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104

......

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. 113

CHAPTER V. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY. .

(Continued.)

IV. THE HINDUS.

Importance of the Discovery of the Sanskrit,

103

View of the Sanskrit Literature, .

104

The Vedas, .

The Upavedas, . .

105

The Vedangas, .

105

The Upangas, ..

This Literature has no historical Value,

Comparison between the Hindus and Greeks, . .

Origin of the Vedas, . . . . .

III

Contents of the Vedas, . .

112

Antiquity of the Vedas, . . .

CHAPTER VI. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY

(Continued.)

V. THE CHINESE.

First Explorers of Chinese Literature, .

og . .

. . . 118

Jesuit Missionaries, . .

. . . 118

Protestant Missionaries, .

• 120

1. View of the Chinese Chronology, . . . I 20

The Ante-historic Period, . ..

121

The Semi-historic Period, . . .

The Historic Period, . .

I22

2. How far is this Chronology reliable, .

123

Views of Pauthier, . .

• 124

Views of Amiot, . . .

• 124

Views of Williams, .

• 126

Examination of the Elements of Computation,

• 126

The Chinese Year, .

• 127

The Cycle of Sixty Years, .

• 129

Statements of Rev. J. Chalmers,

• 130

Statements of Dr. Legge, .

• 132

The Cycle of Sixty borrowed, .

· 133

Chronology dates only from the Christian Era,


.

134

The Materials of it unreliable,

le, . . . •

.

135

Portions of it mythical, . .

• 136

The Shu-king, how compiled,

Its Destruction and Recovery, . . . . 139

Earliest historical Date B. C. 2637, . . . .

CHAPTER VII. THE ARGUMENT FROM ETHNOLOGY.

Descent of all known Nations from Noah, . .

. 144

The tenth Chapter of Genesis, . . . . . 145

Descendants of Shem, . . . . . . . . 146

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Herodotus,...

Pomponius Mela, . . . . .

The Old Chronicle, . i . . .

Eusebius, . .

Julius Africanus, . .

Castor,. . .

Practical Value of this Testimony, .

The Accounts not to be taken literally,

The Accounts inconsistent with each other,

Months reckoned as Years, . .

The Zodiac of Denderah, . ..

Stobart's Wooden Tablets, . .

II. Testimonies relating to Historic Times,

Egyptian Chronology without Dates, .

MANETHO, his History and Writings,

His Lists of Dynasties, i

1. Their Sources unknown, .

2. Their present Form corrupt,

3. Internal Evidence against them,

4. They are contradicted, . .

a. By the Old Chronicle, . :.

73

b. By Eratosthenes, . . . . . 74

c. By Josephus, .

77.

d. By the Monuments, .

• 79

CHAPTER III. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY..

(Continued.)

II. GREECE AND ROME.

Identity of Origin between the Greeks and Romans, . : 85

Practical Character of the Greeks,

The highest Date in Grecian History B. C. 776, .

The Siege of Troy mythical, .
The alleged Date of it, . .
Its Value as an Era in Chronology, .
The Greeks did not claim a remote Antiquity, .

Date of the Founding of Rome uncertain, . .

Three principal Theories, ..

CHAPTER IV. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY.

(Continued.)

III. THE CHALDEANS.

Extravagant Claims of the Chaldeans, . .

. . 91

BEROSUS, his History and Writings, . . . . . 92

His Annals of an Antediluvian Kingdom, . . . .

The ten Kings, . . . . . . . . . 94

The Account mythical, . . .

. . . . 95

Elements of true History contained in them,

Chaldean Measures of Time, . .

Earliest Historical Dynasty B. C. 2458, . . .

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106

CHAPTER V. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY. .

(Continued.)

IV. THE HINDUS.

Importance of the Discovery of the Sanskrit,

. . . 103

View of the Sanskrit Literature, .

. 104

The Vedas, .

• 104

The Upavedas, . .

105

The Vedangas, .

105
The Upangas, .

105

This Literature has no historical Value,

Comparison between the Hindus and Greeks,

. . . 109

Origin of the Vedas, .

III

Contents of the Vedas, . . . . . . . . 112

Antiquity of the Vedas, . .

. . 113

CHAPTER VI. THE ARGUMENT FROM HISTORY

* (Continued.)

V. The CHINESE.

First Explorers of Chinese Literature, .

. . . 118

Jesuit Missionaries, . . . .

• .

118

Protestant Missionaries,

120

1. View of the Chinese Chronology,

120

The Ante-historic Period, . .

121

· The Semi-historic Period, . .

122

The Historic Period, : .

122

2. How far is this Chronology reliable, .

Views of Pauthier,

124

Views of Amiot, . .

. . 124

Views of Williams, .

126

Examination of the Elements of Computation, 126

The Chinese Year, . .

The Cycle of Sixty Years, .

129

Statements of Rev. J. Chalmers,

130

Statements of Dr. Legge,

The Cycle of Sixty borrowed, ..

Chronology dates only from the Christian Era,

• 134

The Materials of it unreliable,

• 135

Portions of it mythical, .

• 136

The Shu-king, how compiled, .

.

137

Its Destruction and Recovery,

• 139

Earliest historical Date B. C. 2637, . . . .

CHAPTER VII. THE ARGUMENT FROM ETHNOLOGY.

Descent of all known Nations from Noah, . . . . 144

The tenth Chapter of Genesis, . . . . . . 145

Descendants of Shem, . . . . . . . . 146

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Descendants of Japheth, .

Descendants of Ham, .

Agreement of this Account with History

The so-called Aboriginal Races, .

Scripture Language not to be pressed too literally, .

Earlier and later Departures from original Seats, ..

Alleged Aborigines of Egypt,

Evidence from Names of the Country and People,

Evidence from Physical Characteristics and Language,

Evidence from the Monuments, .

Alleged Aborigines of India, .

Of Northern India,

Of Southern India, .

Alleged Aborigines of Western Europe, . . .
Historic Times but little before J. Cæsar, ..
These Aborigines were of Celtic Origin, . .

CHAPTER VIII. THE ARGUMENT FROM PHYSIOLOGY.

Rise of the Doctrine of a Plurality of Origin, .

170

La Peyrère, his Character and Writings, . .

170

Voltaire and Rousseau's Espousal of it, . .

172

Its supposed Bearings on Slavery, .

173

AGAssız's Theory of Natural Provinces, . . . 174

Theory of Unity of Species, . . . . .

very Estimate of this Theory, . .

179

I. It is a mere Theory, .

II. Alleged Inconsistency with the Bible not real,

The Case of Cain, .

The Case of Cain's Wife, ..

Diversities among Races, . .

1. Man is of a single Species,

a. Identity in Mental and Physica

teristics, .

b. The single Head of the Animal Kir

C. Intermixture of Races fertile,

d. Unity of Species proves Unity of Origin,. 193

2. Changes are now constantly taking place, . 195

3. Analogous Changes among Animals, . 202

III. This Theory contrary to Analogy,

202

IV. Is opposed by Theological and Moral Science,. . 206

All Men possess the same Moral Nature, .

207

All Men sustain the same Moral Relations, .. 208

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