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Orford, (creat. 1806.) 1. Four Years in the Pacific, in write little copies of complimentary verses on little occasions, ller Majesty's Ship Collingwood, from 1844 to 1848, Lon., --to superintend a private press,-to preserve from natural 1819, 2 vols. 8vo; 2d ed., 1851, 2 vols. 8vo.

decay the perishable topics of Ranelagh and White's,--to record “. Of the better order of professional literature."-Lon. Alhen., Selwyu's good sayings,—to decorate a protesque house with

divorces avd beds, Miss Chudleigli's abeurdities and George 1849, 856.

pie crust battlements,-to procure rare engravings and antique " A work of lively character and rare merit."-Lon. Lil. Gaz., chimney-boarils,-to matchi odd gauntlets,--to lay out a maze 1849, 585.

of walks within five acres of grounds,-these were the grave See, also, Lon. Quar. Rev., Jan. 1854, art. iii., (The employments of his lung life. From these he turned to politics Missions of Polynesia.)

as to an umilisement. After the labours of the print-shop and

the auction-room, he unbent his mind in the Ilouse of Cununions, 2. The Ansayrii or Assassins; with Travels in the

And, having indulged in the recreation of making laws and Further East in 1850-51 ; Including a Visit to Nineveh, voting millions, le returned to more important pursnits,---10 1851, 3 vols. 8vo. See Lon. Athen., 1851, 1194, and N. researches after Queen Mary's comb, Wolsey's red hat, the pipe Amer. Rev., xciii. 343, n., (by Rev. c. H. Brigham ;) which van Tromp smoked during bin lasi sea.fight, and the Woon), 0. 1., M.D.

spur which King William struck into the flank of Surrel."Walpole, Rt. Hon. Horace, (Horatio,) Earl

LORD MACAULAY: Edin. Rev., Oct. 1833, (lviii.) 227, 228; repub.

in his Essays. of Orford, considered by most of his contemporaries

Against this verdict Miss Mary Berry (see her Adverand bingraphers to have been the third and youngest son of Sir Robert Walpole (infra) by Catherine Shorter, his nestly protests : yer Macaulay's sketch agrees very well

tisement in Walpole's Letters, 1810, 6 vols. 8vo) ear. first wife, was born October 5, 1717, and educated at

with Walpole's portrait by bis own band : Eton and at King's College, Cambridge: travelled for two

“I am certainly the greatest philosopher in the world, withyears on the continent, (see GRAY, THOMAS,) and on his ont ever having thonght of being so always employed, and return home, September, 1741, took his seat as M.P. for never busy; eager about trifles, and indifferent to every thing Callington : exchanged for Castle Rising, 1744, and from

Well, if it is not philosophy, at least it is content."-1754 to 1768, when he retired from Parliament, repre- 1861, vi. 109. See, also, extracts from his Letters, in fru.

Letter to Hon. H. S. Conway, Aug. 18, 177+, Cunninghan's ed., sented King's Lynn. By the favour of his reputed father, " Horace Walpole was an agreeable, lively man, very affected, he enjoyed for many years before his death three sinecure always aiming at wit, in which lie fell very short of his old offices, Usher of the Exchequer, Comptroller of the Pipe, friend George Salwyn, who possessed it in the most genuine but and Clerk of the Estreats,—the profits of which (several indescribable dogree."-LORD Ossory: Walpole's Letters, Cun.

ningham's ed., 1801, v. 256, n. thousands of pounds per ann'um) enabled him to enlarge

" Walpole was the last surviving disciple of the school of St. his Strawberry Hill residence (purchased in 1747) from Evremont, Chanlieu, &c.,-a tribe of philosophers who united a cottage to a Gothic villa, and to fill it with works of stwy with amusement, and sentiment with vivacity; but in art,-many of them of great value and rarity. In 1791, him the levity of the French Epicureans was invigorated by the by the death of his nephew George, third Earl of Orford, masculine strength of the British character." — WRANGHAM. be succeeded to the title and estates of his family ; but, ber early residence at Twickenham. " was not merely tall, but;

“This figure," remarks Miss Hawkins, in the reminiscence of with his usual affectation, he appeared rather to despise more properly, long and slender to excess; his complexion, and than to value his new honours,-never took his seat in particularly loin hands, of n most mhealthy paleners. Ilis eyes the llouse of Lords, and, to avoid the use of title,

were renarkalily bright and penetrating, very dark and lively; sometimes signed himself, The Uncle of the late Earl of

his voice was not strong, but his tones were extremely pleasant, Orford. He died at his house in Berkeley Square, Lon

and, if I may so say, highly gentlemanly. I do not remember

his common guit. He always entered a room in that style of don, March 2, 1797, in his 80th year. He was never affected delicacy which fashion had then made almost natural: married.

chapeau bras between his hapuis, as if he wished to compress it, I have remarked that Horace Walpole was consi.

or under his arm; kuees bent, and feet on tiptoe, as if afraid of

a wet toor. dered by most of his contemporaries and biographers to

Ilix dress in visiting was most usually, in summer,

when I most raw him, a lavender suit, tlie waistcont embroidered have been the son of Sir Robert Walpole. The inference with a little silver, or of white silk worked in the tambour, from this siatement will naturally be that there were partridge silk stockings and gold buckles, ruffles and frili some who thought otherwise. My explanation shall be

generally lace. I remember, when a child, thinking luim very conveyed in the words of Walpole's latest editor:

much under-dressed if at any time, except in morning, be

wore hemned camlırick. In summer no powder, but his wig " It is said that, latterly, Sir Robert Walpole and his wife did

combed straight and showing his very snooth, pale forehead, not live happily together, and that Horace, the youngest, was

and queried behin; in winter, puwder.". not the son of the great Prime Minister of England, but of Carr

* In the evening," says Madame D'Arblay, “came in Mr. Wal. Lord Ilurvey, elder brother of Pope's antagonist, and reckoned, pole; gay, though caustic; polite, thongh sneering; and enter: as Wirlpole records, of superior parts to his celebrated brother,tainingly epigrammatical. I like and admire, but could not John. The story rests on the authority of Lady Louisa Stuart, love nor trust him." dangliter of the minister Earl of Bute, and grand-danghter of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. She has related it in print in

Let us quote something better, from one who knew the Introductory Anecdutos to Lady Mary's Works; and there

him better: is too much reason to believe that what she says is true,"

“The affections of his heart were bestowed on few, for in PETER CUNNINGHAM: Pref. to his ed. of Walpole's Letters, 13 early life they had never been cultivated; but they were singuSept. 1858, 9. v. for Mr. Cunningham's reflections on this deli-larly warni, pure, and constant; characterised not by the Ardour cate theme.

of passion, but by the constant pre-occupation of real affection.

Tu the friends of his own election his devotion was not conWas it so then, indeed, that this eager retailer of scan.

fined to professions or words: on all occasions of difficulty, of dal appertaining to so many great families was him- whatever nature, his active affection came forward in defence self, all unconsciously, (“for we have no evidence what- of their character or assistance in their affairs."- Miss BERRY: ever that a suspicion of spurious parentage ever crossed Advertisement, dc., ubi supra. See BERRY, MARY. the mind of Horace Walpole.”—Cunningham, ubi supra,)

Ample materials for the formation of an intelligent 80 vulnerable in the very tenderest point? It may be estimate of Walpole's character will be referred to below.

but I am bound to say that Mr. Cunningham's 1. Ædes Walpolianæ ; or, A Description of the Collection reasons for crediting Lady Stuart's story appear to me

of Pictures at Houghton Hall in Norfolk, the Seat of Sir altogether inconclusive.

Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford, (drawn up in 1743,) The portrait of Horace has often been sketched, and Lon., 1747, 4to: 200 copies, privately printed; 2d ed., perhaps never so vividly as by a great artist lately with with Additions, 1752. 4to; 1767, 4to. A notice of this drawn from us in the prime of his wonderful powers :

collection, which was sold by the third Earl of Orford “ He was, unless we have formed a very erroneous judgment

to the Empress of Russia, will be found in Beloe's Anec., of his character, the most eccentric, the most artificial, the

i. 58-61. Seo Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, ii. 117, 170, most fastidious, the most capricions, of men. His mind was A 174. 2. Letter froin Xo-Ho, a Chinese Philosopher at bundle of inconsistent whims and affectations. His features were covered by mask within msk. When the outer disgnise 5 edits. in a fortnight.

London, to his Friend Lien-Chi at Pekin, 1757, fol., 6d. of obvious affectation was removed, you were still as far as ever from seeing the real man. He played innumerable parta, and

"An ingenious satire on our late political revolution, and over-acted them all. When he talked misanthropy, he out

particularly on the inconstant disposition of the English naTimoned Timon. When he talked philanthropy, he left Howard

tion."- Lon. Mon. Rev., 1767, i. 469. at an immeasurable distance. lle scoffed at Courts, and kept a In this year he erected the press at Strawberry Hill, chronicle of their most trifling scandal, -at Society, and was at wbich most of his own productions and some works of blown about by its slightest veerings of opinion,-at. Literary other authors were printeil. Fame, and left fair copies of his private letters, with copions notes, to be published after his decease,--at Rank, and never

3. Fugitive Pieces in Verse and Prose, Strawberry for a moment forgot that he was an Honourable,--at the prac. Hill, 1758. 8vo. pp. 192: 200 copies. See Lon. Quar. tice of Entail, and tasked the ingenuity of conveyancers to tie Rev., April, 1853, art. iii. 4. Catalogue of the Royal up his villa in the strictest settlement.

and Noble Authors of England, with Lists of their "The conformation of his mind was such that whatever was little seemed to him great, and whatever was great seemed to

Works, Strawberry Hill, 1758, 2 vols. sm. 8vo: 300 him little. Serious business was a trifle to him, and triflescopies, (the Postscript, infra, should be added ;) Lon., were his serious business. To chat with blue-stockings,-to 1 1759, 2 vols.; Dubl., 1759, 2 vols. in 1; Strawberıy Hill,


1787, 4to: Edin., 1792, 2 vols. 12mo; Lop., 1796, 8vo; "I do not doubt that there is a swarın of diminutive inaccura. Edin., 1796, 880. 2000 copies had been printed, and

cies in my · Anecdotes:'--well, if there is, I bequeath free leavo 900 dispersed, by Jan. 12, 1759. Enlarged and Con

of correction to the microscopic intellects of my continuators.

I took dates and facts from the sedulous and faithiul Vertue, tinued to the Present Time by Thomas Park, F.S.A., and pind myself on little but on giving an idea of the spirit with 150 Portraits, Lon., 1806, 5 vols. 8vo, £7 78.; I. p., of the times with regard to the arts at the different periods."4to, £15 158.; and six copies with proofs before letters,

Th Rer. W. Cole, Feb. 15, 1782: Letters, ut supra, viii. 158. See, £21. See Lon. Gent. Mag., 1835, i. 663. Postscript to

also, 223, 226, n., 228, 314. Mr. Walpole's Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors

“I detained my owu volume of Painters' for nine years,

though there is certainly no abuse in it, lest it should not satof England, Strawberry Hill, 1786, sm. 8vo, pp. 18. 40

isfy children of some of those artists."- To Dr. J. Wurlon, copies. To which add-I. Remarks on Mr. Walpole's Dec. 9, 1784: Letters, ut supra, viii. 533. Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors of England, Part “When the · Anecdotes of Painting' became so ridiculonsly 1, Lon., 1759, sin. Svo; II. Observations on the Account

dear, which happened by collectors of portraits cutting out the given of the Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors of prints, and using the text, I suppose, for waste paper, 1 printed

å small edition without prints, at half a crown a volume. Englanil. &c. &c. in article vi. of the Critical Review, These' Anecdotes are the only thing I ever published of any No. XXV., Dec. 1758, 8vo, 1759.

"'-To the Countess of Ossory, Sept. 15, 1789: Lillers, ut supra,

ix. 110. "The villanous book that has been published to defend me against the Critical Review. ... To-day I am told that it is See, also, iii. 199, 224, 289, 303, 365, 366, 395, 474, that puppy Dr. Hill who has chosen to make war with the 484, n., 488, 494, 506, iv. 156, 176, 177, v. 267, 270, Magazines through my sides."- Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, iii.

271, 280, 461, vi. 220, 291, 292, vii. 410, 443, 445, 446, 209. "If it wonld not look too vain, I would tell you that it was

447, 452, 460, 471, viii. 54, 69, ix, 154, 165. See, also, absolutely undertaken and finished within five months. Indeed, A New History of Painting in Italy, from the Second to the fandts in the first edition (300) copies, ut supra) and the de- the Sixteenth Century, by J. A. Crowe and G. B. Cavalficiencies show it was. I have just printed another, more cor- caselle, Authors of The Early Fle ish Painters, (Dec. rect." — Wpole to Sir H. Munn, Christmas-Day, 1758 : Letters, 1856, p. 8vo,) 1864-66, 3 vols. 8vo. ed. 1861, iii, 196. "I did give ninch offence to some persons who yearned with

6. The Castle of Otranto; a Story translated by Wilthose genealogic duties, by my 'Catalogue of Royal and Noble liam Marshal, Gent., from the original Italian of OnuAuthors; but I did not care a straw."To Rer. Dr. J. Wartom, phrio Muralto, Canon of the Church of St. Nicholas at Dec. 9. 1784: Letters, ed. 1891, viii. 333. See, also, v. 83, 88, vii.

Otranto, (Dec. 24, 1764,) 1765, 8vo: 500 copies ; 2d ed., 1:34), 366, viii, 57, 3:20, ix. 103, 131, 131, 178, 312, 192, 195. "My Catalogne I intended should have been exact enough in

with a sonnet to Mary Coke, signed II. W., and a second style: it has not been thought so by some: I tell you that you preface, (April 11,) 1765, sin. 8vo: 500 copies; 3d ed., may not trust me too much. Mr. Gray, a very perfect juige, 1766, Svo; 5th ed., 1786, sm. 8vo; 6th ed., Parma, by has sometimes censured me for parliamentary phrases, familiar Bodoni for J. Edwards, Lon., 1791, 8vo, 1. p., r. 8vo, or to me is your Scotch law is to you,"'- Horace Walpole to Dr.

sm. 4to : 6 copies on vellum : Junot, 82, £9 98.; ChrisWm. Robertsim. Mar. 4, 1759 : Stewart's Account of Robertson. “An author who has illustrated many passages in the Eng.

tie's, in 1804, £13 28. 6d. ; Edwards, 165, £29 86.; Lon., lish listory, and adorned more."-DR. ROBERTSOX: Hist. of Scot

1796, 8vo; on vellum: Chardin, 60 francs; Galitzin, 55 land, book viji., 11.

francs: 1804, 12mo; Edin., 1811, 4to; Lon., 1823, 8vo; ** The lively ani curions acuteness of Walpole.”—GIBBON: 1840, fp. 8vo; 1845, 12mo; Phila.,. 1854, 12ino; Edin., Mem, of my life and Writings, July 26. 1762. “I cannot leave the Royal and Noble Authors' without ex

1858, 12mo; Lon., 1859, sm. 4to; 1860, cr. 8vo; 1861, fp. posing the extraordinary chain of errors which an examination

8vo. See, also, REEVE, CLARA, No. 3. Le Château of the uljert bas detected in that work."-J. G. NICHOLS :) Lon. d'Otrante; Traduite par M. E., Amst., 1767, 2 vols. Gent. Mag., 1873, ii. 499, (9.7.)

12mo. See, also. E. Wynne's Miscellany, (1765, 8vo,) Tract No. “ March 13, 1767.- A bad translation of The Castle of Otranto' VI., hy Serjeant W. Wynne; Gifford's Ben Jonson, vol.

into French was published at Paris this month."-HORACE WALix.; N. Amer. Rev., Jan. 1865, 230.

POLE: Short Notes of my Life. 5. Anecdotes of Painting in England, with some Ac

Il Castello di Otranto, Storia gotica, stampato sotto count of the Principal Artists, and Incidental Notes on

l'Ispezione di Giov. Sivrac, Londra, Molini, 1795, r. 8vo. other Arts, collected hy George Vertue, and now digested

Robert Jephson's play of The Count of Narbonne was and published from his Original Mss.. with a Catalogue founded on The Castle of Otranto: see Walpole to Jephof Engravers, Strawberry Hill, 1762-71, '63, 5 vols. 4to;

son, Jan. 25, 27, 1780, in Letters, ed. 1861, vii. 316, 318. 2d ed., 1765-71, '65, 5 vols. 4tó; 3d ed., with Additions, See, also, viii. 94, 106, 137, 300. Lon., '1782, 5 vols. sm. 4to; 4th ed., with Additions, political frenzy has allowed of? in writing a novel, entitled

“How do you think he has employed that leisnre which his 1786, 5 vols, sm. 8vo; 5th ed., with Additions, and above

the Castle of Otranto;' and such a novel that no boarding150 portraits and plates, (see DALLAWAY, JAMES, No. 6,) school Miss of thirteen could get throngh withi without yawn. 1826–28. 5 vols. r. 8vo, £10 108. ; with India proofs, £15 ing.”Gilly Williams to George Selwyn, March 19, 1705. 154. : some l. p., proofs. Revised, with Additional Notes.

* Such a frantic thing as The Castle of Otranto.' It was fit by Ralph N. Wornum, Esq., 1839, 3 vols. 8vo; 1849, 3

for nothing but the age in which it was written."- Horace Wal

pole to Hannah More, Nor. 15, 1784: Letters, ut supra, viii. 524. vols. 8vo; 1862, 3 vols. demy 8vo, (Bohn's Eng. Gent. Lib.)

See, also, iv. 319, 327, 328, 331, 332, 336, 343, 373,

v. 108, n., 109, 112, vii. 51, 111, 167, ix. 76, 99, 440. The Catalogue of Engravers who have been born or

" The first romance in our language.”—Lord Byron. resided in England; digested from the MSS. of Mr.

" The actors in the romance are strikingly drawn, with bold George Vertue; To which is added an Account of his ontlines becoming the age and nature of the story. Feudal Life and Works, pub. separately, Strawberry Hill, 1763, tyranny was perhaps never better exemplified than in the cha

racter of Manfred. ... 4to; 1765, 4to; Lon., 1782, sm. Svo; 1794, 8vo; is also

The applause due to chastity and precipub. as vol. v. of the uniform editions enumerated above.

sion of style, to a happy combination of supernatural agency

with hunian interest, to a tone of feudal manners and language See collation of editions in Bohn's Lowndes, 2819-20.

sustained by characters strongly drawn and well discriminated, Sce, also, EDWARDS, EDWARD; RICHARDSON, JONATHAN, and to mity of action, producing scenes alternately of interest No. 8 ; Saint Barbe, CHARLES; Lon. Mon. Rev., xxvi. and of grandeur,-the applause, in fine, which cannot be denied 30, 37, 64; Edin. Rev., lix. 53; Retrosp. Rev., xv. 415; awarded to the author of The Castle of Otranto."-SIR WALTER

to him who can excite the passions of fear aud of pitys-must be Lon. Gent. Mag., 1828, i. 431.

Scott: Bing. Votices of Eminent Norelists: Horace Walpole. See, “ The first edition of the . Anecdotes' was of three hundred, of also, his Life of Clara Reeve. th, two first volumes; and of as many of the third volume, and “What I will venture to call a master-piece. Where a of the volume of Engravers.' Then there was an edition of beautiful imagination, supported by strength of judgment, lins three hundred of all four. . . . Of my new fourth volume I enabled the author to go beyond his subject, and effect the full printed (abont Oct. 1, 1780) six hundred; but, as they can be purpose of ancient tragedy."-BISHOP WARBURTON: Nole lo had, I believe not a third part is sold. This is a very plain l-s. Pope's Imit. of Horace, Book 2, Ep. I., v. 146. son to me, that my editions sell for their curiosity, and not for “A series of supernatural appearances put together under any merit in them; and so they would if I printed Mother the most interesting form imaginable."-BARON DE GRIMM. Goose's Tales, and but a few. As my ' Anecdotes of Painting' * Read the Castle of Otranto, which grievously disappointed have been published at such distant periods, and in thi divi. my expectations."-1 en's Mary of a Lorer of Lit., 1810, +to, 23. sions, complete sets will be seldom geen: so, if I am humbled * The Castle of Otranto (which is supposed to have led the as an author I may be vain as a printer; and when one has way to this style of writing) is, to my notion, dry, meagre, and nothing else to be vain of, it is certainly very little worth without effect. It is done upon false principles of taste. The while to be prond of that."'-To Rev. W. Coles, Nov. 30, 1780: great hand and arm wluich are thrust into the court-yard, and Letters, ed. 1861, vii. 467.

remain there all day long, are the pasteboard machinery of a "In a work that comprehends so much biography as my pantomime; they shock the senses, and have no purchase upon • Anecdotes of Painting,' it would have been inipossible, even the imagination. They are a matter-of-fact impossibility; a fixwith much more diligence than I employed, not to make num- ture, and no longer a phantom. Quod sic mihi ostendis incredulis berless mistakes. It is kind to point out to me those errors ; odi."—HLAZLITT: Lects. on the Comic Writers, Lect. VI.: On the to the world it is jnstice.' - To John Nichols, on the Crilicisms English Norelists. See, also, Dunlop's Ilist. of Fiction ; Mas. in Nichols's Hogarth on Walpole's Anecdotes, Oct. 31, 1781 : Let- son's Brit. Novelists, Lect. II.; Encyc. Brit., 8th ed., xix. 276: 1973, ut supra, viii. 99. See, also, 100, 123.




7. An Account of the Giants lately Discovered : in a was the author of some poetical pieces in Dodsley's Col. Letter to a Friend in the Country, 1766, 8vo. Humor | lection.

See Lon. Mon. Rev., 1766, ii. 240. 8. The Mys- Walpole projected a complete edition of all his works terious Mother; a Tragedy, Strawberry Hill, 1768, 8vo: from the Strawberry Hill press, and about 1770 et seq. 50 copies: privately printed; Lon., 1781, 8vo; Dubl., prepared there two volumes which are included in—16. 1791, 8vo: a surreptitious edition.

The Works of Horatio Walpole, Earl of Orford, illus" It is certain that I am sincerely modest about it, for I not trated with upwards of 150 Portraits, edited by Robert only never thought of its appearing on the stage, but have not

Berry, &c., (see BERRY, MARY,) Lon., 1798,

vols. 4to, published it. It has indeed received greater honours than any of its superiors; for Lady Di Beanclerk has «Irawn seven scenes

£10 108.: I. p., r. 4to, £21. Sir M. M. Sykes, Pt. 2,644, of it, that would be fully worthy of the best of Shakespeare's in, £24 13x. 60. For contents and notices of plays, such drawings that Salvator Rosa and Guido could not this edition, see Lon. Mon. Rev., 1798, ii. (xxvi.) 323, iii. surpass their expression and beauty. I have built a Closet on

(xxvii.) 31, 171, 271. 17. Reminiscences, Written in 1788, purpose for them here at Strawberry Hill. It is called the Bean. clerk Closet; and whoever sees the drawings allows that no

for the Amusement of Miss Mary and Miss Agnes B-y, description comes np to their mierit; and, then, they do not shock 1805, fol. : 25 copies privately printed from No. 16, at and disgust. like their original."- To Sir H. Mann, Oct. 31, 1779 : the expense of Lord Frederick Campbell. Mustrated Letters, ed. 1861, vii. 265.

with 200 portraits, Stowe, 57:33, £15 158. Lord Orford's See, also, v. 95, 108, 165, 196, 204, 337, 340, 420, n., Reminiscences, Lon., Sharpe, 1818, 12mo, pp. 120. vi. 192, n., 302, 311, vii. 34, n., 41, 43, ., 136, 139, 202, Horace Walpole's Reminiscences, and Walpoliana, Bost., 417, viii. 28, 34, 36, 37, n., 43, 44, 45, 59, 428, 429, ix. 1820, 12mo.' In Cunningham's ed. of Walpole's Letters 113, 165, 210, n., 288, 370, 430, 435. Notices of this these Reminiscences will be found in vol. i., pp. Ixxxvii., tragedy (utterly unfit for publication) will be found in exlv. In 1840 Mary Berry edited, for the first tiine, the Nichols's Ilust. of Lit., viii. 243; Green's Diary of a sixty letters addressed by Walpole to (his two ** wives." Lover of Lit., 43; Southey's Life and Corresp., ch. iii.; as he called thein) Agnes and herself: see 17, WALPOLE'S Scott's Essay on the Drama: Lon. Mon. Rev., 1797, ii. LETTERS AND CORRESPONDENCE, No. VII. Walpole left 248 ; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1797, 849; Blackw. Mag., ix. 281. many other MSS., and from these have been published

9. Historic Doubts on the Life and Reign of King Rich- from time to time many volumes, which we shall classify ard the Third, 1769, 8vo and 4to. Two edits. this year; 17. WALPOLE'S LETTERS AND CORRESPONDENCE; 18. 1st ed.. 1250. To this add: I. An Answer to Mr. Horace WALPOLE'S MEMOIRS AND JOURNAL. Walpole's Historic Doubts, &c., or an Attempt to confute 17. WALPOLE'S LETTERS AND CORRESPONDENCE. him from his own Arguments, by F. W. G(uidickins,) I. Letters to George Montagu, Esq., from the Year 1768. 4to. Commended by Lon. Mon. Rev., 1768, i. 401. | 1736 to 1770, Lon., 1818, 4to; l. p., imp. 4to, £3 38.; 2d II. Some Remarks on Mr. Walpole's Historic Doubts, ed., 1819, 4to. Reviewed in Lon. Quar. Rev., xix. 118, &c., hy the Rev. Robert Masters, 1772, 4to, (in Archæo- (by J. W. Croker:) Edin. Rev., xxxi. 80: Lon. Mon. login, vol. ii.) III. Free and Candid Remarks on Mr. Rev., xc. 1 ; Blackw. Mag., iii. 162; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1818, Horace Walpole's Historic Doubts, &c., St. Christopher, 85, 99, 118, 134. 1791, 4to. IV. A Supplement to the Historic Doubis on II. Letters to the Rev. William Cole and others, from the Life and Reign of Richard III., with Reinarks on the Year 1745 to the Year 1782 ; Now first Published some Answers to that Work ; Printed from a MS. in Eton from the Originals in the British Museum, 1818, 4to; College Library; Edited by Dr. Ilawtrey for the Philo- 1. p., r. 4to; 1. p., 1824, r. 4to. Reviewed in Lon. Mon. biblion Society, and not published, Lon., 1860–61, sm. Rev., xc. 1; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1819, 17, 31. See COLE, 4to, (vol. vi.)

WILLIAM. “The Historic Donbits' are an acute and curions example how III. Private Correspondence (1735-1797) of Horace minute antiquarian research may shake our faith in the facts Walpole, Earl of Orford ; now first Collected, 1820, 4 most pointedly uverred by general history. It is remarkable also to clinerve how, in defending a system which was probably

vols. 8vo; 2d ed., 1837, 4 vols. 8vo; 3d ed., 1837, 3 at first adopted as a mere literary exercise, Mr. Walpole's doubts

vols. 8vo. acquireil, in his own eyes, the respectability of certainties, in IV. Letters to the Earl of Hertford during his Lord. which he could not brook controversy."-Sir WALTER Scott: ship’s Embassy in Paris; to which are added Letters to Bing. Notices, d'c. : Horace Walpole.

the Rev. Henry Zouch, 1825, 4to. Reviewed in Lon. See, also, Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, v. 77, 81, 83, 84, Mon. Rev., cviii. 32; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1825. 88, 90, 101, 108, 114, n., 271, n., 425, 426, 454, 455, 457, V. Letters to Sir Horace Mann, (1741-1760.) British 469, vi. 294, 299, 304, 312, 315, 345, 414, 503, vii. 110, Envoy at the Court of Tuscany; Now first Published 117, D., 413, 460, ix. 434.

from the Originals in the Possession of the Earl of WalThe Historie Doubts were reviewed in Lon. Mon. Rev., degrave: Edited (with a Memoir) by Lord Dover, 1833, 1768. i. 114, (favourably,) and in Mém. litt. de la Grande 3 vols. 8vo; 2d ed., 1833, (some 1834,) 3 vols. p. 8vo; Bretagne, vol. ii., by David Hume: see, also, Hume's 3d ed., 1834, 3 vols. p. 8vo; N. York, 1833, 2 vols. 12m0. England, ch. xxvi., Note M; Green's Diary of a Lover of Reviewed in Edin. Rev., lviii. 227, (by Lord Macaulay, Lit., 124; N. Amer. Rev., xxix. 30, (and in W. H. Pres- and in his Essays,-see BERRY, MARY:) Westin. Rev., cott's Miscell., ed. 1855, 101 :) Buc, or Buck. Sir GEORGE; xix. 361; Lon. Mon. Rev., cxxxii. 221: Lon. Gent. Mag., HALSTED, CAROLINE AMELIA, No. 4. 10. Miscellaneous 1834, i. 22, 130, 364; Lon. Athen., 1833, 354, 382, 397; Antiquities, Strawberry Hill, 1772, 4to. Nos. 1 and 2.

Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1833, 337, 356, 374, 458. 11. Description of the Villa of Horace Walpole at Straw- VI. Letters to Sir Horace Mann, &c., 1760 to 1785; berry Hill, 1772, 4to: 2d ed., 1774, 4to : 100 copies, and Now first Published from the Original MSS. ; Concluding 6 on I. p. ; 3d ed., 1781, 4to: 200 copies, and 12 on l. p., Series, Lon., 1843–44, 4 vols. 8vo; Phila., 1844, 2 vols. 1. 4to : an illustrated copy in Lilly's Cat., July, Aug. 8vo. Reviewed in Lon. Quar. Rev., Ixxii. 516, and 1857, p. 30, £:31 108. See Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, Ixxiv. 395, (both by J. W. Croker;) Lon. Gent. Mag., vii. 478, viii. 478, 507, ix. 58, 111, 244, 525. 12. Letter 1843. ii. 227; N. Amer. Rev., Ixi. 422, (by C. F. Adams.) to the Editor of the Miscellanies of Thomas Chatterton,

VII. Letters, including Numerous Letters now fint 1779, 8vo, pp. 55. See Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, ix. Published from the Original Manuscripts. (arranged 380, 492, 495; CHATTERTON, THOMAS. 13. Hieroglyphick Chronologically, with Explanatory Notes; edited by John Tales, 1785, 8vo: seven copies. 14. Essay on Modern Wright,) Lon., Bentley, 1840, 6 vols. 8vo, £4 16.· aguin, Gardening, with a Translation in French by the Duke 1844, 6 vols. 8vo; again, 1846, 6 vols. 8vo, £3 36.; of Nivernois, 1785, 4to : 400 copies, 200 of which went to Phila., 1842, 4 vols. 8vo. Contains I., II., IV., V., and Hrance; 1801, 4to. Also repub. at end of Dallaway's

some (to Mary and Agnes Berry, &c.) before unpuband Wornum's edits. of Anecdotes of Painting.

lished. Reviewed in Lon. Atben., 1840, 68, 206, 365, " It is the translation of my Essay on Modern Gardens' by the 548, 709, 942, 962; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1840, 50, 163, 307, Duc de Nivernois. I believe I mentionell it to your Ladyship. 445, 766, 827; N. Amer. Rev., lv. 1, (by C. F. Adams.) You will find its most beautiful piece of French, of the genuine French spoken by the Duc de la Rochefoucault and Madame de

VIII. Letters addressed to the Countess of Ossory, Sévigné."- To the ('minless of Ossory, Sept. 17, 1785: Letlers, ed.

from the Year 1769 to 1797; Now first Printed from 1861, ix. 12. See, also, 16, 56.

Original MSS.; Edited, with Notes, by the Rt. Hon. R. 15. llasty Productions, by Lord Orford, Norwich, 1791, Vernon Smith, M.P., Lon., April, 1848, vols. 8vo; 2d 8vo: 25 copies, some of which were burnt by his execu- ed., Dec. 1848, 2 vols. 8vo. Reviewed in Edin. Rev., trix, Mrs. Damer, the productions being “ clever but very Ixxxviii. 339, (same in Bost. Liv. Age, xx. 29;) Lon. free." He also published a number of political tracts, Quar. Rev., Ixxxiii. 110, (by J. W. Croker:) Lon. Athen., &c., (see Bohn's Lowndes, 2820, 2822.) wrote Nos, vi., 1848, 453, 483, 506 ; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1848, 306, 325, 367. viii., X., xiv., xxviii., ciii., elx., and cxcv. of The World, IX. The Correspondence of Horace Walpole, Earl of and the concluding World Extraordinary, containing the Orford, and the Rev. William Mason; Now first Pubcharacter of Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Holland, and I lished from the Original MSS.; Edited by the Rev. J. Mitford, 1850, (some 1851,) 2 vols. demy 8vo. Re- | front cover of vol. i. to the back cover of vol. ix., rot viewed in Lon. Quar. Rev., lxxxix. 135; Lon. Gent. onnitting even the Rev. Mr. Mason's, which are about as Mag., 1851, ii. 45; Lon. Athen., 1851, 493, 520, 548; affected and stupid as any that I remember. My time I Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1851, 339, 403; Lon. Exam., 1851, (same cannot recall: but I may, by this bint, save somebody in Bost. Liv. Age, xxix. 563.)

else's. Skip Mason's. But all former collections of Walpole's Letters were

18. WALPOLE'S MEMOIRS AND JOURNAL. superseded byX. The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford ;

I. Memoirs of the Last Ten Years (1751-1760) of the Edited by Peter Cunningham; Now first Chronologically Reign of King George II. ; from the Original MSS., Arranged, (with nearly 50 portraits after Reynolds, (edited by Lord Holland,) 1822, (some 1825,) 2 vols. r. Romney, Gainsborough, &c., engraved on steel,) Bent | 4to, £5 58.; same, save some misprints, and Edited, with ley, 1857-58, 9 vols. 8vo, 108. 6d. ea.; Bohn, (Eng. Gent.

a Preface and Notes, by the late Lord Holland, on titleLib., i.-ix.,) 1861, 9 vols. demy 8vo, 98. ea.

page 1846, (some 1817,) 3 vols. Svo. Reviewed in Edin. "In addition to the series of ‘Letters by Walpole' already in

Rev., xxxvii. 1, (by Rev. Sydney Smith ;) Lon. Quar. print, (und forming nearly 20 volumes in tto and svo, as originally | Rev., xxvii. 178, (hy J. W. Croker;) Lon. Mon. Rev., published,) this new edition includes numerous (117) important | xcviii. 1; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1822, i. 235; Lon. Athen., letters, now for the first time communicated to the Editor from 1816, 1013, 1043, 1069, 1149; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1816, 921, the original MSS. in possession of various families of distinction, See, also, T. Moore's Memoirs, iv. 225, 303, vi. 79, (and 35 letters now first collected.) By the avantage of a chronological arrangement of the entire correspondence, it

Blackw. Mag., xi. 370, 479. forms a complete domestic history of English society, fashion,

"Have you read Lord Orford's Memoirs of his own Time? It art, and literature, chronicled by a writer of unsurpassed wit

is acid and lively, but serves, I think, to show how little those and uuttagging brilliancy during threr-quarters of the last cen

who live in public business, and of course in constant agitation tury. The variorum Notes of Agar, Ellis, Mitford, and others,

and intrigue, know alwut the real and deep progress of opinions combined with those of the present Elitor, throw all possible and events."--SIR WALTER SCOTT: Lockhart's Scoli, ch. Iv. light on the tritnsactions of the bygone days which live again in

II. Memoirs of the Reign of King George III., [from the pages of their accomplished historian and annalist."--Ad. his accession to 1771 :] Now first Publiebed from the rertisement, 1858.

Original MSS.; Edited, with Notes, by Sir Denis Le See reviews of this edition in Lon. Athen., 1856, 1227 ; | Marchant, Bart., 1845, (some 1847,) 4 vols. 8vo; Phila., 1857, 752, (vols. i., ii.;) 1858, ii. 223, (vols. iii., viii.;) 1845, 2 vols. 8vo; 2d ed., Lon., 1951. 4 vols. 8vo. Re1859, i. 112, (vol. ix. :) 1860, i. 317; 1861, i. 64; Lon. viewed in Lon. Quar. Rev., Ixxvii. 253, (by J. W. Croker;) Quar. Rev., Jan. 1857; Bentley's Quar. Rev., Mar. Blackw. Mag., Ivii. 353, (same in Sir A. Alison's Essays, 1839; Manches. Rev., Sat. Rev., &c.

iii. 310;) Dubl. Univ. Mag., xxv. 227, xxvi. 327; Lon. See, also, the following notices of Walpole's Letters as Athen., 1845, 831, 855, (see, also, 1816, 1294; 1860, i. contained in previous collections: Green's Diary of a 716 :) Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1845, 559; N. Amer. Rev., lxi. Lover of Lit., 125; Hallam's Lit. Hist. of Europe, 4th 422, and Ixii. 269, (both by C. F. Adams;) II. B. Waled., 1854, iii. 138, 535; Life of Sir J. Mackintosh, i. ch. lace's Lit. Criticisms, 124. See, also, IIERVEY, Jonn. viii.; Mary Berry's Eng. and France; Edin. Rev., ii. “Walpole's Correspondence and Memoirs, in many respects, 239, (hy T. Brown, M.D.,) Ixii. 208, (by Lord Jeffrey :) are highly valuable, and will always be referred to, as throwing Lon. Quar. Rev., xxx. 558, (by Sir Walter Scott ;)

much important light on the parliamentary and court transacBlackw. Mag., iv. 40, 148, xlvi. 404; Lon. Gent. Mag., ALISON: Essays, 1850, i. 325.

tions of the middle of the eighteeuth century.”—Sir ARCHIBALD 1833, i. 590; Fraser's Mag., 1855, (same in Bost. Liv. III. Journal of the Reign of King George the Third, Age, xliv. 183;) N. Amer. Rev., lxxix. 154, 155, (by E. from the Year 1771 to 1783; being a Supplement to his P. Whipple;) South. Lit. Mess., x. 7; Eclec. Mag., xv.

Memoirs; now first Published from the Original MSS.; 186: Avalec. May., xiii. 1; Museum, xxiii. 457; Selec. Edited, with Notes, by Dr. Doran, Lop., 1859, 2 vols. from For, Jour., ii. 167.

demy Svo. " Mr. [Richard) Bentley said that Walpole was the best letter- " These volumes abound in literary and social gossip."- Notes writer that ever took pen in hand; that he wrote with the and Queries. greatest ease imaginable, with company in the room, and even " They are p.ejudiced, incomplete, angry,--not always borne talking to other people at the time."-WILLIAM COLE: Athen. ont by after-facts; but they have a genuine stamp on them, and Cuntub.: Nichols's Ilust. of Lit., viii, 573.

llorace Walpole's seal was, in regard to the device and sharpI add some quotations :

ness of impression, no common one."-Lon. Athen., 1859, i. 118. “ Incomparable letters."-LORD BYRON: Pref. to Marino Fa

See, also, 9. liero.

Dr. Doran does not find Walpole's MS. Commonplace* The best letter-writer in the English language."-SIR WAL- Book, evidently intended for the press, of a proper chaTER SCOTT: Life of Horace Walpole.

racter for publication. “Ilis pistolary talents have shown oor language to be ca

To Walpole's Letters and Correspondence, and his pable of all the graces and of all the charms of the French of Madanie de Sévigné."-M188 BERRY.

Memoirs and Journal, may be added-Memoirs of Horace “Of letter-writers by profession we have, indeed, few; al-Walpole and his Contemporaries, including Numerous though Iorace Walpole, lright, fresh, quaint, and glittering as Original Letters, chiefly froin Strawberry Hill: Edited one of his most precious figures of Dresden china, is a host in by Eliot Warburton, 1851, 2 vols. 8vo; red. to 108., 1853. limself."- Miss MITFORD: Recollec. of a Lit. Lite, ch. xxxii. * Read, if you have not read, all Horace Walpole's letters,

Condemned by Lon. Gent. Mag., 1851, ii. 45; Lon. wherever you can find them: the best wit ever published in the

Athen., 1851, 425; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1851, 251, 403. shape of letters."-REV. SYDNEY SMITH: Letter (No. 186) to Edw. For further notices of Horace Walpole, see Park's Darenport, Foston, Nor. 19, 1820: Mem. of Rer. S. Smith, ií. Walpole's R. and N. Authors, iv. 370; Lord Dover's

· Walple's Letters' are generally considered as his best per- Memoir, (supra;) Nichols's Lit. Anec., vii. (Index) formances, and, we think, with reason. Ilis fanlts are far less offensive to us in his correspondence than in his books. His

413, 704; Nichols's Illust. of Lit., viii. 113, (Index ;) wijd, absurd, and ever-changing opinions about men and things

Chalmers's Biog. Dict.; Cunningham's Biog. Hist. of are easily pardoped in familiar letters. lIis bitter, scoffing, de- Eng.; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1797, 256, 707, 796, (Obituary ;) preciating disposition does not show itself in so unmitigated a Letters of Mad. du Detfand to Horace Walpole, &c., ed. manger as in his Memoirs.' A writer of letters must be civil

by Miss Berry, 1810, 4 vols. 12 mo ; in French, 1812, 4 And friendly to his correspondent, at least, if to no other persop."-LORD MACAULAY: Edin. Rrr., Iviii, (Oct. 1833) 210.

vols. 8vo; Corresp. of the Countess of Suffolk ; Croker's " But it is not, we say, for the mere merits of his style that

Boswell's Johnson ; Preface to The World ; Schlosser's Walpole's Letters are, we think, destined, more surely perhaps 19th Cent., ii. 72; Disraeli's Calam. of Authors, and his than any other work of his or our age, to immortality; it is lie. Miscell. of Lit.; Creasy's Etonians; Lord Mahon's His. cause these Letters are in fact a chronicle-much more minute and particular than Holinshed or Hall-of every occurrence and

tory of Eng.; Ilallam's Constit. Hist. of Eng.; C. Knight's of every opinion which attracted or deserved public attention,

Once Upon a Time ; Dugald Stewart's Robertson ; Lord either at home or abroad, during one of the busiest half-centu | Brougham's Men of Letters, (Robertson ;) Bohn's ries of European history. . Walpole's great History of his own Lowndes, 1046, (Hentzner.) 1834: Lon. Quar. Rev., xo. Times."-RT. Hon. J. W. CROKER: Lom. Quar. Rev., lxxii. (Sept. 311, (Walpole's Garland, 1761, MS.;) Brit. Quar. Rev., 1843) 517, and lxxxiii. (Sept. 1818) 118.

“I refrain to quote from Walpole regarding George, for those April, 1858; Bentley's Quar. Rev., No. 1, 1859, 227; charming volumes are in the hands of all who love the gossip Dubl. Univ. Mag., Nov. 1858, and April, 1859: Eclec. of the last century. Nothing can be more cheery than Horace's Rev., 4th Ser., xxx. 683; Blackw. Mag., xi. 206, xxix. Letters. Fiddles ring all through them; wax-lights, fine dresses, 301; Fraser's Mag., xxvii. 629, xxviii. 15; Democrat. fino jokes, fine plates, fine equipages, glitter and sparkle there; Rev., xiv, 353; Museum, xxiii. 467; Lon. Athen., 1851, never was such a brilliant, jigging, smirking Vanity Fair as that through which he leads us. Hervey, the next great au

573, and 1857, 1357; EVELYN, Jonn; HERBERT, LORD thority, is a darker spirit.”-THACKERAY: George the Second. EDWARD, No. 8; MIDDLETON, CONYERS, D.D., No. 14;

"Compare Walpole's Letters in Mr. Cunningham's excellent PINKERTON, Jonn, No. 17; Williams, ROBERT FOLKEnew edition."-THACKERAY: The Virginians, vol. ii. ch. xxx., n.

STONE, No. 12. I read through the whole of these Letters,-from the Respecting Strawberry Hill, see Lysons's Environs; Mrs. Stone's Chron. of Fashion,-English Society, 2d ed., "It was always Walpole's foible to disclaim a professed pur. 1846, ii. 134-158; G. and P. Wharton's Wits and Beaux suit of public favour, for which, however, he earnestly thirsted. of Society, ii.: Bohn's Lowndes, 2530 ; Catalogue of the

... There was much affectation in this, which accordingly niet

the reward which affectation usually incurs; as Walpole seems Pictures and Drawings in the Holbein Chamber at Straw

to have suffered a good deal from the criticism which he suffected berry Hill, 1760, Svo, and sm. 8vo; Catalogue of Books, to despise, and occasionally from the neglect which he appeared Tracts, and small detached Pieces Printed at the Press to court."--Sir WALTER SCOTT: Life of Walpole. at Strawberry Hill, 1810, 4to: 20 copies privately printed; bered our libraries with his masses of cobwels, lis ponderous

" That feeble writer [Ilorace Walpole) his too long incum. Catalogue of the Classic Contents of Strawberry Hill,

volumes of flimsy effusions."-Dr. Thomas Browx: Edin. Rev., 1842, 4to: an illustrated copy, John Allan's sale, 1864, ii. (April, 1803) 239. 3132, $200. See, also, Lon. Gent. Mag., (The Treasures "It is the fashion to underrate Horace Walpole: firstly, of Strawberry Hill,) 1842, ii. 16, 147, 257, 377, 477, 599; because he was a nobleman, and secondly, because he was a Bibl. Heber., Part 8, 2692 ; sale of Walpoliana, the pro, comparable letters, and of the Castle of Otranto, he is tho,

gentleman; but, to say nothing of the composition of his in. perty of the late G. C. Bedford, by Christie Manson, and

Ultimus Romanorum,'—the author of the Mysterious Mother, Woods, Mar. 1, 1861, (see Lon. Crit., Feb. 16, 1861, 224, a tragedy of the bighest order, and not a puling love-play. He &c.;) and No. 11, supra.

is the father of the first romance and of the last tragedy in ons “In his multitudinous collection nothing was incongruous, language; and surely worthy of a higher place than any living nothing out of place; every thing was well arranged, every thing writer, be he who lie may."-LORD Byron: Preface to Marino was complete in its way. Some things might be tinical, some Fuliero, 1820. trifling ; yet all gave evidence of good taste, of refined intellect, "What, then, is the charm, the irresistible charm, of Walpoles and of a range of thought, of occupation, of amusement, far, writings? It consists, we think, in the art of amusing without far higher than could be challenged by any other votarist of exciting. He never convinces the reason, nor fills the imaginafashion of that time. Horace Walpole was himself a living tion, nor touches the heart; but he keeps the mind of the specimen of the rarity which he prized. Strawberry Hill and reader constantly attentive and constantly entertained. . its master were alike unique." - Mrs. STONE: Chronicles of No one who has written so much is so seldom tiresome. In his Fushion - English Society.

books there is scarcely any of those passages which in our schoolWalpole's professed estimate of his own pursuits, and days we used to call ship. Yet he often wrote op subjects which

are generally considered as dull,--on subjects which men of of his productions, was sufficiently humble:

great talents have in vain endeavoured to renler popular, . “Every thing," lie writes to Cole, in 1781, " tells me how silly | Te rejects all but the attractive parts of his sulject. Ho keeps I am! I pretend to renson, and yet am a virtuoso !"

only what is in itself amusing, or what can be made so by the “In my latter age," he confesses to Pinkerton, “ I discovered artifice of his diction. The coarser morsels of antiquarian the futility both of my objects and writings :: I felt how insig- learning he abandons to others, and sets out an entertainment nificant is the reputation of an author of mediocrity, and that, being no genins, I only added one more pame to a list of writers

worthy of a Ronian epicure.-an entertainment consisting of

nothing but delicacies-the brains of singing birds, the roe of that bad told the world nothing but what it could not as well be muullets, the sunny bulves of peaches. We own that we without."

expret to see fresh lumes and fresh Burkes before we again And again, when quoting Pope's description of the fall in with that peculiar combination of moral and intellectual wits of Charles's days, “The mob of gentlemen who qualities to which the writings of Walpole owe their extraorwrite with ease," he adds, “Into that class I must sink; dinary popularity.”—LORD MACAULAY: Edin, Rer., Ivii. (Oct. and I had rather do so imperceptibly, than to be plunged 1833) 235, 238, 239. down to it by the interposition of the hand of a friend

I am now (1870) able to make a raluable addition to who could not gainsay that sentence."

my Walpoliana, viz. : Extracts from the Journals and And when declining a eulogistic dedication of Beloe's Correspondence of Miss Berry, from the Year 1783 to Aulus Gellius, (Dec. 2, 1797,) he thus addresses the trans

1852; Edited by Lady Theresa Lewis, Longmans, 1865, lator:

3 vols. 8vo; 2d ed., 1866, 3 vols. Svo. Reviewed in "Next to being ashamed of having good qnalities bestowed on

Edin. Rev., Oct. 1865, Lon. Quar. Rev., No. ccxxxvii., me to which I should have no title, it would hurt me to be praised Jan. 1866, Brit. Quar. Rev., Jan. 1566, Lon. Reader, on my erudition, which is most superficial, and on my trifling 1865, ii. 391, 421, 452. To my article BERRY, MARY, I writings, all of which turn on niost trifling suljects. They add that she wrote in 1801 a comedy in five acts, called amused me while writing them, may have amused a few persong, but have nothing solid enough to preserve them from be

Fashionable Friends, which was produced at Strawberry ing forgotten with other things of ns light a nature."- Walpole's Hill in 1801, (Prologue and Epilogue by Joanna Baillie,) Letters, Cunningham's ed., 1861, ix. 448.

and subsequently on a public stage. She survived Wal" It is most true, sir, that, so far from being prejudiced in pole nearly fifty-six years, dying Nov. 21. 1852, in her favour of my own writings, I am persuaded that, had I thought 90th year, (b. March, 1763.) Agnes Berry died

an. 1852, early 'as I think now, I should never have appeared as an alle thor.... I know how trifling my own writings are, and how

in her 88th year, (b. May, 1764.) Few women moved far below the standard that constitutes excellence: as for the so long and so acceptably in fashionable society, and shades that distinguish the degrees of mediocrity, they are not knew so many distinguished persons, as Mary and Agnes worth discrimination.”- To J. Pinkertom, Oct. 27. 1784: Letters, Berry. For Walpole's first notice of them, see his letter ed. 1861, viii. 515. See, also, 208, 209, 210, 269, 288,

to the Countess of Ossory, Oct. 11, 1788, (Letters, ed. “I have been so foolish as to be an author, (of which I most heartily repent.) It is not only exposing oneself, but giving 861, ix. 152, 163, et seq.) For an obituary notice of others an opportunity to expose one; and therefore, being

Miss Berry, sec Gentleman's Magazine, 1853, i. 96. already one of that general set of fools, it matters little if I am Did llorace Walpole wish to marry Mary Berry? It ranged in any particular class. . . . A name so insignificant as is taken for granted that he did. Lady Lewis remarks, mine, and which will every day grow more obscure, or be remembered only by my follies."--To the Earl of Harcourt, Sept. Orford's great attachment to Miss Berry had ever led to any

“It has often been a matter of speculation whether Lord 1, 1787 : Letters, ut supra, ix. 105. “I have several reasons for lamenting daily that I nver was

explicit declaration of a wish to obtain lier consent to their either author or editor.... I have been long vexes at the

union in marriage. Notwithstanding the frequent professions ridiculous prices given for my editions. It could not lie flatter

of equal attachnient to both sistere, it is easy to see througliout ing to the vaiuest anthor or editor upon earth; for their dear

the correspondence that Miss Berry herself was his first object. ness is solely to lie attributed to their scarcity; and a collector

The drear of being thought ridiculous loy playing the part of a who pays extravagantly for a rare book will never read in it,

more than septuagenarian lover no doubt acted as a constant or allow anybody else; for the virgin purity of the margin is

check upon the indulgence of such hopes as he might have as sacred with him as the text."- 7o the Countess of assort, Sept. pendent was he on the society of Miss Berry and her sister for

reasonalily entertained as a younger man; and so entirely de15, 1787 : Letters, ul supra, ix. 110. See, also, 133, 164, 449.

what remained to him of pleasure in life, that, even if impelled I was to give some extracts exhibiting his own esti

hy the wish to secure to himself the alisolate right to her com mate of his character:

panionship and attentions as a wife, he probably feared to lose “ Unalterable in my principles, careless about most things her friendship by proffering the hand she might not accept; yet below essentials, indulging myself in trifles lig system, anni

it was admitted by those best entitled to know, that at one time hilating myself by choice, but dreading folly at an museemly

Miss Berry was conscious that the choice was within her power; age, I contrive to pass my time agreeably enough, yet see its

but she cling to his friendship too warmly and too sincerely not termination approach without anxiety. This is a true picture to sedulonsly guard him from the expression of any feeling she of my minil."— To Hon. H. S. Conway, June 20, 1776: Letters, ut could not fully return. She accepted his friendly affection withđua, vỉ, 33.

out reserve. Ile was spared the mortification of ever learning "I would fling up my patent to-morrow if it was capable of

from her lips that more he could never expect."-Extracts, dc., making me do one servile act, if it deterred me one moment ul sur., ii. 20. from following the dictates of conscience and friendship. Both Now, I am satisfied that Walpole had no intention that in Parliament and out of it, I will say and do what I think right his hand should follow his heart. He writes to them, and honest. I was born free, and I will live and die so, in spite October 10, 1790, “ As wives and darling children I have of patents and places. I may be ruined, as Mr. Conway has been, but I will preserve my honour inviolato. If I did not, I loved and do love you; and, charming as you both are, might receive you here with more magnificence, but I had rather I have no occasion to remind you that I am past seventyreceive you, as I hope to do, without a bush. You know the three." He writes to the Countess of Ossory, May 29, passion I have for Strawberry Hill; but, trust me, at this moment I know I could with pleasure see it sold, if reduced to it'ly 1792, “In short, they are extraordinary beings, and I suffering for my country and my principles."-Letters, ut supra,

am proud of my partiality for them; and since the ridi. iv. 244.

cule can only fall on me, and not on them, I care not a

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