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INDEX.

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Taxes, distinction between, and the Trial by jury, 250, 252
civil list, 496

Tribute, laws of, 108
imposition of, in France, 110 Truth, difficulty of attaining the,
Tenchebray, battle of, 273

19; characteristics of, 68
Tenure, laws of, 114, 117, 120, Tyranny, local, effects of, 174;
124, 135

origin of, 340, 341
Montesquieu on, 116 Tythes, institution of, 326 ; con.

of national assemblies, 293 tinuation of, 372
Territory, divisions of, under the
Anglo-Saxons, 42
divisions of, by the

U.
Frankish kings, 86, 92
Thanes, history of the, 33–35

Unity, definition of, 62, 265 ; power
Theodosius the Great, 24

of, in government, 72
Theodoric, dominions of, 86; inva. University of Oxford first repre-

sion of Spain by, 207; death of, sented in Parliament, 373
208

Usurpation, frequency of, 223
II., 208
Theory of law, 217

of power, 219, 220
of reconciliation, 338
of royalty, 218

Vascons or Basques, defeat of the,
Theories of representation, 335, 210
336 ; consequences of, 337 Vassals, etymology of the term, 122;
of government, 341

condition of, 175
Theudegisil, king of the Visigoths, royal, duties of, 296
210

Vassalage, 122, 126
Thorismund, 208

Visigoth legislation, character of,
Time, past, importance of the study 215

of, 5; present characteristics of Visigoths, laws of the, 119, 125,
the, 21

177, 208, 215; national assem.
Toledo, general councils of, 211- blies of, 211; institutions of, 237
213, 221, 230; political influence

monarchy of the, in Gaul,
of the, 231, 233; Abbé Mariana

208
on the, 241

in Spain, 207,
Tories, their estimation of Saxon 210
and Norman institutions, 283;

bishops of the, 232;
opinions of, on national assem- character of, 236
blies, 290; on electors, 377;

kings of the, 207-214;
theories of, refuted, 382

duties of the, 225
Towns, English, importance of, 268, Votes, classification of, 420

306, 362, 364 ; liberties of, 265,
280; effects of the Norman con-
quest on, 294; deputies of, called

W.
to Parliament, 362; representa-
tion of, 366

Wallia, king of the Visigoths, 207
conquered, treatment of, by Wamba, 213
the Romans, 181

Wars, civil, 274, 275, 280,311,519;
Trial, by ordeal, 249, 251

results of, 301, 520

207,

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Wars of Clovis, 34

William the Norman, changes in
of Edward II., 456

the legislature instituted by, 45,
of Henry Ill., 323

272; conquest of England by,
of Stephen, 274

211; charters of, 303
regulated by Parliament, 486

Rufus, political character of
of York and Lancaster, 519; the reign of, 272
effects of, on the representative Wittenagemot, composition of the,
form of government, 520

46; powers of, 49, 51; character
Wealth, stationary condition of, of the, 52; assemblies of the,
131

284, 292, 449
- of the Norman kings, 295 Withema, 211
Wehrgeld, or classified value of life, Witiza, reign of, 214
137, 138

Writs of Chancery, 297
Whigs, opinions of the, on Saxon of convocation, 371, 373, 374

and Norman institutions, 283; of election, 386
on national assemblies, 291 ; on

the election of members, 377
Will, philosophy of, 337, 338, 344;

Y.
representation of, 339; province
of the, 344

Yeomanry, English, origin of the
Wiil representation, 343

35

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