« PreviousContinue »
And unknown regions dare descry:
Gay hope is theirs by fancy fed,
V. 30. "The senator at cricket urge the ball."
Pope. Dun. iv. 592.
V. 37. This line is taken from Cowley. Pindarique Ode to Hobbes, iv. 7. p. 223: "Till unknown regions it descries."
V. 40. "Magnaque post lachrymas etiamnum gaudia pallent." Stat. Theb. i. 620. For other expressions of this nature, see Wakefield's note. Add Sil. Ital. xvi. 432, "lætoque pavore." Luke.
66 His sleep
Was airy light, from pure digestion bred,
V. 44. "Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind." Pope. Eloisa, ver. 209. Add Essay on Man, iv. 167, "The soul's calm sunshine."
V. 47. "In either cheeke depeyncten lively cheere," Spenser. Hobbinol's Dittie, ver. 33. W. See Milton. Ps. lxxxiv. 5. "With joy and gladsome cheer." Luke.
V. 49. "The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air." Pope. Im. of Horace, I. 73; Hor. Od. ii. xi. 7. "facilemque " and Par. L. v. 3:
Alas! regardless of their doom,
No sense have they of ills to come,
Yet see, how all around 'em wait
And black Misfortune's baleful train! Ah, shew them where in ambush stand, To seize their prey, the murth'rous band! Ah, tell them, they are men !
These shall the fury Passions tear,
And Shame that sculks behind;
"While round, stern ministers of fate,
V. 51. "E'en now, regardless of his doom,
Collins. Ode on the Death of Col. Ross, 4th stanza of his first manuscript.
V. 55. These two lines resemble two in Broome. Ode on Melancholy, p. 28:
And Otway. Alcib. act v. sc. 2. p. 84: "Then enter, ye grim ministers of fate."
V. 66. "But gnawing Jealousy out of their sight,
V. 61. "The fury Passions from that flood began." See Pope. Essay on Man, iii. 167.
V. 63. "Exsanguisque Metus," Stat. Theb. vii. 49. And from him Milton, Quint. Novemb. 148: "Exsanguisque Horror." Pers. Sat. iii. v. 115, "Timor albus."
Spenser. F. Q. vi. 23.
That inly gnaws the secret heart; And Envy wan, and faded Care, Grim-visag'd comfortless Despair, And Sorrow's piercing dart.
Ambition this shall tempt to rise,
And grinning Infamy.
The stings of Falsehood those shall try,
That mocks the tear it forc'd to flow;
Lo! in the vale of years beneath
V. 68. "With praise enough for Envy to look wan.” Milton. Son. to Lawes, xiii. 6. W. Par. L. i. 601, "Care sate on his faded cheek." Luke.
V. 69. Gray has here imitated Shakespeare. Richard III. act i. sc. 1: "Grim-visag'd War," and Com. of Err. act v. sc. 1: "A moody and dull melancholy kinsman to grim and comfortless Despair." Yarrington (Two Trag. in one) "Grimvisag'd Despair." Todd.
V. 76. "Affected Kindness with an alter'd face," Dryden. Hind. and Panth. part iii.
V. 79. "Madness laughing in his ireful mood," Dryden. Pal. and Arc. (b. ii. p. 43. ed. Aik.) Gray. And so K. Hen. VI. p. 1. act iv. sc. 2: "But rather moody mad." And act iii. sc. 1: "Moody fury." Chaucer. Knyghte's Tale, 1152.
V. 81. "Declin'd into the vale of years," Othello, act iii. sc. 3. Compare also Virg. Æn. vi. 275.
The painful family of Death,
This racks the joints, this fires the veins,
To each his suff'rings: all are men,
The tender for another's pain,
Th' unfeeling for his own.
Yet, ah! why should they know their fate, 95
V. 84. See T. Warton's Milt. p. 432, 434, 511.
V. 90. "His slow-consuming fires." Honour.
V. 83. "Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain," Pope. Essay on Man, ii. 118. Dryden, State of Innoc. act v. sc. 1: "With all the numerous family of Death." Claudian uses language not dissimilar: Cons. Honor. vi. 323: "Inferno stridentes agmine Morbi." And Juv. Sat. x. 218: "Circumsedit agmine facto Morborum omne genus." Hor. Od. 1. iii. 30, "Nova febrium terris incubuit cohors."
Shenstone. Love and
V. 95. We meet with the same thought in Milton. Com. ver. 359.
"Peace, brother; be not over-exquisite
To cast the fashion of uncertain evils;
For grant they be so, while they rest unknown, What need a man forestall his date of grief?" V. 98. Soph. Ajax, v. 555: *Εν τῷ Φρονεῖν γαρ μηδεν, dioTos Bios. W. See Kidd's note to Hor. Ep. xi. 2. 140. V. 99. See Prior, (Ep. to Hon. C. Montague, st. ix.)
"From ignorance our comfort flows,
The only wretched are the wise."— Luke.
Add Davenant. Just Italian, p. 32, "Since knowledge is but
Since sorrow never comes too late,
'Tis folly to be wise.
HYMN TO ADVERSITY.*
Τὸν φρονεῖν Βροτοὺς ὁδώ-
ESCH. AGAM. Ver. 181.
DAUGHTER of Jove, relentless power,
[This Ode, suggested by Dionysius' Ode to Nemesis. v. Aratus. ed. Oxford, p. 51, translated by S. Meyrick, in Bell's Fug. Poetry, vol. xviii. p. 161.]
Ignorance is safe;
I then slept happily; if knowledge mend me not,
sorrow's spy, it is not safe to know." And Dodsley. Old Plays, xi. p. 119:
*This Hymn first appeared in Dodsley. Col. vol. iv. together with the "Elegy in a Country Churchyard; " and not, as Mason says, with the three foregoing Odes, which were published in the second volume. In Mason's edition it is called an Ode; but the title is now restored, as it was given by the author. The motto from Eschylus is not in Dodsley.
V. 1. "ATη, who may be called the goddess of Adversity, is