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Anscharius, St., anecdote of, i. 401

queror, the similar outlines of their
Antichrist, laid open and exposed in the characters, ii. 252

Revelation of St. John, iii. 429—the Article VII. of the church of England,
Pope, or church of Rome, is the an exposition of, iii. 169—directed
Antichrist foretold in the scriptures, against the Manichean error, 169
431-circumstances which tended to Ar's, the inventors of, where placed in
bring the Protestants' views on this Elysium, by Virgil, i. 275
subject into disrepute, 432—the Pa- Ass carries mysteries, origin of that pro-
pists themselves are obliged to own

verb, i. 248
that the prophecies St. John refer Astronomy, Jewish, observations on, iii.
to the church of Rome, 434—differ- 117
ence of opinion between Protestants Atheism, examination of Bayle's argu.
and Catholics on the antichristian ments for, i, 129—an examination of
power, 435_arguments to prove that Plutarch's account of the origin of, ii.
Antichrist was not a civil power, but 8_Plutarch's parallel between it and
a spiritual, 441

superstition, 8—lord Bacon's parallel
Antoninus, emperor, motives on which between it and superstition, 20

he was desirous of initiation in the Atheists, whether capable of distin.
Eleusinian mysteries, i. 198_obser- guishing the moral difference of good
vations on his reflections on the Chris- and evil, i. 129-whether deserving
tians, 369_his reflections on death, of punishment from the hand of God,
451i-his notion of the human soul, 142—the effect of his principles on
487

his conduct compared with the fatalist,
A pis, the symbol of the Egyptian god 149—their moral conduct accounied
Osiris, ii. 225

for, 150_summary of their dispute
Apollo, explanation of those oracles of with the divines, 164—their opinion

his which were quoted by Eusebius of the human soul, 479
from Porphyry, i. 212

Athenians, the most religious people of
Pythian, his oracles paralleled Greece, i. 196_200- copy of their test
with the prophecies of scripture, by oath, 356-law relating to the intro.
Middleton, iii. 204_Dr. Middleton's duction of foreign worship, 371-—their
opinion exposed, 204

behaviour in prosperity and adversity,
Apologne, or Fable, its use in oratory, ii. iii. 104
187—its analogy to hieroglyphic writ- Atomic theory, a Greek invention, i. 492,
ing, 188—its improvement and con- 510
traction in simile and metaphor, 189 Atossa, her invention of letters fabulous,
-its change to parable, 210

ii. 386
Apotheosis, civil, the origin of, i. 170— Attributes, divine, examination of Lord

when bestowed on deceased heroes Bolingbroke's notions of, i, 312
among the Egyptians, ii. 241

Augury of safety, Dion Cassius's ac-
Apuleius, general intention of his Meta- count of, ii. 76

morphosis, i. 284- his personal cha- Aurelius, emperor, his opinion of the
racter, 288-inquiry into his preju. firmness of the Christians, ii. 111
dices against Christianity, 290_his Austin, St., his ingenious definition of
motives for defending paganism and language and letters, ii. 185
mysteries, 293 - foundation of his

Author, the proper objects of his writ.
allegory of the Golden Ass, 294—story

ings, i. 93
of his allegory of the Golden Ass, 295 Authors, on the knowledge of old ones
-moral of his story, 303—the corrupt from the phrases they make use of,

state of the Mysteries in his time, 306 iii. 86 — from the scenery intro-
Arbitrary will, Zeno the patron of, i. duced, 86
134

B
Areopagus, practice of that court, i. 82

-remarks on the nature of that juris- Bacchanalian rites, origin of the impie.
diction, 346_conjectures on the first ties committed in them, i. 226—repre-
founding of that court, 371

sentation of their vigils, 285— Plu.
Argument, internal, defined, ii. 513

tarch's account of their vigils, 285–
Aristophanes, review of the dispute be.

the Romans in their edicts against
tween him and Socrates, i. 85

them careful not to violate the rights
Aristotle, character of him and his phi- of toleration, 373
· losophy, i. 454_his opinion of the Bacchus, oath of the priestesses of, i.

human soul, 485_his distinction be- 356_his exploits in the Indies in.
tween mind and intellect, 486

vented to aggrandize the glory of
Ark, the fatal effects of, amongst the Alexander, ii. 256_his identity con-
Philistines, ii. 456

founded with Osiris, 260— reasons for
Arthur, king, and William the Con. proving him to be Noah, 400

Bacon, Lord Chancellor, examination of Calves, of Dan and Bethel, why the

his parallel between atheism and su- Jews were so invincibly attached to
perstition, ii. 20

them, ii. 305 — why two of them
Balaam, his prophecy, Num, xxiv. 17, erected by Jeroboam, 308

expounded, ii. 214 – observation on Canaanites, why ordered to be extermi.
the story of his ass, 378_his wish to nated, ii. 299
die the death of the righteous ex- Canadians, remarks on their religion, i.
plained, iii. 140

169
Banishment, how far a punishment for Cardan, his argument to prove the doc-

offences committed against society, i. trine of the iminortality of the soul
118

destructive to society, i. 127
Baptism, the importance of, established, Casaubon, his account of the translation
iii. 74

of the pagan mysteries into the Chris.
Baucis and Philemon, whence that fable tian religion, ii. 234
derived, i. 438

Cato, mentioned in the Æneis, inquiry
Bayle, his character as a writer, i. 128_ whether the Censor or of Utica, i. 284
examination of his arguments to prove

-his reply to Cæsar's disavowal of
atheism not destructive to society, 129 the belief of a future state in the
-his reflections on toleration, ii. 431

senate, 426
Bembine Table, a description of it con- Cavalry, the situations proper and im.

tained in Ezekiel's visions, ii. 308 proper for the use of, ii. 283
Bennet, secretary, how brought into Caylus, count, his opinions relating to
disgrace, i. 86

the Egyptian characters, ii. 373
Bentley, the real existence of Zaleucus, Celsus, his character compared with that

and the authenticity of his remains, of Origen, i. 194 — his remark on
defended against him, i. 180

Plato's doctrine of a future state, 453
Bible, how differently represented by Cerberus, in the Æneis, explained, i.

Freethinkers, i. 97—summary view of, 261
jii. 11. See Scriptures.

Ceres, Eleusinian, her temple described,
Bolingbroke, lord, vindication of divines i. 281–her story, 281

from his charge of confederating with Cervantes, ill consequence resulting from
atheists, i, 161-examination of some his satire against knight-errantry, i.
of the principles of his first philoso- 85
phy, 312 – Montesquieu's letter re- Chaos, a description of, from Berosus, i.
specting him, ii. 67—his observation 257
on the insufficiency of the Mosaic law Charlevoir, F., his sentiments respecting
to restrain the people, answered, 457

the civilisation of the North-Ameri,
- consequences of a law upon his can Indians, i. 406
principles, 458_examination of his

Churon, exposition of the character of,
notion concerning the omission of the in the Æneis, i. 260
doctrine of a future state in the Mo- Cheops, king of Egypt, how he raised
saic dispensation, iii. 267

money for the erection of his pyra-
Bond, humorous anecdote of a forged mids, explained, ii. 400
one, i. 499

Children, the punishment of, for the
Brute worship, its symbolical nature ex- crimes of their parents, on what prin-

plained, ii. 224_opinions of the an- ciple only to be vindicated, ii. 98

cients on the origin of it in Egypt, 230 Chinese language, an improvement of
Bryant, his opinion of the origin of hu- the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, ii.
man sacrifices exploded, iii. 449

178—improvement of, to its present
Buffoonery, observation on the tendency state, 178—its opposite progress from

of it, illustrated in the instances of that of the Egyptian hieroglyphical
Socrates and lord chancellor Hyde, i. writing, to what owing, 180_o
86, 87

what the different accounts we have
Buller, ill effects resulting from his sa- received of it are owing, 181-account
tire against fanaticism, i. 86

of, by M. Freret, 181; by P. Paren.

nin, 182; by M. Gaubil, 182; by P.
C

Magaillans, 183—why not further
Cadmus, whence he obtained his alpha- improved, 184—hieroglyphical marks
bet, ii. 207

not for words, but things, 193_Du
Cæsar, Julius, his disavowal of the be- Halde's observations on, 216—the re-

lief of a future state in the senate, i. verence of the natives for their ancient
426_his account of the religion of characters, 220_the ancient characters
ancient Gaul, ii. 411-of ancient Ger- of, greatly venerated by the natives,

371
Calf, golden, what divinity represented

printing, Voltaire's account of,
by it, ii. 303

ii. 374

many, 412

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use of

Christ, remarks on the use he made of 223_his reply to Cæsar's disavowment

his twofold credentials, scripture and of a belief of a future state, in the
miracles, iii. 174—made no

s nate, 426_his opinion of Academics,
traditions, 174_important argument 439_his remark on the Phædo of
drawn from his conversation with two Plato, 450—the difficulties in coining
disciples in their journey to Emmaus to the knowledge of his real senti.
after his resurrection, 194-an expo- ments of a future state of rewards and
sition of his prophecy of his first and punishments, 458_the various cha-
second coming, 208—the use to be racters he sustained in his life and
made of miracles and prophecies in writings, 460—where his true senti.
proof of his being the Messiah, 318– ments are to te expected, 462_his
the light in which he was held by idea of the human soul, 462_his opi-
Pilate, 325_redemption by, had a re- nion of the obligation of an oath,
trospect from the fall, 365—an act of under the belief of the immutability
grace, not of debt, 366—the means of the divine nature, 468_his account
employed in that great work inquired of the first advancer of the notion of
into, 368—his sacrifice on the cross To év, 493_accused by Lactantius of
considered, 380—the Socinian's opi- duplicity, ii. 69_remarks on Middle-
nion of the death of Christ esamined, ton's Life of, 75_his account of the
390_his account of the last judgment origin of brute worship, controverted,
examined, 401-the miracle of his 230
resurrection considered, 411-his mi- Circumcision, a patriarchal institution,
racles of casting out devils or evil spi- ii. 313—why appointed, 334—when
rits, considered, 413_his miracles of Srst enjoined, iii. 176
healing natural diseases, considered, Citizen, how man ought to be educated
415_his temptation considered, 416 to make a good one, i. 379
Christian religion, how esteemed by the Claim of right and free gift, the differ-
ancient Pagans, i. 291_how the evils

ence, iii. 367
of persecution arose in it, 366_first Clemens Alexandrinus, his account of a
received with complacency by the remarkable symbolical message sent
pagans, 357—first incurred hatred by to Darius, ii. 187—his account of the
claiming to be the only true religion, Egyptian characters and writing, com-
360-occasion of its being persecuted, pared with that of Porphyry, 191
368_character of, by Tacitus, 368— Clerc, Le, his notions of the Pythagorean
persecuted both by good and bad metempsychosis proved erroneous, i.
princes, 402—the views and conse. 46_his opinion of the theocratic go-
quences of bringing in Pagan antiqui- vernment of the Jews confuted, ii.
ty to assist in defending it, 508_their 470
nocturnal assemblies vindicated from Clergy, abused by the Freethinkers, i.
the misrepresentations of Dr. Taylor, 87--the abuse of, an insult upon civil
chancellor of Lincoln, ii. 107_-first society, 90—the abuse of, an eri.
occasion of the nocturnal assemblies dence of a weak cause, 91_vindicated
of Christians, 113_Pliny's doubts of against Lord Bolingbroke, 161_their
the manner of proceeding against the hard luck amongst modern Free-
Christians, 116-an inquiry into the thinkers, 315
methods taken by Providence to pro- Collins, his ill treatment of his friend
pagate it, 322—the ignorance of the Locke, i. 88-inconsistencies in his
propagators, the means of advancing writings, 95—the validity of his as-
it, 322_its doctrine shadowed under sertions, that new religions are always
the rites of the Mosaic law, ii. 76– grafted on old ones, &c., examined
its evidences, why not all disclosed by into, ii. 440_characterized as a writer,
Providence, 195—and Judaism inse. iii. 199—an examination of his dise
parable, 196—the ultimate end of Ju. course on the grounds and reasons of the
daism, 202—its nature and genius Christian religion, 199_his observa.
explained, 323

tions on the allegorical writings of the
Chronology, Egyptian, mistake of Sir ancients, 232_these observations

Isaac Newton, illustrated by a case shown to refute his objections against

stated in similar circumstances, ii. 251 Christianity, 293
Church, its inducements for accepting an Comets, their theory known by the ad-

alliance with the state, i. 347—what it cient Egyptians, i. 49)
receives from the state, 350—what it Commentators on scripture, points re-
communicates to the state, 351

commended to their attention, iii. 149
Cicero, his opinion of the end of the Condamine, his remarks on the Indians

law, i. 190__his exposition of the of America, i. 378
pagan theology, 208—his testimony | Controversy, the arts of Freethinkers in,
in favour of the Eleusinian mysteries, i. 80—the mischief arising from car,
rying it on under assumed characters, tutelary, their worship always main-
94_when this practice may be justi- tained even by sojourners and con-
fiable, 94

querors, 447
Cretans, celebrate their Mysteries openly, Democritus and Epicurus, their doctrine

i. 221_boast of Jupiter and other of matter compared, ii. 78
gods being born amongst them, 221 – Demoniacs, the miracles of casting out
the custom of adopting youth among, devils or evil spirits, considered, iii.
243

413_various opinions concerning
Crilias of Athens, some account of, and them, examined, 471

a translation of his jambics, ii. 3 Demons, whence the doctrine of the Py-
Crocodile, why worshipped by the Egyp- thagoreans and Platonists so full of,
tians, ii. 224

i. 475-Apuleius's account of, 476
Cromwell, his character contrasted with Des Carles, not the inventor of the ato-

those of his associates, Fleetwood, mic philosophy, i. 492, 510
Lambert, and Vane, ii. 24

Devoted, the command that “ none de-
Cudworth, his testimony as to the an- voted shall be redeemed,” examined,

cient opinion of the soul's immortality, iii. 454
i. 480—corrected as to his observation Diagoras, consequence of his revealing
on Plutarch, 488—the history of his the Orpheic and Eleusinian mysteries,
Intellectual System, ii. 106

i. 219
Cupid and Psyche, exposition of the Dido, remarks on her character in the
fable of, i. 305

Æneis, i. 240
Custom, remarkable instance from anti- Dionysius alicarnasseus, his distinction
quity, of its power to erase the strong-

between established and tolerated reli.
est impressions of nature, i. 143

gions among the ancients, i. 374
Customs, a similarity of, observable Drama, its obligation to conform to na-
among distant nations, no argument

ture in the delineation of characters,
of an actual communication between ii. 82
them, ii. 372_traductive, an inquiry Dramatic writing, remarks on, with refer.
into, 359

ence to the book of Job, iii. 81-84

Dreams, Artemidorus's division of, into
D

speculative and allegorical, ii. 220_

superstitious interpretation of, 220-
Dacier, his notion of the Pythagorean grounds of this species of divination,
metempsychosis erroneous, i. 445

221
Darius, Cyrus's dream respecting him,

E
ii. 221
Dark sayings, what that expression im. Earthquakes, said by Pythagoras to be
ports in scripture, ii. 211

occasioned by a synod of ghosts, i.
David, why appointed to succeed Saul, 424—predicted by the taste of well-

ii. 319_his title of " man after God's water, 424-on the predicting of, ii.
own heart," explained, 320the chro- 70
nology of facts relating to his intro. Egypt, the Mysteries first instituted
duction to Saul, rectified, 407

there, i. 231-by whom carried abroad,
Dead men, origin of the worship of, 232—a religious war in, and the occa-
traced, ii. 27

sion of it, 362_original of animal
Death, citations from the Stoics, show- worship in, 363—the place whence

ing their notions concerning it, i. 456 the Grecian legislators, naturalists,
Deblors, ancient and modern treatment and philosophers derived their know-

of, compared, i. 260_funeral rites ledge, 422-an inquiry into the state
denied to the ancient, whilst the mo- of the learning and superstition of, in
dern are buried alive, i. 260

the time of Moses, ii. 145—why enti-
Dedication, of the second edition of tled to priority among civilized na.

Books i. ii. iii. of the Divine Lega- tions, 150_scripture account of, 151
tion, to the Earl of Hardwicke, i. 76 -the antiquity and power of, as deli-
to the Freethinkers, 77of Books vered in the Grecian writers, con-
iv. v. vi. to Lord Mansfield, ii. 84— firmed by scripture, 153_civil arts

of Books iv. v. vi. to the Jews, 93 of, 157-a critical inquiry into the
Dedications, absurdity of addressing military usages of, at the time of the
them unsuitably, i. 77

Trojan war, 279—abounding in horses
Deification, when bestowed on any hero before the conquest of Libya, 280-
of the Egyptians, ii. 238

why the Israelites were prohibited
Deities, pagan, whence derived, ii. 35 carrying horses from, 281--the laws

form of the ancient statues of, ac- of Moses, why accommodated to the
counted for, 35- their spurious off- prejudices of the Jews, in favour of,
spring accounted for, 274 local and 310—the ancient school of legislation,
352_fundamental maxims in the reli- in the greater, 202 ; negatively, 202;
gious policy of, 353—hereditary des- positively, 203—why aspired to, by con-
potism preferred there, 354-the go- siderable personages, 205-a detection
vernment not rendered despotic by of polytheism, 205-_why the unity of
Joseph, 365

Deity concealed in them, 206—the
Egyptian characters, Kircher and Count history narrated in them, what, 216–

Caylus, their opinions concerning, 196, the hymn sung at, 217—how they be-
378

came corrupted, 225—why abused by
heroes, the reason why the the fathers, 228—under the inspection
later obtained the names of their earlier of the civil magistrate, 229_trans-
gods, explained, ii. 253

ferred into the Christian religion, 230
hieroglyphics, how they came —of the Egyptians and Grecians, the
to be, and to conceal their learning, ii. same, 231 - where invented, 232-
190_curiological and tropical, 194— by whom, 232_offices in the cele.
symbolic, 196_their change of their bration of, 232— taught a future state
style effected by this latter application of rewards and punishmenis, 235–
of them, 196

initiation into, represented by poets
Egyptian husbandry, anecdote of, i. 98 allegorically by descent into hell, 245

idolatry, described in Ezekiel's initiation into, compared with death,
visions, ii. 306

278_alluded to by Solomon, in Ecclus.
learning, that mentioned in iv. 17, 18, 278—the celebration of,
scripture, and that mentioned in a a drama of the history of Ceres, 281
corresponding manner by the Greek -the rites of, contained in the Golden
writers, the same, ii. 149–no distinct Ass of Apuleius, 300-magic rites in
division of the sciences in, 163_how the corrupt state of, 306
preserved from the knowledge of the Elias, the sense in which he was pre-
people by the priests, 209_summary dicted to come before the day of the
of, 218

Messiah, ascertained, iii. 221
physicians, confined to distinct Elihu, why distinguished from the other
branches of the medical art, ii. 157, friends of Job, iii. 118_bis character,
161_their preventive method of prac-

120
tice, 158 — their number accounted Elijah, the difference of the account of
for, 158-proved to compose an order his translation and Enoch's accounted
of the priesthood, 164

for, iii. 4
priesthood, account of, from Elisha, exposition of the adventure
Diodorus Siculus, ii. 153-confirmed between him and Joash, iii. 312
by Moses, 154—their rites, 156

Eloquence, defined by Milton, ii. 84
writing, the four kinds of, ii. Elysium, the description of, in Virgil,
191

preferred to that in Homer, i. 74-che
Egyptians, a people most celebrated for several stations allotted to the happy

the cultivation of religion, i. 168– by Virgil, i. 275
celebrated for religion in the most Embalming, the Egyptian method of, ii.
early times ; their priests, also their 161, 170_this operation performed by
judges and magistrates, 420_exami. the physicians, and the reason, 162—
nation into the degree of their scien. the antiquity of the general practice of,
tific knowledge, 491-in what their proved, 171
wisdom more especially consisted, 492 Enigmas, required in the nature of God's
-among the first who taught the im. dispensation to the Jews, ii. 211
mortality of the soul, 495—why sub- Enoch, the difference between the account
ject to incurable diseases, ii. 160— of his translation and that of Elijah
their funeral rites, 170_their sacred accounted for, iii. 4
dialect, 209_origin of animal worship Enthusiasm and fraud, the union of,
among, 223— worshippers of plants, accounted for, ii. 23
223-of chimerical beings, 224_local Epic poetry, Homer, Virgil, and Milton,
animal deities among,

224_their the triumvirate of, i. 245
charge against the Grecians of stealing | Epictetus, his notion of death, i. 456
their gods, with their mutual recrimi. Epicurus, his doctrine of matter compared
nations, 196

with that of Democritus, ii. 79
Eleusinian Mysteries, the general pur- Epistolic writing, account of the origin

pose of their institution, i. 196_re- of, ii. 200
quisites for initiation into them, 197 Error, ridicule the proper means of
- initiation into, deemed as neces- detecting, i. 102
sary among the pagans, as baptism Essential differences, Aristotle the patron
among Christians, 199—why kept of, i. 134
secret, 200—the greater and the less, Establishments in religion, advantages
201-inquiry into the doctrines taught

of, ii. 89

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