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in reward for the benefit his dif- author is acquainted with the man coveries had done to society, to ners of the remote ayes in which which the empress of Ruffia, when his supposed personages lived, as she heard of it, added eight thou• well as the powes he has over the sand more. Euler had thirteen imagination and the heart. children, five of which only arrived M. Schmidts has published his at puberty ; three of them were third and fourth volumes of the sons, each famous for his learning “German History," which is to be and abilities : and the grandchild- continued. It is already supposed ren of Euler were thirty-lix, all a work so well authenticated, that living at the time of his death. the emperor, in his late contest

with the king of Prussia, quoted the In Sweden a tract has been pub- authority of this historian. lished, called “Trangrums Acten, We gave an account last year of which fignifies the refuse of her- M. de Rivarol's " Prize Memoir on rings after the oil has been extract- the Universality of the French Laned. The making of this oil is a guage.

guage. ”. The author of it took branch of commerce extreinely lu- every poisible means to make him. crative to Sweden, and it had been self and his memoir known. M. pretended that the refuse of the Schwab, profeffor of Stuttgard, and herrings, after the oil was made, a more modest man, between whom being cast into the sea, injured both and M. de Rivarols the prize was the fishery and navigation. The divided, has likewise published his king accordingly issued an edict, Memoir, and from the extracts we : prohibiting this refuse to be thrown have seen, he appears to be a much into the sea. But this being de- berrer philosopher structive to the interests of the ma- M. Gocze has given “ A Histo nufacturers, they obtained leave to rical Essay on Worms, found in make experiments, by, which they the Intestines of Animals," in have proved, that, initead of being which are numerous, excellent, and injurious, this refuse, by being cast new observations. The author's painto the sea, was remarkably be tience has been unconquerable ; he neficial to the fishery, and no im- has examined a vait' number of pediment to navigation,

animals and animalcula, with the Peter Frederic Suhm has written help of the microscope, and his the History of Denmark, from 804 account of the folium, or tape worm, to 941, in which many interesting is written with great care. facts are to be found relative to the M. Dobrizhoffer has printed Russians, Germans, French, Eng. three vols. of his “ History of the lifh, Irish, and Scotch. The au- Abbiponions," a warlike nation of thor has therein given many well- Paraguay, in which, though the established facts, hitherto unknown, author has not that extended and of the invasions the Normans made philofophic mind so much to be on those kingdoms, and which will defired in all writers, yet many be of the utmost consequence to very curious particulars may be future historians. M. Suhm has found, as well relative to the nalikewise written a novel, or ro- tives as the Jesuits, to whom the mance, called “ Afsol”, (printed at author is a friend. Their ferries Copenhagen) which is in great re- ments in that country, the gond pute, and thews how perfectly the they have done, and ibe falsehood 1785


of supposing they ever aspired at culture, commerce, industry, the empire there, are insisted on. The police, education, navigation, fiwork is altogether very curious. nances, and administration of justice

The second volume of the “ Ara- in this country, which deserves to bic, Perlian, and Turkish Dictio. be better known and better cultinary,” by Meniníki, has been pub. vated. lished at Vienna by careful editors. M. Pfefel, the historian, has

A very learned work, in the form printed, at Strasburg, - Commen, of a lexicon on ancient medals, has tarii de Limite Galliæ," a learned been composed by M. Rasche, to work, and tending to establish the which M. Heyne has written an ex- peace of nations, by determining cellent preface; the firit voluine, their boundaries. from A to C, is printed at Leiptic. The “ Scriptores Ecclefiaftici de

“ A Continuation of a'Voyage to Musica Sacra,” by Martin Gerbert, Ceylon," by M. Wolf, is pub. is a precious collection, made with lithed at Berlin, which chiefly re- incredible labour from the MSS. lates to the life of the author, fur- dispersed through Italy, France and ther accounts of Jaffanapatnam, new Germany, and will give the curious obfervations on elephants, white vait information on the state of ants, a fpecies of termites, which ecclefiaftical music during the mid-, some of the inhabitants eat, the dle ages. god Pew of the Nainbars, the Ca- “ Logarithmic Tables for the l'fe chou, the Malabar flaves, in the of Mathematicians," by M. Vagar, service of the Dutch, &c.

printed at Vienna, have been calM. Jacquin has printed at Vienna culated with fo much care, that a “ Meinoirs on the Natural History ducat is offered for every tault ditof Birds," chiefly extracted from covered in them capable of prohis father's papers, and containing ducing an error. If they are as observations on many of the Ame. correct as they are said to be, the rican birds, and others found live work is almoft invaluable. It is ing in the Imperial menagery at also published at a cheap price, that Schoenbrun.

poor students may be able to pur. Opuscula Academica" of the chase it. learned Heyne have appeared at Got. " The first part of a History of tingen. Thcauthor had held the pro- the Life and Government of Frefeffor 's chair 20 years in the year deric II. late King of Prussia," has 1782, he therefore resolved to pub- lately appeared at Leipfie, containlith his Programa, which form a kind ing the fix first years of his reign, of annals of the univerlities; the first the materials of which are well arvolume only is printed at prefent, ranged. and many critical remarks are found M. Bock has ended his “ Natuin it by the professor on his own ral History of Prutsia," by a fifth performances and labours,

volume, which treats of insects and · M. Reichenbach has begun to worms. write and print “ Menoirs on Swe- At Hanover M. Fischer has dish Pomerania.” They are to be printed a first volume of his “ Hiso continued. The author potletles a tory on the Commerce, Naviga. philosophic spirit, as we are in- tion, Fileries, Inventions, Arts, formed, and his researches are &c. of Germany." The wellchietly concerning population, agri. founded reputation of the author

gives every reason to suppose that and gives numerous instructions for this must be a molt intereiting work the multiplication and improvement to all nations, but particularly to of iron utensils. the Germans.

M. Merk has printed at Darma A new edition of " Lainbert's stadt - A Second Letter on the forSystem of the World,” is pub- fil Bones of the Elephant and Rhilished at Berlin, under the inspec- noceros, found in Germany, and tion of M. Merian. The genius particularly in Heffe-Darmitadt.” of its author is more vast and po- It contains an account of new dir. etic than philo!ophic, as the book coveries fince the publication of his. may be read with pleasure as a his- « First Leiter,” The head of a tory of things that may be, but of rhinoceros has been dug up at Lamwhich we have no good proof that perifhein, near Worms ; part of they are.

the head and jaw-bone of a rhinoM. Habenstreit has published a ceros, in the country of Rudol. Latin tract at Leipsic 66 On the stadt; the teeth of a rhinoceros, Decompolition of Water,” which near Mayence, with fix rhinoceros's contains many curious c'remical ex- ' bones, dug up in Germany;, all periments.

which the author fupposes so inany M. Busching has given the world certain indications of the revoluA comparative Essay on the Gre- tions of the globe, cian and Modern Philusophy,' “ Thc Geography, Topogra. printed at Berlin. The author phy, and History of the Cape of appears fomewhat prejudiced in fa. Good Hope, by M. Menzel," printvour of the ancients ; his learning, ed at Glogau, is a work of great however, is profound, and his fub- mcrit for the exactitude and truth ject rich, and equally capabie of of the relations it contains. It is information and amuiennent to men so very circunstantial as to be li. of literature.

able to offend many readers; but M. Berginann has printed a there are others to whoin, for this pamphlet at Mentz, containing very reason, it will give great plea* An Enquiry into what Animals fure, because, by this means, ie certainly are not, and what they transports them into the counprobably are ;" in which the long. try, place, and situation of the au. contested subject of instinct is han- thor, at the moment he is writing. dled. The author, by comparing The first part has only appeared it animals to machines made by men, present; when completed, it will, and afterwards to mon themselves, with Sparman's “ Voyage,” forin produces many arguments in fa- an excellent history of the Cape. vour of the fouls of beasis, and to John Bernoulli has publithed at prove that they are not actuited by Berlin the “ Astronomical Obierva.' that blind initinct which has been tions of M. Wolf, inade at Dantzic, o generally supposed.

from 1774 to 1784." At Mar. Baron Hoffman has presented the bourg, M. Curtius has printed “A world with “ A Memoir on Iron Collection of historical Tracts, from Founderies,” which the Goettingen 1783 10 1785," in which the secret reviewers praise as one of the beit views of the courts of Berlin, Hao any where to be found. The au- nover, and Vienna, are often ese thor shows an incredible funt of posed under a new point of view. knowledze of the utmost utility, The Cologne Gazette has announc

ed, that the baron de Hupseh, of of the enlightened philosophy of Cologne, has been happy enough the present age. His exposition of so discover that this city was one of, the famous empiric Mesmer, and if not the first in which the art of the manner in whicb he has deveprinting, was exercised; having loped the fallity of the Mesmerian found 10t only a page engraved in sytiem, does honour to himself and wood, according to the mode in science. M. Dehu has reprinted at which printing was originally per- Helmstadt his “ Treatise on the forined, but also other proofs that Tincture of Regulus of Antimony, this art was first practised at Co- faturated with cauttic Salt, and its logne.

reinarkable medical Properties, toProfeffor Weber_has given the gether with an Account of the Manlearned world - A Treatise on com- ner of preparing such Tinctures." inon Air, and the Air that Bodies J. Mauvillon, captain in the Hefcontain,” in which work he has en. fian service, has published “ An deavoured to collect the various ex- Historical Essay on the Art of War, periments of others, which are during the war of thirty Years ;"

cattered, and distract the attention that is, the memorable war preceding of young itudents, so as to form a the peace of Muntter. The same whole. What is remarkable, in the author has written a more extentive midst of his researches into the pro. and important work “ On the perties of air, he has addressed him. Changes produced by the Invenfelf to the feelings as well as the un. tion of Gunpowder in the military derstanding, which he frequently Art," which perhaps places hin has the art decply to affect. Mr. among the first of military writers. Scherbern has collected various At Leipsic, M. Breitkopf has pria:scattered tracts by the great Lin. ed his first part of “ An Inquiry naeus on médicine and botany, the into the Origin of playing Caris, cighth volume of which is lately Paper made of Liuen, and Wood printed at Erlang A learned ine. Engravings." The work is accunoir, entitled “ New Observations rate and acute: the two firit articles on Generation, ” was read by pro- only are treated of in the prefent feffor Bloumenbarch before the publication. The Royal Society Academy of Sciences at Goettin- of Goettingen has published their gen. The experiments and views “ Transactions for the Year 1782," of the author were worthy of the which contains four memoirs on nasociety to whom they were addreff- tural philofophy. The first, obed. The first volume of the “Na- fervations on leveral classes of plants tural Hittory of Austria, Saltzbourg, in the royal garden ; fome of which Ballau, and Berchtes-Gaden,” has are new, others little known, by been written and printed by M. profeffor Murray : the second, on Schrank, at Saltzbourg, and is a the acid springs of Driburg, by work of confequence to natural hi- Gmelin : the third, concerning the story.

history of sugar, by Beckman, in At the Hague, “A Collection of which he endeavours, with great Memoirs on the Analogy between probability, to prove that sugar was Electricity and Magnetisin, by Pro. unknown to the ancients : the fourth fetlor Van Swinden," has appeared, contains anatomico-obstetrical ob. which does new honour to the in- fervations on the structure of the telligence and indefatigable indufiry human ovum and fecundine, by of its author, and is highly wortliý profesor Risberg. They are learn.


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ed, interesting, and original. These solute monarchy is the best of go.
Transactions contain two mnemoirs vernments ; a' detetlable opinion,'
on Mathematics, and five on Hic destructive of mankind, and which
story and Philology. The first, on we are always sorry when we find.
the improvements made in military learned men endeavouring to pro.
arms, since the time of the ancient pagate.
Greeks, by professor Heyne : the The twenty-first and twenty-se-
fecond, on the time in which Mic cond volumes of the Haarlem So-
chael Glycas lived, one of the By: ciety, have appeared, the latter of
zantine historians, by professor Wal- which contains a most excellene
chius : the third, relative to certain' Differtation, by professor Castillon,
works and fragments of the Socra- of Berlin, concerning the princi-
tic school, particularly the Dia- ples and characters of analogy, and
logues of pichyles, Plato's Epi- how it ought to be applied in the
itles, those of his con-disciples, and invettigation of physical and moral
the Table of Cebes, by professor Mei- truths. Another Differtation in the
ners, in which strong proofs are fame volume is as contemptible as
brought that they are most of them the above is excellent. It is an en-
spurious: the fourth concerning quiry into the moral state of chil-
'Thrace, as described by Herodotus dren after this life, by · Lambert
and Thucydides, by professor Gat- Meyer. The discussion of such a
terer : the fifth, an enquiry into the question cannot be read without
fources of information and authors, pity, for the ill-directed labours of
froin whom Diodorus Siculus com- the author.
pored his history, written with in- While speaking of German lite:
finite erudition by professor Heyne. rature, let us mention two different
M. de Hertzberg, minister of Itate works in French, confiling of trants
to the late king of Prussia, and one lations from the German, from
of the Berlin academicians, has their most esteemed tragedies and
printed his “Discourse read on the comedies. The first, in twelve vo-
King's Birth-Day,concerning Popu- lumes, is completed. The authors.
lation in general, and on that of the were messieurs Freidel, and de Bon-
Prullian Dominions in particular." neville. Freidel was a German;
The author is the known panegy- and his part of the work chiefly
nift of his royal master, and there. confifted in procuring the pieces,
fore must be read with caution. He and giving a mere literal trantlation
pretends, that Frederic doubled to his fellow-labourer, whose talk it
ihe population of his hereditary do. was to bestow on them that fpirit
minions, and by means of his new. and elegance, without which such
ly acquired provinces trebled that works are little likely to be read.
of the whole Pruffian states ; but This translation has been very luc-
we presume he must date from the cessful. The second is by mef-
conclusion of the last war his ma- ficurs Junker and Leibault, four
jesty waged against the house of voluines of which are only yet print-
Auítria, when the population of the ed; but the authors propose a con-
Pruflian territories was miserably tinuation, if they meet the success
decreased. This pamphlet should they hope. A sketch likewise of a
be read with infinite caution ; it “ New general Code of Laws for
may otherwise induce people, not the Pruffian States," has appeared
sufficiently accustomed to consider at Berlin, and our accounts
luch subjects, to believe that an ab- say is very much superior, as

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