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ception of its adverse dispensations, in
ancient and modern times, iii. 287–
Job's opinion of the equality and ine-
quality of, 289—revival of an equal,
to the chosen race, 364-considerations
on God's using human instruments in
the dispensations of, 460—considera-
tions God's using temporary

plagues in the dispensations of, 466
Providence, extraordinary, a necessary

consequence of the Jewish theocracy,
ii. 489_illustrated from Solomon's
prayer, at the dedication of the tem.
ple, 500; from Ezekiel, 501; from
Amos, 501-evidences of its ceasing,
504_ihe ease with which the preten.
sion to it might have been carried on,
504_the mention of the inequalities
of, by the sacred writers, accounted

for, 506
Psammitichus, his scheme to establish an

intercourse between Egypt and the

Grecian states, ii. 206
Psyche, the ancient story of, explained,

i. 305
Punishments, how applied in civil so.

ciety, i. 119—of the crimes of parents
on their children, on what principle

only to be vindicated, ii. 98
Purgatory, remarks on Virgil's account

of, i. 262—the inhabitants of, 263
Pyramids of Egypt, probable reasons

why they exhibit no bieroglyphic
inscriptions, ii. 383—the Egyptian
architecture formed on the idea of,
383_not temples, but sepulchres, 384
-alluded to in the book of Job, iii.

Pyrrhonians, and Academics, their prin-
ciples compared, i. 425—their origin,

Pythagoras, his knowledge in physics

established in late experience concern-
ing earthquakes, i. 424 ; ii. 70-an
inquiry into the principles of his phi.
losophy, i. 434—his legislative fame,
435— taught several doctrines which

he did not believe, 444
Pythagoreans, their notions of providence,
i. 475—their tenets concerning the
human soul, 484

Quakers, their motives for rejecting the

institution of baptism examined into,

iii. 74
Quaternion, philosophic, their opinion

of the soul, i. 483


iii. 328_why discredited in religious

controversy, i. 471
Redemption by Christ, had a retrospect

from the fall, iii. 365—an act of grace,
not of debt, 366—the means employed

in that great work inquired into, 368
Regulus, Cicero's inquiry into his obli.

garion to return to Carthage, i. 468
Religion, the protection of, necessary in

all goverumenis, i. 107—reply to
Bayle's opinion, that a man devoid of
religion may be sensible of honour,
146—always the peculiar care of the
magistrate, 167—the necessily of
uniting it to the state, 339_brief view
of the state of, in the ancient world,
357—supposed by the sages to be cal-
culated only for the service of the
state, 415—the double doctrine of the
ancients considered, 417—its truth ma-
nifested by its use to society, ii. 1-if
admitted to have been invented by
statesmen, not therefore false, 5-an
inquiry into the first origin of, 27-no
people ever found without one, 47–
Hooker's sentiments on the political
use of, 48—100 great an attention to
civil liberty subversive of, 85—a com-
parison of the many religions that
have existed in the world, the clew to
the true one, 140—the absurdity of
any human legislature enforcing it by
penal laws, 435-Coristian and Mo-
saic necessarily dependent on some
preceding religion, 444—the care of
legislators in the propagation of, iii. 246
-acquired naturally by Adam and
Eve, 346—first revealed in paradise,
348_reasonableness of a doctrine, no
proof, but a presumption, of its divine
original, 408_miracles, the only proof
of a doctrine being from God, 409-
prophecy an additional evidence, 422

-, established, the voice of nature,
i. 339—the nature of, 340_necessary
to society, 340—danger from its devi.
ating from the truth, 344—necessity
of its alliance with the state, 345—2d.
vantages to the magistrate from such
an alliance, 345—what it receives from
the state, 350 -- what it communi.
cates to the state, 351_with a test
law, the universal voice of nature, 355
-speech of Post humius on the intro-
duction of foreign worship at Rome,
356_causes which facilitated it, 357
- good purposes of, 358_distinction
between established and tolerated,
according to Dionysius Halicarnasseus,
374_advantages of establishments, ii.

Jewish, of names, an ancient
superstition, ii. 299—not adopted by
any of the neighbouring nations, and
why, 455

natural, true definition of, ii

Rachel, the story of her stealing her

father's gods, examined, iii. 269
Rainbow, first creation and reason of, ii.

Reason, the only test of truth, i. 87—the

use of, in the discovery of truth, 101 ;

65—the Mosaic, a republication of, constitution, 408_their fear of the
65_teaches God to be the rewarder of gods, 408_their regard for an oath,
them that diligently seek him, iii. 351 409 — their use of sacrifice at con-
-of what those rewards consist, 351 cluding treaties of peace, iii. 372
--the distinction between natural and Rome, Christian, whether its supersti-
revealed, 362

tions borrowed from the pagan city,
Religion, revealed, its internal and ex- examined, ii. 360

ternal evidence, i. 108. the necessary Rose, what the emblem of among the
qualifications for treating of them, 109 ancients, i. 302_origin of the proverb
-only able to enforce the sanction of “under the rose,” 302
reward, 120_condition of man under Runic alphabet, when and why changed
it, inquired into, iii. 334—the three for the Roman, ii, 208
systems of, 363

Rutherforth, Dr., his notion of the effect
toleration of, motives for tole- the withdrawing the sanctions of the
ration, i, 359—danger of enforcing con. Jewish law had on the obligatory force
formity, 359-the sense in which it of that law, examined, ii. 491_his
was understood by the pagan world, notions of the temporal sanctions of

the Jewish law being continued under
Religions, pagan, not interfering with each the gospel, examined, 508_his notions
other, ii. 443

of inefficacy of action without speech,
Religious truth, inquiry into what it is, examined, iii. 299
iii. 327

war, one in ancient Egypt,
and the occasion of it, i. 363

Sabbath, a positive institution, ii. 313
Repentance, the nature and efficacy of, the Jews breach of, by circumcision,
considered, iii. 396

considered, 404_its origin, 405
Resurrection, allegorized by the Greek Sacred band of Thebans, Plutarch's
philosophers, i. 502

remarks on the death of, i. 244
Revelation, book of, why called “the Sacrifice, origin and nature of, explained,

word of prophecy,” iii. 429—the pre- iii. 370—made use of by the Romans
dictions of this book respecting Anti- at the ratification of peace, 372–M0-
christ, considered, 441

saic, examined, 377-the origin and
particular objections against, progress of human, 379_of Christ on
answered, 'ii. 60-some one embraced the cross, considered, 388—the admis.
by all mankind, 137—natural infer- sion of it into the Mosaic ritual, con-
ences from this general propensity, sidered, 381_feast upon the sacrifice,

138—the use and necessity of it, 140 a type of the Lord's supper, 384
Revelations, pagan, one circumstance Sacrifices, human, the command to Abra-

common to all, ii. 141_attributed by ham to offer up his son Isaac vindi-

the primitive fathers to the devil, 142 cated from the objection of giving a
Reward, the sanction of, explained, i. divine sanction to, ii. 188, 192

117-enforced only by religion, 120 Bryant's opinion of their origin, es-
Rhea, observations on the fable of, ii. 236 ploded, 449-Voltaire's opinion con-
Rhetoric, use of, disallowed at the court futed, 451-the command that “none
of Areopagus, i. 82

devoted shall be redeemed," examined,
Riddles, propounded by the Hebrew 454

sages, as mutual trials of sagacity, ii. Sages, ancient, unanimous in thinking

the doctrine of a future state of rewards
Ridicule, the favourite figure of speech and punishments necessary to the well-

among freethinkers, i. 81_Shaftes- being of society, i. 407–did not believe
bury's justification of, examined, 82- in a future state, 414_held it lawful
not the test of truth, 86, 100—how far for the public good, to say one thing
it may be safely made use of, 87– when they thought another, 414
the defence of, by Dr. Akenside, exa- Sallust, his opinion of the divine nature,
mined, 99-the proper detector of error, i. 477

Samuel, his conduct in establishing the
Rites, legal and patriarchal, not to be regal form of government in Judea, ii.
confounded, ii. 313

Ritual law of the Jews, made in refer- Sanchoniatho, arguments proving that

ence to the Egyptian superstition, ii. his is the history narrated in the
310_this no objection to the divinity Eleusinian mysteries, i. 212_extract
of it, 324_characterized in Ezekiel, from his history, 213
337_explained, 337

Sanhedrim, why instituted, ii. 317-
Romans, to what their ruin was owing, when established, 321_motives of

i. 160_their law respecting tolerated Jesus Christ's evasive reply to their
religions, 372_excellence of their interrogations, 321

Satan, reflections on his character as 118-the purpose of its institution,

represented by Job, iii. 112_extract 341_the extent of its care, 341-in-
from the author's sermon on the fall vented for intractable spirits, 408
of Satan, 476

Society, religious, the end of its institu-
Saul, the phrase of his being among the tion, i. 342—sovereign and independ.

prophets, explained, ii. 318_charac- ent on the civil, 342_not possessed of
terized, 319

any civil coactive power, 342—the ob-
Savages, American, why averse to the ject of its care, 343
arts of civil society, i. 378

Socinians, examination of their opinion
Scarron, his artifice in ridiculing the concerning the death of Christ, iii.
sentiment of Sulpicius, i. 84

Scenical representations, in what respect Socrates, review of the dispute between
without moral import, iii. 191

him and Aristophanes, i. 85-why he
Scepticism, characterized, iii. 323

declined initiation into the mysteries,
Sceptre of Judah, the common notions of 220_remarks on the latter part of his

that phrase examined, ii. 477-true conduct, 415—the first who called off
sense of, pointed out, 487

philosophy from the contemplation of
Scriptures, sacred, a summary view of nature to morals, 428the only Greek

their contents, iii. 11-general rule for philosopher who really believed a fu.
the interpretation of, 130_three points ture state of rewards and punish-
recommended to the attention of ments, 429the method of his philo-
commentators, 149_much abused in sophy, 431-note on the effect of the
the search after truth, 327

poison, ii, 68
Self-love, the operation of, in mankind, Socratio method of disputing, what 80
traced, i. 144

called, i. 432
Sentpiternus, the true import of that word Solomon, alludes to the Mysteries in the
ascertained, i. 494

book of Ecclesiasticus, (iv. 17, 18,) i.
Seneca, his Consolation against the Fear 278_his violations of the Mosaic law

of Death, i. 457-accused by St. Aus. remarked, ii. 282_his prayer at the
tin of duplicity, ii. 69

dedication of the temple, illustrative
Serpent, in the fall of man, the true of the particular providence over the

meaning of, ascertained, iii. 3._ how the Jewish nation, 500-in his prayer at
sentence passed on it is to be under- the dedication of the temple, requests
stood, 132

only a continuance of temporal re-
crooked, in Job and Isaiah, the wards and punishments, iii. 2-how
meaning of, explained, iii. 116

perverted to idolatry, 106
Sesostris, account of, from Diodorus Solomon's Song, a representation of

Siculus, ii. 153—and Osiris, arguments Christ's union and marriage with the
against the identity of, in opposition to church, iii. 286
Sir Isaac Newton, 249—and Osiris | Sophists, Greek, some account of, i. 432
distinguished, 255_260—who, 255, Soul, the several senses in which the
divides Egypt by transverse canals, 256

ancients conceived the permanency of
-his motives for, 288

it, i. 413_its future existence in a
Shaftesbury, Lord, remarks on his cha- state of rewards and punishments

racter, i. 89_his unfair treatment of taught, but disbelieved, by the philo-
Mr. Locke, 89

sophers, 413_Cicero's idea of, 461-
Sherlock, Bishop, his notion of the tribal an inquiry into our conceptions of,

sceptre of Judah, examined, ii. 479 478_three species of, admitted by the
Shuckford, Dr., his remarks on the an- ancients, 479 - opinions of various

cient ritual law, examined, ii. 337, 403 pbilosophers, 488—the opinions of the
Sibyl, how that character in the Ænéis is philosophers on the immortality of, ii.
to be understood, i. 250

78--the sentiments of the Jews con-
Signs, memorable instance of divine in. cerning, under the law, iii. 24-exami.

struction communicated by, in the case nation of the notion of the sleep of,
of Abraham, iii. 170

25 the niention of its future exist.
Silenus, whence Ovid derived his idea of, ence by Moses, and by following write
i. 441

ers, to be distinguished, 73_imma-
Sleeping scheme, the principles of, ex- terial, common to the whole animal
amined, iii. 25

creation, 131_living, in what sense to
Society, civil, the first invention of, and be understood as used in the history
the motives to, i. 114—no preservative

of the creation of man, 132_inquiry
against moral disorders, 115_unable to into the nature of, 352—different opi.
enforce the sanction of reward, i. 117 nions on the, 349
-which is only to be supplied by reli- Speech, the origin and history of, ii. 185
gion, 120_mutual stipulations between the early acquisition of, by Adam
magistrate and people on entering into, and Eve, iii, 347

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cracy, considered, iii. 354, 363_his
notion concerning the double senses
of the scripture prophecies, examined,

Symbols, and allegories of ancient pagan-
ism, for what purpose introduced, ii.
37—their revolution from being em-
ployed for contrary purposes to their
primitive designation, pointed out, 210
and types, their difference explained,

iii. 382
Synesius, bishop of Ptolemais, some ac-
count of, i. 501_allegorizes the resur-

rection, 501
System and hypothesis, the human mind

naturally inclined to, ii. 147


Spencer, an examination of the argu.

ment of his treatise, De Theocratia
Judaica, ii. 474 - examination of
Sykes's defence of his argument, iii.

Spinosists, their opinion of the human

soul, i. 479
Spiritual courts, the end and use of, i.

State, its inducements to seek an alliance

with the church, i. 344—what it com-
municates to the church, 350—what it
receives from the church, 351 _its
conduct where it includes more than

one religion, 353
Statues, the first rise of worshipping, in

human form, ii. 262
Stebbing, Dr., an examination of his

objection to the argument of the Di.
vine Legation of Moses, ii, 51-his
arguments of Moses's divine legation,
equally applicable to Mahomet, 512
his exposition of Lev. xviii. 5, exa-
mined, iii. 141an examination of his
Considerations on the Command to
Abraham to offer up Isaac, 184, 292,
296, 300, 301, 304, 305, 308, 311,

312, 314, 315
Stillingfieet, his opinion of the Egyptian

hieroglyphics, ii. 195
Stoical renovation, what, i. 457
Stoics, their practice contrary to their

principles, i. 148—their notions of
death, 456_their opinions of the soul,

Strabo, his opinion concerning the insti.

tution of the Mysteries, i. 210.his
opinion as to the necessary religious
doctrines by which to govern and re-
strain the multitude, 411_his account
of the Mosaic doctrine of the Deity,

Stratonicean, whether the principles of a,

be capable of distinguishing the moral
difference between virtue and vice, i.

Suicide, why consigned by Virgil to pur-

gatory, i. 263 - condemned in the
Eleusinian Mysteries, and by Virgil,
286_authors who have written against

it, 396
Sulpicius, his reflections on the sight of

Grecian ruins, i. 84
Sun, the various names under which it

was worshipped, ii. 35
Superstition, in ancient history accounted

for, i. 173_whence derived, and the
cure of it, 337-whether preferable to
atheism, ii. 6-examination of Plu-
tarch's parallel between, of lord
Bacon's parallel between it and athe-

ism, 20
Swift, his observations on Toland and

Asgill, i. 338
Sykes, his answer to a censure passed on

Spencer's opinion of the Jewish theo-

Tacitus, his character of the Jews and

Christians, i. 368_his opinion of the
Jewish religion, ii. 110.his account
of the ancient Tbeban monuments,

Tages, the Etruscan god, how found, ii.

Talismans, greatly venerated by the

Mahometans, ii, 217-what they were,

Tartarus, observations on Virgil's ac-

count of, i. 262—who consigned to,

Taylor, Dr., examination of his account

of the origin of persecution, ii. 109
Telemachus, why he refused the horses

of Menelaus, ii. 283
Tertullian, his account of the origin of

heresies, i. 502
Test law, whence it took its birth, i. 353

-copy of the test oath of Athens, 355
Thebans, account of the sacred band, i.

Theistical opinion, concerning the human

soul, i. 479
Theocratic government of the Jeros, the

reasons and conveniences of the, ii.
419_436_every subject a priest under
the, 430—particular inquiry into the
circumstances of the, 431-462—why
willingly received by them, 438—how
long subsisting, 468_ when abolished,
476_necessarily including an extraor-
dinary providence, 489-illustrated
from Solomon's prayer at the dedica-
tion of the temple, 500 ; from Ezekiel,
501 ; from Amos, 501_Dr. Sykes's
answer to the censure passed on Spen-
cer, considered, iii. 54
Theology, natural, the obligations flow-

ing from, as given by lord Boling-
broke, i. 332

-, pagan, three systems of, i, 206
Theopompus, the common source from

which both Ovid and Virgil borrowed,
and wherein they crred in deviation
from him, i, 441


ras, 256

Theseus, exposition of his descent into the Eleusinian Mysteries, i. 225_sup-
hell, i. 247, 272

pressed on the same account, 225
T'imæus, his exposition of the ancient Virgil, an exposition of his allegory of
metemp.ychosis, i. 444

the descent of Æneas to the shades, i.
Tò év, not an Egyptian notion, i. 491– 235-an inquiry into the nature of the

derived from Pherecydes Syrus, 493 Æneid, 235_remarks on his destroy-
Toland, character of his Pantheisticon, ing the myrtle which dropped blood,
ii. 27

237-remarks on his making ships
Toleration, juster notions of it enter- become deities, 238_remarks ou the

tained by the ancients than by the character of Turnus, 240 — remarks
moderns, i. 359—two principal causes on the character of Dido, 240-re-
inducing a large and full allowance of, marks on Voltaire's criticism on this
by the ancient lawgivers, 359_he story, 241-remarks on his account of
Romans careful not to infringe it, in the court of Evander, 242_remarks
their edict against the bacchanalian on the episode of Nisus and Euryalus,
rites, 373—universal, among all the 243_recommends adoption, 243—ex-
ancient nations, and why, ii, 127

planation of the golden bough, 251-
Toyman, at Bath, pertinent story of, iii. his account of the Mysteries of Myth-

exposition of his cha-
Traditions, mistaken presumption to racter of Charon, 260_explanation of

strengthen the authority of, by the the dog Cerberus, 261-comment on
church of Rome, iii. 16_never made his topography of the infernal regions,
use of by Christ in support of his 262_remarks on the episodes of Dido
character, 174

and Deiphobus, 268_his description
Treason, high, observations on the laws of Elysium compared with that of
of forfeitures in cases of, iii, 8

Homer, 274_infected with Spinosism,
Trismegistus, history of the books forged 277_remarks on his description of
in the name of, i. 497

the shield of Æneas, 283
Truth, whether possible to be made ridi- Virtue, three different excitements to, i.

culous, i. 83_reason the best test of, 130-natural and moral obligations to,
87—reason and ridicule considered in distinguished, 135

1 - an inquiry into
the trial of, 100_reasons for veiling it the nature of, under a dispensation of
in Mysteries, 200—and utility, their rewards and punishments, iii. 47
coincidence, and the mutual proof Voice of the sign, origin of, ii. 185
they afford of each other, ii. 2-in- Voltaire, remarks on his criticism on the
quiry into what it is, iii. 324

Dido of Virgil, i. 241-examination of
Turnus, remarks on the character of, in his method of accounting for the per-
the Æneis, i. 240

secuting spirit among Christians, 400
Type and symbol, their difference ex- -examination of his objections to the
plained, iii. 382

argument of the Divine Legation of
Types, the meaning of, ascertained, iii. Moses, ii. 50—his account of the Chi-

198 — derivation of, 200 — argument nese method of printing, 374 — his
deduced from the general passion for, account of the Mosaic dispensation
236_retained by Mr. Whiston's opi. examined, 421-his misrepresentation
nion, whilst he rejects double senses, of Judea refuted, 425—some mistakes

in his treatise on toleration, noted, iii.
Typhon, the fable of, explained, ii. 227, 66_his opinion of the origin of hu-

man sacrifices, confuted, 433_his ac-
Tyrants, ancient, great encouragers of

cusation of the Jews' sacrificing a
religion, and from what motives, i. 176 whole nation, examined, 445

Vossius, his account of the origin of

idolatry, refuted, ii. 233
Unity of the Deity, taught in the Eleu-

Vows, the origin and obligation of, con-
sinian Mysteries, i. 276

sidered, iii. 454_ the command that
Universality, the want of, no objection

none devoted shall be redeemed,”
against the truth of the Mosaic dis.

examined, 454—Jephthah's rash vow
pensation, ii. 61

considered, 458
Utility, indicative of truth, ii. 2

Vulcan, Sir Isaac Newton's account of,

ii. 279_compared with that of Homer,

Vane, Sir Harry, his character, ii. 25

Vedam, the antiquity of it, ii. 361
Vine-tree, Ezekiel's prophecy of it, ex. Wants of mankind, real and fantastic,
plained, ii. 421

inquiry into, and the effects of, i. 154
l'igils, supposed to have originated from War, the different situations of coun-

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