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Josephus. The town most probably, almost certainly, be- Palestine confined chiefly to the latter part of autumn and gan at the southern, or Mount Zion, part of this site, and the winter, while the remaining months enjoy almost uninin its ultimate extension, according to Josephus, compre- terruptedly a cloudless sky. The rains have been already hended a circuit of thirty-three furlongs ; whereas that of noticed under Deut. xi, 14, and do not therefore require the modern town does not appear to exceed two miles and further notice in this place. Snow often falls, about Jeraa half. The confining vallies are often mentioned in salem, in January and February, to the depth of a foot or Scripture. Those on the east and south are very deep. more; but it does not usually lie long. The ground never The former is the valley of Jehoshaphat, through which freezes; but the exposed standing waters in the reservoirs | filows the brook Kidron, and the latter is generally called are sometimes covered with thin ice for a day or two. The the valley of Hinnom. This denomination is extended by high elevation of Jerusalem secures it the privilege of a some topographers also to the western and least deep valley, pure atmosphere, nor does the heat of summer ever become while others call it the valley of Gihon. On the opposite side oppressive except during the prevalence of the south wind, of these vallies rise hills, which are mostly of superior ele- or sirocco. Dr. Robinson states that during his sojourn at vation to that of the site of the city itself. That on the east, Jerusalem, from April 14th to May 6th, the thermometer beyond the brook Kidron, is the Mount of Olives. That on ranged at sunrise from 440 to 640 F., and at 2 P. M. from the south is a broad and barren hill, Joftier than the Mount 600 to 790 F.; this last degree of heat being felt during a of Olives, but without any of its picturesque beauty. On sirocco, April 30th. From the 10th to the 13th of June, the west there is a rocky flat, which rises to a considerable at Jerusalem, the range at sunrise was from 56° to 74°, and elevation towards the north, and to which has been assigned at 2 P.M. once 86° with a strong north-west wind. Yet the name of Mount Gihon. Even in the north-east, at the air was fine and the heat not burdensome. The nights Scopus, where the besieging Romans under Titus encamped, are uniformly cool, often with heavy dew. Yet the total the ground is considerably more elevated than the imme- absence of rain soon destroys the verdure of the fields, and diate site of the town. Thus is explained the expression gives to the whole landscape the aspect of drought and of David : •As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, barrenness. The only green thing that remains is the so the Lord is round about his people' (Ps. cxxv. 2). The foliage of the scattered fruit-trees and occasional vineyards, relative height of those surrounding hills gives to the city and fields of millet. The deep green of the broad fig-leaf an apparent
elevation inferior to that which it really pos- and of the millet is delightful to the eye in the midst of the sesses. The district for many miles round Jerusalem, is general aridness; while the foliage of the olive with its i now of a very barren and cheerless
character, whatever may dull grayish hue scarcely deserves the name of verdare. have been its ancient condition. The considerations which 6. Except thou take away the blind and the lame,' etc.may have influenced David in rendering it the capital of his This very difficult passage has been variously understood. kingdom have been already indicated : but his son Solomon The majority of the Jewish, and many Christian, intermust be considered as having permanently fixed its metro- preters, apprehend that the epithet the blind and the politan character, by the erection of the temple and the lame,' was given dcrisively by David to the idolatrons royal establishment. But it was the temple, chiefly, which images in which the Jebusites trusted for the security of in all ages maintained Jerusalem as the metropolis of the their town, and while they retained which they believed country. Even after the destruction of that venerated the place could never be taken. It is certain that the heafabric, the mere fact that it had existed there, operated in thens had tutelar gods for their cities, whose images they preventing the selection of any new site, even when the set up in the fort or elsewhere : and these, the Greeks and opportunity occurred. The separation into two kingdoms, Romans, when they besieged a place, either endeavoured to after the death of Solomon, did also necessarily prevent any take away, or to render propitious. But we think it is intentions of change which might have arisen, had the impossible to read this passage connectedly with such a whole country remained one kingdom, with a large choice reference-particularly as the Jebusites themselves are reof situations for a capital; and we are to remember that, presented as using this expression; and, however proper although, after the erection of the temple, it always re- it might be from David, we can scarcely suppose that the mained the ecclesiastical metropolis of the land, it was, in idolaters would themselves employ it. The explanatory a civil sense, for a long series of years, the capital of only statement of Josephus, followed by Aben Ezra and Abarthe smallest of the two kingdoms into which the land was banel, and supported by Dr. Kennicott, has better claims divided. But under all disadvantages, many of which are to consideration. This is, that the Jebusites, persuaded of the perhaps the result of the wars, the desolations, and the strength of the place, and deriding the attempt of David to neglect of many ages, the very situation of the town, on take it, mustered the lame and blind, and committed to them the brink of rugged hills, encircled by deep and wild the defence of the wall, declaring their insulting belief that vallies, bounded by eminences whose sides were covered these alone were sufficient to prevent David's access. Dr. with groves and gardens, added to its numerous towers Kennicott thinks the translation in Coverdale's version and temple, must, as Carne remarks, have given it a sin- better than the present. It is, 'Thou shalt not come in gular and gloomy magnificence, scarcely possessed by any hither, but the bĪynde and lame shall dryve the awaie,' etc. other city in the world.
He seems himself to think that the Jebusites professed that The best view of the site and locality of Jerusalem is the blind and lame were to keep him off merely by shoutobtained from the Mount of Olives. The Mount is usually ing, David shall not come hither,'-or, No David shall visited by travellers, who all speak of the completeness of come hither,' and concludes a learned criticism on the text the view obtained from the above spot. This view com- by proposing to translate:— And the inhabitants of Jebus prehends in the distance the Dead Sea and the mountains said, Thou shalt not come hither; for the blind and the beyond; while, to the west, the city with its surrounding lame shall
keep thee off, by saying, David shall not come in vallies and all its topographical characteristics, is displayed hither. We are sorry to give this version apart from the like a panorama, below and very near the spectator, the analysis on which it is founded ; but the considerations we Mount being only separated from the town by the narrow have stated, and the comparison of the different versions valley of Jehoshaphat. It is seldom indeed that any city we have given, will assist the reader's comprehension of is seen in such completeness of detail as Jerusalem from the this most obscure passage. Mount of Olives. The statement of these details would 8. • Getteth up to the gutter.! - The word rendered however embrace so much that is modern, that we shall not gutter (nisy tzinnor) occurs nowhere else except in Ps. at present describe it, particularly as all that is of import
xlii. 8; where it is translated water-spout;' and there is ance to our present purpose has already been indicated.
a very perplexing diversity of opinions as to its meaning The climate of the mountainous tract in which Jeru- in that place. The word in that text certainly means salem is situated, differs from that of the temperate parts of a watercourse, and the probability is that the word here Europe more in the alternations of wet and dry seasons than denotes a subterraneous passage through which water in the degree of temperature. The variations of rain and passed; but whence the water came, whither it went, the sunshine which with us exist throughout the year, are in use, if any, to which it was applied, and whether the
channel was not occasionally dry, are questions concern- benefits, and undisturbed by territorial designs or jealousies, ing which no satisfactory information can be obtained. was likely to be permanent, and we know that it tended Bat recent research has shewn that there is an exten- much to advance the Hebrews in the arts which belong to sive system of subterraneous communications for water civilized life, and to promote the external splendour of this in Jerusalem, and that some of these have their outlets and the ensuing reign. In the present instance Hiram beyond the walls. It is interesting to collect that commu- supplied the architects and mechanics, as well as the nications of this kind existed even before the Israelites timber (hewn in Lebanon), whereby David was enabled obtained possession of the city. Besiegers have often ob- to build his palace of cedar, and to undertake the other tained access to besieged places through aqueducts, drains, works which united the upper and lower cities, and renand subterraneous passages, and we may be satisfied to dered Jerusalem a strong and comely metropolis. conclude that something of this sort happened in the present 24. · Mulberry trees' (oxga becaim, Sing. Xə baca).instance. Josephus says simply that the ingress was ob
The Septuagint, followed by Josephus, paraphrases this tained through subterraneous passages. The Jews have word by saying, “from the grove of weeping' (dard toû many traditions concerning passages leading from Jeru- GACOUS TOÛ klavouwvos). But, in 1 Chron. xiv. 14, it rensalem to different parts of the vicinity, and their account is
ders the same word by pear-trees,' and is followed by the confirmed by Dion Cassias, who says, that in the last fatal
Vulgate. The word, in the singular, is retained in our siege of the town by the Romans, there were several such
version of Ps. Ixxxiv. 6, as a proper name. The Arabic passages through which many of the Jews made their
seems to consider that hills' are here denoted. Rosenescape from the beleaguered city.
müller and Gesenius think that the tree called by the 11. Hiram King of Tyre sent messengers to David!- Arabians bak or baka, is intended; but it is not well It is interesting to note how early in David's reign his agreed what tree this is. Some make it an elm; but Dr. famous alliance with the Phænicians of Tyre commenced. Royle (art. Baca, in Kitto's Cyclopædia) holds it to be a It may be remembered, however, that David was renowned poplar. The tree alluded to in Scripture, whatever it be, in the closely neighbouring states before he became king; mūst be common in Palestine, must grow in the neighand, no doubt, not only his eminent public qualities, but bourhood of water, must have its leaves easily moved, and his remarkable personal history, was familiar not less to must have a name in some of the cognate languages similar the Phænicians than to the Philistines. And although to the Hebrew baca. Now the bak of the Arabs, underan enterprising, commercial, and skilful manufacturing stood as the poplar, is as appropriate as any tree can be for people like them, would be disposed to look down upon a the elucidation of the passages of Scripture in which the nation so inferior to themselves as the Hebrews in the finer baca occurs. For the poplar,' says Dr. Royle, is well and larger arts of social life,-military success, and such known to delight in moist situations; and Bishop Horne, heroic qualities as the character of David offered, have in his Comm. on Psalm lxxxiv. has inferred that in the never yet failed to be appreciated wherever found. Hiram valley of Baca the Israelites, on their way to Jerusalem, *was ever a lover of David,' and the offered alliance must were refreshed by plenty of water. It is not less approhave been the more gratifying to him, as it came before priate in the passages in 2 Sam. and 1 Chron., as no tree David acquired greatness, and (before) his fame went out is more remarkable than the poplar for the case with into all lands, and the Lord brought the fear of him upon which its leaves are rustled by the slightest movement of all nations. This alliance was one of mutual advantage. the air; an effect which might be caused in a still night Tyre possessed but a strip of narrow maritime territory, even by the movement of a body of men on the ground, the produce of which, if not sedulously cultivated, would when attacked in flank or when unprepared. That poplars have been very inadequate to the supply of its teeming are common in Palestine may be proved from Kitto's population and numerous flocks. But besides this, the Palestine, i. 250: “Of poplars we only know, with cerabsorbing devotion of the Phænicians to commerce and tainty, that the black poplar, the aspen, and the Lombardy the arts, rendered them averse to the slow pursuits of poplar grow in Palestine. The aspen, whose long leaf. agriculture, the products of which they could so much stalks cause the leaves to tremble with every breath of more easily obtain in exchange for the products of their wind, unites with the willow and the oak to overshadow foreign traffic and their skill. To them therefore it was the watercourses of the Lower Lebanon, and, with the a most invaluable circumstance, that behind them lay a oleander and the acacia, to adorn the ravines of southern country in the hands of a people who had none of the Palestine. We do not know that the Lombardy poplar has advantages which were so much prized by themselves, but been noticed but by Lord Lindsay, who describes it as who had abundance of corn, wine, oil, and cattle to barter growing with the walnut-tree and weeping-willow beside for them. An alliance, cemented by such reciprocal the deep torrents of the Upper Lebanon."
Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of
God, whose name is called by the name of 1 David fetcheth the ark from Kirjath-jearim on a
the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the new cart. 6 Uzzah is smitten at Perez-uzzah. 11 God blesseth Obed-edom for the ark. 12 David
cherubims. bringeth the ark into Zion with sacrifices; danceth 3 And they set the ark of God upon a new before it, for which Michal despiseth him. 17 He cart, and brought it out of the house of placeth it in a tabernacle with great joy and feasting. 20 Michal reproving David for his religious joy, is
Abinadab that was in 'Gibeah : and Uzzah childless to her death.
and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new
cart. AGAIN, David gathered together all the chosen 4 And they brought it out of 'the house of men of Israel, thirty thousand.
Abinadab which was at Gibeah, 'accom2 And 'David arose, and went with all the panying the ark of God: and Ahio went bepeople that were with him from Baale of fore the ark.
II Chron. 13. 5, 6.
9 Heb. made to ride."
Or, at which the name even the name of the LORD of hosts was called upon.
6 Heb. with.
5 And David and all the house of Israel 15 So David and all the house of Israel played before the Lord on all manner of brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting, instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and with the sound of the trumpet.
1 and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on 16 And as the ark of the LORD came into cornets, and on cymbals.
the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter 6 9 And 'when they came to Nachon's looked through a window, and saw king David threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the leaping and dancing before the Lord; and ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen she despised him in her heart. eshook it.
17 1 And they brought in the ark of the 7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of against Uzzah ; and God smote him there for the tabernacle that David had 13 pitched for his 'error; and there he died by the ark of it : and David offered burnt offerings and God.
peace offerings before the Lord. 8 And David was displeased, because the 18 And as soon as David had made an end Lord had '°made a breach upon Uzzah: and of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he called the name of the place "'Perez-uzzah "he blessed the people in the name of the LORD to this day.
of hosts. 9 And David was afraid of the Lord that 19 And he dealt among all the people, even day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD among the whole multitude of Israel, as well come to me ?
to the women as men, to every one a cake of 10 So David would not remove the ark of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon the LORD unto him into the city of David : of wine. So all the people departed every one but David carried it aside into the house of to his house. Obed-edom the Gittite.
20 Then David returned to bless his 11 And the ark of the LORD continued in houshold. And Michal the daughter of Saul the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three came out to meet David, and said, How glomonths : and the LORD blessed Obed-edom, rious was the king of Israel to day, who uncoand all his houshold.
vered himself to day in the eyes of the hand12_q And it was told king David, saying, maids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows The LORD hath blessed the house of Obed- shamelessly uncovereth himself! edom, and all that pertaineth unto him, be- 21 And David said unto Michal, It was cause of the ark of God. So David went before the LORD), which chose me before thy and brought up the ark of God from the house father, and before all his house, to appoint me of Obed-edom into the city of David with ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel : gladness.
therefore will I play before the LORD. 13 And it was so, that when they that bare 22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he and will be base in mine own sight: and "of sacrificed oxen and fatlings.
the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of 14 And David danced before the LORD them shall I be had in honour. with all his might; and David was girded with 23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul a linen ephod.
had no child unto the day of her death.
11 That is, the breach of Uzzah. 15 Or, openly.
16 Or, of the handmaids of my servants.
10 Heb. broken.
71 Chron. 13. 9. 8 Or, stumbled. 9 Or, rashness. 13 Heb, stretched.
14 | Chron. 16. 2.
12 1 Chron, 15, 25.
Verse 2. * Baale.'— The same that is called Baalah, by the Philistines; but that case was very different from Kirjath-Baal, and Kirjath-jearim. Compare Josh. xv. the present. The Philistines could not be supposed to J-60; 1 Sam. vii. 1.
have been acquainted with the rules for its conveyance ; 6. • Took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.'—It will be and if they had, they could not have commanded the ser observed that the whole process adopted in the removal of vices of the Levites for the occasion. Now the removal is the ark is entirely contrary to the directions given in the conducted by persons who ought to have known what the law. The ark was not to be conveyed on a cart, or drawn law required in such removals, particularly as they could by any animals, but to be carried on the shoulders of the not but have heard of the awful judgment with which an Levites, by means of staves; which precluded the ark intrusion on the sanctity of the ark had been visited at itself from being handled by the bearers in its removals. Beth-shemesh (1 Sam. vi. 19). Probably the course Indeed, in Num. iv, 15, it is forbidden, on pain of death, adopted by the Philistines on the occasion referred to, that any of the holy things should be touched by the formed the bad and inapplicable precedent adopted in the Levites : and we might expect to find this law the more present instance. rigidly enforced with respect to the ark, on account of the 10, Obed-edom the Gittite.'_This Obed-edom was a superior sanctity with which it was invested. The ark Levite, as appears from 1 Chron. xv. and xvi. Some suphad indeed before been conveyed on a cart, when returned pose he is called a Gittite because he had lived at Gath;
but more probably from being a native of Gath-rimmon, • A flayon of wine.'— The words of wine' are not in the which was a city of the Levites.
original; and it is agreed that ouvir ashishah, does not 14. • David danced before the Lord.'-(See the note on
mean “a flagon.' The Septuagint has 'pancake' here, Jadges xxi. 21.) This dancing before the ark was cer
and • honey.cake' in the parallel text, 1 Chron. xvi. 3. tainly not a usual circumstance, nor were any of the
Honey was used as we use sugar; honey-cake' means solemnities and rejoicings attending its present removal
therefore a sweet cake, which might be true of a pancake. usual; but they were thought to be, and doubtless were,
We use sugar with pancakes, and they would therefore in proper expressions of exultation and joy at the progress of
the literal sense be pan-cakes. The fact seems to be that the symbol of the Divine Presence to the seat of govern- the word not only denotes cakes generally, but particularly ment. It is highly probable, indeed almost certain, that
the kind of cake prepared from dried grapes or raisins, and this dancing was accompanied by an appropriate sacred
pressed or compacted into a certain form. They seem to song, or festive psalm, such, for instance, as Ps. Ixviii. Thus viewed, the procedure may receive a by no means inapt cited) as delicacies with which the weary and languid were
be mentioned in the places where they occur (as above illustration from the following incident, which Captain refreshed. H. Wilson describes as having occurred on a day of festive
20. · How glorious was the king of Israel to day,' etc.celebration in one of the Pellew islands. An elderly per- The meaning of all this verse is, that Michal thought son began a song or long sentence, and on his coming to
David had acted a part unbecoming his royal dignity, in the end of it, all the dancers joined in concert, dancing
laying aside the ensigns of that dignity, and taking so along at the same time: then a new sentence was pro
active and leading a part in the rejoicings of the people. nounced, and danced to; which continued till every one
Our translation is too broad, and insinuates a charge of inhad sung, and his verse had been danced to.
decency, which is not to be found in the original, and is Some writers, attached to the present style of ideas,
adverse to the plain meaning of the context. First, as to maintain that the ancient dances of the Hebrews, which
the word 'uncovered,'—we have shewn, in the note to accompanied their canticles, and especially the dance of
i Sam, xix, 24, that the word rendered naked' often King David, were not, properly speaking, dances, but
means no more than being without the outer garment. only gestures, attitudes, prostrations, by which they occasionally gave more fervour to their thanksgivings for any
The present is a different word (179.33 niglah), the frequent signal favour they received, as, for example, after their signification of which is, 'to shew oneself openly; as in passage over the Red Sea, for the destruction of Pharaoh's 1 Sam. xiv. 8, Behold, we will pass over to these men army, and for their own deliverance from the persecution and discover ourselves unto them. And that this is the sense of the Egyptians. By this also they attempt to explain that to be selected here, is clear from v. 16, where the cause of testimony, which David, by dancing before the ark, gave Michal's contempt is mentioned-which is, not that she of his joy on that solemn occasion. But that is a mis- saw him uncovered, but that she saw him · leaping and taken zeal for propriety which connects ludicrous images dancing.' Then the word "shamelessly'is not in the oriwith an act which, in remote ages, in divers countries, was ginal at all. Who the “ vain fellows' (D'prēkim) are, is considered part of religious worship, and was solemnized not quite clear. Some think that the term is scornfully formerly on that footing. The triumphal procession of the applied to the Levites; but this is on the supposition that Roman emperors was performed not merely by walking, the reflection refers to David's ephod-dress, which seems but by dancing or exultation. Down as late as the last to have been the same as that of the Levites. We rather century, at Limoges, the people used to dance round the think that it refers to the lower class of the spectators, as choir of the church, which is dedicated to their patron saint, the word seems often equivalent to our own popular terms and at the end of each psalm, instead of the Gloria Patri,
of contempt applied to the low and worthless. The sense they sung as follows: St. Marcel pray for us, and we will then is, that David, in Michal's opinion, had degraded dance in honour of you. In most of the eastern nations himself by laying aside his kingly state, and putting himthe religious dance was practised, as the ancient Chinese self too much on a level with the common people. She book Tcheonli mentions a dance called Tchon-von, invented
probably made her father a model of what a king ought to by Tcheon-kong. • The dancers played on instruments be; and his character seems to have been more stern and which they accompanied with their voices, and they suc- reserved, and much less animated and popular, than that cessively ran through the different notes of music. They of David. began with an invocation to Heaven, next to earth; after 21. ' It was before the Lord that I uncovered myself.'-wbich, making a mock fight, they addressed themselves to That is, in reverence of the Divine Presence accompanytheir ancestors; then, breaking out into loud cries, they ing the ark. To divest oneself of any part of one's raiment called out towards the four quarters of the world.'
is not now, that we can recollect, a mode of shewing 17. • In the midst of the tabernacle that David had respect in the East, one being rather expected to be fully pitched for it- The old tabernacle, made in the wilder- attired in the presence of a great personage, although it is ness, with the altar and all the sacred utensils, were, it true that servants generally appear in the presence of appears, still at Gibeon (1 Chron. xvi. 39 ; xxi. 29; their masters with their outer robe laid aside, as if to shew 2 Chron. i. 3). Why David erected a new tabernacle, in- that they are ready for active service. This certainly may stead of removing the former, does not clearly appear;
have been the idea under which David divested himself of but it is probable that it was too large for the place within his outer robes. But a more exact parallel is perhaps to the precincts of his new palace, which for the present he be found in the custom of the South Sea Islands, noticed intended it to occupy.
by Captain Cook, in the narrative of whose second voyage 19. A good piece of fresh.'— It was a good piece, if the
we are told that, at Oparree, all the king's subjects, his sixth part of a bullock, as the rabbins say. But the piece
father not excepted, are uncovered before him: which unwas probably not more than enough to furnish every
covering is there explained to be, the making bare the
head and shoulders, or wearing no sort of clothing above person with a hearty meal. The original word (739
the breast. It is added,' when Otoo came into the cabin, eshpar) only occurs here, and in the parallel passage, Ereti and some of his friends were sitting there. The 1 Chron. xvi. 3. . Its etymology is very uncertain. It is
moment they saw the king enter, they stripped themselves probably from WR fire, and a bull, and may then mean
in great haste, being covered before. This was all the * roast beef,' as rendered by the Vulgate. This is the very respect they paid him; for they never rose from their thing we do on occasions of great rejoicing.
seats, nor made any other obeisance.'
and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom 1 Nathan first approving the purpose of David to build 14 'I will be his father, and he shall be my God an house, 4 after by the word of God forbiddeth
son. him. 12 He promiseth him benefits and blessings in
°If he commit iniquity, I will chasten his seed. 18 David's prayer and thanksgiving.
him with the rod of men, and with the stripes
of the children of men : And it came to pass, 'when the king sat in his 15 But my mercy shall not depart away house, and the Lord had given him rest round from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put about from all his enemies;
away before thee. 2 That the king said unto Nathan the pro- 16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall phet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, be established for ever before thee: thy throne but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. shall be established for ever.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all 17 According to all these words, and acthat is in thine heart; for the LORD is with cording to all this vision, so did Nathan speak thee.
unto David. 4 g And it came to pass that night, that 18 | Then went king David in, and sat the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O saying,
LORD God ? and what is my house, that thou 5 Go and tell *my servant David, Thus hast brought me hitherto ? saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house 19 And this was yet a small thing in thy for me to dwell in ?
sight, O Lord God; but thou hast spoken 6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house also of thy servant's house for a great while to since the time that I brought up the children
And is this the "manner of man,
0 of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but LORD God ? have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. 20 And what can David say more unto
7 In all the places wherein I have walked thee? for thou, LORD God, knowest thy with all the children of Israel spake I a word servant. with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I com- 21 For thy word's sake, and according to manded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why thine own heart
, hast thou done all these great build ye not me an house of cedar?
things, to make thy servant know them. 8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my 22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, God : for there is none like thee, peither is 'I took thee from the sheepcote, 'from follow- there any God beside thee, according to all ing the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over that we have heard with our ears. Israel :
23 And what one nation in the earth is 9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou like thy people, even like Israel, whom God wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out went to redeem for a people to himself, and to of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, make him a name, and to do for you great like unto the name of the great men that are things and terrible, for thy land, before thy in the earth.
people, which thou redeemedst to thee from 10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my Egypt, from the nations and their gods? people Israel, and will plant them, that they 24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy may dwell in a place of their own, and move people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: no more; neither shall the children of wick- and thou, LORD, art become their God. edness afflict them any more, as beforetime, 25 And now, O LORD God, the word that
11 And as since the time that I commanded thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and judges to be over my people Israel, and have concerning his house, establish it for ever, and caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. do as thou hast said. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make 26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, thee an house.
saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over 12 4 And 'when thy days be fulfilled, and Israel and let the house of thy servant David thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up be established before thee. thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of 27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, °13 "He shall build an house for my name, I will build thee an house : itherefore hath thy
3 i Chron. 17. 6, any of the judges.
11 Chron. 17. 1.
2 Heb. to my servant, to David. Heb. from after. 10 Psal. 89. 30, 31, 32.
4 1 Sann. 16. 11. Psalm 78. 70.
9 Heb. 1.5.
13 Heb, opened the ear.
11 Heb. law.
12 Deut. 4. 7.