife, who was the daughter c: Aretas, king of the Petrean Arabians. This Herodias he had married, and lived with her: On which account also, when he had Nain John, he made war with Aretas, because his daughter had been dishonorably
used; in which war he relates, that all Herod's ariny was destroyed, , and that he suffered this on account of the most unjuk flaughter of
John. He also adds, that John was a' most righteous man. Moreover, he makes mention of his baptism, agreeing in all points thereto relating with the gospel. He also informs us, that Herod loft his kingdom on account of Herodias, with whom also he was condemned to be banished to Vienna, which was their place of exile, and a city bordering upon Gaul, and lying near the utmost bounds of the west
About A. D. 1450. Hardmanus Scbedelius Chron. p. 110.-Josephus the Jew, who was called Flavius, a priest, and the son of Mattathias, a priest of that nation, a most celebrated historian, and very skilful in many things : He was certainly a good many and of an excellent char. acter, who had the highest opinion of Chrift
About A. D. 1480. Plarina de Vitis Pontificum in Chrifo.-I shall avoid mentioning what Christ did until the 30th year of his age, when he was baptized by John, the son of Zacharias, because not only the gospels and epiltles are full of those acts of his, which he did in the inoit excellent and most holy manner, but the books of such as were quite remote from his way of living and acting, and ordaining, are also full of the same. Flavius Jofephus himself, who wrote twenty books of Jewith Antiquities in the Greck tongue, when he had proceeded as far as the government of the emperor Tiberius, fays, " There was in those days lefus, a certain wise man, if at least it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, and a teacher of men, of fuch especially as willingly hear the truth On this account he drew over to him many both of the Jews and Gentiles: He was Chrift. But when Pilate, inttigated by the principal men of our nation, had decreed that he should be crucified, yet did not those that had loved him frem the beginning forlake him: And besides he appeared to them the third day after his death alive, as the divinely inspired prophets had foretold rhat these and innunierable other miracles thould come to pass about himn And the famous name of Christians, taken from him as well as their lect, do till continue in being.'
The fame Josephus also affirms, that John the Baptist, a true proph.et, and on that account one that was had in esteern by all men, was Nain by Herod, the son of Herod the Great, a little before the death of Christ, in the castle Macherus; not because he was afraid for himfelf, and his kingdom, as the same author fays, but because he had in. cestoully married Herodias the sister of Agrippa, and the wife of that excellent person his brother Philip.
About A. D. 1480. Trithemius Abbas de Scriptor. Ecclef.-Josephus the Jew, although he continued to be a Jew, did frequently commend the Christians; and in the eighteenth book of Antiquities, wrote down an eminent testimony concerning our Lord Jesus Christ.
OBSERVATIONS from the foregoing EVIDENCE and CITATIONS. 1. THE Nyle of all these original testimonies belonging to Jofephusis
I exactly the style of the fame Josephus, and especially the style about those parts of his Antiquities wherein we find these testiinonies. This is denied by no body as to the other concerning John the Baptift, and James the Just, and is now become equally undeniable as that concerning Christ.
II. These testimonies therefore being confefTedly and undeniably written by Josephus himselt, it is next to impollible that he should wholly omit fome testimony concerning Jesus Christ; nay, while his testimonies of John the Baptist, and James the Just, are so honorable, and give them so great characters, it is also impossible that this testimony concerning Christ should be other than very honorable, or such as afforded him a ftill greater character also. Could the very fame author, who gave such a full and advantageous character of John the Baptist, the forerunner to Jesus of Nazareth, all whose disciples were by him directed to Jesus of Nazareth, as to the true Messias, and all whose disciples became afterwards the disciples of Jesus of Nazareth, say nothing honorable of that Jesus of Nazareth himself? And this in an history of those very times in which he was born, and lived and died, and that while the writer lived but a little after him in the same country in which he was born, and lived and died? This is almost incredible. And further, could the very fame author, who gave such an advantageous character of James the Juft, and this under the very appellation of James the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, which James was one of the principal disciples or apostles of this Jesus Christ, and had been many years the only Christian bilbop of the believing Jews of Judea and Jerusalem, in the very days, and in the very country of this writer? Could he I say, wholly omit any, nay, a very honorable account of Jesus Christ himself, whose disciple and bishop this James most certainly was? This is also almost incredible Hear what Ittigius, one of the wifest and most learned of all those who have lately inclined to give up the testimony concerning Christ, as it stands in our copies for spurious, says upon this occasion: “If any one object to me, that Josephus hath not onnitted John the Baptift, the forerunner of Christ, nor James the disciple of Christ, and that therefore he could not have done the part of a good historian if he had been cntirely silent concerning Chrift, I thall freely grant that Josephus was not entirely filent concerning Christ ; nay, I Thall further grant, that when Jose phus was speaking of Christ, he did not abstain from his commendation; for we are not to determine from that inveterate hatred which the modern Jews bear to Christ, what was the behavior of thofe Jens, upon whom the miracles that were daily wrought by the apostles in the pame of Christ imprinted a facred liorict,"