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CONTENTS.

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CHAPTER I.

Ancestry of Abrahain Lincoln-Their Residence in Pennsylvania and Virginia,
His Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone and his Associates-
“ The Dark and Bloody Ground”-Ilis Violent Death-His Widow Settles in
Washington County-Thomas Lincolu, his Son, Marries and Located near
Hodgenville-Birth of Abraham Lincoln--LaRue County-Early Life and
Training in Kentucky...

CIAPTER II.

Removal from Kentucky-An Emigrant Journey-The Forests of Southern Indi.

202-Xew Home Indiana in 1816—Slavery and Free Labor-Young Lincoln at

His Work-His Schools and Schoolmasters-Self-Education-A Characteristic

Incident-Acquaintance with River Life-His First Trip to New Orleans as a

Flatbostman-Death of His Mother-His Father's Second Marriage-Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler - Close of an Eventful Period in Young Lincoln's

Il istory.......

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CHAPTER III.

The French Settlements—The North-West-The Advance of Emigration-Four

Great States Founded-North and South in Ubio, Indiana, and Illinois–Senti-

ments of Southern Emigrants—The First Emigrations-A Coincidence of Dates-

Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln-Removal to Illinois-Settlement on the San-

gamon, in Macon County--Locality Described - Abraham Lincoln Engaged in

Splitting Rails-Removal of His Father-Ilo Settles in Coles County-Abraham

Lipcolo makes another Trip as a Flatboatnian-Becomes Clerk in a Store on

Bis Return-Postmaster at New Salem.........

21

CHAPTER IV.

Breakiog Out of the Black Hawk War--The Invasion of 1831—The Rock-river

Country Threatened - Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk--Treaty of 1804-Bad Faith of the Indians-Invasion of 1832—Volun-

teers Called for- Abraham Lincoln one of a Company from Menard County

He is chosen Captain-Rendezvous at Beardstown-Hard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battlo Avoided by

the Enemy-Discontent among Yolunteers--They are Disbanded-Captain Lin.

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service--Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Levies--Encounter at Kellogg's Grove-Black Hawk at Four
Lakes He Retreats-Battle on the Wisconsin-Hastens Forward to the Mig-

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note.........................

37

CHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life-His Political Opinions-Clay and Jackson-

Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative-Election in 1834–Illinois Strongly

Democratic-Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor-Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin.

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve-

ments-Whig Measures Democratically Botched—First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas_The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it-Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836–Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House-Distin.

guished Associates_Internal Improvements Again-Mr. Lincoln's Views on

Slavery–The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis---Revulsion

of 1837-Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Tbird Term-John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory-Lincolo the Whig Lender, and Candidate for Speaker-Close Vote-

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CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844–The

Campaign in Illinois-Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Calhoun tho Leading Polk Elector-The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed-

Method of Conducting the Canvass-Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion-Rendera Efficient Service in

Indiana-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences-Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1846-President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun-

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff-Political Character

of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-

His Personal Popularity Demonstrated.....

69

OHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congross-Its Political Character-The Democracy in a Minority

in the House-Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Mombers in

both Houses-Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Sossion-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-Tho Mexi.

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tlon thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War--Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve.

ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues ; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Horoes and

Exploits; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions--Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election-Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia-Tho Public Lands-Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-Ho

Retires to Private life................

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CHAPTER IX.

Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years-Gen. Taylor's Administration-The

Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clay nnd Fillmoro_The “Final

Settlement" of 1852-How, and by Whom it was Disturbed-Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges—The Kansas-Nebraska Bill-Douglas, the Agitator-

Popular Indignation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Capvang

of 1851Great Political Changes-The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield

Resolutions of 1851-Results of the Election-A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc-

ceed Gen. Shields--Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice-

Mr. Trumbull Elected..

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CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized-Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-Tho

Canvass of 1856-Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton--His Active Labors

on the Stump-Col. Binxell Elected Governor of Illinois, Mr. Buchanan Inau-

gurated--His Kangas Policy-r. Donglas Committed to it in June, 1857-John

Calhoun his Special Frieud--The Springfield Speech of Douglas--Mr. Lincolu's

Reply......

121

CIAPTER XI.

The Lecompton Struggle-The Policy of Douglas Changed-H10 Breaks with the

· Administration and Loses Casto at the South-Republican Sympathies-Donglas

Falters, but Upposes tho English Bill-Passage of that Measure, Democratic

State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

Commenced–The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven-

tion in June Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi.

cans for Senator-His Groat Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug-

las and Lincoln at Chicago-Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed out by Mr. Lincoln-Ho Analyzes the

Donglas Programme_Seven Joint Debatos-Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-

form, and Propounds Interrogatories - "Unfriondly Legislation "Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result of the Canvass—The

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for DouglasPublic Opinion.............. 141

CHAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln in Ohio-- His Speech at Columbus-Denial of the Nogro Suffrage

Charge_Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle"-Territories not

States-Doctrines of the Fathers-His Cincinnati Speech-"Shooting Over the

Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do-Plain Questions to the Democracy-

The People Above Courts and Congress—Uniting the Opposition- Eastern Tour-

The Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers

Held-What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republi-

cans-Mr. Lincoln Among the Children......

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CII APTER III.

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CHAPTER VIII.

Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.-President Lincoln's last Apnual

Message.-Cabinet Changes.-Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Deunigon becomes

Postmaster-General.-Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General.-

Death of Chief Justice Taney.-Mr. Chase his Successor.-Our Rolations with

Canada.—The Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate.-Call for 300,000 more Sol-

diers.-Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by

the House.-Popular Rejoicing.-The Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners.--

Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment.--The

Wharncliffe Correspondence.—Testimony of Goldwin Smith.-Peace Memorial

from Great Britain.-Correspondence Thereon.-Congratulatory Address of the

Workingmen of Great Britain.-Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swe-

dish Minister.-Speech of Mr. Lincoin on the Death of Edward Everett.--Polit-

ical affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas.-Abortive Peace Negotia-

tions.-Full Details of the Hampton Roads' Conferenco.-Rebel accounts of the

Same.-Affairs in Richmond.-Close of tho Thirty-Eighth Congress.-Creation

of the Bureau of Freedmen, and other Legislation...............................................

663

OHAPTER IX.

Winter Campaigns of 1864–5.–Movement of Sherman, from Atlanta to Savannah.

-Fort McAllister Carried by Assault.-Communication Opened with Admiral

Dahlgren': Flect.-Savannah Occupied by Sherman.-Movements of Hood and

Beauregard.-Campaign in Tennessee.- Battle of Franklin.-The Armies Before

Nashville.-Raid of Stoneman and Burbridge.-Battle of Nashville.-Defoat

and Bout of Hood's Army.-Movements Agaiust Wilmington.-Failure of the

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