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Their scaly armour's Tyrian hue
The hapless nymph with wonder saw:
With many an ardent wish,
She stretch'd, in vain, to reach the prize.
What Cat's averse to fish?
Presumptuous maid! with looks intent
Nor knew the gulf between.
Var. V. 24. "A foe to fish." First edit.
V. 17. "Aureus ipse; sed in foliis, quæ plurima circum Funduntur, violæ sublucet purpura nigræ." Virg. Georg. iv. 274. W.
"But all thing, which that shineth as the gold,
V. 18. "His shining horns diffus'd a golden gleam," Pope. Winds. For. 331. "And lucid amber casts a golden gleam," Temp. of Fame, 253.
V. 42. This proverbial expression was a favourite among the old English poets:
See Chaucer. Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16430. Tyrwhitt refers to the Parabolæ of Alanus de Insulis, quoted by Leyser, Hist. Poet. Med. Ev. 1074: "Non teneas aurum, totum quod splendet ut aurum." Among the poems published with Lord
Eight times emerging from the flood,
No Dolphin came, no Nereid stirr'd:
From hence, ye beauties, undeceiv'd,
Not all that tempts your wand'ring eyes
Var. V. 35.
"nor Harry heard.
Surrey's, p. 226, edit. 1717: " Not every glist'ring gives the gold, that greedy folk desire." In the Paradise of Dainty Devises, "No Foe to a Flatterer," p. 60 (reprint), is this line: "But now I see all is not gold, that glittereth in the eye." In England's Helicon, p. 194: "All is not gold, that shineth bright in show." Spenser. F. Queen, ii. 8. 14: "Yet gold all is not, that doth golden seem.'
"Not every thinge that gives a gleame and glitt❜ring showe, Is to be counted gold indeede, this proverbe well you knowe." Turberville. Answer of a Woman to her Lover, st. iv. "All as they say, that glitters is not gold." Dryden. H. and Panther.
This poem was written later than the first, third, and fourth Odes, but was arranged by Gray in this place, in his own edition.
III.* ON A DISTANT PROSPECT OF ETON
̓́Ανθρωπος, ἱκανὴ πρόφασις εἰς τὸ δυστυχεῖν.
Menander. Incert. Fragm. ver. 382. ed. Cler. p. 245.
[See Musæ Etonenses, vol. i. p. 229, and Brit. Bibliographer, vol. ii. p. 214.]
YE distant spires, ye antique towers,
ye, that from the stately brow
* This, as Mason informs us, was the first English production of Gray which appeared in print. It was published in folio, in 1747, and appeared again in Dodsley, Col. vol. ii. p. 267, without the name of the author. A Latin poem by him, On the Prince of Wales's Marriage, had appeared in the Cambridge Collection, in 1736, which is inserted in this edition.
"Haunt the watery glade." Pope. Wind. For. Luke. King Henry the Sixth, founder of the College.
V. 4. So in the Bard, ii. 3: "And spare the meek usurper's holy head." And in Install. Ode, iv. 12: "The murder'd saint." So Rich. III. act v. sc. 1: "Holy King Henry." And act iv. sc. 4: "When holy Henry died." This epithet has a peculiar propriety; as Henry the Sixth, though never canonized, was regarded as a saint. See Barrington on the Statutes, p. 416, and Douce. Illust. of Shakesp. ii. 38. " Yea and holy Henry lying at Windsor." Barclay. Eclog. p. 4, fol.
Whose turf, whose shade, whose flowers among
Ah, happy hills! ah, pleasing shade!
Where once my careless childhood stray'd,
I feel the gales that from ye blow
As waving fresh their gladsome wing,
To breathe a second spring.
Say, father Thames, for thou hast seen
"and now to where
Majestic Windsor lifts his princely brow." Thoms. Sum. 1412. W. V. 10. "The vale of Thames fair-winding up." Thoms. Sum. 1417. Fenton in his Ode to Lord Gower, which was praised by Pope and Akenside, had these two lines, iii. 1: "Or if invok'd where Thames's fruitful tides
Slow thro' the vale in silver volumes play." Spenser. vol. v. p. 87: "Silver-streaming Thames." V. 15. "L'Aura gentil che rasserena i poggi Destando i fior per questo ombroso bosco
Al soavesuo spirto riconosco." Petrarca, Son. clxi. V. 19. "And bees their honey redolent of spring." Dryden's Fable on the Pythag. System. Gray." And every field is redolent of spring," L. Welsted's Poems, p. 23. It appears also in the Memoirs of Europe towards the Close of the Eighth Century, by Mrs. Manly, 1716, vol. ii. p. 67: "The lovely Endimion, redolent of youth." See Todd, in a note to Sams. Agonist. (Milton, vol. iv. p. 410.)
V. 21. This invocation is taken from Green's Grotto: see Dodsley. Col. vol. v. p. 159.
Full many a sprightly race
The captive linnet which enthral?
While some on earnest business bent
'Gainst graver hours that bring constraint
Some bold adventurers disdain
The limits of their little reign,
Var. V. 29. "To chase the hoops illusive speed." Ms.
"Say, father Thames, whose gentle pace
Perhaps both poets thought of Cowley, vol. i. p. 117:
"Inhuman caught; and in the narrow cage
Dryden. An. Mirab. St. ccxxxii. "Old father Thames rais'd up his reverend head."
V. 23. "By slow Mæander's margent green." Milton.Com. 232. W.
V. 24. "To virtue, in the paths of pleasure trod." Pope. Essay on Man, iii. 233.
V. 26. "On the glassy wave." Todd. ed. of Comus, p. 118. V. 27. This expression has been noticed as tautologous. Thomson, on the same subject, uses somewhat redundant language, Spring, 702: