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AREoPAGU’s described, iii. 422. n. ARGoNAUts, their exploits, ii. 213. ARIMATHEA, its name and situation, iii. 293, n. AR1st Archus, who he was, iii. 431. accompanies St Paul to Ephesus, ib. partakes of all his dangers and toils, and suffers with him, n. ib. ARIsroBULUs the First, son of Hyrcanus, succeeds his father as king of Judea, ii. 647. his sanguinary suspicious temper, ib. imprisons his mother, and starves her to death, why, ib. also kills his brother Antigonus, ib. his war with the Itureans, whom he subdues and compels to embrace the Jewish religion, 648. dies in the utmost agonies of body and mind, ib. is succeeded by his son Alexander Jannaeus, ib. AR1stobulus the Second, younger son of Jannaeus, heads a party against the Jews, iii. 653. takes several castles, 654. obliges his brother Hyrcanus to resign to him by treaty the crown and high priesthood, ib. defeated by Aretas, pursued to Jerusalem, ib. obliges Aretas to raise the siege, slays 6000 of his men, ib. pleads his cause before Pompey, 655. revolts, but submits at last to Pompey, ib. imprisoned with his daughters, carried to Rome, but escapes and again revolts, 657. carried back and poisoned, ib. Ark, Noah's, its dimensions, i. 157. m. his faith in building it, ib. n. its capacity, 179. how animals came into it, 182. their subsistence, and the window in it, 183, n. conjectures as to the place where it rested, 189. Ark of the Lord, why said to be at Shechem, when it really was at Shiloh, ii. 35, taken by the Philistines, 107, lamented by the Israelites, 110. is carried in triumph to Ashdod, placed in the temple of Dagon, at whose coming the idol falls, carried by them in procession from town to town, their affliction makes them send it back, 109. Benjamites looking into it are slain, 110, is brought to Kirjathjearim, ib. why the Israelites carried it with them to the wars in Philistia, 137. why God suffered it to be taken, ib. and 138. whether seventy Bethshemites slain, 139. why not carried to Shiloh, ib. brought to Jerusalem by David, 176, its history till it was seen no more, 139. m. Uzzah struck dead for touching it, 170. why David would not have it go with him in Absalom's rebellion, 190. n. Ark of the Covenant, ii. 260. m. and 519. n. ARMAIs, brother of Sesostris, account of him, i. 622, 3. his usurpation and defeat, ib. ARMEN1A, mountains of, i. 189. ARPHAxAD, king of Media, account of him and Ecbatana, ii. 447. n. Arrows, their use in war, ii. 134. signal between Jonathan and David, 124. AsA succeeds his father Abijah in the kingdom of Judah, ii. 274. fortifies several frontier cities, ib. vanquishes Zerah, king of Arabia, ib. and 275, engages Benhadad's assistance against Baasha, king of Israel, is inexcusable, and why, 276. "grows peevish and passionate towards the end of his reign, orders his body to be burnt, and how, ibid. note to. During his reign there were 8 kings of Israel, 278. AsAKEL killed, ii. 172. m. Ascensions of our Blessed Lord, several of them after his resurrection, iii. 297. m. ib. upon the words, “I have not ascended.” Ash.DoD, how situated, and for what famous, ii. 108. n. AsHIMA, an idol of the Syrians, its shape and worship, ii. 397. m. AshkELoN, a city of the Philistines, its situation, ancient and present, ii. 72. n.
AskALoN, its situation, ii. 108, n. As MoDEus, a demon, who, iii. 121. m. Asphaltites, lake, i. 340. Asphaltus, i. 182—8. Ass, not a despicable creature among Eastern nations, ii. 86. sacred among the Philistines, ib. Sampson's weapon, what, ib. n. of Balaam, i. 618. our Saviour rides on one, iii. 220. Asshur, a descendant of Shem, being driven from Babel by Nimrod, founds Nineveh, i. 266, the cities which he built, 267. AssiDEANs, a particular sect of the Jews, account of them, ii. 595. n. Assos, its situation, iii. 434. n. AstaroTH, the goddess of the Zidonians, account of, i i 275. n. Astarte, idol of the Tyrians, account of it, ii. 275. n. Astronomers of the East, see Wise Men. Astronomy of the Egyptians, i. 480. of Pythagoras and the Hindoos, ib. Chaldeans, 253. AssyriaN empire, origin of, i. 252. the history of, from Diodorus and Justin, 271. n. **. dissolution of, ii. 676. AssyriaN captivity, the ruin of the ten tribes of Israel, i. 418. n. Asum AN, Syrian idol, ii. 397. m. ATE, her story, to what an allusion, i. 47. n. AthALIAH, after Jehu had slain her son, usurps the kingdom of Juda, cuts off all the royal family, except Joash, who was concealed, by whom, when, and how long, ii. 353. and n, she is seized by Jehoiada's guards, and soon after slain, 354. ATHENs, its situation, &c. iii. 421. n. ATTALIA, its situation, iii. 414, n. ATTILIUs's amphitheatre, fall of, ii. 91. n. Attrogs, supposed by the Jews to be the fruit forbidden to our first parents, ii. 650. m. resembles a citron or lemon, of a rough rind, common in Palestine, and thrown by the populace against the high priest, ib. Augustus, his reign and domestic grievances, iii. 507. and m. his good laws and wholesome severities, 508. his respect for our Saviður, ib. appoints Tiberius his successor, ib. his death and character, 509. and the honours paid to his memory, ib. reformation of the calendar by him, ib. and n. “Authority, as one having,” explained, iii. 120. n. Aven and AMAL, what, i. 593, n. Avites, or AvADLE, a people in Bactriana, probably those whom Salmaneser transported into Palestine, ii. 397. n. AzEKAH, its situation, ii. 119. n. Azorus, its situation, ii. 108. n. called Ashod formerly, iii. 402. n.
the number of those engaged in the enterprise, i. 219–227. n. opinions of the author concerning it and Nimrod contro. verted; 235, demolished by Xerxes; account of its remains, 239. BABYLoN, by whom built, and for what purposes, i. 219, &c. enlarged by whom, 265. its ancient state, ib. and ii. 521. BABYLoNians, famed for the art of dyeing, ii. 8. n. their learning, 523. n. BAccHIDEs, governor of Mesopotamia, is ordered by Demetrius to march with an army into Judea, ii. 618. overpowers and kills Judas Maccabaeus, 620. pursues and overtakes Jonathan, the brother and successor of Judas, 621. goes to Jerusalem, fortifies Mount Acra, makes a treaty, and returns to Syria, ib. BALAAM, is sent for by Balak, why, i. 577, permitted by God to go under certain restrictions, is met by an angel, and reproved by his ass, ib. his meeting with the king, and prophecy, 578, his wicked device to seduce and destroy Israel, 579. is cut off by Phineas, 582, his character, &c. 606. BALAK, king of Moab, sends to Balaam costly presents, i. 577. receives him courteously, ib. but enraged at his blessing instead of cursing his enemy, dismisses him, 578. BAlch, its situation, ii. 680. n. IBALISTE of the Romans, ii. 616. n. Banishment, how looked on by the Roman law, iii. 470. n. Baptism, why appointed, i. 74. n. ancient manner of, iii. 18. that of John and Christ, remarks on, ib. Baptism of infants among the Jews, and in the Christian church, iii. 334–5. BARAK, son of Abinoam, general of the Israelites, having received a message from Deborah, defeats Sisera and his army on Mount Tabor, ii. 59. kills the king, his faith and that of Deborah, 60. n. and 82. BARIs, castle, described, ii. 630. n. BARNABAs, his character, iii. 404. sent by the apostles from Jerusalem to Antioch, 408. is appointed to go with St Paul to preach to the Gentiles, 411. is supposed to be Jupi. te', 13. sent with St Paul to Jerusalem from Antioch, why, 415. sent back to Antioch with the decree of the council, 416, preaches about Liguria, 470, settles a church at Milan, ib. is its bishop, returns to Cyprus, is stoned to death by the Jews, ib. BARsaBAs, account of him, iii. 392. n. BARtholoMEw, not the proper, but patronymic name of this apostle, iii. 118. n. thought to be Nathanael, ib. preaches the Gospel in India Superior, converts the king and queen of Armenia at Albinople,469, he is first flayed by the priests, then beheaded or crucified, 470. his relative name accounted for, ib. n. BARUch, the disciple and amanuensis of Jeremiah, reads his prophecies in the temple in the hearing of the people, ii. 440, is ordered to be seized with his master, but both escape, 441. BARzillai is very kind to king David during his exile, ii. 216. invited upon the king's restoration to go with him to Jerusalem, ib. but declines on account of his great age, ib. Bashan, one of the most fertile cantons .# Canaan, described, i. 576. n. Battering-rauns first used at the siege of Troy, ii. 25, controverted, ib. Bathsheba, marriage between her and David unlawful, why, ii. 183. n. has a son, Solomon, 185, how far guilty, ib. n. BATH-col, explained, iii. 257, n. Bdellium, what, where found, i. 37.
BEAN, its situation, ii. 614. n. its children, who, ib. n. Beard, cutting off, the greatest indignity, ii. 180. the case of David’s ambassadors, ib. Beasts and Birds, the number of them in the ark, what, i. 179. n. are fewer than commonly supposed, ib. their provision, 180. n. and 181. n. the various species of 180. how they were all brought to the ark, 182. how they lived for want of air and light, ib. how in the middle region of the air, and how they got into America, 183–186, and n. BEER, city, account of, ii. 66. n. BEERLAHARo1, meaning of, i.286. BEERsher A, meaning of, i. 344. Bees abhor bad smells, ii. 71. swarm of in a lion's carcase, ib. Behemoth, what, its prodigious strength, ii. 636. Bel or BAAL, meaning of, i. 238. n. Belesis, governor of Babylon, conspires with Arbaces against Sardanapalus king of Assyria, they succeed, and divide his empire between them, ii. 473. settles the Chaldean era, or that of Nabonassor, 474. n. BELLERophon, his story founded on that of Uriah, ii. 182. n. the name, ib. Bells worn by the high priest, the number of uncertain, i. 561. the use and intent of them, ib. n. Belshazzar succeeds Laborosoarchod in the kingdom of Babylon, i. 490, probably grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, n. doubts of, ib. defeated by Cyrus, shut up in Babylon, 491. profanes the sacred vessels at a feast, ib. terrified with the hand-writing, which Daniel explains, 492, slain in the taking of the city, ib. and n. BELUs, successor to Nimrod, his actions and death, i. 267. ii. 522. n. Belus, temple of in Babylon, totally destroyed by Xerxes, and never since rebuilt, i. 238, and n. BElzebub, why the head of the fallen angels so called, ii. 311, n. and iii. 124. m. how distinguised by the apostles, ib. and Jews, ib. and in Tobit's days, ib. BENHADAD, king of Syria, raises a vast army against Ahab, king of Israel, in order to invest Samaria, ii. 304. defeated twice, makes peace with him, 305, sends a strong detachment to Dothan to seize Elisha, but his officers are bewildered, struck blind, and led into the midst of Samaria, 344. his army is dismayed and routed at the siege of Samaria, himself murdered, and how, 347, succeeded by his villainous servant Hazael, ib. BENJAmites, tragical war of, and its cause, ii. 54. the manner of recruiting their slaughtered tribe, 56. why so severely treated, and by God's permission, 94–5. BENJAMITE, pathetic report of one to Eli, ii. 107. n. BENoN1, last son of Jacob, import of the name, i. 372. n. called Benjamin by his father after his mother’s decease, ib. BEREA, its situation, iii. 421. n. Berenice, sister to king Agrippa, account of, iii. 444, n. Berith, an idol, how worshipped, ii. 65. n. BERosus, his history of the antediluvians, character of, i. 139. BETHABARA, its situation, iii. 20. n. Beth ANY, its ancient and present state, iii. 208, n. Beth Aven, its situation and name, i. 360. n. BETHEL, its situation and name, i. 361. and ii. 52. Bethesda, meaning of, its pool described, iii. 113. why mentioned only by St John, 145, why not mentioned by Josephus, 146. and n. whence it received its healing quality, and how it was lost, 147, and 148. m. and why one only cured, iii. 114. m. Bethlehem, the same with Ephrah, i. 372, birth-place of David, afterwards of our Saviour, iii. 8. its well, ii. 25. n. Beth LEHEM, its situation, iii. 9. n. David desires to drink of its well, 225. n. BETHoRox, its situation, ii. 38, n. BETHPHAGE, its situation, iii. 214. m. BETHsaidA, its situation, iii. 23. m. and 135. Bethshemites, slain by God, why, ii. 110. the number hardly conceivable, why the translation may be thought incorrect, 138. BETHULLA, its situation, ii. 448. n. BETHzurA, its situation, ii. 598. m. BEzek, war against its king, ii. 51. its situation, ib. n. why the king was mutilated, ib. n. BILDAD, one of Job’s friends, i. 429. n. BILHAH, concubinary wife of Jacob, i. 363. Birthright, its prerogatives, i. 412. n. Bishops, their several offices, iii. 482. Bitumen, what, and where plentiful, i. 157. m. and 188. and 220, and ii. 306. BITHYN1A, its situasion, iii. 418. m. Blasphemy, meaning of the term, iii. 37. n. its punishment,
Blasphemer of God's holy name put to death, i. 538. n. Blessings, prophetical, &c. of the patriarchs, institution of, i. 349. that of Isaac to Jacob explained, i. 352. 356. Blood, not to be eaten, and meaning of the prohibition, i.211. whether binding upon Christians, 212. arguments for and against, ib. the question decided, 219. Blind and lame of the Jebusites, what they were, ii. 175. n. BoANERGEs, who so called, meaning of the term, iii. 118. n. Body, human, Galen's description of, i. 29. and n. Bodily parts ascribed to God, i. 601. and 523. and passions, i. 126. Boils, of what kind inflicted on Egypt, i. 473. and 450. n. Bottles used in the East, of what made, iii. 39. n. and ii. 29, n. Bower, that of paradise, described from Milton, i. 32. n. Brachmans, who, and their ceremonies, i. 523. n. Brazen Serpent, why set up, i. 605. Mahometan fictions of, 606. m. Breaker of the Sabbath stoned to death, i. 539, where buried, ib. author's mistake corrected, n. ib. Brethren of Jesus, who they were, iii. 125. n. Brethren, their power in the church, iii. 484. Brute worship among the Egyptians, the origin of it, what, i. 483. 499. Brutus personates the fool, why, ii. 150. Buckle, golden, a mark of great distinction among the Greeks and Persians, and how worn, ii. 628, n. Burying, the Jews of old embalmed their dead, ii. 135. n. why the bodies of Saul and his sons were burnt, ib. n. custom of afterwards, iii. 296. n. and 212. n. Burying places, where, ii. 360, n,
racter and exploits, 691. contents of his letter to the senate, 693. which considers it a declaration of war, ib. passes the Rubicon, ib, surprises Ariminum, ib. gets possession of Italy and Spain, ib. defeated by Pompey, 693. his victory at Phar. salia and its consequences, ib. CissarEA, its situation, ii. 668. n. CESAREA Philippi, iii. 139. m. CAIN, his name and birth, i. 105. his oblations, 106, rejected, why, ib. resolves to murder his brother, 107. his inhuuan motives, 108. n. becomes a vagabond, and is banished, his idolatry, settles in the land of Nod, 109. his name, wicked posterity, and their inventions, his wife and city, and the mark set upon him, ib. n. and 118. CAINites, their wickedness, manner of living and idolatry, i. 133. Caleb, one of the spies sent to survey Canaan, i. 512. his report and veracity, ib. n. when general, he promises his daughter as a reward for victory, ii. 52. Calf golden, made by Aaron, i. 512. accounted a symbol of the Deity, ii. 281. CALIGULA, his barbarities to the Jews, ii. 60. his good beginning when emperor, iii. 510, his atrocious vices afterwards, 511. his death, ib. n. Calvary, Mount, described, ii. 252. n. and iii. 287. n. CAMBYses, the Ahasuerus of Scripture, succeeds his father Cyrus in Persia, stops the building of Jerusalem, ii. 528 for his wickedness supposed to be the Gog and Magog in Ezekiel, 516, his short reign and untimely end, 528. §uco o by a Magian, pretending to be his brother Smer. IS, lb. Camel's hair of St John Baptist, what, iii. 18. n. CANAAN, why cursed by Noah instead of Ham, i. 209. the curse what and how verified, ib. CANAAN, land of, described, i. 280. n. divided among the tribes, 583. n. CANAANITEs, driven out of their country, by whom, i. 601. why they were so supine, 602. and ii. 17. why God commanded them to be extirpated, i. 601–2. why they were not at once driven out, ii. 34. CANA of GALILEE, account of, iii. 24. n. CANDAce, queen of Ethiopia, account of her, iii. 401, n. Candlestick, golden, in the tabernacle, i. 560. CAPERNAUM, its situation, iii. 24. n. why our Lord preferred it as the place of his residence, and of the cure there, 148. CARItes, or KARAITEs, their peculiar principles, ii. 641, 642. CARPUs, who he was, iii. 463. n. CARTHAGINIANs think it more glorious to gain a victory by fraud than by courage, ii. 204. n. CAstor and Pollux, their story, iii. 451. n. Cat, sacred in Egypt, i. 486. n. a capital crime to kill one, ib. not eaten even in famine, ib. Catapultae, described, ii. 616. n. CATILINE, his agent's discourse and conduct, ii. 151. n. Cave, David's rencounter with Saul in one, ii. 128. Cecrops, his story, i 478. and n. Censures, Ecclesiastical, their institution and design, 505. Challenge of twelve men against twelve, ii. 172. Chains, ornaments of camels, ii. 65. n. Chancellor, his office and estimation in the East, ii. 179, h. Channels of the Sea, how made, i. 34, n.
Chaos described, i. 3. and 19. n. CHARchemish, its situation, name, and destruction, ii. 415. n. Charge, our Lord's, to the persons cured not to disclose, why, iii. 139. n. and 148. n. Chariots of war described, ii. 11. m. and 115. m. Charming of serpents, i. 605. n. ChedorlaoMER, king of Elam, is overcome by Abraham, i. 283. m. who, ib. - CHEMosh, or CHAMos, idol of Moab, account of, ii. 287. n. Chemistry invented, i. 480. improved, ii. 46. CHEREM, what, ii. 100. Cherethites and PELEThrtes, who they were, ii. 179. and why David's guard so called, ib. Cherubim described, i. 523. n. those that guarded paradise, i. 54. Children, by the Jewish law considered the property of their parents, and might be sold for seven years to pay debt, ii. 816. m. children of the East who, 61. n. CHINA, Moses silent concerning its first population, i. 206. n. Chios, island, described, iii. 434. n. CHR1st, why subject to death, i. 118, and iii. 319. Chronology, ancient, different views of, i. 138, &c. 246. 259, &c. 476, &c. 489. Chronometers invented, ii. 425. n. Church, its state and increase at the end of the first century, iii. 580. Church defined, iii. 140. n. constitution and discipline of it in primitive times, 500, see dissertation D. ib. analogy between the Christian and Old Testament church, 501, three orders in it, bishops, priests or presbyters, and deacons, 502. rise of diocesan episcopacy, ib. and of parish churches, 505. C1Licia, its situation, iii. 405. n. CINNA, civil war of him and Marius and Sylla, ii. 689. Cinnim, translated lice, opinions concerning, i. 449. n. Circumcision, religiously observed from the time of Abraham, i. 287. the manner of performing it, 300. n. and ii. 5. m. a Divine institution, and practised by several nations, i. 328, n. ends of it, 329. renewed at Gilgal, ii. 5. why omitted before, 23. not necessary to salvation now, iii. 415, the command positive, that no child should be circumcised before the eighth day, 7. Claudius, his good beginning, his indolent stupidity af. terwards, his marrying Agrippina, who poisons him, iii. 512 -18. Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy Philometer, account of, ii. 626–9. n. . Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, her character and achievements, ii. 649. n. CLEoPATRA, another queen of Egypt, her ascendence over Mark Antony, and its consequences, ii. 694, 695. Clocks invented, when, i. 185. Cloud, pillar of, the guide of the Israelites, i. 516. and n. Clothes of the Israelites, not decaying, how, i. 592–3. n, CNIDUs, its situation, iii. 448. n. Coats, or vestments of our first parents after the fall, what, i. 53. n. Cock-crowing, time of, iii. 272. n. Colonies, two kinds of among the Romans, iii. 418. n. Colosse, its situation, iii. 453. n. -"Corning to Jesus, what it means, iii. 121. n. Commandments given to the sons of Noah, i. 150, n. Commencement of idolatry, i, 490.
Commendatory Epistles used in the early times of the church, iii. 427. n. Commerce, its rise and improvement, i. 271. n. Compacts, inconclusive reasoning upon them, ii. 81. n. Computations of Time, various, i. 141. Condition of David's marriage to Saul's daughter, what, ii. 121. n. Confirmation, at what age practised among the Jews, iii. 15. n. Conflagration, general, a blessing to the earth, i. 201. Confusion of Tongues, remarks upon it, i. 219. and 229. n. Contradictions, seeming ones reconciled, concerning the number of Jews returning from captivity, ii. 501–17. those who are said to have gone to the temple after its destruction, 518, the elders weeping when it began to be rebuilt, 519. and the exploits of Judas Maccabaeus, 634. Coos, its situation, iii. 436. n. Coptic Language, account of, i. 481. n. CoRINTH, account of, iii. 423. n. Cornelius, his conversion, iii. 406. Coronation, manner of anciently, ii. 354. n. Councils of Nice and Trent, remarks on, i. 151. n. Council at Jerusalem, decree of, iii. 415. Courts of the Israelites, ii. 255. of the priests, 256. of the Gentiles, ib. and iii. 25. of the tabernacle, ii. 256. and n. Covenant between David and Israel, ii. 174. n. Covert of the Sabbath, what, ii. 402. n. CRAssus, his misconduct in the Parthian war, ii. 690. n. Creation, history of, i. i. of the planetary system, remarks on the author's account of it, 5. n. chaos, light, air, water, sun, moon, and stars, animals, man, 6–19. the Mosaic account the most rational; the Divine attributes conspicuous in all its works, 23–27. CRETE, its situation, iii. 417. n. Crime, David's, how aggravated, ii. 197. CR1s PUs, ruler at Corinth, iii. 425. Crocodile, worshipped in Egypt, i. 484, n. Cross, duty of taking it up reasonable, iii. 142. m. custom of bearing it, ib. Crucifixion, a shameful and painful kind of death, iii. 286. n. Cubit, what, i. 157, n. Cup, manner of divining by it, i. 406. m. and 423. Cush, land of, opinions relating to it, i. 38. n. and ii. 274. n. Cush, his descendants. i. 212. m. and 24!. Customs, general institution of, i. 255. n. particular ones, of adjuring by the name of God, iii. 277. m. of carrying images in processions, ii. 108, n. of warriors placing their arms by them when they retire to sleep, ii. 130 m. of changing names, i. 401. n. of having fools at court, ii. 151. n. of educating the sons of kings, ii. 268. n. of ornaments worn in battle, 292. n. of taking hold of the beard, 2 vs. n. of keeping centinels on a watch-tower, 349. n. CuthATH, account of it, ii. 396. n. Cuvier's Theory examined, i. 172, n. Cyaxares, or Darius, sends for his nephew Cyrus to command the Median army, ii. 489. and n. who conquers Belshazzar, &c. 492. n. CYPARIssos, account of it, i. 157–8, n. Cypress, most durable of trees, i. 157. n. Cyprus, its situation, iii. 395. n. CYRENE, its situation, iii.286. n. and 408, n. Cyrus, sent by his uncle Cyaxares against Babylon, con
DAGON, idol, deseribed, ii. 75. n, falls before the ark at Ashdod, 108. n. DALMANUTHA, its situation, iii. 139. DAMAscus, a city of Syria, its situation, ii. 178. m. its ancient history, 401. n. and modern, iii. 402. m. DAN, tribe of, quits the plains, ii. 52. sends spies to survey the country, 53. prophecy concerning the Danites, 70. m. their camp, 71 m. account of their idolatry, 54. m. DANAus, his history, i. 479. and n. Dancing, how mingled with devotion, ii. 177. n. DANIEL, the prophet, his royal descent, ii. 482. his three favourite companions who, is carried with them captive into Babylon, ib. why called Belteshazzar, 483. m. is instructed in all the learning of the Chaldeans, ib. tells king Nebuchad. nezzar his dream, and interprets it, 484. what parts of his book are written in Hebrew and what in Chaldee, ib. m. is loaded with presents, and made governor of Babylon, 485. his three friends likewise advanced to places of power and trust, ib. they are however cast into a fiery furnace, why,
486, but saved by a miracle, ib. their song not canonical, %
ib. m. interprets another dream of the king, 487. reproves Belshazzar, why, then proceeds to interpret the hand-writing on the wall, 492. is respected by Darius, and made president of the kingdom, 493, a conspiracy against his life consequent thereupon, ib. is cast into the lions den, 494. saved, ib. intercedes with God for the restoration of the Jews, ib. procures a decree to that effect from Cyrus, 495. n. attends the Persian court, 499. dies in a good old age, ib. character of, and his works, 500. his prophecies, 503, his book held among the sacred writings, and read in public assemblies, 504, &c. his education in the Chaldean learning, ib. exemption from the furnace, knowledge in dreams, ib., his using names different from the Greek historians, ib. 505. technical words, &c. omitted in the Septuagint version, in the catalogue of prophets, and in Ecclus. 508. in the Chaldee paraphrase, ib. other books forged under his name, 510, see objections and answers, see the 70 weeks explained, 513–14. Darius, upon the death of Smerdis the Magian, mounts the throne of Persia, how, ii. 580. n. his decree in favour of the Jews, who finish the temple in consequence of it, 532. appoints the revenues of Samaria for the maintenance of its service, ib. dies, and is succeeded by his son Xerxes, 533. his character, ib. n. his stratagem in taking Babylon, his defeat in Greece. DARIUs, viz. Copomanus, succeeds Arses in the Persian monarchy, ii. 579, is vanquished in two pitched battles by Alexander the Great, ib. is murdered by two of his noblemen in the most barbarous manner, 582. n. his magnanimity in refusing to kill himself, ii. 156. n. his concubines, 286. DARIUs, or CYARxAREs II. makes Daniel his favourite, but afterwards throws him to the lions, ii. 493. and 494. Darkness, one of the plagues of Egypt, i. 475. n.
David, privately anointed by Samuel to be king instead of Saul, ii. 118. is sent for to court, and promoted, why, ib. accepts Goliah's challenge, and slays him, and how, 120, and n. his life in danger from Saul's furious passions, the affronts which he bears, flies to Samuel, and with him to Naioth, 121–122. the tender friendship between him and Jonathan Saul's son, 123. banished from court, he lives as an outlaw, wandering from place to place, obtains Goliah's sword from Ahimelech, high priest at Nob, by telling a lie, 125. proceeds to Gath, counterfeits madness, and why, ib. escapes to Adullam, gathers a little army, flies to the king of Moab for protection, but leaves him upon a warning from the prophet Gad, 126. relieves Keilah, defeating the Philistines, retires to the deserts of Ziph, where Jonathan and he have an interview, thence to Maon, where an opportunity offered of destroying his inveterate enemy, which he heroically refuses to embrace, 127.-8. promises to protect Saul’s family, goes to Paran, Nabal's rudeness, and his wife Abigail's prudent conduct, 129, he marries her after Nabal's death, and Ahinoam also, Saul again in his power, is unhurt, his irony to Abner, Saul's officer, retreats to Achish, who assigns him Ziklag for his residence, makes excursions against the Amalekites, his untrue report of matters to the king, 131–2 to avoid the enmity of the courtiers, he feigns madness, some objections answered on these particulars, his skill in music, remarks on, 148. why he pretended idiotism, 149. justified, 150 perhaps his illness was real epilepsy, 151. his conduct in some instances wrong, ib. et seq. his being called “ the man after God's own heart,” explained, 153, n. not culpable in sparing Saul’s life, his resentment against Nabal just, 155. yet the excess of it not so, ib. David at Ziklag hears the mournful tidings of Saul's and Jonathan's fate, puts the messenger to death, why, 171, removes to Hebron, is appointed king of Judah, (challenge of 12 men against 12,) discomfits Ishbosheth, his rival, displeased at Joab for killing Abner, 172–173. punishes the murderers of Ishbosheth, 174, is made king of all Israel, 175. takes Jerusalem and enlarges it, congratulated by Hiram king of Tyre, ib. subdues the Philistines, brings the ark to Jerusalem, intends, but is not allowed, to build a temple for it and the worship of God, his own palace finished, 176—177. his victories and conduct as a sovereign, 178–9. his kindness to Mephibosheth, subdues the Ammorites, &c. 181. resents the indignity put upon his ambassador, ib., Hadadeser makes a league with him, ib. shocking affair of Uriah and his wife, ib, and 182—3. Rabbah stormed, his cruelty there, Nathan's parable to him, his contrition and pardon, but awful visitations threatened, 185. David is opposed by his son Absalom, who is defeated and slain, some things here objected to, and answered, (see Objection and Answer) why he had so many wives, his fondness for his children, his own detestable conduct in being guilty of adultery and murder, 196—199, why he did not punish Amnon nor Absalom, why he recalled the latter, and wished his life spared after his rebellion, ib. and did not punish Joab, 200. his cruelty to his enemies, 201. his grief for Absalom's death, 215, his return to Jerusalem, meeting with the tribe of Judah, Barzillai, and Shimei, and Ziba, 216.217. Sheba's defection, ib. gives to the Gibeonites seven of Saul's posterity to be put to death, 219. victories over the Philistines, presents to the Lord the water which his brave officers brought him at the risk of their lives, though he was almost exhausted for want of it, 220 numbers the people, sad consequences of that act, 221. how he employs the concluding days of his life, his speech concerning the temple, &c. to his assem