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dence and the Babylonians with empire. The essential 16. ' All the men of might:- This is evidently a supplepower of the empire had passed to the Babylonians before mentary account to that in verse 14. We think the total their success was fiually crowned by the capture of Nine- may be thus summed up: chiefs and warriors, 10,000; veh. Dr. Hales accordingly shews that it was in the first persons of property (“men of might'), 7000; craftsmen year of the reign of Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, and and smiths, 1000; total, 18,000. That persons of prothe first of the siege of Nineveh, that Nebuchadnezzar perty are denoted by men of might,' is clear from the (here called . king' by anticipation, or as being associated distinction in this and the 14th verse. The word rendered

with his father in the kingdom) was sent west of the might is bon chayil, which, although it primarily de| Euphrates to chastise the nations who had revolted during the disorders of Assyria, and bring them back to their

notes military force, also expresses wealth and property, obedience. In this he succeeded : and it was during the

and is so rendered by our translation in Gen. xxxiv, 29; three years in which Jehoiakim remained his servant,'

Deut. viii. 17; Ruth iv. 11; Job xx. 15; and elsewhere. that Nineveh was taken by the confederate Medes and

This enumeration is of great importance, as shewing that, Babylonians; during this period also Nabopolassar died,

under such deportations as have been mentioned, the land and was succeeded by his victorious son; so that the year

was by no means depopulated; the flower of the populaof Jehoiakim's revolt was the first year of Nebuchadnez

tion only being carried into captivity. Reason indeed zar's reign, which commenced in 004 B.C., and ended in

might shew this, as a depopulated country could be of 501-making a long and prosperous reign of forty-three

little value to its conqueror. Those only were taken years. This sketch, though necessarily rapid, will suffice

whose influence or wealth might enable them to organize to indicate the connection between the sacred and profane

a revolt or opposition; or whose property or skill renhistory of this period. (APPENDIX, No. 56.]

dered their presence an important acquisition to the dominant country.


Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of

brass, and carried him to Babylon. 1 Jerusalem is besieged. 4 Zedekiah taken, his sons

8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh slain, and his eyes put out. 8 Nebuzar-adan defaceth the city, carrieth the remnant, except a few poor

day of the month, which is the nineteenth labourers, into captivity, 13 spoileth and carrieth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Baaway the treasures. i8 The nobles are slain at bylon, came Nebuzar-adan, 'captain of the Riblah. 22 Gedaliah, who was set over them that remained, being slain, the rest flee into Egypt. 27

guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Evil-merodach advanceth Jehoiachin in his court.

Jerusalem :

9 And be burnt the house of the LORD, And it came to pass 'in the ninth year of his and the king's house, and all the houses of reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of he with fire. Babylon came, he, and all his host, against 10 And all the army of the Chaldees, Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they that were with the captain of the guard, brake built forts against it round about.

down the walls of Jerusalem round about. 2 And the city was besieged unto the 11 Now the rest of the people that were eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

left in the city, and the ofugitives that fell 3 And on the ninth day of the fourth away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant month the famine prevailed in the city, and of the multitude, did Nebuzar-adan the captain there was no bread for the people of the of the guard carry away: land.

12 But the captain of the guard left of the 4 | And the city was broken up, and all poor of the land to be vinedressers and the men of war fled by night by the way

husbandmen. the gate between two walls, which is by the 13 1 And "the pillars of brass that were in king's garden : (now the Chaldees the house of the Lord, and the bases, and the against the city round about :) and the king brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord), went the way toward the plain.

did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried 5 And the army of the Chaldees pursued the brass of them to Babylon. after the king, and overtook him in the plains 14 And the pots, and the shovels, and thie of Jericho: and all his army were scattered snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels from him.

of brass wherewith they ministered, took they 6 So they took the king, and brought him away. up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and 15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and they 'gave judgment upon him.

such things as were of gold, in gold, and of 1 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took before his eyes, and put out the eyes of away. i Jer. 39. 1, and 52. 4.

& Heb. spake judgment with him. 4 Heb, made blind. 5 Or, chief marshal. 6 Heb. fallen away. 7 Chap. 20. 17. Jer. 27. 22.



Jer. 52. 6.

16 The two pillars, 'one sea, and the bases vernor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, which Solomon had made for the house of the even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Lord; the brass of all these vessels was with Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the out weight.

son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and 17 "The height of the one pillar was Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was their men. brass : and the height of the chapiter three 24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to cubits; and the wreathen work, and pome- their men, and said unto them, Fear not to granates upon the chapiter round about, all of be the servants of the Chaldees : dwell in the brass : and like unto these had the second land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it pillar with wreathen work.

shall be well with you. 18 | And the captain of the guard took 25 But it came to pass in the seventh Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, second priest, and the three keepers of the the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, 1° door:

came, and ten men with him, and 'ismote 19 And out of the city he took an "officer Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the that was set over the men of war, and five Chaldees that were with him at Mizpalı. men of them that were in the king's pre- 26 And all the people, both small and sence, which were found in the city, and the great, and the captains of the armies, arose, - principal scribe of the host, which mustered and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the people of the land, and threescore men the city :

and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoia20 And Nebuzar-adan captain of the guard chin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on took these, and brought them to the king of the seven and twentieth day of the month, Babylon to Riblah :

that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the 21 And the king of Babylon smote them, year that he began to reigu did lift up the and slew them at Riblah" in the land of head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of prison ; their land.

28 And he spake '®kindly to him, and set 22 9 "And as for the people that re- his throne above the throne of the kings that mained in the land of Judah, whom Nebu- were with him in Babylon; chadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even 29 And changed his prison garments: and over them he made Gedaliah the son of he did eat bread continually before him all Ahikain, the son of Shaphan, ruler.

the days of his life. 23 And when all the captains of the 30 And his allowance was a continual armies, they and their men, heard that the allowance given him of the king, a daily rate king of Babylon had made Gedaliah go- | for every day, all the days of his life.

olehe people of the band that were found in the and it came to pass in the seven

3 Heb. the one sca. 91 Kings 7. 15. Jer. 32. 21.

19 lleb, threshold. 13 Or, stribe of the captain of the ho.t.

1+ Jer. 40. 5, 3.

15 Jer. 40. 7, 18 Heb.good things with hin.

11 Or, eunuch.

19 Heb. saw the king's face. 16 Heb. of the kingdom. 17 Jer. 41. 2.

CHAP. XXV.-A very brief summary of the leading facts of this chapter is given in five verses (17—21) of the last chapter of 2 Chron. But the whole chapter is repeated, almost identically, in the last chapter of Jeremiah, to which we may refer for some illustrative notes. The passage, however, contained in verses 22--26, is not in that chapter; but these verses are found in other parts of Jeremiah, to which the margin refers, with other particulars not found in this place, and for which therefore we reserve such elucidatory statements as may be necessary.

Verse 7. Put out the eyes of Zedekiah.See the notes on Judges ix. 5; and Ezek. xii. 13. This was no doubt not only to punish him, as in the case of Samson (Judg. xvi. 21), but to incapacitate him from ever again ascending the throne. It was an ancient and still subsisting law in Persia that no blind person can reign, and it seems to have been the practice, if not dictated by law, in other ancient countries. It is ou this account that it has long in

Persia been the custom to deprive of sight the brothers and near relatives of a new king whom the odious policy of the government desires to exclude from all chance and hope of mounting the throne. The present Shah has been almost the first to break through this custom, as a matter of state, although his succession was not altogether stained by some instances of this behaviour; but blinding is still a common punishment for offences, especially such as are of a political character. In Turkey the princes were formerly on the same grounds put to death instead of being blinded: and the Persians have been known to vindicate the humanity and policy of their own usage by the comparison which the custom of their neighbours afforded; as they thus avoided the sin of shedding innocent blood; and the danger was obviated of rendering the dynasty extinct in case those who were not slain should die without children--a danger to which certainly the Ottoman dynasty has more than once been exposed. From the phrases employed it would seem as if, in the Scriptural

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