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Minnesota
Nebraska

Slaves in the Slave States....

Free Negroes in the Slave States.

Free Negroes in the Slave States.
Free Negroes in the Free States..

Excess of Free Negroes in the Slave States.....

Indian Territory.....

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Kansas

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N. Mexico"

Oregon

Utah

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612,597

FREE COLORED AND SLAVE-1850.

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Whites.

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Washington
Columbia, Dist. of..

Aggregate Negro Population of the Slave States in 1850...3,428,502

THE TERRITORIES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Area in Square Miles.

71,127

.114,798

166,025

335,882

207,007

.185,030

269,170

123,022

60

....

Acres. 544,926,720 392,062,082

152,864,638

6,077

61,547

13,294

11,880

*51,687

143,985

Aggregate of Area and Population, 1,472,121

*Of the 51,687 inhabitants in the District of Columbia, in 1850, 10,057 were Free Colored, and 3,687 were slaves.

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Total. 13,434,922 9,612,976

3,821,946

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NUMBER OF SLAVEHOLDERS IN THE UNITED STATES-1850.

Alabama....

Arkansas.

Columbia, District of,..

Delaware...

Florida.

Georgia.

Kentucky.

Louisiana.

Maryland.

Mississippi..

Missouri..

North Carolina..

South Carolina...

Tennessee..

Texas......

Virginia..

Total Number of Slaveholders in the United States....

Holders of
Holders of

29,295

5,999

1,477

809

3,520

..38,456

.38,385

.20,670

.16,040

.23,116

.19,185

28,303

25,596

.33,864

7,747

...55,063

.847,525

CLASSIFICATION OF THE SLAVEHOLDERS-1850.

1 slave......

1 and under

5........

Holders of

5 and under

10...

10 and under

20..

Holders of
Holders of
Holders of 50 and under

20 and under

50..

100..

200.

Holders of 100 and under
Holders of 200 and under 300..
Holders of 300 and under 500...

Holders of 500 and under 1,000....

Holders of 1,000 and over

Aggregate Number of Slaveholders in the United States.....347,525

68,820 105,683

80,765

54,595

29,733

6,196

1,479

187

56

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It thus appears that there are in the United States, three hundred and forty-seven thousand five hundred and twen ty-five slaveholders. But this appearance is deceptive. The actual number is certainly less than two hundred thousand. Professor De Bow, the Superintendent of the Census, informs us that "the number includes slavehirers," and furthermore, that "where the party owns slaves in different counties, or in different States, he will be entered more than once." Now every Southerner, who has any practical knowledge of affairs, must know, and does know, that every New Year's day, like almost every other day, is desecrated in the South, by publicly hiring out slaves to large numbers of non-slaveholders. The slave-owners, who are the exclusive manufacturers of pub lic sentiment, have popularized the dictum that white ser vants, decency, virtue, and justice, are unfashionable; and there are, we are sorry to say, nearly one hundred and sixty thousand non-slaveholding sycophants, who have subscribed to this false philosophy, and who are giving constant encouragement to the infamous practices of slaveholding and slave-breeding, by hiring at least one slave every year.

In the Southern States, as in all other slave countries, there are three odious classes of mankind; the slaves themselves, who are cowards; the slaveholders, who are tyrants; and the non-slaveholding slave-hirers, who are lickspittles. Whether either class is really entitled to the regards of a gentleman is a matter of grave doubt. The slaves are pitiable; the slaveholders are detestable; the slave-hirers are contemptible.

With the statistics at our command, it is impossible for us to ascertain the exact numbers of slaveholders and nonslaveholding slave-hirers in the slave States; but we have data which will enable us to approach very near to the facts. The town from which we hail, Salisbury, the capital of Rowan county, North Carolina, contains about twenty-three hundred inhabitants, including three hundred and seventy-two slaves, fifty-one slaveholders, and forty-three non-slaveholding slave-hirers. Taking it for granted that this town furnishes a fair relative proportion of all the slaveholders, and non-slaveholding slave-hirers in the slave States, the whole number of the former, including those who have been "entered more than once," is one hundred and eighty-eight thousand five hundred and fiftyone; of the latter, one hundred and fifty-eight thousand nine hundred and seventy-four; and, now, estimating that there are in Maryland, Virginia, and other grain-growing States, an aggregate of two thousand slave-owners, who have cotton plantations stocked with negroes in the far South, and who have been "entered more than once," we find, as the result of our calculations, that the total number of actual slaveholders in the Union, is precisely one hundred and eighty-six thousand five hundred and fiftyone-as follows:

Number of actual slaveholders in the United States...... 186,551 Number "entered more than once".... 2,000 158,974

Number of non-slaveholding slave-hirers......

Aggregate number, according to De Bow........ 347,525

The greater number of non-slaveholding slave-hirers, are

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So it seems that the total number of actual slave-owners, including their entire crew of cringing lickspittles, against whom we have to contend, is but three hundred and forty-five thousand five hundred and twenty-five. Against this army for the defense and propagation of slavery, we think it will be an easy matter-independent of the negroes, who, in nine cases out of ten, would be delighted with an opportunity to cut their masters' throats, and without accepting of a single recruit from either of the free States, England, France or Germany-to muster one at least three times as large, and far more respectable for its utter extinction. We hope, however, and believe, that the matter in dispute may be adjusted without arraying these armies against each other in hostile attitude. We desire peace, not war-justice, not blood. Give us fair-play, secure to us the right of discussion, the freedom of speech, and we will settle the difficulty at the ballotbox, not on the battle-ground-by force of reason, not by force of arms. But we are wedded to one purpose from which no earthly power can ever divorce us. We are determined to abolish slavery at all hazards-in defiance of all the opposition, of whatever nature, which it is possible for the slavocrats to bring against us. Of this they may take due notice, and govern themselves accordingly.

Before we proceed further, it may be necessary to call

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