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ignorance and enlightened philoso. Association had been inquiring after a phy. To the belles lettres, and poe. person properly qualified to undertry in particular, M Park was take a journey into the interior of warmly attached, and several effu- Africa, and to penetrate farther if fions of this kind which issued from possible than the mishaps which had the

pen of a leisure hour, found an befallen former travellers had permit. easy admission, and were read with ted them to go. pleasure in the periodical productions No sooner had the knowledge of of the day.

this circumstance come to Mr Park's About this period, he had the re- ear, than his heart consented to the solution to undertake and finish the talk, and all the energies of an enterwriting of a Tragedy, for the amuse- prizing mind were awakened at the ment of himself and his private prospect. He immediately offered his friends; what degree of dramatic services to the Association, and after merit this performance poffessed the examining him upon his qualifications writer of this article cannot judge, as for the undertaking, they declared he never had the pleasure of seeing it. themselves satisfied, and resolved that

Immediately after he had finished he should set out. his medical studies, in the year 1792, His own words display his warm Mr Park obtained a surgeoncy in the attachment to the enterprize. “I Worcester, one of the ihips belong- had a passionate defire, says he in ing to the Eat India company. In the beginning of his journal, to exthis capacity he made a voyage to amine into the productions of a counIndia, during which, and his abode in try so little known, and to become a climate, which has often tried and experimentally acquainted with the found wanting many an European modes of life, and character of the conftitution, Mr Park experienced no natives. I knew I was able to bear encroachment upon his health, and re- fatigue, and I relied upon my youth turned to England, and his native and the strength of my conftitution abode, without having suffered indis- to preserve me from the effects of the position even for a single hour. climate."

The commander of this vefsel kad The African Association had been provided his ship with a very hande formed fome years previous to this, some library, and, I recollect of hear- and during that period had employed ing Mr Park fay, that he believed he three travellers, Meffis. Leydard, read a greater number of books Lucas, and Major Houghton, to efduring this voyage, than he ever did fectuate a journey into the interior of before, in an equal period of time. that continent, and enlarge, if pofüble, This voyage lafted upwards of a year, the scanty limits of our African geoand Mr Park returned to Britain in graplıy. Their attempts, tho' made part


at different places, proved, unfornia This fortunate circumstance of pre- nately both for themselves, and the ferving his health in a foreign cli- object in a great measure unsuccessmate, and the consciousness of a ro. ful; and it was reserved to the more bust frame, which had been beítowed fortunate destiny of Park to peneby nature, and guarded by temper- trate farther into those savage abodes, ance, would give him a confidence in and in the lauguage of Major Renhis own resources, and inspire his nell, “ to bring to our knowledge courage to attempt higher entera more important facts respecting Af prizes and more dangerous exploits. rican geography (both ineral and

Accordingly a short time after he physical) than have been done by any had returned from India, the African former traveller."

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The failures of others may dif- an affectionate leave of his friends, and courage, but they will not annihilate on the 22d of May 1795, failed from subsequent efforts in an energetic Portfmouth for the mouth of the mind. In every breast that pants Gambia. after celebrity there exists a secret Mr Park has himself favoured the consciousness of success, which, with. public with a detail of the numerous out imput ng any blame to former vicissitudes which befell him in his attempts, itimulates to a repeated trial, route, and Major Rennell in his and is nourished by the hope that ample appendix to the journal, has fortune will yet prove more confpi- illustrated and placed in a proper cuous, that proper perseverance will light, the number, nature, and importproduce wonders, and that future ance of the discoveries, which Mr exeitious will secure a triumph which Park was so fortunate to have acwas denied to incipient attempts. complished. Without this conviction, which is the The plan of the African Associafource of greatness as well as the tion is not yet completed. The trisemblance of egotism, nothing diffi- umph could not poslibly be final at cult could be effected. Mankind

Much has been done ; much would pine at the firt abortion, and yet remains for future enterprize, but give up for loft what the next trial any person of candour, who reads Mr would have discovered.

Park's journal, must rather be altoActing upon this principle, Mr nished that he accomplished so much, Park might believe, that though than disappointed at his not having others failed he might succeed, and done every thing. his conlidence of success would be in- With regard to the execution of creafed by the knowledge of his own his book, every critic will perceive habits. He could endure hunger, and and acknowledge that he has arthirt, and fatigue, beyond the pa- ranged and composed his materials tience of ordinary men ; and his cool with a propriety and elegance which temper was proof against every fpe- would do honour to any veteran in cies of infult and disappointment. literature, whilst the modesty which His resolution, naturally itrong, and pervades the whole work confers invigorated ftill farther by an irre. upon upon it an irresistible charm. iilible curiofty, was not to be di- Scarecly had Mr Park's Travels vefied from its proper objects by made their appearance when an common or even extraordinary diffi- abridgement of them

imme-1 culties, and the feductive allmements diately published ; made, no doubt, of pleasure which might frequently with a view to anticipate the hardfolieit gratification, could have but earned emoluments of our traveller, Hittie influence over a person who, than which surely nothing could be 1l'ugh he had the feelings of a man, more unjust and dishonourable. Aporeiled the self-commaid of an an- bridgements of this nature, though cient sage. Such were Mr Park's qua- made with the specious pretext of lifications as a traveller, and they were furni/bin: the public with a cheap edi. the more to be prized because they tien, containing watever is remarkable exhibited such a rare conjunction of and valuable in the original copy, cercorporeal and intellectual fitness, u- tainly deferve not the countenance of niting both the valuable bounties of the public ; they mangle and destroy

; nature, and the no less

eful accom

the beauties and peculiarities of the plishments of cultivation and art • original, they appropriate an emolu.

Having made the neceffary prepa- ment to which they have no claim, rations for his journey, Mr Park took and what is still worse they are cal



culated to obstruct the efforts of ge- of the diversions in which children nius and industry, by depriving them spend the greater part of their time. of one of the most powerful induce. Even in childhood he was a philofoments to exertion. Concerning all a- pher; his youthful mind, from its first bridgements, it may be remarked in itage of developement, feemed to be general what Hamlet says of his fa- fet upon higher objects than play, ther-in-law, “ that they are no more and was continually engaged in little like the original, than I like Her- investigations which liis few compacules.”

nions might wonder ai, but could not Soon after Mr Park returned from understand. As he grew up, these Africa, another prospect opened to habits increafed ; a fondness for readhis view. All feasible men, and the ing, for tranquillity and folitary muAfrican Association in particular, were fing, marked the youth. His general so well satisfied with his conduct in taciturnity indicated a turn for obmanaging his late enterprize, that he fervation; an indifference to finery of was judged the moit proper person to dress manifested his want of vanity; undertake another expedition scarcely and his habit of feclufion seemed to less hazardous than that which he declare, that he enjoyed, on the mounhad so happily accomplished. This tain top, and along the sequeiter.d was a plan to explore the interior of valley, a fund of pleasure, which for New Holland, under the auspices of him had greater charms than aught government, but after the prepara- that play could give. Indeed the tions for this expedition had been so beautiful description of Edwin, in far advanced, owing to 'fume parti- Beattie's Minstrel, will apply with cular circumstances, the plan was for fingular truth to the character of the present laid afide.

almolt every young genius. When Mr Park had finished his

In 100th poor Edwin was no vulgar boy, manufcripts, and prepared his journal « Deep thought oft feen'd to fix his intale

" for the press, he left London, and re- tye, turned to visit his relations in Scot

“ Dainties he heeded not--nor gaude nor land; he remained there some months,


" Save one short pipe of rules minttrelly, and during that period married Miss

“ Silent when glad, afficionate though any, Ellie Anderson, the daughter of his " And now his look was most deineri iylat, former master. Since that period Mr And now he laugh'd aloud, yet none and Mrs Park have relided at Fowl.

kouw why: fhiels, his native spot.

“ The neighhours stard ard ligh'd, yet

« bli'd the land, Such is the outline of Mr Park's “ Soire toughe bim wondrous wise, and public character, and few will be dispo. fome buliovulim mad. fed not to allow him reit, after having, Towilniels Farm, the scene of Mir trongh yet on this side of thiriy Puzla's natire abode, is one of the years of age, undergone so much fa- meit romantic that can well be contique both of body and mind. cerved. Bifides poffelag erery re.

It now remains to take a view of quilite beauty of a fine landscape, the Mr Park’: private character, as dif. river Yarrow, celebrated in many a played in his dispositions, habits, pur- frais, runs through the middle of fuits and modes of life, from his early this delightful spot, and the cable of years to his present age.

Newark, in melancholy ruins, fiendz Mr Park, when a boy, was distin- upon an elevato ground fronting the guished from the generality of young formlouie. Weous and groves, hi's, men by the peculiar mildness of his and voilies, rocks and ruins are fcai. dispositions, à modeity amounting to tered around in beautiful friccelin, referve, and an indiference to molt and the foencry, Qax the whole, which


has been formed more by nature than of active life. His variety of talent, by artificial contrivance, is calculated however, furnishes a proof of the to create and to nourish poetical sen- difficulty of eitimating a youthful timent. A warm fancy, and an elegant mind; and affords another instance taite, conversant with the inchanting of the influence of particular circum, mythology of the ancient Greeks, itances in developing latent, or formmay conceive, in the moments of sen- ing new qualities of character. timental delirium, the whole scene to About this time too Mr Park took be peopled by thofe imaginary beings great delight in reading voyages and who formerly were wont to haunt travels : Cook, in particular, engaged the fields of Arcadia. Reclining at much of his attention; and perhaps ease in the shade of a grove, and even so early as this period he might wrapt in a reverie, inspired by the entertain the thought of visiting, in genius of the place, he may listen future, some diftant land. with rapture to the music of Pan, Mr and Mrs Park and child, at whose melody resounds. from the present, reside at Fowlshiels, and he recesses of the woods, or perceive, occasionally pays a visit to London, in fome neighbouring lawn, the His predilection for reading and nymphs of the valley leading down ftudy still continues, and I believe the dance, and sporting amongst the that at prefent he is even a harder Howers : other nymphs gambol in the student in every art and science, than Atream, the brow of the hill is occu- he ever was at any period of his pied by the mountain deities, and a life. mufe fits under the hawthorn.

In perfon, Mr Park is tall, athleTo such luxuries of fancy, our tic, and has an air of robustness and young reclufe was not a ftranger, and personal vigour, which eminently bewhile it might be wondered at, that speak him fit for enduring much bple preferred folitary wandering to dily fatigue ; his air is careless, yet noify amusements, he enjoyed a de- calm and steady, and when engaged light in the former, which the latter in conversation, his countenance is could not confer.

animated, and his eye assumes an At a confiderable distance from the expression at which a stranger would house, and in one of the most retired fhrink. banks of the fiream, he constructed In company, he is generally reserv. a little hermitage, which almoft over- ed and taciturn in his manner ; at looked the water, and was over-tha- particular times, however, he is more dowed by trees: in this cell he plac- lively and gay, and instructs and ened a finall table and a feat, and of tertains his friends with a solidity ten spent the whole day in undis- of remark, and a variety of anec. turbed reading, or agreeable musing; dote, which are seldom to be equal. enjoying the tranquil delights led. of the place.

His address and manners are fimAt this period, Mr Park gave ple in the highett degree; but if he little indication of poffeffing that spi- look upon the polish and frippery of rit of enterprize and activity, by etiquette as below his notice, he is which he has been since distinguished. by no means either vulgar or rude : His character seemed to belong to though constitutionally serious, he is that class, who take greater delight extremely fond of humour, and enjoys in attending to the calm operations a jeft or a bon-mot with infinite reof intellect, and in enjoying the de- lith. His religious sentiments possess licious charms of sentiment, than in that happy medium which is so fa. the bustle of business, and the Scenes vourable to human happiness, being



equally removed from scepticism on world may regret, but it cannot the one hand, and fanaticism on the blame. other.

Thus is he enjoying, and long may As Mr Park is now bound to his he live to enjoy, the respect of the native country, by the double ties of world, the etteem and affection of his a husband and a father, there is no friends; the pleasures of science ; probability that he will ever under- the peace of his own breast, aud the

new enterprize ; this the approbation of Heaven. A.M.

take a


T is too generally found, that weak diligence and integrity ; but made up

minds, on original meanness, engraft for it, in the eyes of the world at least, only pride ; and that unexpected success by redoubled officiousness, and the moft is often more detrimental to such cha- fpecious appearances. racters than the heaviest pressure of ca- Those who have themselves uniform. lamity.

ly pursued the paths of rectitude, are the Edward Burton was orn of parents least capable of detecting artifice and who had struggled hard with adversity, insincerity. Burton found means to and who had felt the pinching hand of wind himself more closely round his poverty through every stage of their ex- mafter's heart, by a fhew of regard, the istence; but whose honesty remained more he wanted the reality ; and, at the without the imputation of blame; and, expiration of his term, was admitted inlike the fun bursting through involving to a share of the bufiness, as a reward clouds, appeared brighter from the con- for his apparent integrity, assiduity, and traft of the surrounding gloom. They ability. both paid the great debt of nature be- On this unexpected elevation, Burfore their only lon had reached his tenth ton felt all those concomitant passions year, leaving him no other inheritance which agitate a little mind where vanithan their benediction. The integrity ty is predominant; but as a man never of his deceased parents, however, re- wholly throws off Mame, nor becomes commended him to the attention of their callous to the stings of conscience, till a neighbours; who raised a liberal fund long intercourse with vice has rendered for the purpose of putting the orphan to him thoroughly abandoned, he still adschool, and supplying other necessary hered to his original dissimulation in expences, till he should arrive at an age public, and never gave full scope to his capable of providing for himself. natural foibles, unless when thrown off

Being of an active disposition, and de- his guard by mingling with the votaries prived of those imprudent indulgences of unrestrained mirth, or when wine, in which children of more opulent parents which he feldom indulged to an excess, often experience to their loss, he foon had heated his imagination, and induced made a considerable progress in learn- an oblivion of his origin. His expences ing; and, at the age of fourteen, was ef- however, from the gratification of variteemed fully qualified to be placed as an ous pallions, considerably exceeded his apprentice in fome genteel employment. income, thougb he appeared a pattern His patrons finding him to be a spirited of economy to all his connections; and, enterprising lad, of good address, recom- in a short time, his real character must . mended him to a merchant in London: have become apparent, had not another very properly judging, that, in a mer- turn of undeferved fortune raised him chant's counting-house, diligence and still higher in the scale of worldly estiprobity may, in general, meet with ade- niation. quate encouragement. During the four His partner being a plodding man, first years, Burton behaved with so much who had acquired his whole fortune by dutiful submision and attention, as to honest industry and unimpeached inteconciliate the regard of his master, and grity, had never entered into the matrithe good will of all with whom he was monial state ; nor, indeed, had he ever connected. As he advanced towards a kept up any affectionate intercourfe or ftate of manhood, he began to relax in correspondence with his relations : but, Ed. Mag. Jan. 1801.


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