« PreviousContinue »
His review of Foster's celebrated essays monument to the enlarged views, diversi. is a masterly production. He enters into fied talents, and discriminating powers of an investigation of the subjects with the their author, when the marble which records profundity of a philosopher, and displays his name shall weep with mildew from the the emanations of a mind habituated to the vault beneath, and its inscription shall beexamination of abstruse theories, with a come illegible to the organs of vision. depth of penetration that can anticipate The remaining portion of this volume with ease the distant consequences involved consists of miscellaneous pieces, including in the principles which his author advances. speeches, prefaces, addresses, memoirs, He can accompany him in his most lofty characters, letters, &c., amounting in all to elevation, and descend with him into those twenty-six in number. Several of these depths which human lines and plummets being of local application, much of their but rarely visit. In every step he follows original interest is lost, through the lapse the nice discriminations which it was the of time, and the mutations of human affairs. felicity of Mr. Foster to detect and notice, Such, however, as were appropriated to and rivals the brilliancy of his mental subjects of frequent occurrence, find a repowers, in pointing out the sparklings of newal in passing events, to which they may their coruscations.
easily be transferred. In this case, we have In reviewing Custance, on the Constitue only to make an exchange of names and tion of England, the knowledge which he dates, and the sentiments expressed, immedisplays of its legitimate principles, de- diately revive in all their freshness. tached from the corrosions which it has A memoir of the late Rev. Robert Hall, received from the innovations of time, and we are led speedily to expect in the ensuing the deviations sanctioned by the accommo- volume, which we apprehend will complete dations of practice, would do honour to the series. This memoir will be the prothe bar, the bench, or the senate. His duction of two celebrated individuals. The views are both comprehensive and pro- sketch of his literary character is expected found. With the eyes of Argus, he glances from the pen of Sir James Mackintosh, in every direction, traces despotism in all L.L.D. M. P.; and that which will survey its evolutions, and marks it with the brand him as a theologian and a preacher, by the of infamy. The same acuteness of percep- Rev. John Foster. This whole work will tion follows rational liberty, both in her be a valuable acquisition to the christian advances and retreats; but, under the library. most cloudy aspects, he never deserts her standard, never betrays her into the enemy's hands, and never recommends a compro
Review.--The Anatomy of Drunkenness. mise with tyrannical oppression.
By Robert Macnish. 12mo. pp. 266. While reviewing Zeal without Innovation,
M-Phun. Glasgow. 1832. he seems perfectly at home. He seizes This is a humorous title given to a very ecclesiastical assumptions with a giant serious book, which we could earnestly grasp, and, if he does not strangle the wish every drunkard in the united kingdom hydra, he squeezes it with such muscular to read. It consists of eighteen chapters, vigour, that it becomes half torpid, and in which this filthy vice is analyzed in its gasps for life. On the general conduct of various departments; and its fatal influmany among the clergy, his observations ence on human life and morals is exhiare keen and caustic; at the same time bited calculations, and an appeal to they are applied with such propriety and facts, which no reasonable person can discrimination, as not to involve the inno- either gainsay or resist. On the causes, cent with the guilty; and his own conduct phenomena, and modifications of drunkenfurnishes a splendid proof, that he knows ness, the author has advanced many excelhow to express zeal without innovation. lent observations, some of which we shall
On Gisborne's Sermons, Gregory's Let- presently extract from his pages. ters, Belsham's Memoir of Lindsey, and In the pathology fof drunkenness, after Birt on Popery, similar observations might professionally examining the state of the be made. "These critiques all appeared at liver, of the stomach, of the brain, of the different times in the Eclective Review, kidneys, blood, breath, perspiration, eyes, and gave to that periodical a degree of skin, and hair of its numerous victims, he respectability which it had never before proceeds to remark, that it produces gout, acquired. They are now transplanted into tremors, palpitation of the heart, hysteria, this volume, and occupy two hundred and epilepsy, sterility, emaciation, corpulency, thirty-seven of its pages. In this combina- premature old age, ulcers, melancholy, and tion they will remain as an imperishable madness.
The following section is on the subject of Sterility.
“ The children of such persons are in general neither numerous nor healthy. From the general defect of vital power in the parental system, they are apt to be puvy and emaciated, and more than ordivarily liable to inherit all the diseases of those from whom they are sprung. On this account the chances of long life are much diminished among the children of such parents. In proof of this, it is only necessary to remark, that, according to the London bills of mortality, one half of the children born in the metropolis die before attaining their third year; while, of the children of the society of Friends, a class remarkable for sobriety and regu. larity of all kinds, one half actually attain the age of forty-seven years. Much of this difference, doubtless, originates in the superior degree of comfort, and correct general habits, of the Quakers, which incline them to bestow every care in the rearing of their offspring, and put it in their power to obtain the means of combating disease ; but the main spring of this superior comfort and regularity, is doubtless, temperance,-a virtue which this class of people possess in an emineut degree.”—p. 148.
Diminution of Life. “ The effect of intemperance in shortening hu. man life, is strikingly exemplitied in the contrast afforded by other classes of society to the Quakers, a set of people of whom I must again speak favour. ably. It appears froin accurate calculation, that in London, only one person in forty attains the age of fourscore; while among the Quakers, whose sobriety is proverbial, and who have long set themselves against the use of ardent spirits, not less than one in ten reaches that age-a most striking difference, and one which carries its own inference along with it."--p. 152.
Madness. “Drunkenness, according to the reports of Bethlehem Hospital, and other similar institutions for the insane, is one of the most common causes of lunacy. In support of this fact, it may be mentioned, that of two hundred and eighty-six lunatics now in Richmond Asylum, Dublin, one-half owe their madness to drinking ; and there are few but must have witnessed the wreck of the most powerful minds, by this destructive habit.”-p. 156,
Crime. " On March 1st, 1830, of forty-five cases brought before the police magistrates, in Glasgow, forty were for drunkenness; and it is correctly ascer. tained, that, more than nine thousand cases of drunkenness are annually brought before the police from this city and suburbs. In the inge. nious introductory essay attached to the Rev. Dr. Beecher's sermons on intemperance, the fol. lowing passage occurs : “Supposing that one. half of the eighteen hundred licensed houses for the sale of spirits, which are in that city, send forth each a drunken ,man every day, there are in Glasgow nine hundred drunken men, day after day, spreading around them beggary, and wretchedness, and crime.” Had the author given to each licensed house, one drunkard on an average, I do not think he would have overstepped the bounds of truth. As it is, what a picture of de. moralization and wretchedness does it not ex. hibit !”- p. 165.
Experiment. “An experiinent made by Dr. Hunter upon two of his children, illustrates in a striking manner the pernicious effects of even a small portion of intoxicating liquors, in persons of that tender age. To one of the children, he gave every day after dinner, a full glass of sherry: the child was five years of age, and upaccustomed to wine. To the other child, of nearly the same age, and equally unused to wine, he gave an orange. In the course of a week, a very marked difference was percep
tible in the pulse, &c. of 'the two children, The pulse of the first child was raised, the urine high coloured, and the evacuatious destitute of their usual quantity of bile. In the other child, no change whatever was produced. He then reversed the experiment, giving to the first the orange, and to the second the wine, and the results corresponded : the child who had the orange continued well, and the system of the other got straightway into disorder, as in the first experiment."-p. 239.
Calculation, and Fact. “One of the first physicians in Ireland has pub. lished his conviction, on the result of twenty years' observation.-" That were ten young men, on their twenty-first birth-day, to begin to drink one glass, equal to two ounces, of ardent spirits, or a pint of Port wine or Sherry, and were they to drink this supposed moderate quantity of strong liquor daily, the lives of eight out of the ten would be abridged by twelve or fifteen years." An American clergyman, says Professor Edgar, lately told me, that one of his parishioners was in the habit of sending to his son at school, a daily allowance of brandy and water, before he was twelve years of age. The consequence was, that bis son, before the age of seventeen, was a confirmed drunkard, and he is now contined in a pub. lic hospital."-p. 249.
Certain Effects. “No person probably, ever did, or ever will, receive ardent spirits into his system once a day, and fortify his constitution against its deleterious effects, or exercise such discretion and self-govern. ment, as that the quantity will not be increased, and bodily intirmities and mental imbecility be the result ; and in more than half the instances, in. ebriation. Natare may hold out long against this sapping and mining of the constitution, which daily tippling is carrying on, but, tirst or last, this foe of life will bring to the assault enemies of its own formation, before whose power the feeble and the mighty will be alike unable to stand.”-p. 251.
A book which can furnish an abundance of extracts like the above, and that has already passed through four editions, wants no other recommendation,
Biographical Sketches, and Authentic Anecdotes, of Quadrupeds, illustrated by numerous Engravings. By Captain Thomas Brown, F. L. S., &c. &c. 12mo. p. 590. Simpkin. Lon
don. 1832. If this book does not please young persons, we shall despair of ever finding one that will; and if it does not enlarge their views of instincts, and of the various peculiarities of animal nature, they must be either very learned or very stupid. Upwards of two hundred of the quadruped tribes are here introduced to the reader's notice. Of these, the generic and specific characters are first given, the peculiarities of each are then illustrated by an appeal to fact, several well-executed plates exhibit specimens of the species described, while a series of animal exploits, tragic, humorous, and eccentric, furnish an ample store of innocent and varied amusement. The follow
ing extracts will enable the reader to judge mated, until it has been perused from befor himself.
ginning to end. “Apes possess in an astonishing degree the power of imitation. The ape-catchers knowing ihis, take a vessel filled with water, and wash REVIEW.— Britain's Historical Drama; their hands and faces in a situation where they are sure to be observed by the apes. After hav
a Series of National Tragedies, intending done so, the water is poured out, and its place ed to illustrate the Manners, Customs, supplied by a solution of glue : they then leave the spot, when the apes, prompted by curiosity,
and Religious Institutions of different come down from the trees, and wash themselves eurly Erus in Britain. By J. F. in the same manner as they have seen the men Pennie. 8vo. p. 563. Maunder. Londo before them. The consequence is, that they glue their eye-lashes so fast together, that they
don. 1832. cannot open their eyes, or see to escape from the
We are told by Dr. Johnson, that a “ The ape is also fond of spirituous liquors, and “drama is a poem accommodated to these are also used for the purpose of entrapping action ; a poem in which the action is not of vessels filled with ardent spirits, pretends to related, but represented ; and in which, drink, and retires. The apes, ever attentive to
therefore, such rules are to be observed, as the proceedings of man, descend, and imitate what they have seen, become intoxicated, fall asleep,
make the representation probable.” Το and are thus rendered an easy conquest to their render this species of composition comcunning adversaries.
"The Indians inake this proveness to imitation plete, the author has to keep his eye on useful: for when they wish to collect cocoa-nuts, the action, character, discovery, fable, and and other fruits, they go to the woods where these unity of the subject which he represents. grow, which
are generally, frequented by apes and monkeys, gather a few heaps, and withdraw.
The Romans first introduced acts into As soon as they are gone, the apes fall to work, the drama, and filled up the intermediate imitate every thing they have done, and, when they have gathered together a considerable num.
space of time, between the divisions, with ber of heaps, the Indians approach, the apes flee a chorus, a dance, or a song. In the time to the trees, and the harvest is conveyed home.
of Horace, the five acts were established as “ M. de Grandpre saw on board of a vessel, a female chimpanie (ape) which exhibited wonderful dramatical law. This rule, by the Roman proofs of intelligence. She had learned to heat poet, has been thus translated by Francis, the oven, and took great care not to let any of the coals fall out, which might have done mischief " If you would have your play deserve success, to the ship ; and she was very accurate in obserp.
Give it five acts complete, nor more nor less.' ing when the oven was beated to a proper degree. It must be obvious from the preceding This animal performed all the business of a sa spliced ropes, handled the sails, and assisted at observations, that there are difficulties in unfurling them; and she was, in fact, considered dramatical composition, of no common by the sailors as one of themselves. The vessel was bound for America ; but the poor animal
magnitude ; difficulties which few writers did not live to see that country, having fallen a have ever wholly surmounted. So many victim to the brutality of the tirst mate, who things claim the author's attention, that indicted very cruel chastisement upon her, which she bad not deserved. She endured it with great while he pursues one, another is in great patience, only
holding out her hands in a suppliant danger of being neglected ; and perhaps, attitude, in order to break the force of the blows she received. But from that moment she steadily
with all his care and talents, he can never refused to take any food, and died on the fifth day be so successful as to bid defiance to from grief and hunger.”—p. 20—28.
criticism. A fortunate adventurer may Of lions, tigers, wolves, and elephants, escape censure, but he must rest contented this volume contains many curious and with only a moderate portion of applause. remarkable incidents. On the size, and Mr. Pennie, the author of this volume, strength of lions, we have the following has been long known in the poetical world, observations.
nor have the muses surveyed his produc“ This was considered by our party to be a lion tions with either indifference or frowns. of the largest size, and seemed, as I measured him by comparison with the dogs, to be, though less
His “Royal Minstrel, or the Witcheries of bulky, as large as an ox. He was certainly as Endor," an epic poem in twelve books; long in body, though lower in stature; and his
Rogvald,” an epic poem in twelve copious mane gave him a truly formidable appear
the cattle had been quieted, cantos; and “Scenes in Palestine,” or I missed the sentry from before the tent. We “Dramatic Sketches from the Bible,” are called as loudly as possible, but in vain; nobody works of considerable merit, and as such answered ; from which I concluded that the lion had carried him off. **** At last, before it they have been duly acknowledged, and came quite light, he walked up the hill with the
unequivocally hailed by most of the periman in his mouth, when about forty shots were fired without hitting him, although some were
odical journals which announced their very near. Every time this happened, he turned
appearance. round towards the tent, and came roaring towards us ; and I am of opinion, that, if we had hit him,
It would, however, appear, from a variety he would have rushed on the people and the tent.” of circumstances, that Mr. Pennie has de.
rived from his publications far more critical This is one of those scarce books, of fame than sterling profit; though, for himwhich the value cannot be properly esti- self and family, it is highly probable that
the latter would be much more acceptable various ramifications, or trace the lines and advantageous than the former. On which, converging to a point, develop the present occasion, he has made a noble unity, and heighten the general cataseffort to deserve pecuniary compensation; trophe, we shall introduce a few passages, and if the remuneration which awaits him which exhibit, in a favourable light, his debear any proportion to what his historical scriptive powers, his command of expresdramas 'merit, he will no longer be asso- sion, the vigour and vivacity of his ciated with those flo that
thoughts, and the harmony of his ver" are born to blush unseen,
sification. And waste their sweetness in the desert air."
In the Imperial Pirate, Caswallon, havThis volume contains four national tra. ing fled from pagan persecution, to pregedies, namely,
66 Arixina ;"
;" “ Edwin and serve the life of his daughter Malwina, Elgiva;” “The Imperial Pirate;" and resides with her in a cavern of the forest, “The Dragon King." To each of these, where her beauty, having attracted the several pages of well-written notes are ap- attention of the Roman chief, she is told by pended. These, being founded on histo- her father, that rical documents, and incidents preserved in
“Carausius the renowned, who reigns supreme the annals of former periods, are introduced Oer Britain's guarded isle, and is at Rome to illustrate passages in the dramas which Acknowledged emperor, calls thee to his arms." would otherwise appear either fictitious or
This chieftain, Caswallan persuades her obscure. These notes evince both judg- to marry, and, among other inducements, ment and research, and must have been thus relates the history of himself and the result of much patient investigation, in- family : genuity, and time.
“In Coritania's ancient city stood
The noble palace of my princely sire, The preface, which follows a neat dedi.
And Roman temples crowned its swelling hills, cation to the king, and occupies twelve That yielded scenes rich as Italian climes. pages, is ably written.
It enters some
Thou wert too young its beauties and its pomp
To bear in mind, ere we were driven from thence what largely into the general character of To herd with brutes in caves and forest wilds. the work, adverts to the originality of its
When Dioclesian gave his stern commands,
That all should be destroyed who dared refuse leading features, and asks from a British
To offer sacrifice with pagan rites, public a portion of that attention to the Britain, which had till then the fiery scourge deeds of their heroic ancestors, with which
Of persecution scaped, became the scene
Of dreadful slaughter. In one day were slain they have readily honoured Pizarro in his
A thousand holy martyrs, near the walls conquest of Peru. In a work of this de- Of sad Etocelum, named from that deed,
The blood-red field of deatls. scription, the author observes, Ages long buried in oblivion pass in review be
“On then the ruthless bands of pagans came, fore us and we behold the world as it was a thousand
Like streams of fire, storm-driven along the forest. years ago. Who can contemplate such a picture
I and my Coritanians were of those without deep emotions of pleasure, wonder, gra
Who in this ocean-guarded isle, embraced titude, and triumph-wonder at the past, and gra.
The holy faith of Christ, scorning to bow titude' for the present. If there be any one so
In homage to the heathen's idol shrines, dead to noble feelings, I envy not his mind, let
Firmly resolved, with unpolluted rites, laim be who he may ;-he would wander through
To worship Him the true and only God, the venerated ruins of an Herculaneum and a
I was about, Malwina, forth to go, Thebes with indifference ; he would cast a look
And bravely meet these hell-excited hordes, of contempt on the tumulus of Achilles, and con
Whose crimson knives, reeked to th' insulted
With christian blood, protesting by the saints
The star-refulgent wreath of martyrdom!
Malwina. of history in which these dramas are laid, How did you escape? will want no information, that they abound
Caswallon. with events and occurrences every way
Hear me, my child. suited to the tragic muse. From these, Mr.
Already on the evening winds, up gushed
The redly struggling tires on every side, Pennie has made a judicious selection, From Coritanias smoke-encircled 'fanes ; and, as with a magician's wand, called While wolfish howlings of those pagan bands,
The roar of ravenous flames, the crash of tower from the dust the sleeping hero, and bade
And falling temples, mingled with the screams him “ tread the stage for our amusement.” Of maid an matron, youth and hoary age, Into all his characters he has thrown a con
Rang through my palace halls, as on 1 passed,
Nobly to die for God! Ah, then it was siderable portion of interest, and adapted That thou, my child, iny only, tender child, their sentiments, language, and actions to Didst shrieking rush in terror to these arms! the various parts which they have respect- I felt iny spirit melt-the martyr's strength,
0, at that moment of expressless horror, ively to sustain.
The glorious firmness of unshrinking faith,
Whicb fills the soul it fires with bliss to meet Without attempting to delineate the
Death in its direst form, all, all was quenched author's plots, pursue his episodes in their
In fond paternal love and fear for thee!
sented to the world. Original in its chaAli, my dear father!
racter, and containing materials that were Caswallon.
at once entertaining and instructive, the 0, the utmost vengeance
first volume excited a considerable degree My bitterest foes could in their malice wreak On me, I should undauntedly have scorned !
of attention, which all that have appeared But to behold my child hurled in the dames, in successive years have tended to keep Or tossed on pagan spears; to view her form
alive. Nor is it probable that its store of Dabbled in blood, and hear her dying cries, All powerless to avenge or to defend
materials will ever be exhausted. The 0, my Malwina ! I for thee gave up
mutations of time, and the constant vicissiThe crown, the martyr's sun-bright crown of glory!
tudes of human concerns, furnish every age Hid in the garb of serf, with thee concealed Beneath my vest, I rushed through flames and with an almost endless variety of events.
blood, And from destruction's lion fangs escaped.
The days of occurrence will therefore bring Hither to these wild unfrequented shades
them forward in regular succession, and I ded, to hide my little trembling dove
present them, as they pass, to the observant From the fell eagle's talons, and became A hunter of the forest. Young Ambrosius, Telescope of Time. Prince of the Catyellani, wandering here
This volume consists of three parts : With hound and hawk, till lost amid these woods,
saints' days and holidays; astronomical Thou, finding, to our secret cave didst lead: He gazed on thy mild beauty, gazed and loved : occurrences; and the noles of a naturalist. But the brave youth is fallen; and thou hast paid Under the first branch many prevailing Meet tribute to the memory of his virtues. Now other thoughts should till thy gentle breast,
customs are traced to their source, and For thou it is who canst thy sire restore
others are mentioned and described, that To all his wonted rights-and then, to view Thee seated on this isle's imperial throne,
are now become obsolete. Biographical Will more than recompense his sorrows past, sketches are also given of celebrated indiMaking his few days blessed.
viduals, in connexion with the distinguished Nalwina.
peculiarities for which they have been renAh, my lord,
dered reinarkable. This emperor, this Carausius
In the second department, the astronoCaswallon,
mical occurrences of every month are disIs a prince Renowned for warlike deeds throughout the world. tinctly noticed, and the reader's attention Though not a christian, yet in chains bath he is directed to the varied phenomena of the Fell persecution's raging blood-fiend bound. When this great chief, his host against the Picts
celestial bodies. It is an astronomical And northern robbers led, I from these woods compendium, whence much valuable inforEmerging, met him in bright Lindum's halls, And boldly claimed the kingdom of our house,
mation may be derived, calculated to enBy an usurping pagan now possessed.
large the mind, and to lead it “through naLove in the warrior's soul, as with me thou
ture up to nature's God." Didst kneel before him, lit bis passion-flame From the pure radiance of thy dove-like eyes.
The notes of a naturalist are by James The chieftain started at the sudden blaze,
Rennie, A.M. professor of natural history in And swore by Jove, when from the field of
spears King's College, London. These notes relate He came triumphant, if thou wouldst bestow On him thy hand, the honours to restore
chiefly to the animal and vegetable tribes, as Of our ancestral line-he hath in pomp To Cæsar's towers returned, with victory crown'd
they appear, and then give place to others O'er the wild savage nations of the north,
in each succeeding month.
In running And claims thee for his bride."-pp. 274, &c. through the year, many things both curious
The preceding passages have not been and wonderful are presented to our view, selected for any superiority they bear to furnishing an insight into the arcana of others. Many might be found in each nature, from which none but master-spirits
In this tragedy which far outshine them in pathos, would presume to lift the veil. vigour, and imagery. What we have portion of Time's Telescope, the vaquoted may be considered as a medium rieties of animal instinct, presented to the specimen of the whole, throughout which reader's notice, cannot be surveyed without there is a noble display of original talent, the most pleasing emotions, whether we and much fervency of feeling, with occa- contemplate the migration of birds, or sional bursts of impassioned eloquence, that
enter “the ant's republic, or the realm of the most celebrated of our modern poets the great Author of nature for the preser
bees.” The kind protection provided by might be proud to own.
vation of flowers, plants, trees, and seeds, Review.-Time's Telescope for 1832, or
cannot fail to awaken profound admi.
ration. a Complete Guide to the Almanack,
In all these delineations, the style is &c.&c. pp. 388. Sherwood & Co. Lon- lively and energetic ; when occasions don. 1832.
allow, the language is humorous; and a EIGHTEEN
appears, have elapsed decent sparkling of wit illuminates the since Time's Telescope was first pre- author's paragraphs. On one topic, in