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him, and he judged Israel, and went out to took the dagger from his right thigh, and war: and the Lord delivered Chushan-risha- thrust it into his belly : thaim king of ‘Mesopotamia into his hand; 22 And the haft also went in after the and his hand prevailed against Chushan-risha- blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, thaim.

that he could not draw the dagger out of his 11 And the land had rest forty years. And belly; and 'the dirt came out. Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

23 Then Ehud went forth through the 12 [ And the children of Israel did evil porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD him, and locked them. strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against 24 When he was gone out, his servants Israel, because they had done evil in the sight came; and when they saw that, behold, the of the LORD.

doors of the parlour were locked, they said, 13 And he gathered unto him the chil- Surely he ''covereth his feet in his summer dren of Ammon and Amalek, and went and chamber. smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm 25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: trees.

and, behold, he opened not the doors of the 14 So the children of Israel served Eglon parlour ; therefore they took a key, and opened the king of Moab eighteen years.

them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down 15 But when the children of Israel cried dead on the earth. unto the Lord, the Lord raised them up. a 26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, 'a Benja- and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped mite, a man "lefthanded : and by him

the chil- unto Seirath. dren of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the 27 And it came to pass, when he was come, king of Moab.

that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of 16 But Ehud made him a dagger which Ephraim, and the children of Israel went had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did down with him from the mount, and he before gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh. them.

17 And he brought the present unto Eglon 28 And he said unto them, Follow after king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man. me: for the LORD hath delivered

your 18 And when he had made an end to offer mies the Moabites into your hand. And they the present, he sent away the people that bare went down after him, and took the fords of the present.

Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man 19 But he himself turned again from the to pass over. 'quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have 29 And they slew of Moab at that time a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, about ten thousand men, all 'lusty, and all Keep silence. And all that stood by him went men of valour; and there escaped not a man. out from him.

30 So Moab was subdued that day under 20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was the hand of Israel. And the land had rest sitting in a summer parlour, which he had

fourscore years. for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a 31 | And after him was Shamgar the son message from God unto thee. And he arose of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six out of his seat.

hundred men with an ox goad: and he also 21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and delivered Israel. • Teh, Aran. 5 Or, the son of Jemini. Heb. shut of his right hand. 7 Or, graven images. 8 Heb. a parlour of cooling, 9 Or, it came out at the fundament.

11 Heb. fat.


10 Or, doeth his easement.

Verse 8. Ckushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia.'— favourable than that to the immediately neighbouring This king must have been something of a great conqueror, nations and even to nations dwelling in the same land with as we cannot but suppose that he had subdued the other va- themselves, to which they were afterwards reduced. tions west of the Euphrates before he reached the Hebrews. 12. ' Eglon the king of Moab.'— The Moabites, by a long

- Served- This servitude, as applied to the state of peace, would seem to have recovered the strength which subjection to which the Hebrews were oftentimes reduced, they had lost in their wars with the Amorites. Probably must be understood with some variation of meaning ac- they, and their kindred tribes the Amorites, used, as the cording to circumstances; but generally it signifies the pretence for their aggressions, the reasons which we find obligation to pay tribute and make presents to the con- in Judg. xi. 13-15; namely, that they were entitled to the queror. That they were obliged to render personal or country which fornierly belonged to them, but which had military service does not appear from the Scriptures; but been taken from them by the Amorites, and which the Hethat they were sometimes subject to the most severe and brews, having recovered from the latter, retained as their cruel treatment will be seen in the sequel. It is very pro- own possession. As to the Amalekites, the deep and rooted bable that their subjection to this distant king was more enmity between them and the Hebrews, sufficiently ac


counts for the aid which Eglon received from them in his few, if not one, might carry with ease. The principle of undertaking

this matter seems to us to be well illustrated by the existing 13. * The city of palm-trees.'—That is, Jericho. Eglon practice in Persia. At the great annual festival of Nurooz, would seem, in virtue of his new conquests, to have esta- at the vernal equinox, the king sits in state and receives blished the royal residence on the west of the river, at with great solemnity the presents which are at that season Jericho. As this was in the tribe of Benjamin, that tribe sent to him from all parts of his empire. The tributary doubtless felt more strongly than those more remote, the and dependent chiefs and princes who acknowledge him as severity of the Moabitish oppression. Hence we are not paramount lord, then send their tributes and dues in the surprised to find the next deliverer belonging to that tribe. form of presents; the governors of provinces thus also send

15. Lefthanded.' — The Septuagint and Vulgate versions their annual offerings, and even the ministers of state, and sanction the opinion entertained by many that Ehud was all those invested with high office, are expected to contrian ambidexter, one who could use both hands alike. The bute their present on the occasion. And all this, although original indeed seems to sanction the other opinion that in the first instance it has the appearance of a voluntary Ehud was really left-handed, that is, that he had a better offering, is in fact a rigidly exacted tribute, which no one use of his left hand than of his right. It is i3'29.7 798 can in safety hope to evade. Oriental ostentation prefers

bound in his right hand :' which seems to implý a defi- to receive in this form, and with this state and parade, ciency of power in his right hand, compensated by unusual what might be conveniently and certainly obtained in anpower in the left; and this is the explanation of Josephus.

other form. Two-fifths if not one half of the revenue of One thing is certain, that the tribe of the Benjamites was

Persia, is received in this manner and on this occasion. remarkable for men who enjoyed a singular facility in the

These offerings usually consist of the best specimens of the use of their left hand, whatever might be the condition of produce and manufactures of the countries from which they their right. Thus in ch. xx. 16, we read of 700 left-handed

Even money is often offered, and is sure to be Benjamites, every one of whom could sling a stone at a favourably received. Mr. Morier's account of the affair is hair's breadth, and not miss. The expression for 'left

an instructive illustration of the many passages of Scriphanded' is exactly the same there, as that which here cha

ture which allude to the custom :

-The first ceremony was racterises the left-handedness of Ehud; and that this sin

the introduction of the presents from different provinces. gular endowment or acquirement was not mere left-handed

That from Prince Hossein Ali Mirza, governor of Shiraz, ness, we seem to learn from 1 Chron. xii. 2, where the sacred came first. The master of the ceremonies walked up, historian, speaking of the men of that tribe who resorted

having with him the conductor of the present' (this was to David at Ziklag, says :- They were armed with bows,

Ehud's office on the present occasion), and an attendant and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling

who, when the name and titles of the donor had been prostones and shooting arrows out of a bow.' Notwithstand

claimed, read aloud from a paper a list of the articles. The ing, therefore, the rather strong inference from the Hebrew present from Prince Hossein Ali Mirza consisted of a word rendered 'left-handed, it is highly probable that the very long train of trays placed on men's heads, on which "left-handed 'Ehud, and the 700 ‘left-handed' Benjamites were shawls, stuffs of all sorts, pearls, etc.; then many were ambidexterous, like the men of the same tribe in the

trays filled with sugar, and sweetmeats; after that many above-cited text. We may, nevertheless, suppose that some

mules laden with fruits, etc. The next present was from of the Benjamites were particularly skilled in the left

Mohammed Ali Khan, Prince of Hamadan, the eldest born hand, to the neglect of the right, and that others were of the king's sons. His present accorded with the charactrained to use both hands with equal effect. It is curious ter which is assigned him; it consisted of pistols and spears, to find this tribe, in particular, distinguished in this man

a string of one hundred camels, and as many mules. After ner. Benjamin' means son of the right hand,' and one this came the present from the Prince of Yezd, another of might also suspect that some fancy in connection with their the king's sons, which consisted of shawls and silken stuffs, name, had led the tribe to give particular attention to cul- the manufacture of his own town. Then followed that of tivating the power of their hands. The reason why the the Prince of Mesched: and last of all, and most valuable, left-handedness of Ehud is here noticed is evidently to ac

was that from Hajee Mohamed Hossein Khan, Ameen-edcount for his being able to good purpose to carry on his

Doulah' (prime minister). It consisted of fifty mules, right thigh, under his garment, the weapon usually worn

each covered with a fine Cashmere shawl, and each caron the left. No one would suspect that he had any weapon,

rying a load of one thousand tomauns.' A tomaun is a gold unless they saw it girded upon his left thigh; and very pro

coin worth about twelve shillings; and one or two camels bably he disposed his dress so as to expose his left side

would have carried the whole, which fifty were employed more than the other, which would at the same time pre

to carry for the purpose of parade. clude the suspicion that he had arms, and enable him the

19. The quarries that were by Gilgal.'— It does not apmore effectually to conceal the weapon he actually carried.

pear what sort of quarries there might be at Gilgal in the 18. · When he had made an end to offer the present, he plain of Jericho. The word unquestionably means graven sent away the people that bare the present'-—

This present images in other places (see Deut. vii. 25; Jer. viii. 19; was perhaps the annual tribute, or at least an occasional li. 52); and is so understood by the Septuagint and Vulgate offering, such as it is usual in the East for tributaries and in the present text. The idols might have been erected at subordinate governors to send their lord. Such offerings Gilgal by Eglon, and the sight of them there would inspire the pride of Oriental despotism determines to be tribute,

Ehud with new ardour to execute his purpose. even when they are strictly presents from a foreign and 21. Thrust it into his belly.'— The Scripture, as in some independent power. The English ambassadors to Persia parallel cases, mentions this as a historical fact, without and China had great trouble to make it distinctly under- either commendatory or reprehensive remark ; and we stood, that the presents of which they were the bearers, have certainly no right to infer the approbation which is were not to be regarded in the light of tribute, but as tokens not expressed. No doubt Ehud's deed was a murder; and of consideration from a friendly power. This point was, the only excuse for it is to be found in its public object, and with much difficulty and debate, gained in Persia; but it in the fact that the notions of the East have always been was never unequivocally conceded in China, where our and are far more lax on this point than are those which ambassadors were invariably regarded as the bearers of Christian civilization has produced among the nations of tribute. Israel then being in subjection to Eglon, their Europe. No one can read a few pages of Oriental history

present' was doubtless a customary tribute. It seems without being aware of this : and it is by Oriental to have been introduced with great state, being carried by notions rather than by our own, that such acts as those of several persons. It is quite Oriental, to make the utmost Ehud must, to a certain extent, be judged. Indeed there is parade of such offerings. The king, to magnify his power, a certain state of uncivilization existing somewhere in all and the offerer, to enhance the apparent value of his gift, ages, in which such an act is not regarded as a crime. At concur in this desire for a parade-a great number of men, the time this act was performed all nations seem to have horses, and camels, being employed to convey what a very been in that degree uncivilized; for no one who has ac


quainted himself with the sentiments which then and long 24. · He covereth his feet in his summer chamber.'-It is after prevailed, will apprehend that there anywhere existed customary for people in the East to take a nap in the aftera public opinion in any quarter by which the act of Ehud noon during the heat of the day; and the servants of Eglon would have been condemned. We need not greatly wonder appear to have supposed that their lord had locked himself at this if we recollect that two centuries have scarcely up in the summer parlour to enjoy his customary sleep. passed since a pamphlet by Colonel Titus (Killing no The summer parlour' seems to have been one of those deMurder), written for the purpose of recommending and tached or otherwise pleasantly situated apartments which vindicating such assassinations (with special reference to are still usually found in the gardens and mansions of the Oliver Cromwell), acquired great celebrity, and was re- East, and to which the master retires to enjoy a freer air and ceived with much approbation by not a few high born aud more open prospects than any other part of his dwelling educated persons in this country. Not so much as forty commands, and whither he usually withdraws to enjoy his years ago there were those who could judge that the siesta during the heat of the day. It is strictly a private feeling in which the publication originated, and the senti- apartment, into which no one enters without a very special ment to which it appealed, would still find a response in invitation; and accordingly it is here described as an this country; for the pamphlet was then republished under apartment which the king had for himself alone.' As the avowed impression that its arguments were applicable such apartments frequently communicate by a private to the encouragement and justification of any attempt which stair with the porch, so that any one can go from it to the might be made upon the life of Napoleon Buonaparte. street without the necessity of passing into or through the

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SUMMER PARLOUR ON THE NILE. interior parts of the mansion, it will be seen that there was that of Ehud on the east of the Jordan. But in the absence nothing to impede the egress of Ehud unless the porters of of other positive information, it may be safe to prefer the the outer gate had seen any cause for suspicion.

statement of Josephus, who says that Shamgar succeeded 28. Took the fords of Jordan.'—This must have been Ehud, but died in the first year of his administration. to prevent the Moabites, who remained in their own coun- Slew....six hundred men with an ox goad.'—We try east of the Dead Sea, from passing over the Jordan, to are to suppose that the Philistines made an attempt to subassist their countrymen who had established themselves on due the southern tribes, but were repulsed with the loss of the west of that river, as well as to prevent the escape of six hundred men by Shamgar, who was probably a husbandthe latter. The river Jordan has several fordable places, man, and other men, who fought the invaders with the which are of course more numerous in summer than in ox-goads which they were employing in their labour. It winter or spring, when the stream is swollen with rains or is not necessary to suppose this the single-handed exploit melted snows. It is now seldom forded except on horse- of Shamgar; but as, even so, the deed was not equal to back; and the few places otherwise fordable were, as we some afterwards performed by Samson, this point must be see, well known to the ancient inhabitants, who on this and allowed to remain uncertain. The ox-goads, which are other occasions guarded them, to prevent the passage across the river. The points where the river may, in different parts of the year, be forded, are still well known to the inhabitants of the land, although the communication

Ox-Goad. across the river is now very infrequent.

still used in Syria, are well calculated for offensive weapons 31. Shamgar.–From the manner in which Shamgar is on occasion, as will be seen by the following description mentioned here, it does not appear whether he took any from Buckingham. On the journey from Soor (Tyre) to part in the administration of affairs; but from the notice Acre he observed the people ploughing the ground for which is taken of the days of Shamgar,' in ch. v. 6, it is corn :-Oxen were yoked in pairs for this purpose, and probable that he did. Dr. Hales thinks that the time of the plough was small and of simple construction, so that it his administration is included in the eighty years, and that seemed necessary for two to follow each other in the his government on the west was in part contemporary with same furrow, as they invariably did. The husbandman holding the plough with one hand, by a handle like that other.' (Palestine, i. 91.) Maundrell, who gives nearly of a walking crutch, bore in the other a goad of seven or the same description, says, “May we not conjecture that it eight feet in length, armed with a sharp point of iron at one was with such a goad as one of these that Shamgar made end, and at the other with a plate of the same metal shaped that prodigious slaughter related of him? I am confident like a caulking-chisel. One attendant only was necessary that whoever should see one of these instruments would for each plough, as he who guided it with one hand judge it to be a weapon not less fit, perhaps fitter, than a spurred the oxen with the point of the goad, and cleaned sword for such execution.' the earth from the ploughshare by its spaded heel with the (Verses 1 and 2, Appendix, No. 24.]


and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaa

naim, which is by Kedesh. 4 Deborah and Barak deliver Israel from Jabin and

12 And they shewed Sisera that Barak Sisera. 21 Jael killeth Sisera.

the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount And the children of Israel again did evil in Tabor. the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead. 13 And Sisera 'gathered together all his

2 And the Lord sold them into the hand chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Ha- and all the people that were with him, from zor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles. Kishon.

3 And the children of Israel cried unto the 14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; Lord: for he had nine hundred chariots of for this is the day in which the Lord hath iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed delivered Sisera into thine hand : is not the the children of Israel.

LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went 4 9 And Deborah, a,prophetess, the wife down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time. men after him.

5 And she dwelt under the palm tree of 15 And 'the LORD discomfited Sisera, and Deborah between Ramah and Beth-el in mount all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge Ephraim : and the children of Israel came up of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera to her for judgment.

lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on 6 And she sent and called Barak the son his feet. of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said 16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel and after the host, unto Harosheth of the commanded, saying, Go and draw toward Gentiles : and all the host of Sisera fell upon mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand the edge of the sword ; and there was not 'a inen of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun ?

17 ( How beit Sisera fled away on his feet 7 And I will draw unto thee to the 'river to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the KeKishon Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, nite : for there was peace between Jabin the with his chariots and his multitude ; and I will king of Hazor and the house of Heber the deliver him into thine hand.

Kenite. 8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt


18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in go with me, then I will not go,

to me; fear not. And when he had turned in 9 And she said, I will surely go with thee: unto her into the tent, she covered him with a notwithstanding the journey that thou takest @mantle. shall not be for thine honour; for the LORD 19 And he said unto her, Give me, I pray shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave Kedesh.

him drink, and covered him. 10 ( And Barak called Zebulun and Naph- 20 Again he said unto her, Stand in the tali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thou- door of the tent, and it shall be, when any sand men at his feet: and Deborah went up man doth come and enquire of thee, and say, with him.

Is there any man here? that thou shalt

say, 11 Now Heber the Kenite, which was of No. the children of 'Hobab the father in law of 21 Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, | the tent, and took an hammer in her hand, i Psal. 83. 9, 10.

man left.

8 Heb. gathered by cry, or, proclamation. 6 Psal. 83. 9, 10. 6 Or, rug, or, blanker."

i Chap. 3. 25.

2 Num. 10. 29.

5 leb. unto one.

8 lleb. put.

and went softly unto him, and smote the nail her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the was in his temples. ground: for he was fast asleep and weary.

23 So God subdued on that day Jabin the So he died.

king of Canaan before the children of Israel. 22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, 24 And the hand of the children of Israel Jael came out to meet him, and said unto 'prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the him, Come, and I will shew thee the man king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin whom thou seekest. And when he came into king of Canaan.

9 Heb. going went and was hard,

Verse 2. Jabin king of Canaan.'—The northern Ca- that this family retained in a settled country like Palestine naanites had, in the course of time, recovered from the the habits of a pastoral people. At the present time, a effects of that great overthrow which they sustained in the very large proportion of the existing population of Persia time of Joshua. A new Jabin, reigning like his prede- consists of pastoral tribes of foreign (Tartar) origin, who cessor in Hazor, by the lake Merom, rose into great power. pitch their teuts and feed their flocks in the pasture lands His general, Sisera, was an able and successful warrior; and (except by themselves) unappropriated plains of that and his powerful military force contained not fewer than extensive region. 900 of those iron-armed chariots of war which the Israel. 12. Mount Tabor.'-- This mountain was on the confines ites regarded with so much dread. With such a force he of Zebulun and Naphtali, and stands out in the north-east was enabled, for the punishment of their sins, to reduce corner of the plain of Esdraelon.

Its name appears the northern tribes to subjection, and hold them tributary. among the Greek and Roman writers in the shape of Considering the character of the power which now pre- Itabyrion and Atabyrion, and it is now known by the vailed over then, there is reason to conclude that this was name of Jebel Tur." The only other places of Scripture the severest of all the oppressions to which Israel had where its name occurs are Josh. xix. 22; Judg. viii. 18; hitherto been subject. The song of Deborah in the next Ps. lxxxix. 12; Jer. xlvi. 18; Hos. v. 1. Mount Tabor chapter conveys some intimations of their miserable con- stands out alone and eminent above the plain, with all its dition. The villages and open homesteads, which were fine proportions from base to summit displayed at one continually liable to be pillaged, and the inhabitants in- view. It lies about five miles south of Nazareth, and has sulted and wronged by the Canaanites, were deserted been generally regarded as the mountain on which our throughout the land, and the people found it necessary to Lord was transfigured; but this is very uncertain, and its congregate in the walled towns. Travelling was unsafe; name does not occur in the New Testament. The height in consequence of which the highways were deserted, and of the mountain has been very differently estimated. those wbo were obliged to go from one place to another, Some of the old travellers reckoned it to be four miles found it necessary to journey in bye-roads and unfre- high! Others, more moderate, were content with two quented paths. At the places to which it was necessary miles, or even with one mile; and it has since been, by to resort for water, they were waylaid and robbed, wounded later accounts, reduced in its altitude. According to the or slain : and, to crown all, they were disarmed; among barometrical measurements of Schubert, the height of the 40,000 in Israel, a shield or spear was not to be found. summit above the level of the sea is 1905 feet, and 1432 The details of this picture are exactly such as are offered feet above the level of the plain at its base. At the top is by the condition of any oppressed or subjugated popula- an oval plain, of about a quarter of a mile in its greatest tion, at this day, in the East. The government itself may length, covered with a bed of fertile soil on the west, and be content with its tribute; but it will be obliged to wink having at its eastern end a mass of ruins, seemingly the at, because unable to prevent, the far greater grievances, vestiges of churches, grottoes, strong walls and fortificathe exactions, robberies, insults, woundings, deaths, to tions, all decidedly of some antiquity, and a few appearing which the people are subjected by the inferior officers of to be the works of a very remote age. Three of the government, by bands of licentious soldiers, and by an grottoes are, absurdly enough, pointed out by the local adverse and triumphant populace,-all of whom look upon guides as the remains of the three tabernacles which Peter them as their prey and spoil, as things made only to be proposed to erect for Jesus, Moses, and Elias. No partrampled on. Such oppression the Israelites endured for ticular history is assigned to any other of the remains, twenty years. They then remembered that, to them, which seem, however, to have been mostly extensive retrouble was the punishment of sin; and that there was ligious buildings. The whole appears to have been once One able and willing to deliver them, if they would but enclosed within a strong wall, a large portion of which turn themselves unto Him. They did turn, and their de- still remains entire on the south side, having its firm founliverance was certain from that hour. Pictorial History of dations on the solid rocks; and this appears to be the most Palestine, ii. 378.

ancient part. Perhaps we might attribute to these a very 10. Ten thousand men at his feet.'—Patrick and others high antiquity; for the mountain seems to have been from think that this means that the soldiers were all footmen. the earliest times employed as a military post, for which This is very probable; but it does not necessarily follow it is admirably adapted. From the summit of this mounfrom the expression, which is merely an Oriental mode of tain there is one of the most extensive and interesting reference to the persons who are subject to the control of prospects which the country affords. To the south is disa particular person. It may be taken from the action of covered a series of valleys and mountains, extending as a slave being prostrate at the feet of his master, denoting far as Jerusalem, fifty miles distant; to the east, the valley submission or obedience. We continually meet with the of the Jordan, with the lake of Tiberias, appear as beneath expression in Oriental books. Mr. Roberts says that when the feet, the lake itself seeming as if enclosed in the crater the Hindoos speak of the British king, they often allude to of a volcano; to the north are the plains of Galilee, backed the millions that are at his feet.' The governors, generals, by mountains, beyond which is visible, to the north-east, or judges in the East are said to have the people of such the high snow-capped range of Jebel-eth-Thelj, or the countries, armies, or districts at their feet.' Nay, it is Snowy Mountain, which is one of the designations of common for masters, and people of small possessions, to Jebel-esh-Sheikh-the Mount Hermon of Scripture. To speak of their domestics as being at their feet.'

the west, the horizon line of the Mediterranean is visible 11. Pitched his tent:' - This is an interesting indication over the range of land near the coast, and portions of its VOL. II.



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