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CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN. much as they spring not of moderately versed in the faith in Jesus Christ, neither Scriptures, that even the do they make men meet to most splendid works of men receive grace, or (as the not yet truly sanctified, are school authors say) deserve so far from righteousness grace of congruity: yea, in the divine view, that they rather for that they are not are accounted sins. And done as God hath willed and therefore they have strictly commanded them to be done, adhered to the truth, who we doubt not but they have have maintained that the the nature of sin.- Art. 13. works of a man do not con. 66 These works the apo

ciliate God's favour to his stle calleth good works; person ; but, on the consaying, we are God's work- trary, that works are never manship, created in Christ acceptable to God unless Jesus to good works, which the person who performs God hath ordained that we them has previously found should walk in them. And favour in his sight. And yet his meaning is not by this order which the Scripthese words to induce us to ture directs us is religiously have any affiance, or to put

to be observed. Moses any confidence in our works, lates, that “ the Lord had as by the merit and deserving respect unto Abel and to his of them to purchase to our offering*.” Does he not selves and others remission plainly indicate that the of sin, and su consequently Lord is propitiqus to men everlasting life: for that before he regards their were mere blasphemy against works? Wherefore the puGod's mercy, and great de- rification of the heart is a nerogation to the blood-shed- cessary prerequisite, in order ding of our Saviour Jesus that the works which we Christ. For it is of the free perform may be favourably

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CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN

OVAJOAO ROZUFO grace and miercy, of God, by ; received by God; for th the mediation of the blood declaration of Jeremiah is alof his Son Jesus Christ, with ways in force, that the eyes out merit or deserving on of the Lord are upon the our part, that we are recon- truth*.; And the Holy ciled and brought again into Ghost 'hath asserted by the his favour, and are made mouth of Peter, which profes heirs of his heavenly king. that it is by faith padom. Grace, saith St. Au- lone that the “ heart is purigustine, belonging to God, fied,” that the first foundawho doth call us: and then tion is laid in a true and hath he good works, whoso- living faith. --Institut. l. 3. ever received grace. Good c. 14. s. 8. works, then, bring not forth The grace through which grace, but are brought forth our works are accepted, is by grace. The wheel (saith no other than the free goodhe) turneth round, not to the ness of the Father, with end that it may be made which he embraces us in round; but, because it is Christ: when he invests us first made round, therefore with the righteousness of it turneth round. So no Christ, and accepts it as man doeth good works to ours, in order that in consereceive grace by his good quence of it he may treat us works, but because he hath

as holy, pure, and righteous first received grace, there- persons: for the righteousfore, consequently he doeth ness of Christ (which, begood works. And in an- ing the only perfect righteother place, he (St. Austin) ousness, is the only one saith : Good works go, not that can bear the divine before, in him which shall scrutiny,) must be produced afterwards be justified; but on our behalf, and judicially vi good works do follow after

, presented as in the case of a when a man is, first, justified. surety.

Being furnished Part 1. Hom. of fasting with this, we obtain by faith * Jerem. v. 3.

+ Acts xv. 9:

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CHURCH OR ENGLAND.

CALVIN 6. Let them all come to - the perpetual remission of gether, that be now glow our sins. Our imperfections rified in heaven, and let us and impurities, being conhear what answer they will cealed by its purity, are not make in these points before imputed to us; but are as it rehearsed, whether their first were buried and prevented creation was in God's good- from appearing in the view ness, or of themselves, For- of divine justice ; till the sooth, David would make advent of that hour, when, answer for them all and say, the old man being slain and Know ye for surety, even the utterly annihilated in us,

the Lord is God: he hath made divine goodness shall receive us, and not we ourselves. If us into a blessed peace with they were asked again, who the new Adạın, in that state shall be thanked for their to wait for the day of the regeneration for their jus- Lord, when we shall receive tification and for their sal- incorruptible bodies, and be vation? whether their de- translated to the glories of serts, or God's goodness the celestial kingdom.-Inonly? let David answer hy stitut. l. 3. c. 14. s. 12. the mouth of them all at If these things are true, this time, who cannot choose surely no works of ours can but say, Not to us, O Lord, render us accepable to God; not to us, but to thy name nor can the actions themgive all the thanks, for thy selves be pleasing to him, loving mercy and for thy any otherwise than as a man, truth's sake. If we should who is covered with the righask again, from whence teousness of Christ, pleases came their glorious works and God and obtains the remisdeeds, which they wrought sion of his sins.--Institut, in their lives, wherewith God was so highly pleased and This therefore is a different worshipped by them ? let and separate question, whe

other witness be ther, although works be tobrought in to testify this tally insufficient for the jus,

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CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN

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matter; that in the mouth tification of men, they do
of two or three may the not nevertheless merit the
truth be known. Verily, grace of God?— Institut.l.3.
that holy prophet Esay bear- c. 15, S. 1.
eth record, and saith, O The Scripture shows what
Lord, it is thou of thy good- all our works are capable of
ness, that hast wrought all meriting, when it represents
our works in us, not we our- them as unable to bear the
selves. And to uphold the divine scrutiny, because they
truth of this matter against are full of impurity; and in
all justiciaries and hypocrites,' the next place, what would
which rob Almighty God of be merited by the perfect ob-
his honour, and ascribe it servance of the law, if this
to themselves, St. Paulbring- could any where be found,
eth in his belief: We be not

when it thus directs us, (saith he) sufficient of our- “When ye shall have done selves once to think any all these things which are thing; but all our ableness commanded you, say, We are is of God's goodness. For unprofitable servants *;" behe it is in whom we have all cause we shall not have conour being, and living, and ferred any favour on God, moving. If ye will know but only have performed the furthermore where they had

duties incumbent on us, for their gifts and sacrifices, which no thanks are due. which they offered continu- Nevertheless,

the good ally in their lives to Almighty works which the Lord hath God; they cannot but agree conferred on us, he denomiwith David, where he saith, nates our own, and declares Of thy liberal hand, O Lord, that he will not only accept, we have received that we but also reward them. It is gave unto thee. If this holy our duty to be animated by 'company, therefore, confess so great a promise, and to 80 constantly, that all the excite our minds that we

* Luke xvii. 10,

". CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN goods and graces wherewith be not weary in well dothey were endued in soul, ing*,' and to be truly gratecame of the goodness of ful for so great an instance God only ; what more can of divine goodness. It is be said to prove, that all that beyond a doubt, that whatis good cometh from Al. ever is laudable in our works, mighty God ?--To justify a proceeds from the grace of sinner, to new create him God, and that we cannot from a wicked person to a properly ascribe the least righteous man, is a greater portion of it to ourselves. act (saith St. Augustine) Institut. l. 3. C. 15. 5. 3. than to make such a new But, on the contrary, our heaven and earth as is als doctrine, without any menready made.--! Rogation tion of merit, animates the Hom. p. 289, 290.

minds of the faithful with peculiar consolation, while we

teach them that their works are pleasing to God, and that their persons are undoubtedly accepted by him. And we likewise require that no man attempt or undertake any work without faith; that is, un. less he can previously determine, with a certain confidence of mind, that it will be pleasing to God. Institut. l. 3. -6, 15, s. 7.

Dr. Tomline is of opinion, that “ to represent every human deed as an actual sin, and deserving of everlasting punishment, is not only unauthorised by Scripture, but is also of very dangerous consequences.” p. 172. Does this passage refer to “ works which are the fruits of faith, and follow after justification ?" Then his lordship’s accusation of " a strife of words and perverse disputing," p. 183. may well be retorted on himself--for by whom is such a representation

* Gal. vi, 9. 2 Thess. iii. 13.

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