Page images

the Father, and would come to the rest of the nations as the Holy Spirit; that he was the supreme power, that is, the Being who is over all things, the Father. This man led about with him a woman of Tyre, a city of Phænicia, a prostitute whom he had purchased, called Helena, saying that she was the first conception of his mind, the mother of all things, by whom, in the beginning, he had conceived in his mind to make angels and archangels.—(Translated from the Latin Note, p. 515.)

*“ He (Saturninus) first asserted, that there are two sorts of men formed by the angels, the one good, the other bad.

They (the Valentinians) say, that some men are good by nature, and sorne bad.

" Tertullian also says, that Saturninus maintained that man was created by the angels."-p. 515.

Bur we would ask his lordship, where can any thing “RESEMBLING" the unintelligible jargon of some of these quotations be found in the writings of Calvinists? Do Calvinists assert any man to be GOOD BY NATURE? Have they not incurred his lordship’s censure for maintaining, in the language of the Homilies, that SOF OUR OWN NATURE SPARK OF GOODNESS IN US?" Do Calvinists maintain, “THAT MAN WAS CREATED BY THE ANGELS?” What is there among Calvinists “ RESEMBLING" TRUST IN SIMON MAGUS AND HIS HELENA, or an expectation of being SAVED ACCORDING TO THE GRACE OF SIMON Magus or any other man? Does his lordship intend to charge the Calvinists with the commission and vindication of the abominable crimes here imputed to these early heretics? If not, why are these things introduced in this chapter of pretended RESEMBLANCES? If such an


accusation be really designed by him, why has ne not accompanied it with something like proof? What is accusation without proof, but mere slander? How incompatible is the character of a false accuser with that of a Christian Bishop! Through what a different medium will the humblest of these, now despised, teachers be hereafter viewed, who at the final audit shall be acknowledged as having been the instrument of “turn. ing" even one “ sinner from the error of his way!" My sincere wish on behalf of his lordship is, that he may so “ do the work of an evangelist” as to have numerous seals to his ministry, who shall be his “ crown of rejoicing" in that day which shall “ declare every man's work of what sort it is,"


CALVIN. We are accounted righte- Let us first explain the ous before God, only for the meaning of these expresmerit of our Lord and Sa- sions, TO BE JUSTIFIED IN viour Jesus Christ by faith ; THE SIGHT OF GOD, TO BE and not for our own works JUSTIFIED BY FAITH OR BY or deservings. Wherefore, WORKS. He is said to be that we are justified by faith JUSTIFIED IN THE SIGHT OF only is a most wholesome God, who in the divinejudgedoctrine and very full of ment is reputed righteous and comfort, as more largely is accepted on account of his expressed in the homily of righteousness: for as iniquity justification.-- Art. 11. is abominable to God, so no

It is of the free grace and sinner can find favour in his mercy of God, by the me- sight, as a sinner, or so long diation of the blood of his as he is considered as such. Son Jesus Christ, without Wherever sin is, therefore, merit or deserving on our it is accompanied with the part, that our sins are for- wrath and vengeance of God.



p. 165.


given us, that we are recon- He is justified, who is conciled and brought again into sidered, not as a sinner, but his favour, and are made as a righteous person, and heirs of his heavenly king- on that account stands in dom.-- Hom. on fasting, safety before the tribunal of

God, where all signers are Whose mediation (i.e. the confounded and ruined. As, mediation of Christ) was, so

if innocent man

be acceptable to God the Fa- brought under an accusation ther, through his absolute before the tribunal of a just and perfect obedience, that judge, when judgement is he took his act for a full sa- passed according to his intisfaction of all our disobe- nocence, he is said to be jusdience and rebellion : whose tified or acquitted before the righteousness he took to judge; so he is justified beweigh against our sins; fore God, who, not being whose redemption he would numbered among sinners, have stand against our dam- has Gud for a witness and asnation.-3 Rogation Hom. sertor of his righteousness. p. 297.

Thus he must be said, there

fore, to be JUSTÍFIED BY WORKS, whose life discovers such purity and holiness as to deserve the character of righteousness before the throne of God ; or who by the integrity of his works can answer and satisfy the divine judgement. On the other hand, he will be JUSTIFIED BY PAITH, who being excluded from the righteousness of works, apprehends by faith the righteousness of Christ, invested in which, he appears, in the sight of God, not as a sinner, but as a righteous man. Thus we simply explain justification to be an acceptance, by which God receives us into his favour, and esteeins us as righteous persons. And we say, that it consists in the remission of sins and the imputation of the righteousness of Christ. Institut. 1. 3. c. ll. s. 2.



God sent his only son, our

But with respect to the Saviour Jesus Christ, into present subject, when Paul this world, to fulfil the law says, “the scripture forefor us;, and by shedding of saw that God would justify his most precious blood, to the heathen through faith*,” make a sacrifice and satisfac- what can we understand but tion, or (as it may be called) that God imputes righteousamends to his Father for our ness through faith? Again, sins.---Homily of salvation, when he says that God “jusP. I. p. 12.

tifieth the ungodly which beWith bis endless mercy, lieveth in Jesust,” what can he joined his most upright be the meaning but that he and equal justice. His great delivers him by the blessing mercy he showed unto us, of faith, from the condemin delivering us from our nation deserved by his unformer captivity, without godliness ? He speaks still requiring of any ransom tu more plainly in the conclu. be paid, or amends to be sion, when he thus exclaims, made upon our parts; which " who shall lay any thing to thing, by us, had been im. the charge of God's elect? possible to be done. And It is God that justifieth. whereas it lay not in us that Who is he that condemneth? to do, he provided a ransom

It is Christ that died, yea, for us, that was the most rather that is risen again, precious body and blood of who also maketh intercession his own most dear and best for us f.” For it is just as beloved son Jesus Christ; if he had said, who shall who, besides this ransom,

accuse them whom God abfulfilled the law for us per- solves? Who shall condemn fectly. And so the justice those for whom Christ inof God and his mercy did tercedes? Justification there. embrace together, and ful- fore is no other than an ac.. fil the mystery of our re- quittal from guilt of him who

* Gal. ii. 8.

+ Rom, iii. 26. iv. 5.

| Ibid. viii. 33, 34.




CALVIN. demption.-Christ is the end

was accused, as though his of the law unto righteous. innocence had been proved. ness, to every one that be- Since, therefore, Godjustifies lieveth.-Ibid. p. 13. us through the mediation of

The apostle toucheth three Christ, he acquits us, not things specially, which must by an admission of our per• go together in our justifica- sonal innocence, but by an tion. Upon God's part, his imputation of righteousness: great mercy and grace. Up- so that we who on Christ's part, justice; righteous in ourselves, are that is, the satisfaction of considered as righteous in God's justice, or the price Christ. This is the doctrine of our redemption, by the preached by Paul in the offering of his body, and xiiith chapter of the Acts : the shedding of his blood; “through this man is preachtogether with fulfilling of ed unto you the forgiveness the law perfectly and tho- of sins : and by him, all roughly. And upon our that believe are justified from part, true and lively faith in

all things, from which ye the merits of Jesus Christ, could not be justified by the which yet is not ours, but law of Moses *.'

You see by God's working in us.- that after remission of sins, Ibid.

this justification is mentionIt pleased our heavenly Fa- ed as if by way of explanather, of his infinite mercy, tion: you see clearly that it without any our desert or means an acquittal; that it deserving, to prepare for us is separated from the works the most precious jewels of of the law; that it is a mere Christ's body and blood, favour of Christ; that it is whereby our ransom might apprehended by faith : you be fully paid, the law ful- see, finally, the interposi- . filled, and his justice Cully tion of a satisfaction, where satisfied. So that Christ is he says, that we are justified

[ocr errors]

* Acts xiii. 38.

« PreviousContinue »