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the use of stone to that of metal, is in itself not a sufficient ground for inferring a change of population. It is not so įmportant as the change of the spear to fire-arms, and if, at every advance of this kind, an entire change of population were to be supposed, the history of civilization would only have to relate the migrations of nations.'*

“With respect to the immigration of the Celts into Europe, this event belongs to the primitive history of the peopling of our part of the world, and is shrouded in impenetrable darkness. No tradition speaks of the Celts pressing forward toward the countries in the possession of which we subsequently find them; though the Druids, on the other hand, taught that the Gauls were aborigines. At the very first appearance of historical narrative,t they appear in the far west of the Iberian peninsula, and afterward as the first among the great northern nations which pressed forward eastward from their homes in the west.” — p. 398.

* Lindenschmidt, Die Vaterländischen Alterthumer, p. 154 † Herodotus, iii. 33; iv. 49.

INDEX.

204.

Abraham, date of, 25.

Astronomy of the Chinese, 130.
Aborigines, 152; of Egypt, 158; of In- Asshur, Assyrians, 146.

dia, 163; of Western Europe, 166, 320. Augustus, name on the zodiacs, 64.
Abu-Mashar, 45.

Autochthons, 153.
Abydenus. 92.

Avataras, 254.
Abydos, 92.
Adamite race 154.

Bachman's discussion with Agassiz,
Ætna, lava of, 313.

• 172; his doctrine of unity, 184, 187;
Africanus, 54, 68, 77, 78,

on monumental figures of animals,
Agassiz, his views, 172; discussion 200; on the single origin of species,
with Bachman and Smyth, 172; his
Natural Provinces, 173, 175, 183; on Beaumont, de, on Somme valley, 317.
unity of species, 177; estimate of his Berosus, 92, 94.
theory, 179; plural origin of man ex- | Biot, M., 66.
ceptional, 205.

Birch, Dr. S., 57.
Agglutinative languages, 222. Boëckh, 71; his chronological sys-
Alpa Camasca, 240.

tem, 25,
American Fauna, peculiar, 204. Bone fossil near Natchez, 293.
Amiot, 123, 124.

Book of the dead, 57.
Anamim, 160.

Bopp's comparative grammar, 214.
Anianus, 55, 96.

Borings in the Nile valley, 287.
Antediluvian generations, 33; myth Brahma, legend of, 241.
of, 277.

Brasen-nose College 265.
Antesemitic period, 156.'

Brick in Nile valley, 288, 293.
Antiquities of Egypt, 49.

Brugsch's chronology, 66, 71.
Apamea, 249.

Bryant on mythology, 266.
Apollodorus, 55, 74; Bunsen's testi Bundehesh, the book, 245.
mony of, 75.

Bunsen's chronology 24; his eneer,
Arabic languages, 217.

59; identifies one hundred and ten
Aram, 171.

Egyptian kings, 79.
Aramaic languages, 217.
Ark, myths of the, 281.

Cabiri, myths of the, 283.
Armenian version of Eusebius, 69. Cain and his wife, 171, 180.
Arphaxad, 147.

Cainan, 35, 44.
Aryan languages, 215.

Calepin of Egypt, 67.
Ashkenaz, 148.

Calippus, period of, 134.
Asiatic Society at Calcutta, 213. Callisthenes, 92, 101.
Astronomical inscriptions in Egypt, Canaan, 151.

· I Canon of Ptolemy, 40.

419

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155.

Caphtorim, 151, 160.

25; of the exodus, 25; of earliest
Casluhim, 160.

monumental record, 19.
Castes in India, 242.

Dates, Egyptian chronology with-
Castor, 55.

out, 67.
Chaldean chronology, 91; tradition Deluge, traditions of, 246, Mexican
of the deluge, 250.

and Peruvian, 246; of Ogyges, 247 ; of
Chalmers on Chinese astronomy,l Deucalion, 248 ; myths of, 279.
130.

Demetrius Phalereus, 46.
Champollion, 64.

Demetrius Soter, 46.
Changes in races, 195; in languages, Demigods, reign of, 60.
220.

Denderah, zodiac of, 61.
Charles X., 63.

Deucalion and Pyrrha, 249.
Chinese astronomy, 130 ; characters, Diodorus Siculus, 50, 51, 52.

131; chronology, 120, 133; language, Diogenes Laertius, 52.
220; traditions of the flood, 252; year, Discrepancies in Egyptian annals,

126.
Chronology of the Scriptures, 31 ; of Diversities in races superficial, 183.
antediluvian generations, 33; from Dodanim, 119.
flood to Abraham, 34 ; Abraham to! Domestic animals, changes in, 202.
exodus, 35; exodus to the temple, Dove, myths of the, 282. .
36; temple to birth of Christ, 40,

Duns, on the growth of peat, 313.
Chronology of Chaldeana, 91; of Dupuis, 65..

Chinese, 120 ; of Egyptians, 48; or Dynastics of Egypt, 09.
Greece and Rome, 85.

Dynasties, contemporaneous, 82.
Chronological systems. 24 ; of Bun Dyacks, traditions of creation, 240.
sen, 24; of Boëckh, 25; of Rodier,
27.

Earlier and later departures from the
Cimbri, Cimmerians, 148.

primitive seats, 155.
Claims of modern science, 23. Egyptian history, 48; books, 50; abo-
Clemens Alexandrinus, 50.

rigines, 158 ; language, 161; tradition
Clinton on 0. T. chronology, 37. of flood, 253.
Comparison of Hebrew and Septua- Egyptians, physic:al features of, 150.
gint, 23.

Elam, Elamites, 146.
Confucius, author of Shu-king, 137. Elishah, 149.
Confusion of tongues, 224.

Era of the Trojan war, 88.
Copts, 151, 160.

Eratosthenes, 74; director of Alex-
Coxcox, legend of, 246.

andrian library, 75; Bunsen's testi-
Creation, date of, 25; myths of, 275. mony of, 75; his date of Trojan
Curse of Ham, 174.

war, 88.
Cush and his family, 150.

Ethnology, argument from, 14.
Cycle of sixty years, 122, 126, 129. Ethiopian can change his skin, 199.
Cynocephali, myth of the, 209. Eudoxus, 58.

Eupolemus, 40.
Dana, on unity of species, 186; on Eusebius, 5:3, 59, 68, 78.
hybrids, 187; definition of species, Exodus, date of, 25, 36.

193; single origin of species, 203.
Dasyas, 164.

| Feridun and his sons, 284.
Date of creation, 25, 44 ; of the flood, Fiint inplements, 304, 316.

25; of Menes, 25, 26; of Abraham, Forgery of early annals, 61.

Fossil bone near Natchez, 293; skele- | Indo-European languages, 216.

ton near New Orleans, 295; skele- Infidel rejoicing, 63.
ton on Florida coast, 300.

Inflectional languages, 223.
Fossils in valley of the Somne, 301; Institutes of Menu. 105.
not contemporaneous, 304.

Irej, 218, 284.
Fuh-hi, 122.

Irish, changes in featurcs of, 196.

Iyotisha, 115.
Garden of Eden, tradition of, 243.
Gaubil, 119.

Jablonski on traditions, 238.
Gayatri, 111.

Jackson's dates, 42 ; on the word
Genesis consistent with geology, 20; 1 yomim, 97.
tenth chapter of, 145.

Japheth and his family, 147.
Geology, argument from, 286.

Javan and his family, 119.
Greek and Roman chronology, 85. I Jesuit missionaries in China, 118.
Greek mind practical, 51, 86.

Jews, change in features of, 197.
Greek writers on Egypt, 59; on Joktan, 147.
mythology, 266.

Jones, Sir W., 104, 213.
Godron on difference in races, 184. Josephus, the Greek Livy, 77 ;
Gods, kings of Egypt, 56.

against Apion, 77; citation of Mane-
Gomer, 148.

tho, 78.
Gutzlaif, 121.

Kali-Yug, 46.
Hale's dates, 42.

Keller on Swiss lake remains, 322.
Ham, early name of Egypt, 159 ; curse Khamism, 228.
of, 174; his family, 149.

Kittim, 149.
Hamitic languages, 217, 228. Kjokken-modding. 320.
Havilah, 150.
Hebrides, growth of peat in, 313. Lake settlements in Switzerland, 320.
Hebrew once thought the original

Language, argument from, 209.
language, 209.

Languages, classification of, 215; Ar-
Hercules, 53.

yan, 215; Semitic, 216; Hamitic, 217;
Herodotus, 51, 53, 71; date of Trojan Turanian, 218; monosyllabic, 222 ;
war, 88.

agglutinative, 222; infectional, 223;
Hesperides, garden of, 243,

confusion of, 224; have much in com-
Hieroglyphics, key to, 49.

mon, 226 ; approximate as better
Hindus, character of, 107; compared known, 227; rapid changes in, 227.
with Grecks, 109.

La Peyrère, 170.
Hindu traditions of creation, 240 ; of

Latham, 96, 198.
the food, 254.

Legge's Chinese classics, 120; on the
Historic times in Egypt, 67.

Chinese year, 127, 132.
History, argument from, 48.

Lehabim, 160.
Hitchcock on date of creation, 20;

Lenormant on date of Menes, 71; on
on growth of peat, 312.

prehistoric archæology, 22.
Hoang-ti, 122.

Lepsius, 66, 77: identifies one hun.
Hybrids, fertile and infertile, 187.

dred and ten kinys of Egypt, 79.
Hyksos, 79.

Letronne, 64.

Lewis on Chaldean antiquities, 99.
Inachus, 89.

Lists of Manetho, 69.
Indian aborigines, 163.

Literary remains of Egypt, 50.

Lud, Ludim, 147, 150, 159.

Mount Olympus, myth of, 267.
Lunar years in Egypt, 59, 60. Müller, 109 ; on date of the Vedas,
Lyell's geological evidences, 289; on 114; on changes in language, 231 ;
the date of creation, 21.

on unity of languages, 233.
Lydians, 147.

Mythology, argument from, 261; the

Roman, 271; Greek, 271 ; Egyptian,
Ma, the Egyptian period, 28.

271 ; Phænician and Chaldean, 272;
Madai, 149.

Hindu, 272.
Magog, 148.

Mythologies have a common origin,
Mahabharata, 105, 254.

270; in Bible events, 274.
Makrizi, on changes in the Nile val- Myths founded on fact, 262; modern
ley, 291.

examples of, 264; of Mount Olym-
Manes, kings of Egypt, 56.

pus, 267 ; of the Omphalus, 268 ; of
Manetho, 54 ; his history, 08 ; his the Cynocephali, 269 ; of creation,

lists of dynastjes, 69; his authorities 275; of the fall, 276; of the antedi-
unknown, 71; his lists corrupt, 71; luvian generations, 277; of the flood,
different versions of, 72; internal 279; of Noah, 279; of the dove, 282;
evidence against them, 72; contra of the Cabiri, 283 ; of the ark, 281.
dicted by the old chronicle, 73; by
Eratosthenes, 74 ; by Josephus, 77; | Naphtubim, 159.
by the monuments, 79.

Natchez, fossil near, 293.
Mantchus, features of, changed, 198. Nau (or Nao) the great, 137.
Manu, legend of, 255.

New Orleans, skeleton, 295.
Manuscripts of the Septuagint, 32. | Nile, flowing with honey, 72; bor-
Mariette, on the dynasties, 82.

ings in the valley, 287; annual in-
Measures of time among Chaldeans, crease of sediment, 289; changes in
9).

the bed of, 291.
Medes, 149.

Nimrod, 146, 150.
Median kings, 98.

Nineveh, 146, 150.
Megasthenes, 45.

Noah and his family, 146; myths of,
Menes, mythological, 52; first king 279.

of Egypt, 67; date of, 70, 71. Nott and Gliddon's types 173; bistory
Meshech, 149.

of man, 173.
Methuselah's age, 34.
Metonic cycle, 129.

Oa, Vanes, 283.
Mexican tradition of the flood, 246. | Ogyges, deluge of, 247.
Milman's version of Manu, 255. Old Chronicle, 53, 59, 73.
Mississippi, delta of, 297.

Olympiad, the first, date of, 86.
Mizraim, 150; early name of Egypt, Omphalos, myth of, 268.
159.

Orpheus, 51.
Monboddo's speculations on lan Osborn on contemporaneous dynag-
guage, 211.

ties, 82; on Egyptian language, 161.
Monosyllabic languages, 222. Owen on difference in races, 185; on
Months, reckoned as years, 58.

changes in features of the Jews, 197.
Monuments, against Manetho, 79.
Monumental figures of animals, 200. Palmer's chronicles. 57.
Monumental records of Egypt, 49. Pandora, myth of, 244.
Moral characteristics of men, 207. Pankou, 121; same as Hindu Manu,
Moral relations of men, 207.

121,

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