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SECTION II. On the Quotations from the Septuagint Version in the

Greek Testament

I. Quotations agreeing verbatim with the Septuagint, or only changing the per-

son, number, &c. - II. Quotations taken from the Septuagint, but with some


. - III. Quotations agreeing with the Septuagint in sense, but not in

words.- IV. Quotations differing from the Septuagint, but agreeing exactly

ar nearly with the Hebrew. - V. Quotations that differ from both the Septua-

gint and the Hebrew. - VI. Considerations on the probable causes of the

seeming discrepancies in the quotations from the Old Testament in the


Page 386

SECTION ITI. On the Internal Form of Quotations, or the Mode in which

Citations from the Old Testament are applied in the Nero.

General observations on the Rabbinical and other modes of quoting the Old Tes-

tament. -- Classification of the Quotations in the New Testament; - I. Quo-

tations from the Old Testament in the New, in which the predictions are lite-

rally accomplished ; -- II. Quotations, in which that is said to have been done,

d which the Scriptures have not spoken in a literal, but in a spiritual sense ;

- III. Quotations that are accommodated by the sacred writers to particular

events or facts ; - IV. Quotations and other Passages from the Old Testament

which are alluded to in the New.


SECTION IV. Of Apocryphal Passages, supposed to be quoted in the

Na Testament - Quotations from profane Authors.


Chapter X. On the Poetry of the Hebrews.

1. A large portion of the Old Testament proved to be poetical; - Cultivation of

poetry by the Hebrews. - II. The sententious parallelism, the grand character.

istic of Hebrew Poetry: - Its origin and varieties. - 1. Parallel lines grada-

tional; -2. Parallel lines antithetic;—3. Parallel lines constructive ; - 4.

Parallel lines introverted. -- III. The poetical dialect not confined to the Old


. -- Reasons for expecting to find it in the New Testament. — Proofs

of the existence of the poetical dialect there ; – 1. From simple and direct

quotations of single passages from the poetical parts of the Old Testament ;

2. From quotations of different passages, combined into one connected whole;

-3. And from quotations mingled with original matter. - IV. Original pa-

rallelisms occurring in the New Testament : - 1. Parallel Couplets ; --2. Pa-

rallel Triplets ; – 3. Quatrains ; - 4,5. Stanzas of five and six lines ; -6.

Stanzas of more than six parallel lines. - V. Other examples of the poetical

parallelism in the New Testament ; -- 1. Parallel lines gradational; -2. The


. -- VI. Different kinds of Hebrew Poetry. - 1. Prophetic poetry ;-

2 Elegiac poetry ;--- 3. Didactic poetry ;--- 4. Lyric poetry ; - 5. The Idyl ;

- 6. Dramatic poetry ; -- 7. Acrostic or alphabetical poetry. - VII. General

observations for better understanding the compositions of the sacred poets. 446

CHAPTER XI. On Harmonies of Scripture.

1 Occasion and design of Harmonies of the Scriptures.--- II. Works reconciling

alleged or seeming contradictions in the Sacred Writings. - III. Harmonieg

of the Old Testament, IV. Harmonies of the Four Gospels. - V. 1. Har-

mories of particular parts of the Gospels. 2. Harmonies of the Acts of the

Apostles and of the Apostolical Epistles. - VI. Observations on the different

schemes of harmonisers, and on the duration of the public ministry of Jesus


ent. - II. The Talmnd. -- 1. The
d Babylonish Talmuds. -- 3. The
Account of them. The genuine-
ter of Jesus Christ proved. -- IV.
is for the elucidation of the Scrip.

gas occurring in the Old and

Readings. - II. Nature of Vari.
id mere errata. - III. Causes of

mistakes of transcribers ; --2.
opied ; -3. Critical conjecture ;
n party motives. - IV. Sources

1. Manuscripts ; - 2. Antient

del Passages ; --- 5. Quotations in

onjecture. - V. General rules for

of Writers who have treated on


le Quotations from the old

', II. Quotations nearly agree-

eeing with the Hebrer in sense,

the general sense, but abridge or

tal passages of Scripture. - VI.

igrering with the Septuagint

. -

silspect a different reading in the

rew seems to be corrupted. IX.


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CHAPTER I. On the Sense of Scripture.

1. Of the Literal Sense. - II. Allegorical Sense. — III. Typical or Spiritual

Sense. - IV. Parabolic Sense. — 9. Examination and vindication of the Spi-

ritual Sense. – VI. General rules for investigating the Sense of Scrip-


Page 492

CHAPTER 11. On the Signification of Words and Phrases.

I. General rules for investigating the meaning of words. — II. On emphatic

words. - III. Rules for the investigation of emphases.


CHAPTER III. On the subsidiary Means for ascertaining the Sense of


SECTION I. On the Cognate Languages.


SECTION II. On the Analogy of Scripture, or Parallel Passages.

I. Nature of Parallel Passages. — II. Verbal Parallelisms. - III. Real Parallel.

isms. - IV. Parallelisms of members, or poetical parallelisms. – V. Rules for

investigating parallel passages. - Helps for the investigation of parallel pas-



SECTION III. Scholiasts and Glossographers.

I. Nature of Scholia. - II. And of Glossaries.- III. Rules for consulting them

to advantage in the interpretation of the Scriptures.


Section IV. Of the Subject Matter.


Section V. Of the Context.

1. The Context defined and illustrated. - II. Rules for investigating the Con-



SECTION VI. On Historical Circumstances.

Historical Circumstances defined. - I. Order. - II. Title. - III. Author.-IV.

Date of the several books of Scripture. - V. The Place where written. - VI.

Chronology: - VII. Occasion on which they were written. - VIII. Scope or

design. – IX. Analysis of each book. - X. Biblical Antiquities, including 1.

The political, ecclesiastical, and civil state ; -2. Sacred and profane History;

-3. Geography; - 4. Genealogies ; – 5. Natural History; - and 6. Philo

sophical seets and learning of the Jews and other nations mentioned in the



Section VII. Of the Scope.

I. The Scope defined. Importance of investigating the scope of a book or pas-

sage of Scripture. - II. Rules for investigating it.


Section VIII. Of the Analogy of Faith.

1. The Analogy of faith defined and illustrated. — II. Its importance in studying

the Sacred Writings. - III. Rules for investigating the analogy of faith. 55%

SECTION IX. On Commentaries,
I. Different classes of Commentaries. -- II. Nature of Scholia. -- III. Or Com-
mentaries strictly so called. – IV. Paraphrases. – V. Collections of observa-
tions on Holy Writ. — VI. The utility and advantage of Commentaries. -

VII. Design to be kept in view, when consulting them. VIlI. Rules for con-

sulting Commentaries to the best advantage.

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CHAPTER IV. On the Historical Interpretation of the Scriptures.

I. Historical Interpretation defined. -- Rules for the historical interpretation of

the Scriptures. - II. On the interpretation of Scripture miracles. 571

CHAPTER V. On the Interpretation of the Figurative Language of



Section I. General Observations on the Interpretation of Tropes and




Section II. On the Interpretation of the Metonymies occurring in the



Nature of a Metonymy. - 1. Metonymy of the cause. — 2. Metonymy of the

effect. --- 3. Metonymy of the subject. 4. Metonymy of the adjunct, in which

the adjanct is put for the subject.


Section III. On the Interpretation of Scripture Metaphors.

Nature of a Metaphor. — Sources of Scripture Metaphors. - I. The works of

nature. – II. The occupations, customs, and arts of life. - III. Sacred topics,

or religion and things connected with it. - IV. Sacred history.


Section IV. On the Interpretation of Scripture Allegories.

The Allegory defined. – Different species of Allegory. – Rules for the interpre.

tation of Scripture Allegories.


SECTION V. On the Interpretation of Scripture Parables.

1. Nature of a Parable. - II. Antiquity of this mode of instruction. - III. Rules

for the interpretation of Parables. - IV. Parables, why used by Jesus Christ.

-V. Remarks on the distinguishing excellence of Christ's parables, compared

with the most celebrated fables of antiquity.


Section VI. On Scripture Proverbs.

1. Nature of Proverbs. - Prevalence of this mode of instruction. - II. Different

kinds of Proverbs. - III. The Proverbs occurring in the New Testament, how

to be interpreted.


SECTION VII. Concluding Observations on the Figurative Language

of Scripture.

1. Synecdoche. -- II. Irony. – III. Hyperbole.

Chapter VI. On the Spiritual Interpretation of the Scriptures. 630

CHAPTER VII. On the Interpretation of the Scripture Prophecies.

Section I. General Rules for ascertaining the Sense of the Prophetic



Section II. Observations on the Accomplishment of Prophecy in ge-

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