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Junior High School Literature, Book One, is a generous volume that provides for these needs. Its inclusiveness makes possible a proper balance between prose and poetry, between long and short selections, and between material for intensive and extensive reading.

If the pupil is to gain the full benefit from his reading, certain definite helps must be provided. An efficient reader must

score a high test not only on the fundamentals of Definite Helps

quality, variety, organization, and quantity of litera

ture, but also on its fitness as a tool for classroom use. The effectiveness of this book as such a tool may be indicated by the following distinguishing features:

(1) A distinctive Introduction, "The Three Joys of Reading" (see page 11), points out the great values of reading.

(2) Definite provisions are made for developing speed and concentration in silent reading. (See pages 34, 40-43, etc.)

(3) A comprehensive Glossary contains the words and phrases that offer valuable vocabulary training, either of pronunciation or meaning.

(4) A complete program of study, "How to Gain the Full Benefit from Your Reading” (pages 31-32), gives a concise explanation of the various helps found in the book.

(5) The helps to study are more than mere notes; they aid in making significant the larger purposes of the selections. These Notes and Questions include:

(a) Biographies of authors, that supply data for interpreting the stories and poems.

(6) Historical settings, wherever they are necessary to the intelligent understanding of the selection (see page 115, etc.).

(c) Questions and suggestions that present clearly the main idea, stimulate original discussion and comparison, and bring out modern parallels to the situations found in the selections.

(d) Words of everyday use frequently mispronounced, listed for study under "Discussion” (see page 33, etc.).

(e) Phrases that offer idiomatic difficulty; for convenience in locat. ing these phrases the page and line number is indicated.

(1) Projects, individual and social (see page 98).

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In the Elson Readers selections are grouped according to theme or authorship. Such an arrangement enables the pupil to see the dominant ideas of the book as a whole. This purpose is further aided by an Introduction and a Review for each main group. The book, therefore, emphasizes certain fundamental ideals, making them stand out clearly in the mind of the pupil. This result can best be accomplished by reading all the selections of a group in the order given, before taking up those of a different group. The order of the groups, however, may be varied to suit school conditions or preferences.

It goes without saying that selections particularly suited to the celebration of special days will be read in connection with such festival occasions. For example, "The Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers,” page 299, will be read immediately before the Thanksgiving holiday, even if the class at that particular time is in the midst of some other main part of the Reader. Before assigning a selection out of order, however, the teacher should scrutinize the notes and questions, to make certain that no references are made within these notes to a discussion in an Introduction or to other selections in the group that pupils have not yet read. In case such references are found the teacher may well conduct a brief class discussion to make these questions significant to the pupils.

It is the belief of the authors that many of the longer prose stories should be read silently and reported on in class. In this way the monotony incident to the reading of such selections aloud in class will be avoided. However, the class will wish to read aloud certain passages from these longer units because of their beauty, their dramatic quality, or the forceful way in which the author has expressed his thoughts. Class readings are suggested for this purpose. In this way reading aloud is. given purposefulness.

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