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knowledge. He who formed the eye, shall not he see? He that planted the ear, shall not he hear? He that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know? Yes, he knoweth the thoughts of men.

We, then, carry about with us clear evidence, that there is a God, who is present with us, around us, and within us; that he observes all our actions, discerns all our intentions, watches all our motions, and will bring into judgement all our works. What a solemn, what a fearful thought! Shall we not reverence the presence of such a Being? Shall we not tremble at the view of our own frame, which brings him present to our minds? Well may we adopt the language of the Psalmist, O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me. Thou knowest my down setting and uprising; thou understandest my thought afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down. Thou art acquainted with all my ways. There is not a word in my tongue, but thou knowest it altogether. Thou hast beset me before and behind, and laid thine hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me. Whither shall I go from thy presence, or flee from thy Spirit? Thou possessest my reins. I am fearfully and wonderfully made. What stupidity must it be, to live without the belief, and act without the fear of God, when we have within ourselves a continual demonstration of his existence, power, wisdom, and Providence! The Lord demands, Will ye not tremble at my presence? He is not far from every one of us; and shall not his excellence make us afraid? Wherever we go, we are living witnesses that God is present; and whatever we do, our own frames bear incontestible evidence, that his power giveth efficiency. Our voluntary actions and involuntary motions, our souls and bodies, proclaim the power, wisdom, and presence of the suprême Being; and, at the same time, do most strikingly evince that we are fearfully made.

4th. We are fearfully made, as it respects our

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frailty. Such is the tenderness of our frame, that in this tumultuous and dangerous world, in which we live, we are always exposed to casualties and wounds, to diseases and death. It may therefore, with much propriety be said, We are fearfully made.

The Psalmist prays, O make me to know my end, and the measure of my days, what it is, that I may know how frail I am. Surely every man, at his best estate, is altogether vanity. The sacred volume, to express the vanity and frailty of human life, compares it to a shadow, a flower, dust and wind. And, indeed, so precarious is the life of man, that it depends on the breath. God breathed in him the breath of life, and he became a living soul. So when his breath goeth forth, his thoughts perish, and he returneth to his dust. How fragile, then, is the spring of life? It is the breath in our nostrils; a puff of air; even a vapour, which soon vanishes. It is wind, which passes by, and comes not again.

The lungs, which are the instruments of respiration, are a tender and delicate substance. And how small is the passage which conveys the air to the internal parts, and remits it for a fresh supply! Moreover, this operation must be constant; for a short suspension would occasion death. And how many external accidents, and internal disorders may occur to obstruct the conveyance of air, or destroy the motion of the lungs! If we consider only this fragile, but essential part of the human frame, life must appear truly precarious. But every part of the system, as well as this, is liable to casualty and disease. In this curious and complicated machine are innumerable threads, vessels, and springs, on which motion and activity depend. And a very slight injury or rupture in any of them,, may under certain circumstances, become fatal. To casualties we are always exposed in our labours and journeys, our diversions and employments. The causes of disease may every where attend us; for even the air which we breathe, and the food we eat, are frequently charged with

death. Who then can at any time say, That he is sure of another hour? Must not all be constrained to acknowledge, that the springs of life are most brittle? We are often in a situation so critical, whether we discern it or not, that there is but a step, a breath, a span, between us and death.

Had we a clear discernment of the dangers which attend us wherever we go, and of the frailty of the tabernacle in which we dwell, we should live in perpetual fear. It is happy for us, that many of our dangers are concealed; otherwise, it is probable we should often be deterred from the necessary occupations of life. But we see enough to convince us, that we are fearfully made.*

But how are we to understand the Psalmist, when says We are wonderfully made?


To this part of the subject, let us now give our attention. In the first place, let the bones in our mortal frame be considered. And it may be observed, that the bones may be regarded as the prop work, or basis, on which the human body is constructed. They bear the same relation to the animal system, as the frame to a building. They give shape and firmness to the body; support its various parts; and prevent it from the sinking by its own weight. They serve as levers, upon which the muscles act; and defend the brain, the heart, the lungs, and other vital parts from external injury.

Of the bones some are hollow, and filled with marrow; others are solid throughout; some are very small; others very large; some are round, and others are flat; some are plane, and others convex or concave: And all these several forms are requisite for the situations they occupy, and the respective functions they have to perform. The spine, or back bone, consists of twenty-four vertebræ or small bones, connected together by cartilages, articulations, and ligaments; of which seven belong to the neck, twelve to the back, and five to the

* This part of the discourse, is chiefly selected from the writings of Joseph Lathrop, D. D.

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loins. In the centre of each vertebræ there is a hole for the lodgment and continuance of the spinal marrow, which extends from the brain to the lower part of the body. From these vertebræ the arched bones, called ribs, proceed; and seven of them join the breast-bone on one side, where they terminate in cartilages, and form the cavity of the thorax or breast. The five lower ribs, with a number of muscles, form the cavity of the abdomen. The spine is one of the most admirable, mechanical contrivances in the human frame. Had it consisted of only three or four bones, or had the holes in each bone not exactly corresponded, and fitted into each other, the spinal marrow would have been bruised, and life endangered at every bending of the body.

The skull is composed of ten bones; and about fifty-one are reckoned to belong to the face, the orbits of the eyes, and the jaws, in which the teeth are fixed. There are seldom more than sixteen teeth in each jaw, or thirty-two in all. The number of bones in a human body is generally estimated at about two hundred and forty-five; of which there are reckoned in the skull, head, and face, sixty-one; in the trunk, or bodily part, sixty-four; in the arms and hands, sixty; and in the legs and feet, sixty. The bones are provided with ligaments, or hinges, which bind and fasten them together, and prevent them from being displaced by continually varied motions: And, that the ligaments may work smoothly into one another, the joints are separated by cartilages or gristles, and provided with a gland for the secretion of oil or mucous, which is constantly exuding into the joints: Hence, every requisite is provided by our benevolent Creator, to prevent pain, and to promote facility of motion. In considering the joints, says Dr. Paley, there is nothing, perhaps, which ought to move our gratitude more than the reflection, how well they wear. A limb shall swing upon its hinge, or play in its socket, many hundred

times in an hour, for sixty years together, without diminution of agility, which is a long time for any thing to last, for any thing so much worked as the joints are. These few remarks may serve to show, that the bones should be considered as divine specimens of the wonderful structure of our bodily frame.

2d. The muscular system is a demonstrative proof, that we are wonderfully made. A muscle is a bundle of fleshy, and often tendinous fibres. The fleshy fibres compose the body of the muscle; and the tendinous fibres, the extremities. Some muscles are long and round; some plain and circular; some have spiral, and some have straight fibres; some are double, having a tendon running through the body from head to tail; some have two or more tendinous branches running through with various rows and orders of fibres. All these and several other varieties, are essentially requisite for the respective offices they have to perform in the animal system. The muscles constitute the fleshy parts of the human body, and give it that varied and beautiful form we observe over its surface. But their principle design, is to serve as the organs of motion. They are inserted by strong, tendinous extremities into the different bones, of which the human skeleton is composed; and, by their contraction and distention, give rise to all the movements of the body. The muscles, therefore, may be considered as so many cords attached to the bones; and the Author of nature has fixed them according to the most perfect principles of mechanism, so as to produce the fittest motions in the parts, for the movement of which they are intended.

One of the most wonderful properties of the muscles, is the extraordinary force they exert ; although they are composed of such slender threads or fibres. The following facts, in relation to this point, are demonstrated by the celebrated Borelli, in his work concerning animal motion. If a man,

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