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PRE FACE.

In the “ Historical Chronicle" of our present Volume, there are many subjects which press themselves upon our serious attention ; but the most prominent, and certainly the most important, is the question of PARLIAMENTARY Reform, which may be truly styled the new British Constitution for 1832. In the attainment of this object the whole empire has been convulsed, and society unhinged. Nobles have been arrayed against Nobles; the mercantile classes have been divided, and their interests paralysed, and popular phrensy has threatened the very existence of the state. “ If you would reduce a great empire to misery and degradation (said Frederick the Great), place it under the dominion of philosophical theorists." “ If you would grind a nation to powder (said Napoleon), submit it to the guidance of political economists.” No general axioms could be more just than these; and no practical experience could more forcibly demonstrate their truth than the events of the last few years. Philosophical or speculative theorists, and political economists, have been so long experimentalizing and administering empirical nostrums to the naturally robust constitution of John Bull, that he is rapidly sinking from his once vigorous condition to weakness and decrepitude. With the experiments of free trade, restricted currency, corn laws, Catholic emancipation, &c. all of which, accompanied by the blessings of peace, were to diffuse the blessings of plenty over the land, we have, year after year, found the national resources on the wane, and every important interest, financial, commercial, and agricultural, gradually sinking to the lowest verge of existence. Bankers have stopped payment, though money was abundant, and thousands knew not how to employ it; Merchants have been ruined, though every port was ready to receive their commodities ; manufactures have been paralysed; agriculturists have become insolvent; and labourers, starving in the midst of plenty, have been compelled to quit for ever their native land. What can be the cause of these manifold evils, unless it be the system recently pursued by our soi-disans politicians, of acting upon abstract political notions, without considering the relative circumstances of the national body politic, and its numerous co-relative dependancies ? During a long and general war, we were enabled to raise treble the present amount of revenue, which was comparatively unfelt by the mercantile and industrious classes ; but now the pressure of taxation, though so much reduced, is felt in a tenfold degree; and in the midst of peace, a frightful defalcation in the national income presents itself, which nothing, we apprehend, but additional burdens can supply. Under these theorizing principles our wealth and energies have for years been wasting, and will

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continue to waste, until some great practical statesman shall arise, and
once again call into action our native energies and our great national
resources. But, to restore us to our former greatness, which every poli-
tical theorist has been in vain attempting, we are now told that PARLIA-
MENTARY Reform alone is wanting, and that it is to be the grand panacea
of all our ills ! precisely as Catholic Emancipation was intended as a heal-
ing and “a final measure” for Catholic Ireland! though a final separation
of the two kingdoms is now the undisguised object of the popish agitators.

– That Gatton, Dunwich, Sarum, or the decayed boroughs of Cornwall,
should send Representatives to Parliament, in preference to Birmingham,
Manchester, or Leeds (though these great towns were always in reality
virtually represented by the County Members), certainly appears, ab-
stractedly speaking, a most ludicrous absurdity; and such a state of things
ought perhaps long ago to have been remedied; but still it must be ad-
mitted that we have for ages flourished, as a great and thriving nation,
under that system now so strongly deprecated ; and to aver, that by the
mere transfer of Representatives from one place to another, we shall
recover our former national greatness, or remove the appalling distres:
which has been long goading the industrious classes to disaffection and
madness, is utterly inconsistent with every rational or sound conclusion
Whether the same individual represents Middlesex or Aberdeen, Lam
beth or Stamford, a metropolitan or a close borough, it can by no pos-
sibility of reasoning alter the political aspect of things, or add to the
resources of our country; whilst perpetual innovation and experiment
on the constitution of the body politic, which injures many and benefits
none, may eventually lead to the most disastrous results.

Turning from the stormy ocean of Politics to the calmer regions of
Literature, we revert with satisfaction to the multifarious information
which, principally through the agency of our numerous and learned
Correspondents, we have been enabled to present to our readers in the
present portion of our Hundred and Second Volume. Whilst the lite-
rary world is deluged with ephemeral and oft-repeated trifles, or the
public taste nauseated by political and incendiary trash—be ours the
task to devote our attention to the more stable interests of British litera-
ture—to bring the hidden treasures of our ancient lore in a cheap form
before the public-to gratify the antiquary and the scholar with the
profound researches and classical disquisitions of the learned—to present
a just and impartial Review of the literature of the day—to give a
faithful and authentic chronicle of passing events—and to record, in our
deathless Obituary, the heroic actions of distinguished merit, or the
social virtues of private worth. To effect these important objects no
pains or expense shall be saved ; and we feel confident that our efforts
will be duly appreciated by an enlightened public.

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

..ib.

8

[PUBLISHED FEBRUARY, 1832.]
London Gaz - Times-Ledger

Norwich, Oxf., Portsm.,Pres.
Morn. Chron... Post - Herald

ton. Sherb., Shrewsb., South-
Morn. Advertises --Courier

ampton, Truro, Worcester 2–
Globe-Standard --Sup..Star

Aylesbury, Bangor, Barnst..
Brit Trav.. Record-Lil Gaz

Berwick, Blackb., Bridgew.,
St. James's Chron..Packet..

Carmar., Colch., Chesterf
Eveg. Mail.--Eoglish Chron.

Devizes, Dorch., Doncaster,
8 Weekly Pa...29 Sat. &Sun.

Falmouth, Glouc., Halifax,
Dublin 14--Edinburgh 12

Henley, Hereford, Lancas-
Liverpool 9-- Manchester 7

ter, Leaming, Lewes, Linc.
Exeter 6 - Bath Bristol, Si.ef-

Lichf. Macclesf. Newark,
field, York, 4 - Brighton,

Newc. on-Tyne, Northamp..
Canterbury, Leeds, Hull,

Reading, Rochest., Salish
Leicester, Nottingh. Plym.

Staff., Stockport, Taunton,
Stamf, 3— Birming. Bolion,

Swansea, Wakef., Warwick,
Bary, Cambridge, Carlisle,

Whiteh., Winches., Windsor,
Chelmsf.,Cheltenh ,Chester,

Wolverhampton, 1 each,
Coveo., Derby, Durh., Ipsw.,

Ireland 01--Scotland 37
Keadal,Maidst., Newcastle,

Jersey 4. Guerasey 3
JANUARY, 1832.
Original Communications. Roby's Traditions of Lancashire.......... 47
MINOR CORRESPONDENCE......
2 Buckhardt's Meditations.......

.48
On substituting Steam-power for Horse-labour 3 Westley's Manual of Logic......
Fotherby Church, Lincolnshire.

Dr., Croly's Sermon ......

.49
New Church in Little Queen Street, Holborn 9 Nichols's Anecdotes of Wm. Hogarth.........50
Dr.Morgau, Author of “Moral Philosopher" 10 Dr. J. Johnson's Diary of a Physician... .53
Con cunication of Cholera thro' Shipwreck 12 Bp. of Lincoln's Charge.......

.56
Ancient Bowls found in the Severn, ........13 Hosking on Architecture...

.57
Representations of the Labours of Hercules . 14 Bp. Hall's Contemplations......

.58
On British Geology, No. 1......................15 Blakey's Essay on Good and Evil.....

...59
Styles of Hume, Gibbon, and Robertson....17 Scott's Appeal on the National Church......ib.
List of Boys at Eton in 1779—1780......... 23 Lodge's British Peerage........ ......60
Tenants in Chief of Domesday Book ....... 25 Miscellaneous Reviews....

.61-62
Origin of the Grimaldi Family........ 26 Fine Arts.........

62
Baronial Families of Bec and Crispin...... 27-29 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.— New Works, &c.64
Descept of the Office of Marshal.............30 Adversaria, &c.........

67
Manuscripts possessed by M. John Aymon...ib. | ANTIQUARIAN Researches.

68
The town of Caudebec in Normandy. .........32 Select POETRY.....

.70
Lady Chapel, St. Saviour's Church...........35

Historical Chronicle.
Classical Literature.
Proceedings in Parliament......

72
On the Rectification of the Greek Grammar 41

Foreign News, 74.–Domestic Occurrences.75
Plato's Four Dialogues........

.42

Promotions, &c. 77.–Births & Marriages... 78
Valpy's third Greek Delectus ..................ib. OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Countess

Keview of New Publications. of Orkney; Lady Fitzgerald; Sir C. Hagger-
De la Beche's Geological Manual ...... 43 ston ; Sir T, N. Hill; Lt. Col. Brereton, &c.
Lyell's Principles of Geology........ ..ib. Bill of Mortality.--Markets.--Shares..
Hack's Sketches of the Ancient Earth......ib. Meteorological Diary.—Prices of Stocks....96

....95

Embellished with Views of Trinity CHURCH, Little Queen Street, Holborn;

And the old West BRIDGE AND Gate, at GLOUCESTER.

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's Head, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-Paid.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

With reference to the inquiries in vol. cl. of the ceremonies used by the Popes in conii. pp. 305, 488, relative to the family of secrating the “Golden Roses," which they HUYSHE of Sand, co. Devon, Mr. James occasionally presented to the sovereigns of Davidson, of Secktor, observes, “ I should Europe. Sleidan, in his History of the have little hesitation, notwithstanding the Reformation,

notes that the rose was sent transposition of the colours, in attributing in 1518 to Frederick, Elector of Saxony, the fifth quartering of the arms of Rowland by Leo X. through Charles Militz, to serve Huyshe, to the family of Lapflode of Sid- as a bribe ou that prince in the Pope's bury, in which parish the estate of Sand is favour, as Frederick took great part in the situated. (see Pole's Collections, pp. 166, religious disputations then in agitation. 491.) The name of Lapflode occurs more The same author also says that Pope Leo X. than once as a witness in the transcripts of sent the rose in 1524. to our Henry VIII., several ancient deeds now before me, relating as a token of his favour, that king having to lands in Sidbury during the 13th, 14th, written against the doctrines of Luther. It and 15th centuries. The seventh quartering would seem hy these two specimens that I should agree with the suggestion of Mr. the Pope knew well how to dispose of Loyd, in assigning to the fainily of Burnell, his roses to advantage; they were consiof Cocktree; but rather in this case to that, dered great gifts, for Sleidan says Frederick of Wike, of Binden, in Axmonth, which had long desired to have one. assumed the coat, (see Pole, 243,) where it An OLD CORRESPONDENT asks 6 at what appears

that the heiress of Burnell was mar- time rings were first employed in the married to Richard Wike, whose son married the riage ceremony ? It is known that the heiress of Avevell. Perhaps the pedigree Heathen, long before the Christiau æra, of Wike in the Visitation of 1562, (Harl. used the annulus pronubus ; and about A. D. MS. No. 3288, fo. 127) may state how that 633, the episcopal ring was considered a family was connected with Huyshe. It may pledge of marriage betweeu the Bishop and be observed also in connexion with the the Church.” subject, that Richards married the heiress Mr. A. Davis, solicitor, Deptford, would of Avenell, (Pole, 217); and that John feel much gratified by the communication Sydenham married the heiress of Gambon of any information tending to illustrate (id. 197). The eighth quartering may,

I the history of ancient Deptford. The loan think, be considered with great probability of any old plans, or notices of local antito belong to the family of Tremayle, the quities, and views of St. Nicholas' Church early owners of the estate of Sand. Sir W. before its re-erection in 1697, and of Says Pole, at p. 466, blazons the arms of Tre- Court at any period, are much desired : also mayle thus, ' Argent, a fess gules, between information as to the contents of a pamphlet three tramels Sable ;' and at p. 505, he calls thus mentioned by Lysons :—"An Account these charges tremeils.' Neither of the of a great inundation of Deptford is extant, works of Heraldry, to which I have imme- ' in a small pamphlet published at the time.” diate access, define such a bearing, but the A Constant Reader wishes for inforword trammel' is an ancient term for a mation respecting the Pedigree of the family pot-hook, an utensil which in form nearly of James Scaife, of Crosby Garret, in Westresembles the figures in question. The coat morland, who, he believes, died about 1750, of Tremayle was most likely ought in by and was buried in Crosby church, at the oue of the other matches, as the estate of entrance of the porch. Sand had passed from that family prior to

“Will your erudite corthe year 1447. According to Risdon, p. 34, respondent J. F. favour your readers with the estate was a purchase by Huyshe, whó similar notices of the descendants of Daniel was then there seated in a dainty dwel- Meadows of Chattisham, to those of his Jing.'

elder brother, William Meadows, inserted ALVA is informed that “ Erdeswicke's in vol. xciv. ii.

P. 218." Survey of Staffordshire" was reprinted in J. J. C. inquires whether there is any 1820, with additions by the Rev. Thomas Jiveal descendant of Sir Thomas Hunt, Harwood, F.S.A. and may be purchased of Knight, (mentioned in March, p. 208) now the printers of this Miscellany. Bishop living, and where. Lyttelton's MSS. are in the library of the C. would feel obliged for historical parSociety of Antiquaries; and were employed ticulars relating to Leightonville Priory, co. by Mr. Shaw for his “ History of Stafford- Salop, noticed in vol. ci. pt. ii. p.411. shire," as well as by Mr. Harwood.

In p. 32, in the head-line, for Havec read Mr. R. F. Hopwood inquires for an account Caudebec; and below, for Havec read Havre.

M. R. D. say::.

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