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prisoner by the king of Babylon, ib. repents, is restored and
reforms, dies, 412. and is succeeded by his son Amon, ib.
Mandrakes, what, i. 383, and n.
Manna, what, why so called, i. 506, directions concerning
it by God, ib, a miraculous food, ib, ceases, ii. 3. n.
MANoah, Samson's father, his vision of an angel, ii. 70. n.
Mantle, proper habit of prophets, ii. 304, n.
MARAH, water so called, i. 505. n.
Marching of the Israelites, method of, i. 539.
MARIAMNE, her high birth and character, ii. 659. mar-
ried to Herod, prevails with him to depose Ananel the high
priest, and to substitute her brother Aristobulus in his stead,
663. her aversion to Herod, 666. accused by him, at a coun-
cil of his friends, of conspiring against his life, and con-
demned by them, ib. ordered to be put to death, by whose
MARK, Evangelist, his birth and parentage, iii. 73. his
writings and travels, 74, 75. for whom his Gospel was prin-
cipally intended, 75. m. not written in Latin but Greek,
76. n. not an abridgment of St Matthew, ib. his truth and
impartiality, 77. See Appendix, &c, 88.
MARK, called JoHN, account of, iii. 411. n.
Mark set upon Cain, what, i. 113, n.
Marriage, instituted in paradise, i. 30.
Marriage feasts, rites of, ii. 71, marriage of Cana, iii.
Marriages of Seth's descendants with the Cainites, a
fruitful source of the immoralities which brought the deluge
upon the world, i. 132. of Jews with Gentiles unlawful, ii.
557. St Paul’s opinion concerning, 558.
MARY, the mother of our Blessed Lord, her lineal descent,
iii. 4. and n. her espousal with Joseph, of the same pedi-
gree, though only a carpenter, ib, what her, espousal was,
and how the ceremony was performed, ib, and n., congratu-
lated by an angel, why, 5, and n. her expostulation with
him, ib., had not, though a virgin, vowed perpetual virginity,
as some imagine, 6. n. her rapturous thanksgiving, ib. its
character, n, conceals from her espoused husband her being
pregnant, 7. which however he is informed of, and his resolu-
tion thereupon, ib. and n, was known perhaps by him after
her delivery, though not before, 8. and m. is delivered of a
son without the aid of a midwife, without pains, 9. and n.
is recommended by our Saviour on the cross to the care
of St John, 289. with whom she lives some time in Pales-
tine, ib. n. removes with him to Ephesus, and dies there in
a good old age, ib.
MARY MAgdaleN, whether she or another Mary washed
our Lord's feet with tears, and anointed them, when he was
supping with Simon the Pharisee, iii. 122. n.
MARy, sister of Lazarus, pours rich odours upon our Sa-
viour's head as he was supping with one Simon, iii. 213, n.
MAsokites, who they were, ii. 568, probably inventors
and teachers of the vowel-points, 570.
Massacre of the infants at Bethlehem by Herod, iii. 14.
and n. Providence not blameable for that savage act, 67.
mention of it by a Rabbi. ib. n.
Massah, reason of the name, i. 507. n.
Massalians, heretics, ii. 35. n.
MATTATHIAs, a priest of the Asmonasan family, opposes
the tyrannical proceedings of Antiochus Epiphanes, ii. 594.
his warm answer to Apelles, who was commissioned from
the king to treat with the Jews, his uncommon zeal and cou-
rage in slaying an apostate Jew, the commissioner himself,
and all his retinue, he also overturns all the altars, and pulls
down the idols which had been erected, ib. his decree, that
the Jews, if attacked on the Sabbath, might defend them-
selves, 595. extirpates idolatry from Judah, re-establishing
the true worship, ib. his speech to his sons, 596. dies in a
good old age, and buried at Modin, in the sepulchre of his
father, ib. n.
MATThew, son of Alpheus, called also LEv1, who, and
his employment, iii. 33. n. becomes an apostle and evange-
list, ib. censured for quitting a lucrative employment to fol-
low Christ, by whom, 38. n. vindicated by St Jerom, ib.
account of his life and writings, 70, and n. 71, 72, &c.
MATThias, is chosen after our Lord's ascension, by the
apostles assembled at Jerusalem, in the room of Judas, iii.
392. the solemnity of the election, ib. Joseph (there men-
tioned) was one of our Lord's first disciples, reckoned one
of the 70. and our Lord’s relation, ib. n. is reported to
have drank poison without being hurt, ib. continues an apo-
stle, persecuted by the Jews, and suffering among them as a
martyr, ib. Matthias made many converts in Ethiopia or
Cappadocia, 470, and was, according to some, martyred
MATTRA, its situation, iii.68. m.
Meats, why some kinds forbidden, i. 552.
MEGIDDo, its situation, ii. 415. m.
MELchiseneck, king and priest of Salem, blesses Abra-
ham, i. 284. difficulties attending his character and person,
319. epistle to the Hebrews referred to, 320, 321. and n.
MEMPHis, built, i. 267. ii. 586. n.
MENAHEM slays Shallum king of Israel, and mounts his
throne, ii. 393. his cruelty to his opponents, 394. prevails on
Pull, king of Assyria, to withdraw his forces, and to acknow-
ledge his title to the crown, how, dies, and after a short in-
terregnum is succeeded by his son Pekahiah, ib.
MENELAUs supplants his brother Jason, ii. 590, purchases
the high priesthood of Antiochus Epiphanes, ib. accompa-
nies Antiochus in his expedition against Judea, 617, pro-
vokes his own people, charged with fomenting the Jewish
war, ib. cast into a tower full of ashes at Berhaea, ib. n.
MENEs, a descendant of Ham, settles in Egypt, builds
Thebes, &c. i. 267.
MEPhIBosheth, the son of Jonathan, gets back his
grandfather Saul's estate, ii. 179, is kindly treated by Da-
vid, and how he became lame, ib. his servant Ziba's
treachery, 190—1. his mourning for David’s distress,
MeRoM, where situated, ii. 11. n. waters of, ib.
Mesha, king of Moab, is defeated by the united forces
of Jehoram and Jehoshaphat, his desperation in sacrificing
his own son upon the walls of Kirhareseth, ii. 316.
Messiah, import of the name, iii. 3. n. sometimes given
to kings and high priests among the Jews, peculiar to our
Blessed Saviour, ib. n. was to be born of a virgin, 49, and of
a virgin married, rather than of a single woman, ib. in what
sense he is and will be king, 5. n. that he was to work mira-
cles, ib. why not exempted from death, ib. and 50. and 319.
METHEGAMMAH, what, why so called, ii. 178. n.
Micah, of Mount Ephraim, his idolatry, the Danite spies
come to his house, ii. 53, his ephod and Levite, the spies
return and make their report, the Danites seize the Levite,
Micah pursues them, 54. why he sets up the teraphim, 92.
Mice, golden, and five golden emerods, presents which
the Philistines sent, along with the ark, to appease, as they
hoped, the Deity, ii. 109,
Micarah foretels that the enterprise against Ramoth-Gi-
lead would be fatal to all Israel, his speech ironical, ii.
Michael, his contest with the devil, iii. 153. and 496.
Michal, Saul's second daughter, marries David, ii. 122.
contrives his escape from the phrenzy of her father, ib.
taunts David for dancing before the ark, 177. n.
Michmash, its situation, ii. 115. n.
MIDIAN, fourth son of Abraham by Keturah, reputed pro-
genitor of the Midianites, limits of their country, inhabitants
of, habits, &c. i. 627.
MIDIANITEs, by Balaam’s instigation, allure the Israelites
to join in their impure practices, i. 579. their total defeat
and slaughter, without the loss of a man on the part of the
Israelites, none but their virgins saved alive, a victory similar
to this recorded in 1st Maccabees, 582, account of their king-
dom, religion, and government, ii. 61. their oppression of
the Israelites, ib. conquered by Gideon, and how, ib.
Midwives, Egyptian, their humanity, God's favour to them,
i. 437. and n.
Milcom, an idol of the Ammonites, ii. 287. n.
MILEta, or MELITA, now Malta, short account of, iii. 449.
n. and of the natives, 450. m. doubtful whether it be the is-
land on which St Paul was wrecked, ib,
Milerus, how situated, iii. 434. n.
MILLo, its situation, ii. 250, and 266. n.
Millo, house of, what, buildings, ii. 250. See Jerusa-
Milch kine, policy of the Philistines in making them draw
the cart which contained the ark, ii. 109.
Minah of silver, its value in our money, i. Pref. xxxvi. and
ii. 498. m.
Ministers of Christ, why required now to be men of learn.
ing, iii. 158. divers orders established in the church after the
Miracles, what, i. 13. Introduction; the only proofs of an
original revelation, ib. the reality of those of Moses and
Christ proved by demonstrative evidence, iii. 232–255.
Miriam, daughter of Jochebed, sister of Moses, born, i.
438. and n. See Aaron. Becomes leprous, why, 541. dies,
574. buried pompously, ib. n.
M1THRIDATes, his wars with the Romans, their cause, ii.
685. his monstrous cruelty to two of their generals, his pri-
soners, ib. n. and to the Romans and Italians in general, up-
on any defeat of them, ib.n. is defeated himself by Lucius
Luculius, forced to fly into Armenia, to implore protection
of his son-in-law Tigranes, ii. 686. fearing lest he should fall
into the hands of Pompey, he gives poison first to all his fa-
mily, and then poisons himself, 687. which not operating, on
account of the antidotes he had been used to take, he falls
on his sword, after a reign of 60 years, ib., his character,
Mitre, Jewish, described, i. 561. the other vestments of the
high priest, the breast-plate, the ephod, robe, close coat, and
girdle, described, ib. and 562. and n.
M1TYLENE, its situation, iii. 434, n.
Mizpeh, its situation, ii. 110. m. and 479. n.
Mizraim, or MENEs, king of Egypt, had three sons, who,
after his death, were kings of different parts, i. 269. builds
Thebes and Memphis, ib. progenitor of the Philistines, ii.
Moab, the son of Lot, progenitor of the Moabites, coun-
try of, where, religion, government, i. 626, 627.
Moabites, conquered by David, how “measured with a
line,” ii. 178. m, farther account of, 360. n.
Moloch, idol of the Egyptians, the same with Baal, the
sun or lord of heaven, i. 550. m. and ii. 287. n.
Money, Roman, account of, and of the tribute, iii. 260. n.
Money-changers, necessary among the Jews, their em.
ployment reasonable, iii. 25. n. their tables overturned by
our Saviour, why, ib. and 255. n.
Months, Jewish, account of, when they began, i. Pref.
xxxiii. and ii. 124. m. notice of, ib.
Monuments erected, why, ii. 4. n.
Moon, why called a great light, i. 18.21, &c.
Mordecai, the Jew, discovers fortunately a conspiracy
against the life of Ahasuerus, ii. 587. his neglect of Haman
the prime minister, ib. is vilified, and threatened severely for
it, ib. deeply concerned for the intended massacre of his
countrymen, he obtains from queen Esther a promise to in-
tercede for them, 589. highly honoured, when the king re-
collected his having discovered the conspiracy against him.
self, 542, why he would not honour Haman, 56s, why not
rewarded by the king at first, 564.
MoREH, oak of, its situation, i. 280. n.
Moaiah, mountain, where Isaac was offered up, and So-
lomon built the temple, and our Redeemer suffered, i. 293.
n. and iii. 287. m.
Mosaic cosmogony, objections against, answered, i. 14–
Moses, his birth, i. 488. preserved by Thermuthis, daugh-
ter of Pharaoh, ib. and n, his sister Miriam's ingenious pre-
sence of mind, his weaning, import of his name, education,
slays an Egyptian, the fact discovered, 439. and n. flees to
Midian, particulars of his life from Josephus, n.defends Je-
thro's daughter from rude insults, 440, marries Zipporah,
has by her two sons, Gershom and Eliezer, chosen as the
instrument of Israel’s deliverance, 441. and n. the burning
bush, ib. his diffidence and dread, 442. and n. still re-
luctant and fearful, miracle to convince and encourage him,
443, fable of his leprosy, ib., n. at last obeys the Ålmigh-
ty, 444, proceeds to visit his brethren, incident on the road
about his child, ib. and m. his wife, more mindful of the Di.
vine command than he, saves him, 445. meets his brother
Aaron, they go to court, reception by the king, ib. and n. ex-
postulation, 446. and n. upon the name of God, ib. directions
to both the messengers, 447. and n. who exhibit miraculous
proofs of their commission before Pharoah, 448. n. upon the
Nile, ib. plagues, frogs, water turned into blood, &c. 449,
450, 451. and n passover instituted, 452, and 453, n. records
his own faults, 456, justified from the aspersions of infidels,
see Objection and Answer, 458. et seq. called to go up to
Sinai, the Mount of God, 509. delivers his message to the
people, description of the Mount, ib, dreadful preparations
for the promulgation of God's laws, ib. he receives the ten
commandments, and several other laws, imparts them to his
people, their covenant and promise to obey them, takes Aaron,
Nadab, Abihu, and seventy elders, to witness the Divine
presence, and Joshua higher up, the mountain itself, conti-
nues there forty days, names Bezaleel and Aholiab to build
the tabernacle, receives two tables of stone, which he breaks
in pieces, and why, 511, 512 melts the image, 513. inter-
cedes for Israel, ib. tables renewed, ib. excellency of his
laws, 520. See Answer to Objection, makes a chest to con-
tain the law, 523. appoints Aaron and Hur to rule while he
was conversing with God, 525. consecrates Aaron to the
high priest's office, who eight days afterwards made the first
sacrifice for himself and people, 538. Moses chuses seventy
elders to assist him as a supreme court, 540, his fasting, 547.
justifies himself in the quarrel between himself and his bro-
ther and sister, 556, lays up Aaron's rod as a witness, 558.
n. lays his hands on Joshua as his successor, 584. divides the
land among the tribes, calls them together, gives them an
eloquent and admirable recapitulation of his laws, ib. causes
a record of all things necessary to be made, takes a solemn
farewel of them, sees Canaan from the top of Pisgah, and
commits his soul to God, who, to prevent superstitious a-
buse, disposes of his body according to his adorable will, 585.
and n. not to be impeached of unfaithfulness in his records,
261. commendation of him by the author Ecclesiasticus, 586.
from his history and example, heathen lawgivers formed their
plans of government, as Minos, Lycurgus, Seleucus, Numa,
528. composes the 90th Psalm, 573. n. his prophecy of a fu-
ture prophet, explained, 597.
“Mother and brethren,” our Lord's, ecclesiastical tradi-
tion of, iii. 125. n.
Mountain, that on which the devil tempted our Saviour
described, iii. 22. n.
Mountains, several of them before the deluge, i. 192, their
natural uses, beauty, and pleasantness, ib.
Mourning, how practised in times of the patriarchs, i. 295.
n. and in time of the judges, ii. 107. m. general tokens of, 217.
n. and iii. 212. n.
Mules, princes used them, ii. 223, n. --
Mulberry trees, the meaning of the sound in them, ii. 205.
Murder of one's self, an instance of madness and brutali-
ty, the effect of cowardice, ii. 156, n prohibited in the sixth
commandment, though not specified, ib. reason of so few
prohibitions against, ib. when, and when not, a damnable sin,
ib. aggravations of the first, i. 108. n. - -
Murmurings of the Israelites, on being deprived of the
leeks, onions, and cucumbers of Egypt, i. 551.
Museum of Alexandria, its building and institution, ii.
Music, used in the schools of the prophets, ii. 146. its
powerful effects on the mind and body, 147. in healing dis-
eases, Jewish music, Elisha made application to a minstrel,
Moses's song, ib. 148. music used by the heathens in pro-
cessions, also dancing, 176. n, also on birth-days with dan-
cing, iii. 132. m.
Musicians, &c, at funerals, iii. 130. n.
Mysia, its situation, iii. 418. n. - --
Mysteries in religion, objections to those in the Christian
doctrine answered, iii. 349. distinction between things con-
trary to reason and things above reason, ib. why we ought to
assent to the former, and why we may expect such in a Di-
vine Revelation, 350. no contradiction or absurdity in any
of them, ib. ---
Mystery of our Lord's equality with the Father, iii. 310
–311. and n.
with the king in the temple of Rimmon, 318, presses a gra-
tuity upon the prophet for his service, who steadily refuses
to accept it, ib. the meaning of what he says of bowing in the
house of Pimmon, 321, 322.
NABAL, his boorish manners and death, ii. 129. 155.
NABoth refuses to seh his vineyard, and why, ii. 306. by
the contrivance of Jezebel, he is tried, condemned and exe-
cuted, ib. and 307. his blood avenged by the death of Ahab,
and all his posterity, ib.
NADAB and Abihu struck dead, i. 538. their punishment
just, 554. -
NADAB succeeds his father Jeroboam in the kingdom of
Israel, ii. 277. follows his bad example, ib. is treacherous-
ly killed by Baasha, his captain general, who usurped his
NAHAsh, account of his besieging Jabesh Gilead, the ca-
pitulation, &c. ii. 112. n.
NAHUM the prophet, a short account of him, ii. 438. n.
NAIM, or NAIN, its situation, iii. 120. m. and 148.
NAIoth, school of prophets, ii. 122. n. and 123. n.
Nakedness of our first parents, the term explained, i. 51.
n. that of Saul when he prophesied, ii. 123. n.
Names, proper, how given by parents, i. 122. n. iii. 7. n.
the propriety and meaning of that assumed by God—I AM,
459. and n. our Lord's name, iii. 5. and 63.
NAPHTuhim, son of Misraim, king of middle Egypt, his
extraordinary qualifications and good actions, i. 269. n.
NATHAN, prophet, his first appearance, ii. 177. character
of, ib. his parable to David, 183. and n. anoints Solomon,
223, and n.
NATHAN and Gad, history of David, written by them and
Samuel, ii. 129. n.
Nations and families, their origin and affinity to each
other, how to be judged of, i. 243, n. though difficult to as-
certain their first founders, yet we have certain knowledge
how some were peopled, 244.
NATANAEL, account of him, iii. 23.
Nativity of our Blessed Saviour, when it happened, and
why at that particular time, iii. 9. m. 10.
Navigation, vastly improved by Ninus and Semiramis, i.
Nazareth, its situation and description, iii. 4, n.
NAzARENE, our Lord called so, iii. 64.
NazARENEs, how our Lord escaped from their fury, iii.
32. n. sect of 72. n.
NAzARENEs reproach our Lord, iii. 131. n.
NAzARITE, what the vow of, ii. 70. m. long hair prized by,
ib. and iii. 438. m. "
NebuchadNEzzAR, his golden image, the weight and
value of it, what, i. 238, n., defeats Necho's army on the
banks of the Euphrates, and recovers the provinces of Syria
and Palestine, besieges Jerusalem, takes it and Jehoiakim,
gives him liberty on certain conditions, ii. 489. but upon his
rebellion, sends his lieutenants &c. against him, who in a sal-
ly slay him before the walls of Jerusalem, 442. he takes
Jehoiachin his son, imprisons him at Babylon, where he con-
tinues till the death of his conqueror, 443. Zedekiah having
sworn fealty to him, is put in possession of the kingdom; but
Nebuchadnezzar, finding thathe had enteredinto a confederacy
with Pharaoh Hophra, king of Egypt, marches an army to-
wards Judea, overruns that country, 450. besieges Jerusa-
lem, reduces it to the last extremity, by cutting off all sup-
plies of provision, and at last takes it by storm, 451, 452.
Zedekiah, trying to escape by night, is taken, and treated
with the utmost cruelty, ib. Nebuchadnezzar causes his
sons and the princes of Judah, whom he had also ta-
ken prisoners, to be slain before his face, ib. orders Ze-
dekiah's eyes to be put out, and himself to be cast into
prison, 452—3, the city and temple plundered and burnt by
Nebusaradan, captain of the guards, and the nobles and
chief men killed, 453. makes Gedaliah governor, whom he
leaves behind him, 454, shows a peculiar regard for Jeremiah
the prophet, ib. disturbed by a dream, which is interpreted
by Daniel the prophet, 483–5, his gratitude to Daniel
and his friends on that account, ib. erects a golden statue,
and what, 486 n. orders all his subjects to attend the de-
dication of it and adore it, ib. and Daniel's three friends,
for the neglect thereof, to be cast into a fiery furnace, ib.
upon their miraculous escape, he glorifies God himself, pu-
blishing an edict favourable to the Jewish religion, and con-
fers honours upon them. 487. reduces the kingdom of Egypt,
sets Amasis over it as viceroy, ib. destroys all the Jews who
had retreated thither, ib. returning to Babylon, he has ano
ther dream which Daniel interprets, 488. God punishes him
for his pride, and reduces him to the condition of a brute,
489. but after seven years is restored to his reason again,
and to his throne, dies soon after his restoration, and is suc
ceeded by his son Evilmerodach, ib., his character, 489. n.
the occasion of his pride, makes Babylon one of the won
ders of the world, description of it, the nature of his crime,
and the fitness of his punishment, what that punishment was,
his contrition and repentance, 521—528.
NABuchoponozor, a name common to all great kings be-
yond Euphrates, ii. 457.
Necromancy, its origin and progress, ii. 162. laws against
it, its rites, ib. called the spirit of Python, 163. n.
“Needle's eye, a camel going through,” the proverb ex
plained, iii. 208. n.
Nehemiah succeeds Zerubbabel in the government of Judah
and Jerusalem, ii. 546, who he was, his character, ib.n. is cup-
bearer to king Ahasuerus, 547, who sends him with a full com:
mission to rebuild and fortify Jerusalem, ib. carries on the work
successfully, in spite of the efforts of Sanballat to defeat him,
548. his completion of the walls, and dedication of them,
549. his wise orders for the preservation of the city, 550.
suppresses usury, ib. his generous way of life, 551. returns
to Shushan, but first makes all the principal people sign a cove-
nant, and what, ib prevents Tobiah the Ammonite from ha-
ving an apartment in the temple, why, 552. orders the re-
payment of tythes, and a more strict observance of the Sab
bath. 553, annuls the unlawful marriages among the Jews,
554. how long he lived afterwards in Jerusalem, and conti.
nued to govern Judea, is uncertain, 555, how he might build
the walls of Jerusalem in 52 days, 559, how long he conti
nued at the Persian court after his return from Jerusalem is
uncertain, ib. is the author of the account of his own govern-
ment in Judea, commends himself, yet no blame attaches to
him, 560. expects a reward from God, not, without good
unds, ib. after his death, the administration comes into
the hands of the high priests, and the effects of it. 578.
Neighbours, the Jewish notion of one, what, iii. 189. n
what is implied in the term according to the Christian mean-
ing of it, ib. and n.
Neighbours, who, and what our love to them should be,
iii. 206. and 262. -
Nergal an Assyrian idol, described, ii. 396. n.
NERiglissan succeeds Evil-Meradoch in the kingdom
form of oaths among the ancients, i. 295. n. why taken by
them fasting, 344. m. David's oath to Saul conditional, ii.
OBADIAH, who he was, various conjectures, ii. 299, n. his
praises, 300. -
OBadlah the prophet, when he lived, and the character
of his prophecy, ii. 866.
OBEDedom, the ark brought to his house, ii. 139.
Objections, to which answers are annexed in their proper
order, (vol. i.) against the Mosaic account of the creation,
14. of paradise. 34. of man's fall, 54, of Cain, &c. 111. of the
antediluvians, 127. of the deluge and the ark, 161. of Noah,
&c. 199. of the situation of Mount Ararat, 191, 222. of the
peopling of the world, and the origin of nations, 247, of A
braham, Lot, and Melchizedeck, 298. of Isaac, &c. 347. of
Laban, Jacob, &c. 373. of Joseph, &c. 416. of Moses, con-
cerning himself, &c. 453, the wanderings of the Israelites in
the wilderness, of the laws which they received, and of the
manner in which those laws were given, 514, some other
particulars, 546, of Moses taking a view of the land of Ca
naan, 586. of Balaam, ib. and 606. Vol. ii. Against the ac-
count of the Israelites, their battles, &c. 16. of the judges,
76. of Samuel, Saul, &c. 135. of David, 194, of David and
Solomon, 232. of other kings of Israel, 279. of Elijah, &c.
319. of Isaiah, Elisha, &c. 367. of Josiah, &c. 416, of Je-
remiah, Ezekiel, &c. 454. of Daniel, &c. 499 of Ezra, Ne-
hemiah, &c. 555. of the Maccabees, 600. of Judas Mac.
cabaeus, &c. 632, of Josephus, Septuagint, &c. 671. Vol. iii.
B. 8. Against the application of prophecies to our Saviour,
&c. 40 against our Lord’s miracles, &c. 144, to the ac
count of his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, &c. 217. to
our Lord’s divinity, sufferings, &c, 805, to the account of
the apostles, their travels, &c. 474. -
Obliquity of the earth's axis before the deluge, i. 154, n.
OctaviaNUs, who he was, and why so called, ii. 659. n.
his breach of friendship with Anthony, which ends in An-
thony's ruin,665. its cause,ib. n. pleased with Herod's intre.
pidity, he admits his apology, 666, his character, 693, n.de.
feats Anthony in a sea fight at Actium, 694. gives a splen
did funeral to Cleopatra, returns in triumph to Rome, 695.
made sole emperor, 696. has the name of Augustus, why,
ib. is made Pontifex Maximus, ib. enquires into the Si-
bylline books, ib. and n. See Augustus.... -
OG, king of Bashan, a giant, account of him and of his de-
feat by the Israelites, i. 576 n. . . .
Oil, prescribed unction to the sick, iii. 132. n.
Ointments and costly perfumes, the use of them by the
ancients, especially at entertainments, iii. 122. n.
Olivet, Mount, ii. 190. its situation, ii. 252.
Olympic games, when instituted, ii. 469, and n. 470, n.
OMRI succeeds Zimri in the kingdom of Israel, establishes
idolatry, builds a palace at Samaria, which soon becomes the
metropolis, ii. 278. -
ONAN punished with sudden death, why, i. 896.
ONEs. Mus, a short account of him, iii. 453. n.
ONias is murdered by Andronicus, and why, ii. 590. n.
Ophir, land of, its situation, difficulties in ascertaining it,
ii. 293. various opinions as to the riches of Solomon, history
of its trade, and how it was carried on, dissert. i. 290.
OPHRAH, its situation, ii. 61. n. -
Oratories among the Jews, ii. 35. and n. farther explained,
iii. 117. m. and 419, n.
Ore, art of smelting invented, i. 109.
of Babylon, and is slain in battle by Cyrus the Persian, if,
Nero, the emperor, is a professed patron of magicians
and sorcerers, iii. 460, puts Peter and Paul in prison, ib.
raises the first general persecution, ib n. at first he go-
verns well, his monstrous wickedness afterwards, cruelties,
murders, and burning of Rome, 514, 515, his horrid designs,
ib. pronounced by the senate an enemy to the state, con-
demned to die, more majorum, ib. his abject complaints and
death, 516. n.
NERVA, his reign, iii, 528. his many good acts, liberality,
clemency, adoption of Trajan, and death, 529.
Nibhaz and Tartak, Assyrian idols, what, ii. 897, n.
Nicanor, is sent by Demetrius general against the Jews,
for what purpose, ii. 619. makes peace with Judas Macca-
beus, but breaking its articles, is defeated by him, and
NicodeMUs, his discourse with our Lord, of regeneration,
&c. iii. 26. and n, interposes with the Sanhedrim in his fa.
vour, 186. and contributes towards the expence of his fu.
neral, 293, and n. -
Nicolaitans, heresy of, iii. 467. n.
NicoPolis, its situation, iii. 298. m. and 462. n.
Nile, a famous river of Egypt, described, i. 448. n.
abounded formerly with fish, why not now, 449, frogs its na-
tural product, but their abundance in the Egyptian cities
and houses miraculous. ib.
NIMRod, his exploits, i. 264.
NINEveh, its builder, who, i. 266. ii. 862 n. and iii. 125.
NINUs, account of his improvements, i. 271. n.
NiNYAs, account of him, i. 268.
Niobe, fable of, ii. 130. n.
Nisroch, an Assyrian Idol, ii. 410, conjectures concern-
ing it, m. ib.
Noah, his birth, i. 124, the import of his name, ib. op-
poses, but in vain, the wickedness of the place he lives in,
settles, when and where, 125. and n. builds the ark, his pray-
er, 161. n. his sacrifice when he came out of the ark, 195.
# and n. receives a gracious promise to himself and all man-
kind, 196. grants to him and his sons, 197. and n. betakes
himself to husbandry, 198. becomes intoxicated, and the
effects, ib. how long he lived, and where supposed to have
died, and to have been buried, ib. why his sacrifice was ac-
cepted, 201. God's covenant with him, what, ib. liberty of
eating flesh, 204. n. concerning the antediluvians diet, ib.
why his drunkenness is recorded by Moses, 208. how to be
understood, ib. why he cursed Canaan, and not Ham, 209. n.
the curse how verified, ib. also his blessings upon his other
sons, 210 not the effects of intoxication, but the words of
truth and soberness, 211.
Nob, its situation, ii. 124. n.
Nod, its situation, i. 109. and l 14.
Numbering Israel, David's remarks on the sin of 241. the
different accounts of the men able to bear arms not to be
OREB and Zeeb both slain by the Israelites, their names,
what, ii. 64. n. -
Original sin, different opinions about it, the question sta-
ted, and the most probable explication of it, i. 70–104.
OThNIEL, first enters Debir, and obtains his uncle Ca-
leb's daughter as the reward of his gallantry, is the first of
those whom the Scripture calls judges, conquers Chusam
Rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, ii. 52, 53.
Otho usurps the empire, iii. 517. his beginning good, ib.
fights three considerable battles with the army of Vitellius,
and where, 518. is successful in all of them, ib. defeated af.
terwards in another sharp engagement, ib. his fortitude and
speech to his soldiers, ib. n. stabs himself, and dies with a
single groan, ib.
Ovid, though the favourite of Augustus, is banished by
him to Pontus, for writing his amorous epistles and art of
love, iii. 508. why these pieces gave offence, ib. his descrip-
tion of Chaos, i. 3. n.
PAINTING the eyes, a custom, when used, ii. 349. n.
Palaces, description of that erected by Solomon in Je-
rusalem, also of that called the house of the forest of Leba-
non, ii. 262. and n.
PAlestine, the fruitfulness of the country described, i.
280 m. and 54.2–3. -
Palm branches, the Jewish custom of carrying them in
their hands, whence derived, iii. 215, when broken and
thrown away, and wuy, ii. 650. n. used by the Jews not only
at the feast of tabernacles but on all other days of solemn
PAMphylla, a province of Asia Minor, its situation, iii.
PANdAtaria, a desolate island, to which Augustus banish-
ed his daughter Julia for her infamous behaviour, iii. 507.
Paphos, its situation, iii. 412. n.
Parables and emblems are frequently used in the discourse
and writings of the Oriental sages, iii. 154, especially by the
Jewish doctors, ib. and n. those of our Saviour agreeable to
the education of his hearers, and far from being obscure,
155. that of a king who had two debtors, explained, 182.
that of the good Samaritan, 189. of the marriage feast, 199.
of Dives and Lazarus, 201. of a king going into a far coun-
try, 211. and n.
Paradise described, i. 32–37. iii. 289. n.
Paralytic cured, how, iii. 37. m.
Paranymphs, comrades of the bridegroom, ii. 71.
Parishes, when first erected in England, iii. 595. n.
Passages of Scripture reconciled, ii. 274. n. iii. 32. n.
128. n. 180. n. 323. n.
Passover instituted, i. 452. the requisites for, ib, and n,
and iii. 270. n. renewed at Mount Sinai, i. 539. At this festi-
val, and at that of Pentecost and Tabernacles, all the males
were obliged to attend, ii. 105. whence its name, iii. 25. n.
children not obliged to go to it before the age of 12, iii.
Patmos, a small island in the Archipelago, to which St
John was banished, iii. 470. n. its present name, what, moun-
tainous, but the soil good, its circumference, &c. 471. n.
Pathausim, son of Mizraim, king of the Upper Egypt,
how called by the natives, i. 269, is thought to be the inven.