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this definition; and whether the article required any alteration to conform it to the Calvinistic Creed, no reader of the passages can be at any loss to decide.
Dr. T. further insists, that “the article does not pronounce with the Calvinists, that man of his own nature can perform nothing but evil.” If any reasonable doubt could be entertained respecting the meaning of the article, it must be entirely removed by this passage from the Homilies which contains the same sentiment, and nearly in the same language here condemned as Calvinistic.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
CALVIN. Have mercy upon all Jews, I do not deny that some Turks, infidels, and here- judicious and apposite obtics, and take from them all servations concerning God ignorance, hardness of heart, may be found scattered in and contempt of thy word; the writings of the philosoand so fetch them home, phers ; but they always be.' blessed Lord, to thy flock, tray a confused imagination. that they may be saved. The Lord afforded them, as Col. Good Frid.
we have before observed, They also are to be had some slight sense of his diaccursed, that presume to vinity, that they might not say that every man shall be be able to plead ignorance as saved by the law or an excuse for impiety, and which he professeth, so that sometimes impelled them to he be diligent to frame his say things, by the confession life according to that law, of which they might themand the light of nature. For selves be convinced. . But holy Scripture doth set out they saw the objects presentunto us only the name of ed to thrir view in such a
CHURCH OF ENGLAND, Jesus Christ, whereby men manner, that by the sight inust be saved. --- Art. 18. they were not even directed
St. Ambrose concludeth to the truth, much less did in a few words, saying, He they arrive at it. Just as a that by nature would with- man, who is travelling by stand vice, either by natural night across a field, sees will, or reason, be doth in the coruscations of lightvain garnish the time of this ning extending for a moment life, and attaineth not the far and wide, but with such very true virtues.- Hom. an evanescent view, that so on good works, p. 28. far from being assisted by
them in proceeding on his journey, he is re-absorbed in the darkness of the night, before he can advance a single step.-Institut. l. 2. c. 2. S. 18.
Dr. Tomline is of opinion, that the Gentiles, through the natural suggestions of their own minds, discharge the moral duties enjoined by the law of Moses."
p. 8— that “ the works of creation, and the law written upon men's hearts, always supplied a ground for faith and a rule for practice. At every period of the world, to fear God and to work righteousness, have been discoverable and practicable duties. The virtuous Heathen, the obedient Jew, and the sincere Christian, will all owe their salvation to the precious blood of the Lamb slain.” p. 262. His lordship tells us, that “ the Church of England maintains, that whosoever at the great day of final account shall be found to have lived conformably to the will of God according to the light afforded them, will be rewarded with eternal happiness through the merits of the blessed Jesus, and that the rest of mankind will be consigned to everlasting punishment.” p. 282. But where the Church of England maintains" this, his lordship has not informed us. How different is his view of the state of heathens from that in the above collect and article! " He that believeth shall be saved. But how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard ?”
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
Are all our industry, perborn in sin (and that which spicacity, understanding, and is born of the flesh is flesh), care so depraved, that we and they that are in the flesh cannot conceive or meditate cannot please God, but live any thing that is right in the in sin, committing many sight of God? To us, who actual transgressions.-Bap- do not contentedly submit to tism of such as are of riper be stripped of the acuteness years.
All men are conceived and
of our reason, which we We have of our ownselves esteem our most valuable ennothing to present us to dowment, this appears too God. - Hom.on repentance, harsh. But in the estima
tion of the Holy Spirit, who These sentences (good knows that all the thoughts people) unto a natural man, of the wisest of men are seem niere absurdities, con- vain, and who plainly protrary to all reason.
nounces every imagination as St. Paul of the human heart to be saith, understandeth not only evil, such a representathe things that belong to tion is consistent with the God; neither can be so long strictest truth. If whatever as old Adam dwelleth in our mind conceives, agitates,
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
him.—2 Hom. on certain undertakes, and performs, places of scripture, p. 225. be invariably evil, how can
The Holy Ghost, in writ- we entertain a thought of ing the holy scriptures, is in undertaking any thing ac, nothing more diligent, than ceptable to God, by whom to pull down man's vain nothing is accepted but hoglory and pride, which of liness and righteousness ? all vices is most universally Nor does the scripture grafted in all mankind, even teach us, that our minds are from the first infection of illuminated only on one day our first father Adam. so as to enable them to see Hom. on the misery of man,
afterwards without further
trouble ; for the passage just Such is the power of the quoted from Paul, relates to Holy Ghost to regenerate
continual advances and immen, and as it were to bring provements. And this is them forth anew, so that clearly expressed by David, they shall be nothing like the in these words, “ With my men that they were before. whole heart have I sought Neither doth he think it suf. thee: O let me not wander ficient, inwardly to work the from thy commandments*.” spiritual and new birth of For after having been regeman, unless he do also dwell nerated and made a more and abide in him.-- Hom. than common progress in Whitsunday, p. 280. true piety, yet he still con
Let us, throughout our fesses his need of perpetual whole lives, confess all good direction every moment, lest things to comeofGod of what he should decline froin the name or nature soever they knowledge which he pusa be; not of these corruptible sesses. Therefore, in anthings only, whereof I have other place, he prays for the now last spoken, bưt much renewal of å right spirit, more of all spiritual graces 'which he had lost by his sint; * Ibid. cxix 10.
† Psalm, li. 10.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
CALVIN. behovable for our soul; with- because it belongs to the out whose goodness no man same God to restore that is called to faith or stayed which he originally bestowed therein.—2 Rogation Hom. but of which we have been
for a time deprived. -InstiAgain, St. Peter saith, It tut. l. 2.C. 2. s. 25. is of God's power that ye be kept through faith to salvation. It is of the goodness of God that we falter not in our hope unto him.--3 Rogation Hom. p. 297.
Dr. Tomline maintains, “ that every good affection was not eradicated from the human heart,” and that
man did not become by the fall an unmixed incorrigible mass of pollution and depravity, absolutely incapable of amendment,” p. 3.-" That there is some honesty, some goodness of heärt in the human race," p. 14–“ That there is at least a degree of righteousness in some men,” p. 11.-That “a law given by a righteous and merciful God proves the possibility of obedience,” p. 6.---That “obedience is our practicable duty, or it would not have been commanded," p. 78. If this be correct, the law contains no command that we are incapable of obeying, and consequently we are capable of perfect obedience. For what is perfect obedience but the fulfilment of our duty as commanded by the law? This, his lordship says, is “ practicable, or it would not have been commanded. Yet with a self-contradiction by no means unusual for him, he says in another place, that, “men, as they now are, are not capable of perfect obedience,"