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tor of all arts and sciences, ib., how called by the Greeks
and Latins, ib. his indulgence to his brothers, and other
good actions, ib.
PATARA, how situated, iii. 436. n.
PATRAEA, its situation, iii. 461. n.
Patriarchs, before the flood, their wickedness accounted
for, i. 129–162, their ages according to the computation
of the Hebrew text, the Samaritan, the Septuagint version,
and Josephus as corrected by Dr Hales, 142. 143. 148, their
religion, polity, and learning, ib. and 184. n. their longevity,
152. reasons for it, 153–155. why the wives of the Hebrew
patriarchs were sometimes barren, 349, and why they desired
children by their handmaids, 385. and m. why the patriarchs
contested so eagerly their right to wells, 354. their pro-
phetical blessings, the first institution of them, that of Isaac
in particular explained, 351–5. Moses very particular in re-
cording their genealogies, and why, i. 248.
Patriarchal and Mosaic dispensations, why given, i. 565.
Paul, called also Saul, his violence against the Christians,
iii. 400. his miraculous conversion, 403. is restored to sight
by Ananias, ib. preaches at Damascus, ib. let down by a
basket from a house upon the city wall, and goes to Jerusa-
lem, 404, his intimacy with the apostles there, how procured,
ib. conducted thence to Cesaraea, ib. sails to Tarsus, 405.
preaches in Cilicia and Syria, ib. and in Antioch, where
Christians were first so called, 409, goes to Seleucia, 411.
thence sails to Cyprus and preaches at Salamis, 412 crosses to
Paphos, striking with blindness one Barjesus a sorcerer who
opposed him, whereby he converts the proconsul, ib., his name
changed then to Paul, ib. and m. preaches at Lystra, where he
cures a lame man, and is taken for a god, 418. yet is stoned
soon afterwards, but revives and returns to Antioch, 414.
thence to Jerusalem to assist at the council there, 415.
which appoints him preacher to the Gentiles, ib, he reproves
St Peter at Antioch, for what, 416. parts with Barnabas,
4.17, sails to Crete, where he plants Christianity, and makes
Titus its first bishop, ib, meets with Timothy at Lystra, and
circumcises him, ib. goes to Philippi, 418. converts there
Lydia, a dealer in purple, 419. then a maid servant posses-
sed by a spirit of divination, ib. is scourged on that account,
420, imprisoned with Silas, ib. converts the jailor, ib. how
he came by the privilege of a Roman citizen, ib. n. comes
to Athens, which was wholly given to superstition, 421. dis-
putes and preaches in the synagogues there, ib. treated with
contempt by the Epicureans and Stoics, ib. brought before
the senate of Areopagus, 422. his excellent discourse there,
and good effects of it, 428. from thence he goes to Corinth,
where he converts Aquila and Priscilla his wife, works with
them, they being tent-makers as well as himself, 424. writes
from thence his first epistle to the Thessalonians, ib. contents
of it, ib. converts several there, but is opposed by the Jews,
425. is brought before Gallio the proconsul of Achaia, but
his accusers are driven out of court, ib. before his departure
from Corinth he writes his second epistle to the Thessalo.
nians, ib. contents of it, ib. goes by Ephesus to Jerusalem
to keep the Passover, returns to Ephesus, 426. where he
baptizes several converts, confers on them the Holy Ghost,
427. performs many wonderful cures, ib. stays at Ephesus
two years, ib. from thence he writes his first epistle to the
Corinthians, 429. its contents, ib, from hence too he writes
his epistle to the Galatians, 430. its contents, ib. makes Ti-
mothy bishop of Ephesus, and writes his second epistle to
the Corinthians, 433, its contents, ib, writes from Corinth
his epistle to the Romans, 433, its contents, ib. passes
through Macedonia, and at Troas recovers a young man kill-
ed by a fall, 434. his pastoral charge to the Ephesian clergy,
its contents, 435, pursues his journey, and arrives at Jeru-
salem, 437. is requested by the apostles to join with four
men who were going to fulfil a vow of Nazaritism, 438. and
to perform the usual rites with them, ib., he does so, goes
with these four to the temple, makes the legal oblations, ib.
is apprehended by the Jews, and would have been killed in
the temple, had not Lysias, a Roman commander in the cas-
tle of Antonia, rescued and saved him, ib. on entering the
castle he addresses the governor in Greek, ib. repulsed, and
why, 439, allowed at last to speak, and why, ib. This speech
in Hebrew, ib., exasperates the Jews, who express violent
indignation at him, ib. is carried into the castle of Antonia,
and ordered to be scourged, but escapes the punishment,
and eludes the malice of the Jews, how, 440. makes his de-
fence before the Sanhedrim, but is interrupted and struck
on the face by Ananias the high priest, ib. and 441. in se-
were language he expresses his resentment, ib. above forty
Jews conspire against him, ib., the conspiracy detected, by
whom, ib. he is conducted safely from Jerusalem to Cesaraea,
and to Felix, ib, before whom Tertullus accuses him, 442.
Felix trembles at his discourse, 443, is accused before Fes-
tus, his defence, 444. appeals to Caesar himself, ib. defends
himself and the Christian cause boldly before Festus and
king Agrippa, 445, is sent to Rome by sea, 448. shipwreck-
ed, but he and all with him saved, 449, they meet with kind-
ness at Malta, 450. is bitten, but not hurt, by a viper, ib.
the people think him a god, ib. cures the governor's father
of a fever and bloody flux, and various other diseases of the
inhabitants, 451, pursues his journey to Rome, conducted
into it by the brethren, 452. talks with the leading men of
the Jews, preaching the Gospel to them, but with different
effect, ib. converts several even in the emperor's court, 453.
writes his epistle to Philemon, its contents, ib., his epistle to
the Philippians, its contents, ib. his epistle to the Ephesians,
its contents, 454. his epistle to the Colossians, its contents,
455, is set at liberty, and writes his epistle to the Hebrews,
its contents, 457, prosecutes his journey from Rome into
Spain, from thence comes over to Britain, and preaches the
Gospel, 458, sails from thence to Crete, constitutes Titus
bishop of the island, ib., his several travels afterwards, 461
–464. excommunicates Hymenaeus and Alexander, for
what, 461. writes his first epistle to Timothy, 462. its con-
tents, ib. as also his epistle to Titus, ib. its contents, 463.
returns to Rome, and is there cast into prison with Peter,
464. writes his second epistle to Timothy,465. its contents,
ib. is beheaded at Roune, his person and character, 466, n.
when he first commenced an apostle, 485. why he conform-
ed to the apostles' request in regard to some Jewish cere-
monies, 488. why he declared himself a Pharisee, 489. why
he reproved St Peter, ib. nowhere disagrees with St James
in any point of Christian doctrine, 490. firmly maintains the
necessity of good works, 491. his doctrine in regard to meats
offered to idols not repugnant to the decree at Jerusalem, ib.
and 492. his discipline, the form of it, ib. commended as
very useful, 493. why he might not know the high priest,
494, meaning of his retractation, 495, and of his leaving his
cloak at Troas, 496. why it was proper to send for it, ib.
what his fighting with beasts at Ephesus means, 497. his
thorn in the flesh, and messenger of Satan, what they mean,
Peace-offering, what, ii. 105 m.
Pearls, the most valuable, where found, i. 37, n.
Pectoral, that of the high priest described, i. 562.
Pekah, general of the army of Pekaiah, king of Israel,
murders his master in his royal palace, and usurps his throne,
ii. 395. is sorely harassed by Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria,
and slain by Hosea, ib.
Pekahian, king of Israel, slain by Pekah, ii. 395.
PENiel, import of the term, i. 368.
Penitent Thief, his case every way extraordinary, iii. 288.
is for that reason no encouragement to a death-bed repent-
ance, 322. what comfort or use to be drawn from the exam-
Pentateuch, chief design of Moses in that work, i. 1.
Pentecost, account of the feast, iii. 392, n.
ProR BAEL, the same with Priapus, i. 618.
PEREA, its situation, iii. 205. n.
Perfection absolute, belongs to God alone, i. 56. n.
Persecution, our Lord's direction concerning, iii. 117. n.
Persecutions, when begun, and by whom, iii. 456. n.
Persecutions, general, how many, and by whom, iii. 460.
n. the cruelty of that under Nero in particular, ib. n.
PERsepolis is set on fire at the instigation of Thais an
Athenian harlot, by Alexander, &c. in a drunken frolic, ii.
PERseus, the fables concerning him, ii. 212.
PERsians, for what remarkable, i. 273.
Persian Monarchs, their state and difficult access to, ii.
539. and n. 541. n.several revolutions in that empire, 555. n.
Persons of kings sacred, ii. 128. n.
Peter, becomes an inseparable and constant disciple of
our Saviour, and by what means, iii. 83, openly confesses
him to be the Son of the living God and the Christ, 140
which is confirmed by God himself, ib. why this confession
was made by him in the name of the other apostles, and
why he was called a rock by our Lord, ib. n. is sharply re-
buked by our Lord, why, 142. n. the promise made to him
explained, 141. n. infersnosuperiority over the rest of the apo-
stles, ib. and 160–1. refuses at first to permit our Saviour to
wash his feet, and why, 268. his compliance, professes his rea-
diness to go with our Blessed Saviour to prison and to death,
272. his second declaration not to forsake or deny his Mas.
ter, though he should die for it with him, 273. and n. draws his
swordin his defence, and cuts off the ear of Malchus, 276. de-
nies our Saviour thrice, 278. his remorse and tears, 279. the
aggravations of his crime, and the sincerity of his repentance, .
321. his speech to the apostles on the choice of a successor
to Judas, 391. and to the multitude on the day of Pentecost,
393. cures a cripple, his discourse thereupon, 394. vindicates
himself before the Sanhedrim, 395. punishes Amanias and
Sapphira with death, why, 396, heals the diseased, and frees
the possessed by his shadow only passing over them, ib. rai-
ses to life Tabitha or Dorcas, 405. his vision from heaven,
and converting of Cornelius a Roman officer, 406. his dis-
course to the company, 407. his apology also to the Jewish
converts, 408. is cast into prison, by whom and with what
intent, 409. an angel knocks off his chains and delivers him,
ib. gives his opinion in the council at Jerusalem, 415, guilty
of judaizing at Antioch,416 justly reproved for it by St Paul,
417. preaches in several provinces of Lesser Asia, 428. goes
to Babylon in Chaldea, whence he writes his first epistle
called catholic or general, its contents, ib. and 429. goes to
Rome, and is banished from it, 459. preaches in Africa, Si-
cily, Italy, and Britain, and returns to Rome, ib. defeats Si-
3 mon Magus, ib imprisoned by Nero, 460, writes his second
general epistle, its contents, 464, dies a martyr at Rome
with St Paul, 466. account of his person and temper, ib. n.
that he was not at Rome as soon as some pretend, 478, was
there, however, and when, 479. there preached and there
PHAEron, of what age, when the sun stood still in the
days of Joshua, ii. 37. m. and 213.
Phantasmagoria, what feats it may exhibit, i. 469.
PHARAoh, king of Egypt, takes Sarah, Abraham’s wife, to
be his sister, and wishes to have her as a concubine, i. 281–2.
his respect for her and her pretended brother, ib. upon dis-
covering his mistake, expostulates with Abraham, and re-
turns his wife to him, ib.
PHARAoH, the common name of the kings of Egypt,
whence derived, i. 281. n.
PHARAoH, his cruelty to the Israelites, i. 436. his daugh-
ter, pitying the infant Moses, has him brought up at her own
expence, 438. Pharaoh absolutely refuses to let the Israel-
ites go, questions the existence of their God, 445. oppresses
them more and more, and reprimands Moses and Aaron for
hindering the people in their work, ib. the hardening of his
heart his own act not God's, 464. why he sent for his magi-
cians to confront Moses, 467. is resolute in pursuing the Is-
raelites, and why, 503. his infatuation, ib. n. the name, not
a proper one, but a title of dignity only, its meaning, ii. 227.
n. the daughter of one of that name married to Solomon,
who, ii. 266. n.
Pharaoh-NEcho, who,ii.414.n; slaysin battle Josiah king
of Judah, 415. puts Jehoahaz his son in chains, sends him
prisoner to Egypt, 437. makes his brother Eliakim, after-
wards called Jehoiakim, king in his stead, 438. then returns
home in triumph, ib.
PHAREz, who he was, and the name what, i. 898.
PHARisees, the name, iii. 19. n, who they were, ii. 643
–4. their tenets, ib. ascribe our Saviour's miracles to the
power of the devil, and why, iii. 123. n. farther noticed,
PHAsAEL, son of Antipater, and elder brother to Herod
the Great, is by Mark Anthony made a tetrarch, ii. 659. n.
and being taken by the Parthians is put in chains, 660. and
beats his brains out against the prison walls, ib.
PHILelleN, who so called, and why, ii. 648. n.
PHILEMon, a short account of him, iii. 458, n.
PHILIP, the father of Alexander the Great, the occasion
of his death, ii. 579, n.
PHILIP, the deacon, preaches at Samaria, and by his doc-
trine and miracles makes many converts, iii. 400. he converts
the eunuch that attended on the queen of Ethiopia, 401.
preaches in Phrygia, and there dies a martyr, 469.
PHILIPPI, its situation, iii. 418. n.
PhilistiNEs, account of them, their defeats, &c. ii. 68.
Philosophers, ancient, the ignorance of the best of them,
iii. 353, their immoralities, 354, their best knowledge whence,
PHINEAs, son of Eleazar, high priest, i. 581. his zeal in
the punishment of Zimri commended by God, ib. has the
priesthood settled upon him and his posterity for ever, ib.
and ii. 106. m. whether he was sent to command the troops
appointed by God to take vengeance on the Midianites, or
to act in the capacity of high priest only as the general
should require, is a point much disputed, why, ib. n. is sent
ambassador to the two tribes beyond Jordan, about the altar
which they had erected, ii. 14. his speech thereupon, ib. the
o: and its good effects, 15. hill of Phineas, why so called,
Phoceans, come to a miserable end, ii. 491. n.
PHOEN1c1A, account of, iii. 415. n.
PhoeNicians send out colonies, when, ii. 12. n.
PHRYGIA, its situation, iii. 417. n.
Phylaetery, what, why so called, ii. 643. n.
Physic of the Egyptians, what, i, 480. and n.
PiLATE, Pontius, a short account of his cruel actions, iii.
17. n. his history, 279, n. his speech to the rulers in favour
of our Lord, 281. and the people's clamours upon it, 282.
his wife, who she was, and of her dream, 283. n.
Pillars, Jachin and Boaz, ii. 354. n.
Pillar of Salt, Lot's wife turned into one, by some thought
the most wonderful event in all Scripture, i. 331–3. various
opinions on this subject, 332, its probability, and why God
punished her with this severity, 333. See Appendix 339.
Pillars of Seth, i. 151.
Pillar of fire and cloud, i. 515–16.
Pillar and ladder of Jacob, i. 386.
Pinnacle of the temple on which the Devil set our Saviour,
what, iii. 21. n.
Pisgah, i. 585. Moses dies there, n. ib.
Pisidia, its situation, iii. 412, n.
Pison, river of paradise, i. 36. 37. n.
Plague on numbering Israel, ii. 220–1.
Plagues of Egypt, i. 472—476.
PLANAsia, an island to which young Agrippa, the grand-
son of Augustus, was banished for his vicious conduct, iii.
Pliny's account of theatres, ii. 91. n.
Plough, putting hand to, what, iii. 127. n.
Plurality of worlds, not inconsistent with Scripture, i.
Polygamy, remarks on, i. 109 m. and 305. n. -
Pompey, the Roman general, address to from several na-
tions at Damascus, ii. 654. hears the cause of Hyrcanus and
Aristobulus, ib. takes Jerusalem, enters the holy of holies, 656.
looks at the treasures, but touches nothing, ib. destroys the
walls of the city, ib. restores Hyrcanus under certain restric-
tions, but seizes Aristobulus, carries him and four of his chil-
dren in triumph to Rome, ib. his quarrel with Caesar, the
direful effects of it, 657. succeeds Lucullus in the command
of the Roman army against Mithridates, 686. his great inte-
rest at Rome, 69s. raises an army against Caesar, 692. de-
feats him in the first battle, 693. but in the next is himself
defeated, and basely murdered in Egypt, ib.
Pontus, the place to which Ovid, a favourite of Augustus,
was banished, and for what, iii. 508.
Popular executions tolerated, why, iii. 31. n.
Popularity, art of, ii. 188. n.
Population of the earth at the deluge, i. 163, n.
Posts, account of their first institution in different coun-
tries, ii. 538. n.
Potiphar, captain of the king of Egypt's guards, purcha-
ses Joseph of the Israelitish merchants, i. 393. makes him
his steward, 394, his wife's passion for Joseph, ib. being re-
jected she meditates revenge, 895, by a false charge she
induces her husband to put Joseph in prison, 396, her
speech on that occasion from Josephus, 893, n. Potiphar not
really a eunuch, 421. why he did not immediately put Joseph
to death, 422,
Potters-Field, described, iii. 280. n.
Prayer, Christ's retiring for, iii. 35.
Prayer, forms of it used in the Jewish church, ii. 572. in
which our Saviour joined, frequenting the synagogues every
Sabbath-day, 575, the times particularly set apart for that
duty, iii. 893, n.
Preaching, our Saviour's more excellent than that of the
Jewish doctors, iii. 33. n.
Predestinated, or Elected, who were so, and why, iii.
Pre existence of the soul, a common notion among several
sects, iii. 193. n. *
Prescience of God, did not make Eve's transgression ne-
cessary, i. 58. remarks on, iii. 327.
Presence Divine, usually attended with fire, thunder, &c.
i. 520. n.
Presents, custom of making them to princes and idols, ii.
Priest, high, office of, i. 553–561–2.
Priesthood, Jewish, degenerated, when, iii. 36. n.
Priesthood, the, annexed in many countries to the regal
dignity, ii. 145. n.
Priests, Egyptian, why not taxed by Joseph, i. 410. 427.
those among the Jews their office, what, ii. 574.
Princes of the Philistines, their chief cities named, ii. 74,
n. of the East, difficult of access, 331.
Prisoners, laws of war concerning them, ii. 344. n.
Procrustes, is stretched by Theseus beyond the dimen-
sions of his own bed, and why, ii. 201.
Prodigies, or aerial apparitions no uncommon thing in an-
cient times, ii. 608, those attending our Saviour's death, what,
iii. 291. n.
Prohibition of carrying burdens on the Sabbath, iii.
Prohibition given to Adam, its necessity and fitness, i.
Prohibition of blood, i. 211–19.
Prohibition of marrying with infidels, i. 149.
Promise to Abraham delayed 400 years, why, ii. 21.
Promises of God, conditional, ii. 34.
Prophecies, that concerning Judah's sceptre fulfilled, when,
iii. 170, those in the Old Testament not misapplied in the
New, iii. 50, the completion of them, though they may be
obscure, a proof of the Christian religion, 168, and though
delivered at different times, 169. those relating to Messiah
fulfilled in our Blessed Saviour, 167–178.
Prophecies of Enoch, i. 151. and n.
Prophecy, the design of, i. Introd. xxi.
Prophet, sent to foretel the destruction of the altar at Be-
thel, who he was, ii. 270, n. who the prophet that lied to
him, 289. n. why he was forbidden to eat or drink there, ib.
his disobedience to that injunction, and death in consequence,
271. his offence stated, 289. and n. why he was punished,
and the lying prophet spared, ib. why one prophet was
slain for not smiting his brother prophet, 331. why some of
them met with derision and contempt, 378. and 886. Jonah's
Prophets, schools of and the manner of their education
Prophet, priest, and king, three characters of Messiah
Prophet and prophetess, ii. 58.
Proselytes of the gate, and of justice, what, ii. 630, n
Prostration, an act of homage frequently paid to kings and
great men, ii. 459. n. and but seldom rejected, ib.
Proverbs of Solomon, a sacred book, i. Introd. xxiii.
Proverbial expressions, iii. 121. n. 127. n. 131. n. 263. n.
286. n. 436. n.
Providence avenging murder, instance of in Herod, Hero-
dias, and her daughter, iii. 132. n.
Provisions of Solomon's table, ii. 265. n.
Psalms, book of, composed at different times, and by dif:
ferent persons, but all under the influence of the Spirit of
God, i. Introd. xx.
ProLEMAIs, its situation, iii. 437. n.
ProLeMy Sotea, one of Alexander's captains, takes pos.
session of Egypt, subdues Palestine, ii. 582, is succeeded by
his son Ptolemy Philadelphus, 583.
ProLEMy Philadelphus, continues the museum which
his father had erected, augments the library which he left at
Alexandria, 583. has the Jewish law translated into Greek,
584. his death and character, 585. n. is succeeded by his son
ProLEMY EUERGEtes, exacts an annual tribute of the
Jews, which Joseph with great dexterity pays, 586. dies, poi-
soned, as suspected, by his son, 587.
Ptolemy Philopater succeeds his father Euergetes in
the kingdom of Egypt, ii. 587, defeats the army of Antio-
chus the Great, thereby regains several cities, and Jerusa-
lem among the rest, ib. endeavours to enter the temple
there and even the holy of holies, but is prohibited by the
priests and Levites, ib. attempts the total destruction of the
Jews, but by an overruling Providence is induced not only
to set them free, but to restore them to their former privi-
leges, 588, his death and character, ib. n. why he might
; smitten by God upon his entry into the holy of holies,
ProLEMY, son-in-law to Simon, murders him and his two
sons, Judas and Mattathias, ii. 627. Josephus's account of
3. something strange but thought fabulous, and by whom,
o, age of proportioned to the duration of life, i.
Publicans, their office infamous, why, iii. 19, n. and 38, n.
Publius, governor of Malta, iii. 450. short account of
him, ib. n.
PUL, or PHUL, king of Assyria, invades the territories of
Israel, and makes Menahem tributary to him, ii. 894. who he
was, ib. n.
Purification, rites of, i. 371. n. ii. 553. n. of the Blessed
Virgin, iii. 11. n.
PuriM, feast of, what, ii. 544. m. ** =
“Put up thy sword,” meaning of the expression, iii.
PuteoL1, its situation, iii. 451. n.
Pyramids of Egypt described, i. 484-490–1, 2.
Pythoness, the manner in which she received her inspi-
ration, iii. 419. n.
Quarrel between Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, cause of, i.
; 555, not mentioned by Josephus, and why, 556.
“Quench not the light of Israel,” the meaning of these
words, ii. 220. n. -
Quiescence of the Divinity accounts for several things re-
lating to our Blessed Saviour, iii. 52.
RABBAH, account of, ii. 182. n.
Rachel, her name, i. 362. m. her marriage, and impa-
tience for want of children, 363. prevails on her husband
to take her handmaid Bilhah as his concubinary wife, and
why, ib. desires Leah's mandrakes, why, ib. is blessed with
a son, whom she calls Joseph, 364, steals her father's idols,
and conceals them, 365, dies in childbed in her journey to
Mamre, 372, has a son, by her called Benoni, and why, ib.
is buried near Ephrah, ib. an account of her monument, ib.
n, what her father's gods were, and why she stole them,
382, her tomb, incidents there, ii. 113, n.
Ragau, plains of, their situation, ii. 447. n.
Rahab, her kindness to the spies, her faith, &c. ii. 3. whe-
ther a harlot or a hostess, 19.
Rainbow, sign of God's covenant with Noah, i.202–3, n.
RAMAH, its situation, ii.105. n.
RAMA-lehi, meaning of, ii. 73.
Rams-horns at the siege of Jericho, ii. 17–24, 25, n.
Rape of Dinah, i. 369. of virgins at Shiloh, and of the
Sabine women, ii. 95–6, n.
RAzis, his action discountenanced, why, ii. 637.
Rebecca is married to Isaac, i. 297. has two sons of dif-
ferent tempers, Esau and Jacob, 342. resents Esau's mar-
riage without her consent, 345, instigates Jacob to steal his
father's blessing, ib. sends him away to her brother Laban's,
in Mesopotamia, 347. her conduct how faulty, and how far
Rebellion, Absalom's, time of, ii. 189, n.
Rechabites, who they were, ii. 439, abstain from wine,
why, ib. and n.
Recorder in the Jewish government and officer of state, in
whom great confidence was reposed, i. Introd. xxiv. ii. 179, n.
Recrimination, our Lord's to the Scribes and Pharisees,
Redemption, doctrine of, iii. 350. 360–390.
Refraction of the atmosphere, an effect of Divine voli-
tion, ii. 50.
Refuge, six cities appointed for, i. 584.
Regeneration, what, iii. 371. 387. a doctrine taught under
the law as well as the Gospel, 27. n.
Rehoboam succeeds his father Solomon, and goes to
Shechem, ii. 268. his character, ib. he exasperates the ten
tribes, who revolt and make Jeroboam their king, ib.flies to
Jerusalem, and thereby secures the two tribes Judah and
Benjamin, 269, keeps up the worship of God more from po-
litical than pious motives, 272. discovers his inclination to
idolatry, ib., introduces the detestable sin of Sodom, and
other abominations, ib. is invaded by Shishak, king of
Egypt, who takes and plunders Jerusalem, ib., his wives and
concubines, number of, 273. his death and burial, ib. is suc-
ceeded by his son Abijah, ib.
Relations of Christ, who the truest, iii. 126, n,
Relict of a king, case of Adonijah, ii. 173, n.
Religion, origin of Introd. p. vi. Jewish, its excellence
in comparison of the Pagan and Mahometan, i. 565. but its
inferiority to the Christian, of which it was only a prelude
or type, iii. 357.
REMPHAN, idol of Egypt, i. 549. n.
Rending of clothes, an Eastern custom to express exces-
sive sorrow, &c. iii. 277. m. and ii. 107, n.
Repentance, memorable, ii. 68. n. why God pardoned
David and not Saul, ii. 184. n.
Reproof, our Lord's to the Blessed Virgin explained, iii.
Request, Solomon's, what, and his age at the time of ma-
king it, ii.227. n.
* of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity,
“Restore the kingdom to Israel” explained, iii. 143. n.
Resurrection of our Saviour on the third day foretold, iii.
26, the reality of it proved, 336-340, the general resur
rection believed by the Pharisees, 143. n.
Retaliation, a customary thing among several nations,
Reuben commits incest with his father's concubinary wife
Bilhah, i. 372. why Moses takes notice of it, 882. what his
mandrakes were, 383. n.saves his brother Joseph's life, why,
398, his speech then, ib.
Reuernitrs settled, where, i. 583. assist the other tribes,
ii. 6. honourably dismissed, 12–14.
Revelation, St John the author of, iii. 81, 82. n.
Revelations from God usually made, how, i 309. n.
Revenge, study of, alters a man's temper, as in Abner,
ii. 173, n.
Revolutions, two ways of effecting them, ii. 188 m. pre-
tences for that of Absalom, 189. n.
REzoN seizes Damascus, and there reigns as king of Sy-
ria, confederates with Hadad to distress Solomon, ii.266. n.
Rhegium, its situation, iii. 451. n.
Rhodes island, whence so called, iii. 436. n.
Rib, why Eve formed out of a, i. 18. fifth rib, gua fata ce-
lerrima, ii. 172. n.
RIBLau, its situation, ii. 452. n.
Riddles, an usual entertainment at weddings, Samson's,
ii. 71. n.
Right-eyes, why Nahash ordered those of the Jabesh Gi-
leadites to be put out, ii. 113. n.
RIMMon, a Syrian idol, what, its name, &c. ii. 318, n.
Ritual law of Moses, its great importance, i. 569-572.
Rizpah, her humanity in watching the bodies of Saul’s
Rod, that of Moses, history of by the Jews, i.444. m. that
of Aaron, what, 545. its budding in one place, bearing blos.
soms in another, and almonds in a third, 546, a real miracle,
Romans look on a victory gained by treachery and de-
ceit as a disgrace, ii. 18. n. and 204. n. their great modera.
tion, ii. 688, their wars with the Carthaginians, ib, and 684.
with Jugurtha, 685, with Mithridates, ib. their several civil
wars, viz. between Sylla and Marius, 688, the cause, ib. be:
tween Caesar and Pompey, 691. and between Anthony and
Augustus, 694. -
#oms, history of its buildings, ii. 473, the artful mea-
sures taken to fill it with inhabitants, ib. privilege of its citi-
zens, iii. 440. n.
Romulus and REMUs, their parentage, birth, preserva-
tion, &c. ii. 472.
SABBATH, the institution of it from the beginning of
the world, and why, i. 14. n. that of the Jews, its first in-
stitution, 506. n. all observation of it during their Egyptian
bondage laid aside, and why, ib. is renewed with an addi-
tional injunction, and what, ib. self-defence allowable on
that day as well as on any other, ii. 24. and works of neces.
sity and mercy, iii. 116 breaking it, i. 539. carrying bur-
dens on that day, iii. 115.
Sabbath, Christian, reason of its institution, iii.299. n.
SABINE virgins, rape of, ii. 96. n.
Sacraments, Christian, the reasonableness of them, and
their moral tendency, iii. 351.
Sacrifices of Divine institution at first, i. 117. the cere-
monies accompanying them first observed by the Jews, and
afterwards adopted by other nations, with many impure ad-
ditions suggested by the devil, ibid. the ends and design of
this institution, ib, and 118. why Cain's sacrifice rejected
and that of Abel accepted, ib. and 119. n. three things requi-
site to sacrifice acceptably, in which Cain was deficient, ib,
not natural acts of worship, 149, n. all prefigured the great
atonement of Messiah, 564. fire consuming the victim the
usual token of Divine acceptance, ii. 85 on removing the
ark from Obed-Edom's, 176. n. Solomon's defended, £47.
Sacrilege more remarkably punished in this world than
any sin except murder, ii. 491. n.
SADDucres, their rise and tenets, ii. 639, 640. and n.
and iii. 19.
Saints, a name given in the Scriptures to all the members
of Christ’s church, iii. 377.
SALAMIs, its situation, iii. 412. n.
SALT, valley of, ii. 178. n.
SALT SEA, account of, i. 337. m.
Salutation, the angel's to Mary, iii. 5.
Salvation, like justification, used in different senses by the
sacred writers, iii. 360–390. state of, 386.
SAMARIA, its origin, founder, and situation, iii. 29. n. the
sore famine which happened there in the reign of Jehoram,
ii. 345. and great plenty in the space of four and twenty
hours, 346. farther account of, #
SAMARIA, woman of why our Lord told her what he or-
dered the disciples to conceal, iii.67.
SAMARITANs, their original, iii. 29. m. and ii. 576, ob-
struct the Jews in building the temple, and why, ii. 528 pe-
tition Cambyses openly that the building might be stopped,
ib., their address afterwards to the magian, who pretended
to be his brother Smerdis, and the purport of their memorial,
529. their farther application to Tatnai, governor of Syria and
Palestine, 531. their opposition to the Jews accounted for, and
what chiefly,533. their controversy with them about theirse-
veral temples, 57.7. their application to Alexander the Great,
that he would honour their city and temple with his presence,
| 581. rejected, ib. are hated by the Jews, why, 577, are