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time deposed him, and carried him and he was carried captive to Babycaptive to Egypt, according to the lon, Jerusalem and the temple being prediction of the prophet concerning destroyed (2 Kings xxiv. 17, 18; him (Jer. xxii. 10–12, compared xxv. 7).” The last-mentioned was with 2 Kings xxiii. 33, 34), and the third, and final, Babylonian caphaving thus deposed him, he made tivity. Jehoiakim, the elder brother, who
Theophilus. I hope I shall have a was formerly called Eliakim, king more distinct remembrance of these in his room. But this Jehoiakim
events, in future. I now understand was soon subdued by the king of the narrative
the narrative very clearly. Babylon," Nebuchadnezzar, "who, Reader. Some persons have imaafter his conquest, suffered him for gined a difficulty in verse 12, where a while to continue on the throne ; none exists; regarding Zorobabel, but, on his revolt to the king of who is there named, as the son of Egypt again, he was slain by the Pedaiah, mentioned in 1 Chron. iii. Chaldeans (2 Kings xxiv. 1, 2), and 19. But that Zorobabel was another thrown out unburied, as Josephus person. The celebrated Zerubbabel tells us, agreeably to what the pro- was the son of Shealtiel or Salathiel, phet had foretold (Jer. xxii. 18, 19; as here stated.— The whole pedigree xxxvi. 30)." I would here observe, here recorded is, doubtless, such as that, at the period of this conquest in was found in the Jewish genealogical the reign of Jehoiakim, many of the tables; and it does not appear that Jews were led away captive to Baby- the Jews, although violently opposed lon; and this may be regarded as to Christianity, ever charged the the first captivity. “After Jehoiakim's Evangelists with inaccuracy in this death, his son Jehoiachin, by some particular. called Jehoiakim the second, was put Many are the reflections which in his place; and this is he who is may arise when we consider the difelsewhere called Jeconiah (1 Chron. ferent characters and condition of the iii. 16), and Coniah (Jer. xxii. 24). various individuals who are numbered But, after a reign of three months, among our Saviour's earthly ancestors. he was taken captive and imprisoned Some of those persons were illustriby Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings xxiv. ous saints, patterns of faith, obedi8-16), according to the prophecy, ence, and holy consistency of conJer. xxii. 24-26, and after thirty- duct; men whose lives demand our seven years released (2 Kings xxv. imitation, and whose example may 27)." This captivity under Jehoia- animate our courage.-Others were chin may be reckoned as the second. sinners, who died, we fear, in a state When Jeconiah was deposed and of impenitence and unbelief; and carried captive," his uncle Zedekiah, from these men's history we may the third son of Josiah, was raised to derive a solemn warning. While the throne ; but, after a reign of their names are included in the Saeleven years, his eyes were put out, viour's genealogy, their souls, we
It is pro
fear, are lost; and thus it is still very any one belonged, they did not ask possible to hear the Saviour's name, who was his mother, but who was and to profess an outward and his father. And hence it was quite formal relation to his church, with necessary for the satisfaction of the out being indeed partakers of the Jews, to prove that the reputed and blessings of his salvation.—Here we legal father of our Lord was of the find also that royal penitent, David, line of Abraham and David.-Besides the man after God's own heart, who this, you will remember that Mary fell into sin, but, having deeply re- was of the family of David, in another pented of his offence, was mercifully branch, as appears from the genealogy forgiven. His history, in this in- recorded by St. Luke. stance, forms a most instructive com- bable that Heli was really the father ment on his own words, at the be- of Mary, and became the father of ginning of the 32nd Psalm, "Blessed Joseph only by adoption, upon his is he whose transgression is forgiven, espousal to his daughter.-Can you whose sin is covered. Blessed is the refer me to a passage of this Gospel man unto whom the Lord imputeth which may suggest to us the way in not iniquity, and in whose spirit which we may possess a more hothere is no guile.”—All the males nourable and blessed relation to Jesus, who are mentioned in the genealogy, than such as belonged to those who were, of course, Jews; but, while were merely his kindred according we observe the names of some Gen- to the flesh?—Read the passage, if tile women inscribed in the list, we you remember to which I allude. cannot but be reminded of the de- May the blessedness therein described lightful truth that in Christ Jesus be our own! there is neither Jew nor Greek, and Theophilus. “ While yet he talked that nations who were once accounted to the people, behold, his mother strangers to the covenant of promise and his brethren stood without, dehave been mercifully admitted to the siring to speak with him. Then one citizenship of the saints.-Oh that said unto him, Behold, thy mother each of our names may hereafter be and thy brethren stand without, defound written in heaven, in the siring to speak with thee. But he Lamb's book of life!
answered and said unto him that told Theophilus. The pedigree before him, Who is my mother, and who are us is evidently that of Joseph, who my brethren ? And he stretched was betrothed to Mary. But, since forth his hand toward his disciples, Joseph was not the father of Jesus, and said, Behold my mother and my of what value is this genealogy in brethren! For whoever shall do the proving his descent from Abraham will of my Father which is in heaven, and David ?
the same is my brother, and sister, Reader. The Jews reckoned their and mother." Matt. xii. 46-50. genealogies only by the males; so Reader. What is the meaning of that, in order to know to what tribe the term Christ, or The Christ, which,
as we are reminded in the sixteenth the anointing of the Holy Spirit, verse, is emphatically appropriated according to our measure,-may we to our blessed Saviour ? And to what walk worthy of our high vocation, Hebrew word does it correspond? and be finally made partakers of all
Theophilus. Christ is a Greek the blessings of redemption! word, meaning The Anointed One,
HYMN. and is the same as The Messiah in
Hark, the glad sound! the Saviour comes, Hebrew.
The Saviour promised long! Reader. Can you tell me what Let every heart prepare a throne, official persons were anointed among
And every voice a song. the Jews, at the time of their admis
He comes the prisoners to release sion to office, or consecration ?
In Satan's bondage held; Theophilus. Prophets, priests, and
The gates of brass before him burst,
The iron fetters yield. kings. Reader. And what was the signi
lle comes from thickest filins of vice
To clear the mental ray, fication of this ceremony?
And on the eye-balls of the blind, Theophilus. It was an emblem of
To pour celestial day. the communication of authority, and He comes the broken heart to bind, of the gifts and graces of the Holy The bleeding soul to cure ; Spirit.
And with the treasures of his grace
To enrich the humble poor. Reader. True. And therefore when our Saviour is called the
Our glad Hosannahs, Prince of Peace,
Thy welcome shall proclaim; Messiah or the Christ, we are re
And heaven's eternal arches ring minded that he has been appointed With thy beloved name. and qualified to act as the prophet, priest, and king of his church. “As no man was ever dignified by holding
§ III. the three offices, so no person ever had the title of Messiah, the Anointed
CHAP. I. 184-25. One, but Jesus, the Christ. He alone
Christ was conceived by the Holy Ghost, is King of kings and Lord of lords:
and born of the Virgin Mary, when the king who governs the universe she was espoused to Joseph. The anand rules in the hearts of his fol- gel satisfieth the misdeeming thoughts lowers; the prophet, to instruct men of Joseph, and interpreteth the names in the way wherein they should go; of Christ, and the great high priest, to make 18 | Now the birth of Jesus atonement for their sins," and to
Christ was on this wise: When plead for them in heaven.
as his mother Mary was espoused Let us thankfully acknowledge and submit to him in these high
to Joseph, before they came tooffices, to our eternal welfare : and gether, she was found with child as Christians,—those who, through 'of the Holy Ghost. divine mercy, have ourselves received 19 Then Joseph her husband,
being a just man, and not willing | Saviour; and express allusion to to make hera public example, was
some of his most significant names. minded to put her away privily. I will make a few remarks on the
conduct and character of Joseph and 20 But while he thought on
Mary; and we will then consider these things, behold, the angel
more at length the fulfilment of of the Lord appeared unto him Isaiah's prophecy, and the meaning in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou of the names here given to our Lord. son of David, fear not to take Mary was espoused or betrothed, unto thee Mary thy wife: "for as was usual among the Jews, some that which is + conceived in her time before she was taken home by
Joseph, to live with him as his wife. is of the Holy Ghost.
This contract was binding upon both 21 - And she shall bring forth parties, who, in the eye of the law, a son, and thou shalt call his
were already regarded as married name || JESUS: for "he shall persons ; so that, in case of separasave his people from their sins. tion, a formal divorce had now be
22 Now all this was done that come as necessary as it would have it might be fulfilled which was been at any subsequent period. spoken of the Lord by the pro- already styled the husband of Mary,
And hence we find that Joseph is phet, saying,
and Mary the wife of Joseph. 23 - Behold, a virgin shall be
Now Joseph, being a just man, that with child, and shall bring forth is, as we should say, being a good a son, and || they shall call his man, kind, considerate, and merciful, name Emmanuel, which being and therefore, -or, being a strict interpreted is, God with us. observer of the law, and yet,-not
24 Then Joseph being raised willing to expose Mary to infamy by from sleep did as the angel of
a public accusation, was disposed to the Lord had bidden him,
put her away privily; that is, to and
give her a writing of divorce in the took unto him his wife:
presence of two witnesses, without 25 And knew her not till she assigning any reason. had brought forth “her first-born this he would not do without much son; and he called his name deliberation, including, no doubt, JESUS.
prayer for divine direction. He
them an attentive consideraThat is, Saviour, Heh. y Acts iv. 12, & v. 31, & xiii. tion before he would venture to act. 23, $8.-2 Is. vii. 14.-1 Or, his name shall be called.& Ex. xiii. 2. Luke ii. 7, 21.
The conduct of Joseph, in this Reader. We have here a brief no- difficult affair, contains many partitice of some circumstances attending culars which deserve our imitation. the miraculous birth of our blessed I will thank Theophilus to read a
The Fifth Year before the Common Account called Anno Domini.-- Luke i. 27. & Luke i. 35.- Deut. xxiv. 1.- Luke i. 35. Gr. begotten.-- Luke i. 31.
he shall be called, The LORD OUR Reader. And the ninth verse of the RIGHTEOUSNESS."
next chapter. Reader. And you will find nearly Theophilus. “The multitudes that the same words in Jer. xxxiii. 15. It went before, and that followed, cried, is remarkable that Ezekiel prophe- saying, Hosannah to the Son of sies of Christ under the very name David : Blessed is he that cometh in of David.—Read chap. xxxiv. 23, the name of the Lord; Hosannah in 24.
the highest.” Theophilus. “And I will set up Reader. All these people intended one shepherd over them, and he
to express their belief that Jesus of shall feed them, even my servant Nazareth was the promised Messiah, David; he shall feed them, and he by the very title with which they shall be their shepherd. And I the saluted him. May we always lift Lord will be their God, and my up our hearts in sincerity and faith servant David a prince among them; whenever we utter that fervent petiI the Lord have spoken it."
tion, “ O Son of David, have mercy Reader. And to the same effect is upon us!”—Mary, do you remember Ezek. xxxvii. 24, 25. With all any occasion on which our blessed these verses compare now Acts xiii. Saviour referred to this title, in his 23.
conversation with the Jews? Theophilus. “Of this man's seed Mary. Yes. Our Lord once rehath God, according to his promise, ferred to it, with a view to silence raised unto Israel a Saviour, Je- the captious questions of the Jews; sus."
and to direct attention to the union Reader. How faithful to his word of the divine nature with the human is God! How beautiful the har- in his own glorious person.
I read mony of Scripture! Let me prove the history as it stands in St. Luke's to you, in the next place, that the Gospel. “He said unto them, How title “Son of David ” was commonly say they that Christ is David's son ? applied, by the Jews and others, to And David himself saith in the the Messiah, either expected or ac- Book of Psalms, The Lord said unto knowledged.—Read Matt. xv. 22. my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
Theophilus. Behold, a woman of till I make thine enemies thy footCanaan came out of the same coasts, stool. David therefore calleth him and cried unto him, saying, Have Lord, how is he then his son ?" mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of Reader. St. Matthew tells us that David."
no man was able to answer him Reader. And Matt. xx. 30.
a word.” So true it is that when Theophilus. “Behold, two blind men do not choose to be convinced men, sitting by the way-side, when of divine truth in general, or of any they heard that Jesus passed by, portion of divine truth in particular, cried out, saying, Have mercy on the Bible presents many difficulties us, O Lord, thou Son of David.” to their minds, which they cannot