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Instead of those fallacious hopes slain their thousands, intemperate of perpetual festivity, with which pleasure has slain its ten thousands. the world would allure us, RELIGION How long shall it be, ere the fate of confurs upon us a cheerful tranquil- your predecessors in the same ity. Instead of dazzling us with course teach you wisdom? How meteors of joy, which sparkle and long shall the experience of all ages expire, it sheds around us a calm continue to lift its voice to you in und steady lighi.

vain? Beholding the ocean, on Recollect your own feelings; in- which you are embarked covered quire on what occasions you have with wrecks; are not those fatal sig. felt the iruest satisfaction ; whether nals sufficient to admonish you of clays intermixed with pleasure and the bidden rock? business have not left behind them a We all of us have experienced more agreeable remembrance, than the effects which any indisposition whole nights of licentiousness & riot. of the body, even though slight, Look round you on the world ; re- produces an external prosperity. flect on the different societies which Visit the gayest and most fortunate have fallen under your observation; man on earth only with sleepless and think, who among them enjoy niglits; disorder any single organ life to most advantage; whether of the senses ; corrode but one of they, who encircled by gay com- the least of his nerves; and you panions, are constantly fuliging shall presently see all his guiety themselves in quest of pleasure ; or vanish; you shall bear him comthey to whom pleasure comes uri- plain, that he is a miserable creasought, in the course of active, vi:- ture, and express Lis envy of the tuous, and manly life?

peasant and the cottager. And can It is an invariable law of our pre- you believe, that a disease in the -sent condition, that every pleasure soul is less fatal to enjoyment than a which is pursued to excess, converts discase in the animal frame ; or that itself to a poison. In all the plea- a sound mind is not as essential as a sures of sense, it is apparent, that sound body to the happiness of man? enly when indulged within certain Let us rate sensual gratifications ii mits, they confer sa:ixfaciiin. No as high as we please ; we shall sooner do we pass the line, which be made to feel that the seat of entemperance has drawn, than perni-joyment is in the soul. Aivis effects corne forward and shew The man of moderation alone tiemselves. Could I lay open to brings to all the natural and innoyour view the monuments of death, cent pleasures, that sound uncorthey would read a lecture on mod- rupted relish, which gives him & «ration, much more powerful than much fuller enjoyment of them any that the most eloquent writers than the pallid and vitiated appetite can give. You would behoid the of the voluptuary can allow him to graves, pcopled with the victims of know. He culls the power of eveintemperance. You would behold ry allowable gratification, without those chambers of darkness hung dwelling upon it, until its sweetness round on every side, with the be lost. He stops at the point bcliophies of lixury, drunkenness, fore enjoyment degenerates into and sensuality. So numerous disgust, and pleasure is converted . Would you find those victims to in- into pain. Moderate and simple aquity, that it may be safely assert- pleasures relish high with the tem*), where well or pistinte hare perats; whereas it is great fortune


if the voluptuary does not return | magic circie, within which you are disgusted even from a feast. In at present held. Reject the poison -the pleasures which are regulated ed cup, which the enchantress by moderation, besides, there is al- pleasure holds up to your lips. Fays that dignity which goes along Draw aside the veil, which she tih innocence. No man need to throws over your eyes. You will. be ashamed of them. They are then see other objects, than you consistent with honour; with the now behold. You will see an abyss Esour of God and of man. But opening below your feet. You will the sensualist, who disdains all re- see VIRTUE and TEMPERANCE straint in his pleasures, is odious in marking out the road, which conthe public eye. His vices become ducts ro true felicity. You will be gross; his character contemptible; enabled to discern, that the world is he ends in being a burden to him. enjoyed to advantage by none, but self and society.

such as follow those divine guidcs; By unhappy excesses, how many

and who consider “ PLEASURE AS amiable dispositions have been cor- THE SEASONING, BUT NOT AS I H.)

BUSINESS OF LIFE." ripted or destroyed? How many rising capacities and powers have been suppressed? How many flattering hopes of parents and friends

10. 2... have been totally extinguished? The objection against Mr. Bry-Wbo but must drop a tear over hu-ant's system, because of its endan-man nature, when he beholds that gering the Christian religion, we morning which arose so bright, have found to be destitute of solidovercast with such untimely dark-ity, and Mr. B. is perfectly clear ness; that good humour, which from every possible imputation once captivated all bearts; that vi- which could be attached to the supvacity, which sparkled in every port of an opinion savouring of incompany ; those abilities, which lidelity. The life of Mr. B. has were fitted for adorning the highest been an unequivocal proof, of a constation, all sacrificed at the shrinetrary doctrine; labours in theolof low sensuality; and one who was ogy have been gigantic, and his formed for running the fair career mind has always been bent towards, of life in the midst of public esteem, the establishment of truth. cut off by his vices at the beginning

Yet notwithstanding these facts. of his course, or sunk, for the whole Mr. Bryant has been so violently of it, into insignificancy and con- opposed, that the author of the Purtempt! These, O sinful pleasure, suits of Literature found it requisite are thy trophies !

to defend him. “Some persons," Retreat then, from your dishon-says he, “have even declared that ourable courses, ye wiio, by licen- Mr. Bryant had no right to touch tiousness, extravagande, and vice, the subject, that nothing can be are abusers of the world! You are more contrary to reason than to supdegrading, you are ruining your pose, that the existence of a city selves; you are grossly misemploy- and a war, of which we have read ing the gifts of God; and mistake with delight from our boyish days, your true interest. Awake then to could be called in question. They the pursuits of men of virtue and allow the amplification of poetry, honour. Break loose from that and its cmbellishments, and eyen,

the anachronisms of Homer. But same part as they suppose the auTroy did exist, and the Grecians thor to have done, and sacrifice madid once besiege it, and Hector and ny things which have the sanction Achilles were as real heroes as the of ages. Hence if the credibility Archduke Charles and Bonaparte. of religion be impaired by these Most certainly I will quarrel with diminutions and drawbacks, they no man “ about Sir Archy's great-promote the evil as much as the grandmother.” It is a question of author; he denies the siege of Troy, probability and not of proof. But and they question every material nothing can be farther from Mr. circumstance with which it is said Bryant's character than the impu- to have been attended. They retation of having attacked the faith duce the whole to a buccaneering and credibility of ancient or of any war and a piratical transaction. history. It is scarcely entitled to But this is contrary to the whole notice. What was Troy? with tenor of history; and if our faith what part of history is it connected ? can be by such means hurt, they Is not the Trojan war an insulated contribute to its ruin." solitary fact? If it were done away, We have seen then that Mr. is any historical event whatever Bryant's arguments are very strong made to fall with it? When it is to prove the object of his investiga. stated, that four hundred and thirty tion; and that his opponents, findships (no matter of what size) were ing themselves unable completely to employed by the Grecians in the controvert lim, have been obliged to Trojan war in the twelfth century, resort to collateral objections... and only eighty-nine in the Pelo- Hence it appears, as far as we have ponnessian war in the fifth century examined, that there yet appears no before Christ, is this matter of eer- reason to disbelieve. Mr. Bryant's ous history? Is not the whole allow- arguments disproving the “existcd to pass the bounds of any proba-ence of Troy in Phrygia, and the bility but that of the poet ?” expedition of the Grecians as de

In addition to these arguments, scribed by Homer." the reviewers justify Mr. Bryant by the question, « whether those who oppose him do not co-operate to

BIOGRAPHY. the same end? They say confess. A brief sketch of the life of FREDERIC edly, that they do not believe the

SCHILLER, the German Dramatist í whole; and most of them give up

condensed from the Monthly Maga.

zine. the grand confederacy of the Grec

Concluded. ian states at that early period, and His Don Carlos, which he conthe remote alliances with Rhodes, tinued during his residence at DresEpirus and Thrace. They do not den, was soon interrupted.

He becredit the ten years' preparation for gan to read every thing that related war, nor the ten years' duration of to Philip; the library of Dresden it, nor the thousand ships and hun afforded him abundant materials ; dred thousand men. They hesi- and he became imperceptibly so tate at the story at Aulis; and deeply interested, that he neglected scem to doubt whether Iphigenia poetry for a time, and maintained were turned into a hind, and Hecu-an intimate connection with the ba afterwards into a she-dog: and Muse of History, to which we are they make other great concessions. indebted for his “Revolt of the But, in doing this, they act the Netherlands from the Spanish

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53 Government." The preceding his drawn off by exterior objects, end torians of Germany had been less all the energies of the mind may

be attentive to the beautiful Muse of excrted with undivided forci History than to the duli spirit ol Night, with its profound repose, chronicles : he united German in- its sacred stillness, and sublime dustry with the elegance of the an- tranquillity, was more agreeable to cients.

him than noisy distracting day. At Leipzig, or rather at Gohlis. However singular it may appear, it a charming village near that city, is not the less true, that in the where be passed a summer with evening he might be found at his Mr. Goschen, he continued and breakfast, and at midnight deeply completed his Don Carlos. Jinger, engaged in business. The stan.p a writer whose premature decease pof midnight is in fact strikingly imComedy still deplores, resided dur-pressed on many of composiing the same summer at Gohlis, tions. By this conduct be, alas ! and they contracted a mutual abridged his cheerfulness, plea-friendship for each other; and pro- sures, and even his life. bably the lively company of the It was impossible not to perceive comic had no small degree of in- what the Academy possessed in fluence over our tragic poet, whose Schiller. In the year 1796 he re-tone of mind was at that time dis- ceived a regular honorary professor-tinguished by uncommon vivacity. ship, with a salary of two hundred

From Leipzig Schiller returned dollars, which after he left Jena was, to Weimar, the residence of so ma- continued to be paid by the Duke ny men of genius. Here he ac- of Weimar, and was augmented a quired the friendship of Wieland, short time previous to lis death. and likewise of-M.Von Wollzogen, Meanwhile Goethe, vilio had bewhose sister he afterwarıls married come the friend of Schiller, endca.

Some years afterwards Schiller voured to restore him to life and its was appointed professor of history at enjoyments. Jena, be perceived, Jena, and he taught that science with was not the place for tliis purpose ; almost unexampled applause. At


was necessary to remove lim to a later period he likewise held lec- a region of greater freedom, and he tures on ästhetics. Were we to

invited hiin to Veimar.-This re

lle describe the scholar striving with moval had the desired efici. the utmost zeal to attain the highest appeared to be again attached to possible degree of perfection, ii life by more pleasing tits, and was would be necessary to shew how he completely happy in his domestic learned Greek of Schutz; how, in- circle, among his children. stigated by Reinhold, he indefatiga This cheerful tone pervades all bly studied the criticism of Kant, the works he con po:ed in the latand made himself intimately ac ter years of his life at Weimar : quainted with the best poets of all they are not the offspring of son:ages and of all nations.

bre midnight, but the productions That he might be able to study of genial day. Among these was and to labour with less interruption, his “Maid of Orleans," which gailihe reversed the order of naturo. ed him additional reputation ; an. Night, when all the bustle of life is eye-witness to the first representaover, when universal silence pre- tion of it observes, that when the.. Fails, when the attentio: is not play was over, all thronged cut oft

the house to see him. The exten- | spoke much concerning soldiers sive space from the theatre to the and the tumults of war, but still Ranstadt gate was crowded with more frequently pronounced the people. He came out, and in a name of Lichtenberg, in whose moment a passage was cleared. works he had a short time before “ Hats off !” exclaimed a voice : been reading. Towards noon he the requisition was universally com- became more composed, and fell plied with; and thus the poet pro-into a gentle slumber, from which ceeded through multitudes of ad- he awoke once more in the posmiring spectators, who all stood un- session of his faculties for a short covered, while parents in the back time, of which he availed himself ground raised their children in their to take a painful farewell, and to dearms, and cried That is Schiller.” sire that his body might be com

Schiller was tall, and rather mitted to the earth without any slender.--Even during his resi-pomp, in the most private and simdence at Jena his body seemed to ple manner. He was even cheersuffer from the exertions of his ful, and said, "Now life is perfectly mind : his face was pale, and his clear to me: many things are now cheeks hollow; but silent enthusi- plain and distinct. He soon afterasm sparkled in his animated

wards sunk again into a slumber,

eye, and his high open forehead an

from which he never more awoke. nounced the character of profound

“ His body was opened: the reflection. His whole demeanour lungs were found almost entirely was calculated to excite confidence. destroyed, the chambers of the There was nothing in it of reserve, heart were nearly filled up, and the nothing of pridc, haughtiness, or gall was uncommonly distended. affectation; every expression was

An accurate cast of his skull was marked with such candour and sin taken for Dr. Gall. His funeral cerity, and unfolded such excellent was fixed for Sunday, but as his qualities of the heart, that before body advanced too rapidly to coryou had passed a quarter of an hour ruption, it was found necessary to in his company, you felt as if you

inter him in the night between Sahad been acquainted with him for turday and Sunday. According to years.

his own desire, he was to have been Sickness attacked him early, and but several young literati and artists,

carried to the grave by artisans, here his medical attainments were desirous of evincing their love and prejudicial to him instead of prov. respect to their distinguished coling advantageous, for they made him too attentive to his body and

league even in death, relieved them its changes, and deprived him. I thiends of the inimortal poet were

from that duty.

Among these thie repose so necessary for the tu- Professor Voss and the painter establishment of his health. А

Jagemann. In profound and so premnature report of his death was lemn silence the cofin was boing circulated in the public journals; to the church yard between the tut wien it proved unfounded the

houl's of twelve and one. Duke of Augustenburg in conjuncini with Count Schimmelmann,

was entirely overcast, and threeitna securred to him a pension for life.

ed rain ; the blustering wird rushed

awfully through the ancient roofs li: id ia May 1805. During of the soulis, and the trophies ; i!’nus he was quite deiirious, Igroaned.---But LO SOCI!ct was the

The sky

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