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in them, and even the language used to express it, are such as he 'CAN BY NO MEANS ALLOW?' Speaking of the 3,000 converted on the day of Pentecost, his lordship says, “ the faith of those men was not suddenly communicated by the supernatural operation of the Holy Ghost, but was the natural and progressive effect of what they saw and heard,” p. 23: and of the inhabitants of Samaria, who were converted under the preaching of Philip, he says, “ The conversion of these persons also was owing to the exercise of their own natural powers." p. 23. Is it possible to frame positions more contradictory to the doctrine of the Homilies?


CALVIN. Unless the Holy Ghost

And here it will be prohad been always present, per to notice the titles by governing and preserving which the scriptures dithe church from the begin- stinguish the spirit, where ning; it could never have it treats of the commencesusiained so many and great ment, progress, and combrunts of affliction and per- pletion of

our salvation. secution, with sn little da- First, he is called the spirit mage and harm as it bath. ofadoption*, because he witAnd the words of Christ are nesses to us the gratuitous most plain in this behalf, benevolence of God, with saying, that the spirit of which God the Father hath truth should abide with thein embraced us in his beloved for ever; that he would be and only begotten son, that with them always, (he mean- he might be a farher to us, eth by grace, virtue, and and animate us to confipower,) even to the world's dence to pray, and even end. Also, in the prayer dictates expressions so that that he made to his Father, a we may boldly cry Abba,

* Rom. viii. 15.



that we


little before his death, he Father. For the same maketh intercession not on- reason he is said to be the ly for himself and his apos- earnest and seat of our intles, but indifferently for all heritance*; because while we them that should believe in are pilgrims and strangers him through their words; in the world and resemble that is, to wit, for his whole persons dead, he infuses inchurch. Again St. Paul

to uis such life from heaven, saith, If any man have not

are certain of our the spirit of Christ, the salvation being secured by same is not his. Also in the divine faithfulness and the words following, We have Whence he is also received the spirit of adop- said to be “ life because of tion, wherehy we cry, Abba, righteousnesst,” he is freFather. Hereby then it is quently called water; as in evident and plain to all men, Isaiah, “ Ho every one that that the Holy Ghost was thirsteth, come ye to the wagiven not only to the apos- ters1." Again, “ I will pour tles, but also to the whole water upon him that is body of Christ's, congrega- thirsty, and floods upon the tion ; although not in like dry ground $.” To which form and majesty as he came corresponds the invitation of down at the feast of Pente. Christ, just quoted, cost.--2 Hom. for Whitsun- any man thirst, let hiin come day, p. 282.

unto me ll” He sometimes “ God give us grace (good however receives this appelpeople) to know these things, lation from his purifying and and to feel them in our cleansing energy: as in Ezehearts. This knowledge and kiel, where the Lord profeeling is not in ourself. By mises clean water to cleanse ourself it is not possible to his people from their imcome by it.-Let us, there. purities. And because he 2 Cor. i. 22. Eph. i. 13, 14.

+ Rom. viii. 10. Is. lv. 1.

§ Is, xliv. 3. Il John, vii. 37. Ezek. xxxvi. 25.

66 If

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unto us to


fore, meckly call upon that restores to life and vigour, bountiful spirit, the Holy and continually supports Ghost, which proceedeth those whom he hath animafrom our Father of mercy, ted, with the oil of his grace, and from our mediator he thence obtains the name Christ, that he would assist of 6 unction *." Again, us, and inspire us with his because he daily consumes presence; that in him we

the vices of our concupisence, inay be able to hear the and inflames our hearts with goodness of God declared the love of God and the purour salvation.

suit of piety, from these efFor, without his lively and fecls he is justly called secret inspiration, can “ firet.” Lastly, he is denot once so much as speak scribed to us as a fountain, the name of our mediator, whence we receive all the as St. Paul plainiy testifieth: emanations of heavenly richno man can once name our

es; and as the hand of God, Lord Jesus Christ, but in by which he exerts his the Holy Ghost.–St. Paul

power: because by the breath saith, that no man can know of his power he inspires us what is of God, but the Spi- with divine life, so that we rit of God. As for us, saith are not now actuated from he, we have received, not ourselves but directed by his the spirit of the world, but

agency and influence : the spirit which is of God; that if there be any good in for this purpose, that we us, it is the fruit of his grace, might know the things that whereas our characters, withbe given us by Christ.

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out him, are darkness of

mind and perverseness of He hath ransomed sin, heart.--Institut. 1.3. c. 1, overcome the devil, death, S. 3. and hell, and hath victorious

* 1. John ij. 20.

+Luke iii. 16.


ly gotten the better hand of them all, to make us free and safe from them. And knowing that we be, by this benefit of his resurrection, risen with him by our faith, unto life everlasting ; being in full surety of our hope, that we shall have our bodies likewise raised from death, to bave them glorified in immortality, and joined to his glorious body : having, in the mean while, this holy spirit within our hearts as a seal and pledge of our everlasting inheritance. By whose assistance we be replenished with all righteousness; by whose power we shall be able to subdue all our evil affections rising against the pleasure of God.”Hom. on the resurrection, p. 265, 266.

" If any gift we have, wherewith we may work to the glory of God and profit of our neighbour; all is wrought by his own and self-same spirit, which maketh his distributions peculiarly to every man as he will."—3 Rogation

p. 299.


Dr. Tomline is of opinion “ that the graces and virtues, on which salvation depends, are the joint or common operation of the supernatural power of the Holy Ghost, and of the natural powers of man.” p. 42. Surely Dr. Tomline must consider the language of the 19th article respecting the Church of Rome equally applicable to the Church which pronounces the Homilies to contain a wholesome doctrine, and which, it cannot be denied, “ hath erred in matters of faith," if there be any truth in the sentiment now quoted from his lordship



In reading of God's word, This simple and external he most profiteth not always, demonstration of the divine that is most ready in turning word ought indeed to be fully



of the book, or in saying of sufficient for the production it without the book ; but he of faith; if it were not ob, that is most turned into it; structed by our blindness and that is most inspired with the

perverseness. But such is Holy Ghost; most in his our propensity to error, that heart and life altered and our mind can never adhere changed into the thing which to divine truth, such is our he readeth.- Hom, on the dulness, that we can never knowledge of scripture, p. 3. discern the light of it. There

fore nothing is effected by the

word without the illumina. tion of the holy spirit. Whence, also, it appears that faith is far superior to human intelligence. Nor is it enough for the mind to be illuminated by the spirit of God, unless the heart also be strengthened and supported by his power. Institut, I. 3. C. 2. S. 33.


we never




We must beware and take Therefore, as heed that we

in no wise

can come to Christ unless think in our hearts, imagine, we are drawn by the spirit or believe, that we are able of God, so when we are to repent aright, or to turn drawn,

elevated effectually unto the Lord by both in mind and in heart our own might and strength. above the reach of our own For this must be verified in understanding. For the soul, all men, without' me ye can illuminated by him, receives do nothing, "Again, of our as it were new eyes for the selves we are not able as contemplation of heavenly much as to think a good mysteries, by the splendous thought. And in another of which it was before daz. place, it is God that worketh zled. And thus the human in us both the will and the intellect, irradiated by the deed. For this cause, though light of the holy spirit, then Hieremie had said before, begins to relish those things Turn unto me, saith the Lord; which pertain to the king


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