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The English language he pro- His compofitions are marked by nounces to be infinitely more bar- many negligencies, vulgarisms, and barous, in all respects, than it was false conit, uctions, which are dein the days of Chaucer. Without serving of levere reprehention in any knowledge of the original, or an author who hath To frequently an acquaintance with such commen- exposed himself to the lath of tators as might have given him in- public criticism. formation, he is daring enough to Mr. Gregory, in his “ Elkays criticise on fome parts of the Old Historical and Moral”, treats of a Tetament, and determine that to variety of curious and important be consumate nonsense, on which subjects. He offers many fenfible he is not capable of palling an o- and uteful remarks on the progress, pinion. And his criticilis on of society and manners ; the inos Aristotle do equal honour to his fluence of physical and moral causes modesty, and his acquaintance with on the human mind; the chio the Greek language. These Let- racter of the present times; supero' ters of Literature may, from the stition ; moral prejudices; lanpeculiarities we have mentioned,' guage; government; the princigain a momentary attention, but ples of morals; education ; suithey will foon be forgotten for cide; and on flavery and the ilave

trade. He appears to be pofleffed “ The Observer” is the produc- of folid judginent, and extentive tion of Mr. Cumberland, a gentle. philanthropy; and his labours will man well known in the literary meet with approbation from theworld ; and consists of a variety of serious and thinking part of manmiscellaneous essays, written in imi- hind; but his manner is too unitation of the Spectator, and other form and cold, to give him a place' collections of a fimilar bind. But in the list of our popular writers. the object to which the author is Perhaps, the present is as proper chiefly attentive, in several num- as any place, in which to introduce bers of the work, is to give way the mention of “Sulivan's Philo. comprefiled and unmixed account" sophical Rhapsodies.' This work of the literature of the Greeks; is an irregular compofition of just “ carrying down the history in a and accurate observation, and in. chain of anneedotes. from the ear- teresting and lively description; lieft poets, to the death of Menan- but attended with an occasional le. der." In the papers relating to vity and licentiousness of senri. this fubject, Mr. Cumberland ap- ment that are truly reprehenfible. pears to be, in general, a faithful It is drawn up in the form of unand correct historian; and will af- conneEted and easy narrative ; and ford his readers entertainment and contains much intormation respectinstruction. He has likewise, con- ing the customs of some of the eastfiderable merit in his other efTays, ern nations, with which our author wherein he recommends morality was personally acquainted'; and is and virtue; or expatiates on liter- plealing, if not novel, in the niit. ary topics ; or displays his know- cellaneous reflections on the difledge of life and manners; or ex- ferent nations and inhabitants of ercises his powers of wit and hu. modern Europe. But if we are mour. We do not, however, be. pleased with the liberality and good Itow upon him indiscriminate praise, tense of our author, we do not ad


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mire the great credulity which he if there do not appear any traces of
sometimes discovers ; particularly deep penetration and philosophical
in admitting the extravagant chro- discernment, in her delineation of
nological pretensions of the Chi- the progress of the subject, we are,
nese and Hindoos. We are the nevertheless, much indebted to her
more sensibly itruck with this cha for recalling our attention to many
racter of the philofophical rhapso- authors long since forgotten by us,
dies, as they carry a very sceptic with which we hope again to en-
cal appearance, when they glance liven our folitary hours.
at the infinitely more probable and The undertaking of Mr. Roberto
consistent fyllein of Moses. Inde. fon in his “ Enquiry into the tine
pendently of this and other parts of Arts,” is very bold and difficult ;
his work, wherein he seems too and calls for much practical know-
much disposed to admit prejudices ledge, as well as (peculative re-
against the authenticity or purity flection. He means, he tells us,
of revelation, we think it amusing not to follow the dry, technical,
and instructive.

abftrufe method of some, nor the “ The Progress of Romance less scientific method of others; through Times, Countries, and who, intiead of a treatise on the Manners,” &c. is the production fine arts, give only criticisms on of a lady, some of whole former particular poems, pi&tures, buildlabours have met with a favour- ings, &c. but on the contrary to able reception from the public. It “investigate a theory, diftinguish is written in the dialogue form ; a taste, give a history, and mark and contains a hittory of this fpe- an influence

upon mankind.” cies of compofition, from the earli. The present volume contains only eft remains, to the close of the a part of his plan; and confitts year 1770. Fact, the maintains, of an introductory discourse on the was the original ground of the ro- principle of the fine arts, together mance; though, like the epic po- with a plan for treating of them ; em, it amplifies and embellishes and an enquiry into the ancient its circumstances, and adds inci. and modern state of mufic, as the dents which have no foundation chief of the “fine arts which are but in the imagination. Homer ply to the ear." Our author apshe calls the parent of romance ; pears to have employed much labour and the expresses her astonishment and industry in this work; and to that men of sense and learning, have made a liberal use of the adwho admire and relish the beauties, vantages which several of the best of the old classic poets, should ever writers on the theory of music affordspeak contemptuously of this kind ed him. How far his selections and of writing, The classical enthu. remarks are evidences of his judg. fiaft will alk for no farther evidence ment and taste we will not take of the merits of this work; and upon ourselves to determine. We will protest with indignation a. cannot, howevor, but express our gainst the profane compartfon. We wish, that his directions and lans cannot but acknowledge, however, guage had been more determinate that our author defends her opi- and perspicuous than we frequently nion with much ingenuity. Her find them to be. We doubt not, reading, in this department, seems but that our author will be atten. to have been very extensive; and tive to this remark in the prosecu.

tion of his plan; and that he will lege, and late Professor of Poavoid, likewise, such provincial etry at Oxford.” Mr. Warton expresion, and barbarisms in style, discovers the greatest industry and as are disgraceful to a work of zeal in correcting the text of our science.

invaluable poet; and we consider " A Discourse delivered to the his success to be such as will do Students of the Royal Academy, great honour to his

accuracy and on the Dittribution of the Prizes, ingenuity. The notes which he December 10th, 1784, by the rre- · hath added are partly historical, fident”, is an addition to the many and partly explanatory; and tend, evidences in the hands of the pub- in our opinion, more satisfactorily lic, of the great taste and judgment to illustrate the fence and beauties which fir Joshua unites with his of Milton, than the labours of any professional knowledge. “ Method of his other cominentators. His of Study' is the subject of this principal attention, for the present, discourse ; in which the president is paid to Lycidas, and Comus; recommends industry and an eager which, notwithlianding that they desire to excel, rather than any are attended with their faults, are fixed and invariable rule of study. to be distingushed by the energy Were he to recommend any parti- and poetical fire of their unrivalled cular method, it would be, “that author. We indulge the hope that young students should not think Mr. Warton will continue his enthemselves qualified to invent, till deavours to rescue the other rea they were acquainted with those mains of our poet from corruption stores of invention the world al- and obfcurity. It is a task perfecte ready possesses, and had by that ly congenial to his favourite ftu. means accumulated sufficient mate: dies; and for which his patience rials for the mind to work with.” and accuteness in investigation renWe need not add, that a discourse der him peculiarly qualified. from the pen of fo jutily celebrated Mr. Phillips hath republished a an artist, is an elegant one ; or a small volume of “ Poetry, by that his inftructions to the students Richard Crashaw, who was a Cao in his art, are highly deserving of non in the Chapel

' of Loretto, and their attention.

died there in the Year 1650."

Some few of the pieces in this voThe Poetical publications of the lame have great merit ; and, were year 1785 have been exceedingly they selected from the rest, would

But it will not be ex- be entitled to a place in those colpected that we shall take notice of lections which preferve the valuable by far the greater part of them, relics of ancient poetry. Among which are already consigned to ob- these we may mention the Sofpetto livion. Among such productions d'Herode ; and that written in as are deserving of a diitinct speci- praise of “ Lessius, his Rule of fication, we fhall give the first place Health ;" and " Mutic's Duel', to an edition of “ Poems on several which is a translation from Strada. Occasions, English, Italian, and But the present editor is an enLatin, by John Milton. With thufiaft in praile of Crashaw. He notes critical and explanatory, and represents Milton as under the other Illustrations, by Thomas greateit obligations to hiin in Warton, Fellow of Trinity Col. Tome of the tublinest parts of bis



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Paradise loft ; and in very unquali- lated from Leonardo Bruni, and
fied terins, condemns Pope, Young, the " Historical Effay on the
Gray, and “inany other celebrated State of Affairs in the thirteenth
British Poets", for “drelling thein. and fourteenth Centuries, with re-
felves in his borrowed robes, with spect to the History of Fiorence,"
out the finallest acknowledgement.” will be found entertaining and in.
That Milton might have a perfect teresting to the reader.
recollection of some of his beauties Mr. Potter hath published a li-
while penning his own immortal beral poetical translation of “ The
poem, will readily be allowed ; Oracle concerning Babylon, and
but that he is indebted for any the Song of Exultation, from Isaiah,
part of his fame to an unjustifiable chap. xiii. and xiv.” Our author's
use of this author, will hardly be well known and established fame, as
fulpected by any person who can- a poet, will suffer no diminution
didly compares their relpective from the present performance. A
works. How far his charge ae confiderable Mare of the beauty and
gainst Pope is to be received, in its spirit of the original is transfused
fullest extent, the impartial will throughout both these pieces. But
be able to determine from the we do not think it o cafy matter to
praise which the latter freely be- equal the grandeur and sublimity
itows upon Crafhaw's epitaph upon of the prophet, as he appears in the
Mr. Ashton. If Mr. Phillips had timple and unadorned language of
been careful to mark the particular our common version.
passages in his author, on which Mr. Butt's “ Ifaiah versified,"
he founded the charges of plagia. is a very unequal production, which,
rilin against the other British poets, in its bett patrages, hath no very
their admirers would have conlider- high claim on our commendation.
ed themselves obliged, either to Some of the most interesting parts
vindicate them from the asperson, of the prophecy, the fense of which
or to acknowledge the justice of it. is clear and obvious in the original,

In Boyd's “ Translation of lose all their spirit in his hands, and
the Inferno of Dante Alighieri,” become obscure and perplexed.
we are presented with the whole of Since our author considers poetry
that extraordinary poem, in En- as “the highest energy of human
glish verse. It is not ealy to con- intellect, the last perfection of hu-
ceive of the difficulty of preserving man language, and the sure it em-
the sense and spirit of the father balmer of wisdom for all ages,” we
of Italian poetry, in this produc- hope that, in his future compofitions,
tion. Our translator, however, he will correct his fondness for
appears, on the whole, to have pompous and swelling exprefsions ;
executed his talk with fidelity and and that he will conlider it as one
correctness. Not that he is always of the chief excellencies of good
free from obfcurity; or exprefies writing, to be connected and intil-
all the force and animation of the ligible.
original. Some few grammatical " The Task, a Poem in fix Books,
errors might likewise be pointed by William Cowper, of the Inner
out, and a harshness in some of his Temple, Efg.” is a work abound-
veries and rhymes, which an at- ing in originality of thought, pa-
tentive revition will enable him to thetic reprefentations, and poignan-
correct. The life of Dante, tranf- cy of fatire. We have feldom net

with a publication of this kind, Garrick ; but the editor is deserv. from which we have derived to much ing of our thanks for his diligence, improvernent and pleasure. The and the entertainment which he hath au bor intorins us, that the follow. afforded his readers. The merits ing cireunitance was the reason of of Mr. Garrick, in his fungs, proits being called the Taik.“ A lady, logues, and epilogues, and the ocfond of blank verle, demanded a cational fugitive pieces which he poen of that kind from him, and produced, are too well known, to gave him the sofa for a subject. He render our priile of them, in the obcy ed ; and having much leisure, least degree, necessary. connected another subject with it ; Among the “ Poems on several and pursuing the train of thought Occasions, by the late Edward Lo. to which kis situation and turn of vibond, Esq." we meet with a few mind led hi!n, brought forth at which postess considerable merit. length, initead of the trifle which The Tears of Old May Day, orie he first intended, a serious attair- ginally publified in one of the a. volume.” After devoting a linall numbers of the World, and the part of the irit book to reflections, Mulberry-Tree, are particularly which carry in them fome allution pleating and elegant. But the auto the sofa, our poet gives full fcope thor was not polleffed of that vato his lively and fertile imagination. ricty and poetic fire, which give, It is not poib.e to accompany him, laiting reputation. without being instructed and enter- The « Poems on fervral Occa. tained by his striking and useful fions, by Ann Yearsley, a milkwomoral reflections; his generous and man of Bristol,” are entitled to a noble fentiments; the wir and hu- considerable Niare of praise, wheinour which he successfully employs ther we consider them as the proagainst vice and folly ; and the ductions of an unlettered musc, or great variety of beautiful defcrip- judge of them by their intrinsic tion and scenery which he presents worth. They carry in them evito us. We do not pronounce the dent marks of a frong and fervid Talk to be a faultless poem ; but its imagination ; and convince us, that irregularity and triting blemishes, the author's powers, had they enare abundantly overbalanced by its joyed the benefit of cultivation, numercus beauties. This volume would have been equal to produce contains, also, an epistle to Mr. tions, that would have given her no Hill, which exposes the false pre- small degree of credit in the poetitenders to friend thip; a poem, call- cal world. These poems are preed Tirocinium, in which we meet faced by a letter from miss Hannah with severe strictures on the mode Moore to Mrs. Montague, in which of education in our public schools; we have a curious account of the and the facetious and much admired author, as well as some sensible and ballad of John Gilpin.

ingenious observations on her com. “ The poetical Works of David positions. Garrick, Esq. in two volumes," ap- We may consider Mr. Pratt's pear to contain a faithful collection " Miscellanies” to be entitled 10 of the fugitive pieces of our Eng- our notice in this place, as the two lifh Roscius. These volumes, in- firit voluines conlist chiefly of podeed, are not published under the etry. This author writes with ease, fanction of his executors, or of Mrs. and gives many proofs of a lively

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