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him, or to throw blacks in his way, | Whatsoever of happiness we may over which, it is hoped, he must in- have enjoyed is the necessary conevitably stumble. Is his parentage sequence of the first breath we obscure? His meanness of extrac- drew; we therefore consecrate the tion is every where hinted, when it spot, where vitality was inhaled, can be apprehended to do him even however privileged by accident, or the least possible harm. No mal- endeared to us by the blindness of ter, however dignified his charac-chance. CowPER felt the force of tes; no matter, how exalted bis this sentiment.. objects of pursuit ; no matter, if his transcendant abilities can almost

“ England, with all thy faults, I love

thee still, control fate; no matter, if his dis- “My country.” position be yet so humble, that the meanest object would seem to con

Patriotism may be weakness ; trol him; still in his native city these but he that would soar above it, is hints would be constantly thrown welcome do all the comfort of his out, the suggestions of malignity frigid abstraction, and to the subbe yet busily whispered about. The limaring consciousness of his useMessiah himself had scarcely an

less elevation. If to cherish con. nounced to the Nazarenes the ful- tempt for what may be useful in filment of the prophecy, when the advancing social improvement, be silence of wonder was first impi- to discharge a moral ebligation, the ously broken by the frivolous in philosopher has the solace of requiry concerning the Saviour of the flecting, that he has cione his dutr. world, “Is not this the Carpenter's

But the man of the world ; the son?" The interrogation was put man, that would improve the morby those of his own country." The als and enlarge the mind of the reproof of inspiration was in the

world; who knows, that the rays language of mildness : “A man is

of human beneficence, to be made not without hunor, save in his own effectual, must be made to concountry and in his own house." verge ; will be glad to take advan

The corrosions of competition tage of any artificial medium to inand the persecutions of envy, the

crease their convergency, to bring rçsentments of disappointed, and

nearer the spot, on which their force the maledictions of splenetic co-ance will warm, cherish, and enc

is to concentrate, which their raditernporaries, stoicism i:eleed may lighten. The man of feeling will consider as minor vexations. It is adınitted they are: yet they set stor native city for life. There are rea

follow this guide and cling to his icism itself at defiance. Though sons enough to induce him to make a man should not be called out to the place of his nativity that of his encounter a dragon or hold tygers permanent residence.

He must at bay, he will find it difficult to be all his life brushing away musqui- the manners of the people, among

necessarily be best acquainted with toes and yet keep his temper,

whom he is bred.

He knows to It however still seems to be the what habits he must accommodate, spontaneous desire of the heart, that and to what prejudices yield. Was being should be continued where be-lhe originally of low estate? He ing was begun. The spot where ex- feels no little elation, that under the istence commenced claims a sort of favor of providence his elevation is inchoate right to its continuance. I attributed to his own personal ex. '




ny you. Before I was surprised

ertion. He is happy, that those, prophet, or descended to earth and who witnessed his obscurity, may fluttered round you as a guard. I now witness Iris rank. He looks breathe only in your smiles, my back with pleasure and forward with Aben, I live but in your love.' A. pride. Ho thanks heaven he lives dorable Yoto, replied he, you could in the city of his parents, and, like not doubi but that I should pursue Epaminondas, is grateful when hon- every means to liberate you from ors are bestowed, principally be the power of these barbarous strancause mere pride can so highly en-gers. Is it by the horrors of their joy them. Here they share his war that we are to estimate the reprosperity and it increases from the ligion which they inculcate in peace? division.

They preach to us of benevolence and humanity! and they destroy our habitations, pillage our trea

sures and make slaves of our wives. for the Emerald.

Ah, let us perish rather than aban'don the law of our great prophet

Mahomet, who has interposed his Translated for the Emerald from the signal protection for your life and French of M. Fleury.

honour. Come, you shall return Si voluimus, magna szpe ex párvis your friends and avoid the crusle ligeinus.

ties of this savage people,, while I

pursue further means to gratify my [Concluded from page 106.] revenge. No, I will not again be

separated from you, answered Yoto The distant cries of Yoto strúck I will fight by your side and con: on the ears of Xahumor. In a mo

quer or perisia with my husband ment he was in the midst of the I will not again leave you ; either Portuguese, and sought directly for

you must return or I will accompatheir chief. The Moors imitated his example ; the violence of their by these frightful beings, I was lay. onset was too great, to leave a doubting in a deep sleep and in violent for victory., Aben by a stroke of agitation,; I saw you vanquished his lance brought Fernandes at his covered with numberless wounds feet, and the Christians seeing their and bathed in your blood-judge by chief fallen, retired in the utmost your own love what impression this disorder. Xahumor ran directly to dream must make on my heart—it Yolo, whom he rescued from the is the inspiration from heaven, the slaves' that guarded her, and deliv

great prophet would keep you from ered her to his own people. He danger by this prophetic represenno longer pursued his victory, suf- tation-Do not despise this superficiently pleased with having rescu-natural warning such signs are aled his wife from the hards of the ways to be regarded. Come, let enemy. I owe you far more than us forget in our retreat and in each my life, generous Aben, cried she, other's arms, the dangers, the misI am indebted to you for liberty.- fortunes we have escaped. Love Ah, do you believe that I would a shall assume the place of every othlong time have been a captive ? er sentiinerit. Death would have shortly relieved me-my shade should have provid Why (replied Aben) why my ed for you a brilliant path to our love would you thus detain me by

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such counsel? If the great Ma-1. The valiant Don Lopes saw where honset protects me, you ought to danger was the most alarming, and calm your apprehensions. As you recognized the leader of his enemies love me, so let my glory be dear to by the terrible havoc which he youei me not yield to an enemy made. He threw himself in his do not seek to make me unworthy front and called him to combat with of your love, Ah cruel-said she an equal foe. The two armies fix. sighing-ollow this fatal glory ited their attention on this contest of places a poignard in my bosom-Ithe rivals. Don Lopes is woundknow I shall not again behold you. ed--the sight of his blood reaniA shout at this moinent drowned mates his zeal, and either by greather cries and she sunk lifeless in er adroitness or superior fortune, he the arms of her attendants. Aben gives the stroke of death to his adverordered the slaves to take her to sary,who falls, pronouncing with his her father's, and as soon as she re- expiring breath the name of his Yoto. covered her senses to inform her

The death of Xahumor stopped of the circumstances that compel- the impetuosity of the Moors--they led his instant departure.

gathered round the corpse of their Xahumor assembled his troops wailing his untimely death.

departed Xheque, and retreated, befrom different cantons, and with a body of about six thousand men

The unfortunate Yoto, at a dis. took the rout to Safy, which was tance from the camp, was continudistant about four or five leagues.

ally seeking news of her husband.

At last she learnt of the retreat of The Portuguese were in conster the army-but what a frightful nation at the death of their General, spectacle for the sight of a lover and knew not what plan to adopt ; and a wife :-A funeral car, corwhether to receive the enemy at ered with the drapery of the dead, Safy, which was defended merely bore the bloody corpse of Aben by pallisades, or to retreat to their Xahumor--the soldiers with their fortifications on the sea shore.- lances inverted, silent and mourn. A difference of opinion existed a- ful proclaimed that their leader mong themselves, one part, in obe- was no more. Yoto, at the sight dience to the Court of Portugal, de- of this melancholy apparatus, bevolving the command on Don Lo- came wild with affright and alarm. pes, and another insisting on be- Ah Xahumor, Xahumor (with a stowing it on Don Alphonso, the voice interrupted by tears and sobs son-in-law of their deceased Gen- thy destiny is accomplished-the eral. During this consternation terior of thy enemies--the support the Moors arrived in view of the of thy friends, thou art forever at place. The Portuguese had not rest. 'Thy days have passed as 1 more than three thousand men, but shade—as a flower. The song over they determined on making a vig- thy grave, how early is it sung – orous defence. The impetuous A- Ah cruel love, thou hast åed thou ben already mounts the pallisades, carriest with thee the happiness of clearing his way with his sword, Yoto.-Thinkest thou she will surand making a ladder of the slain vire ? At these words, in a delirithe Moors inflamed by his astonish- um of grief she snatched a poignard ing intrepidity, attack the village from the hand of a soldier and with equal boldness.

plunged it to her heart.



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to secure their approbation.” The (1! is nt :lways the least mean of West-Indian is the chef d'æuvre of

judging rightly to depend on a man Mr. Cumberland, and indisputably
For information of himself. The wri- one of the bust comedies the pres-
ter of his own life has the correct lent age can boast ; it established,
knowledge of the facts to be related,
biit an opinion of them comes with early in life, the author's fame, and
more propriety from other quarters.

is the only dramatic composition
In introducing the following remarks likely to perpetuate his memory,
on the writings of Mr. Cumberland, Toe language is, in general, easy
however, we mean not to make a sug- and elegant, with all the requisite
gestion that could detract from the
merit of the Biography which he has familiarity of dialogue, without de-
recently presented to the gratification generating into loose equivoque and
and delight of every elegant scholar, technical vulgarity. Belcour and
nor even to say that the sentiments of O'Flaherty are admirably drawn
the writer from whom they are ex. characters ; and the fable of the
tracted are more justly entitled to
credit than Mr.Cumberland himself comedy, though in many particu-

lars faulty, is such as none but a CHARACTERISTICS OF MR. GUMDER' skilful dramatist could have con

structed. The whole is a judicious If the merits of a writer were to combination of sentiment and acbe estimate i by the engirness or tion; of sentiment unperverted by indifference of the public about his

affectation, and of action restrained productions, it would be no casy by judgment. If we did not know matter to ascertain, whether Mr. that a min, in a whimsical and unCumberland was in possession of settled nation like ours, cannot poslittle or much; for, from the com- sibly conform to his own idea of mencement of his literary career to propriety in what relates to dramat. the present moment, he has been ic writing, we should censure Mr.

alternately admired and abuse], sol-Cumberland for quitting the methi lowed and neglected ; we know not od which seems to have guided him

to what this is attributable, unless in his first productions, he has unto those extraordinary Auctnations fortunately, however, yielded to po

of popular taste, which it is not more pular taste, and given us specimens í easy to account for than to prevent of the very worst style of composi

The caprices of an English audi- tion, sentimental as well as humorence are so various, and their trans-ous; at the head of the former may itions from one extreme to another be placed the Dependent, and of the so rapidl, that it is scarcely possible latter the Armourer. for an author to please in many compositions of the same nature, As a tragic writer Mr. Cumber. however equally they may be writland is not above mediocrity ; his ten, The instability, however, is CARMELITE has a few, and but a not confined to our own country.- few, good lines; the characters are I have read an anecdote of a French out of nature, and the incidents pal

author, who states, “ that he had pably forced ; indeed, the action is There written no less than six different derived from so improbable a source,

dramatic performances for the ex- and the plot so romantically puerile, press purpose of gratifying the taste that the imagination is seldom de

of the town; not one of which, luded into any belief of reality, i though a very expeditious writer, The Battle of Hastings, which seems

could be produce in sufficient time to have been made up of scraps con


gregated from all quarters, is much are debased by a mixture of breeds. inferior to the Carmelite ; and Days The audience depart from a sentiof Yore, the last production of this mental comedy as from a cold les. gentleman, far behind both.

son of musty morality; they ad. What, then, are the peculiar mire the fine sentiment, indeed, but characteristics of Mr.Cumberland's they have felt no emotion; the ear muse? since, for the comedy of the has been tingled by the frequent Old School he has no relish: for recurrence of a few specific phrases: the extravagances of farce he is too but the heart has had no share in classical: and for tragody he has the matter. Sentimental comedy more inclination than talent.

is, indeed, rather injurious thau ben. His forte, however he may have eficial to the interests of society ; occasionally diverted into the less for people, having learnt to gloss soleran department of the drama, over their conduct by a set of pretty is undoubtedly SENTIMENTAL COM- terms, are too apt to substitute the EDY. Following the track of Hugh verbal apology for the active princiKelly, he borrows his plot, charac- ple. The virtues are thus clieated ter, and language from the novel of their due, while maxims become ists, transferring, though, with a fashionable, and passion evaporates delicate hand, the property of the in sentiment. circulating library to the stage. Of sentimental writers, however, There is a wearisome sameness in Mr. Cumberland is the first: he is all his plays, wbich is, perhaps, in- a complete master of the elegances separable from their nature. « The of style, and polishes with great union of two lovers is supposed to thste and nicety. In his sentiment be prevented by a mercenary father he is less hacknied and more'diveror a brother of rigid honor; noth- sified, both as to matter and language ing, of course, can be more favour-than most other modern authors. able to sentiment: the lovers lament If he seldom interests by happy intheir destiny with little or no effort duction of plot, and forcible display to avert it: 'talk a pretty deal about of character, he sometimes instructs sensibility, sympathy, delicacy, feel- by justness of observation, and from ing, &c. till some unlooked for ac- quently captivates by the brilliancy cident induces the parent to recal of his expression. His productions his prohibition, or the brother to however, numerous as they are, inrelax his rigour."

dicate no extraordinary strength of Sentimental comedy is the least mind; they are, more distinguisha useful of all dramatic compositions, ble for delicacy than vigour :-in since it neither tends to the correc- short, they are less the effusions of tion of the foibles and vanities of life, genius, than the decorated refinefor to the improvement of the hearts ments of taste. of mankind. The moral it incalcates is generally too lax for instruca tion, and the pity it inspires too weak

THE ORDEAL....No. 19. to become active ; it possesses neither the virtue of tragedy nor of comedy; it is the offspring of a

Earl of Essex (Fones) and Paul and

Virginia. ridiculous union, which retains none of the characteristics of father or of the Earl of Essex, one written by


are three plays on the subject mother, according, as in animal life, Banks, one by Brooke

, the author of the noble qualities of either species. Gustavus Vasa, and the other by Fortu


Friday, Feb. 29.

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